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Calling out the top 5 CEOs of 2016

It is not a simple exercise to rank personalities directing organisations and businesses that give impetus to the Botswana economy. But we decided to recap on business headlines of 2016, had an in-depth view on billion pula enterprises that generate national interest and command a major stake in the national economic activity.


Business Writer REARABILWE RAMAPHANE strokes up an intense scrutiny on the men and women at the helm of the multimillion pula firms with much emphasis on the positive accolades, he eventually came up with what he believes to be the top 5 Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) of the year.


1. THAPELO TSHEOLE


Number 1 on our list is Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) Thapelo Tsheole. He is at the helm of over P400 billion worth of stock trade and market capitalization. Having risen through the ranks of the state owned entity from Product Development Officer until when he was confirmed Chief Executive Officer in January 2016, the Mochudi born soft-spoken Tsheole has over 15 years at the Botswana Stock Exchange having previously worked for the Bank of Botswana and the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC).


The 40 year old Master of Commerce in Financial Markets graduate from Rhodes University in Grahamstown, South Africa is currently in charge of over 34 enterprises with a total Market Capitalization of P424.9 billion for which over 24 are domestic companies while 10 are foreign companies. In addition 38 Bonds and 4 Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) are listed on the BSE. When Tsheole coughs the corporate industry and financial economic space catches flu, major economic & industry players are traded on BSE, your Barclays Bank, FNBB, Choppies, Letshego, Chobe Holdings, Cresta just to name a few.


Tsheole goes down as one of the most easily accessible captains of industry in the land, this year he officiated at a number of community and youth empowerment initiatives including Dinokaneng Youth Business Expo hosted in his native Kgatleng region. One of his biggest undertaking this year was BSE‘s Inaugural Listing Conference themed “Opening the BSE to the Business Community –creating value through listing”,


The conference brought under one roof corporate leaders, captains of industries, business and financial expert to raise awareness and exchange views of stock market and financial investment issues. In just a year in charge Botswana Stock Exchange has generated public interest under Tsheole leadership like never before. He avails his shrewd financial and business skills to NGO’s; under his captainship BSE has also developed a corporate social investment initiative that avails operational and financial support to impactful events and organizations.


2. BOITUMELO MOLEFHE


If you are a corporate and business person and this name doesn’t ring a bell, then the business you lead is probably not attractive enough to the ever wealth accumulating Molefhe. She commands over P55 billion worth of assets, of which P23 billion is domestic while the rest is offshore. Being the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Botswana Public Officers’ Pension Fund (BPOPF), the ever smiling Molefhe however is tough at the boardroom.

 

This year‘s catch was when she convinced the BPOPF board which comprises of even hard to crack union leaders to transfer BPOPF administrative functions in-house. That decision saw the richest pension fund terminate their multi million pula mandate with Alexandra Forbes (a Unite States originating company).


Molefhe did not just stop there, she ended 2016 on a high element, shacking up the lucrative capital investment market, leaving foreign asset management companies in a bit of confusion when the year ends, Molefhe, former Finance Chief at Debswana Pension Fund, having led Bokamoso Private Hospital at some point, announced that her billions of Pula can be managed by local asset managers. She rolled out a new set of guidelines that will inform her awarding of mandates starting from next year January.


According to Molefhe, BPOPF mandates will be awarded to asset management companies with a significant local shareholding, board representation and executive management. Under Molefhe, BPOPF will also avail over 500 million for asset management company start ups to locals only, she also announced an incubation policy to help the local companies grasp a rigid stand in the multibillion pula asset management industry.

Out of Thapelo Tsheole’s billions  Molefhe controls a significant stake, with BPOPF owning at least over 10 % stake in more than 2/3rd  of the companies listed on the Stock Exchange, this includes FNBB, Barclays, Choppies, BTCL, Chobe Holdings, Wilderness Safaris amongst others. BPOPF also holds a major stake in Mascom, Sefalana just to name a few.


Molefhe’s other  big catch was a bit in Prime Time Properties chunk worth hundreds of millions in the lucrative property development space, BPOPF now has a hotel in the Lucrative CBD. As if it is not enough, Molefhe’s final word to over 150 000 Fund Members was promising them that by 2021 she would have accumulated over 90 billion for them. In Molefhe, public officers surely are certain that their billions are in good hands, even the difficult BOFEPPPUSO approves of her, BOFEPPPUSO sits in the BPOPF board.


3. CATHERINE LESETEDI-LETEGELE

Botswana Insurance Holdings Limited (BIHL), CEO Catherine Lesetedi-Letegele rules an empire of almost P5 billion worth of asset portfolio and is still counting. BIHL owns Botswana Life which Lesetedi-Letegele headed to massive profit blossom before taking up the Group’s driving seat. BIHL also runs Botswana Insurance Fund Management (BIFM). Lesetedi-Letegele also commands 25-percent stake in Letshego, which makes BIHL the second largest investor in Letshego.

The soft Spoken Group CEO this year made news when she won 2016 “Ai100 CEO of the Year.” This year’s awards were held at the NASDAQ  Stock Market in New York City on 19th September 2016. Her 5 billion pula ship, BIHL which she started captaining in September 2015 also won Ai Best Performing Ai100 Company Award at the prestigious Africa Investor (Ai) Capital Markets and Index Series Awards..

Lesetedi-Letegele in March 2016 was appointed 1st ever Chancellor of Ba Isago University, Botswana’s premier private tertiary institution. When she took over the  highest decision making position, which resembles that of a Board chairperson  in a corporate company, Lesetedi-Letegele just like any other organisation she led, announced a strategy! and strategy! as well as strategy leadership  was going to be her contribution to Ba Isago, months later South Africa's biggest private education group, Curro Holdings acquired a 50 %  stake in Ba Isago University, a move that will see Ba Isago expand its  admissions footprint to a more international space which has more academic accessibility abroad.

Mrs Lesetedi-Letegele graduated with a BA in Statistics and Demography from the University of Botswana, she also holds an MDP from the Graduate School of Business (University of Cape Town), a Certificate in Executive Leadership (Cornell University, New York City) as well as professional qualifications in Advanced Insurance Practice and a Diploma in Insurance Studies (UNISA). She has undertaken the Sanlam Executive Leadership Programme, Gordon Institute of Business Science, (July 2014) and she is also an Associate of the Insurance Institute of South Africa (AIISA).Ms. Lesetedi-Letegele currently serves on the Boards of Funeral Services Group Limited, a Botswana Stock Exchange-listed entity, Botswana Insurance Company (BIC) and Nico Holdings in Malawi.

4. BASHI GAETSALOE


Managing Director of the Government investment arm, the Botswana Development Corporation, appointed April 2014, immediately when he took over the driving seat of the then cash strapped organisation with a stake in liquidating companies and failed national investment projects, Gaetsaloe developed a 5 year strategy to return the wholly state owned government entity to profitability. Just half way through the strategy, the former KPMG boss announced an over P200 million profit as of June 2016, making 100% growth in profits compared to over P100 million registered in 2015.

He commands asset base of over P4 billion which grew by 6% to 4.4 billion in 2016. Gaetsaloe’s leadership saw Botswana Development Corporation pay millions in dividends to the shareholder being the Botswana Government, something which last happened in 2008. BDC even had a special segment in this year’s State of the Nation Address when President Khama acknowledged it as one of the positives to have made rounds in 2016; he termed the paragraph BDC recovery.

The tough and economical shrewd Gaetsaloe faced parliament earlier this year when he requested P1 billion guarantee loan, although legislators rejected the request which was presented by Minister of Finance, Kenneth Matambo, it seems Gaetsaloe’s  shrewd investment acumen convinced the government enclave as President Lt Dr Ian Khama announced over P800 million will be channeled to BDC’s treasury in the  financial year. David Magang a local property mogul also observed in his ‘’view from Manna house’’ that Bashi’s request should be looked into. The former HRMC Managing Director holds a MA in Economics from Yale University, New Haven, USA and a Bachelor of Arts in Economics from Connecticut College, New London, USA.

5. LEINA GABARAANE
 
Coming fifth is Chief Executive Officer of Stanbic Bank Botswana a Standard Bank company. Leina Gabarane took the driving seat of the unlisted Bank in 2008, where he served in junior executive positions before, 2016 was a very fruitful year for Gabaraane’s ship. Under his leadership Stanbic Bank Botswana was named Best Investment Bank in Botswana, in the 2016 EMEA Finance African Banking awards. Stanbic Bank is one of, if not the only private bank in Botswana which has a chunk investment portfolio in agriculture.

Defying the odds Gabaraane‘s cash spinning drive saw Stanbic Bank Botswana pay one of the highest dividends to its mother company, South African run Standard Bank. The bank won 2016 Best Foreign Exchange Provider in Botswana according to Global Finance Magazine. Report from the United Kingdom also observes Stanbic Bank as “Botswana’s Bank of the Year 2016”,

Gabaraane holds a B.Comm (UB) and an MBA in International Banking and Finance (University of Birmingham). His career started with the Botswana Development Corporation in 1995 where he joined as Assistant Operations Officer responsible for business development, project evaluation and monitoring.

SPECIAL RECOGNITION

Lekwalo Leta Mosienyane – The Business Botswana President became the leader of the private sector federation, then BOCCIM in 2013, Mosianyane appears here not as a Chief Executive but an influential figure in the local Private sector space. The outspoken Mosienyane transformed BOCCIM to a more fashionable and corporate entity in Business Botswana, launched this year, the newly refurbished private sector advocacy institution made rounds in 2016.

Under the leadership of Mosienyane, Business Botswana has a commanding voice at the High Level Consultative Council which the President of the Republic occasionally chairs. A professional Architect himself, Mosienyane this year introduced the youth portal in the Business Botswana council.

He runs Mosianyane & Partners International, a professional architectural consultancy firms which has footprints of successful projects across Southern Africa, Mosianyane is recognized by the South African Council of Architectural profession as a shrewd industry leader.

After liquidation of BCL mine, Lekwalo Mosianyane is the only who was able to calm the frustrated Selibe Phikwe business community after they rejected their own regionally tailored SPEDU as well as government Investment arms. It was only after the intervention of Business Botswana that a way forward was mapped regarding retaining investors from the otherwise to become a ghost town.

PROMISING CEO OF THE YEAR – THABO THAMANE

This publication notices the good work by the CEDA Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Thabo Thamane who continues to transform CEDA to a more attractive entity with its community and native tailored products like Mabogo Dinku. Under Thamane’s leadership, CEDA continues to unpack hidden agricultural trade as well as other economic sectors.

The state owned Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency successfully hosted the Joint CEO Forum of the World Federation of Development Finance Institutions (WFDI). Amongst praises Thamane received was how CEDA had seamlessly and gracefully hosted an international conference that could have easily been a logistical nightmare. The forum received accolades for great outcomes and recommendations, against a trend of such events being labeled useless talk shops.

Amid cash strapped and poorly managed state owned enterprises and Parastatals CEDA has received accolades from even legislators for considerably doing well.

The accolades awarded here were not from any conducted study or scientific research, but are made from media publications about CEO’s and companies that did considerably well in 2016. Whereas much analysis seemed based on state owned companies, reasons being that 2016 was a harsh year for Botswana’s national economy hence much emphasis on entities that Batswana command a stake in, our views are not cast in stone and we do not claim intellectual monopoly.

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SPEDU brings yet another big project in selibe-phikwe area

30th November 2020

Shiellah Moribame-Moakofi

SPEDU, Botswana’s investment promotion vehicle in the SPEDU Region has brought yet another immense project which will be situated adjacent to the town of Selebi Phikwe, dubbed “Selebi Phikwe Citrus Project.”

Commenting on the plan for the project,Manager Agribusiness- Maiba Samunzala, said the Selebi Phikwe Citrus Project is envisaged to become a model citrus development in Southern Africa and a flagship project in Botswana.

“This will be one of the largest flat units of citrus plantation in Southern Africa occupying one thousand two hundred hectares (1200ha) of land. This project has come at a very crucial time when our Government is seriously exploring means to create jobs. Such a project will therefore stimulate the town and restore economic activity within the SPEDU Region,” he said.

In line with Government’s efforts of diversifying the economy away from over reliance on the mineral sector, SPEDU’s critical role is to facilitate inward investment and economic diversification in the Region.

SPEDU started facilitating the project in May 2018 where engagements began between SPEDU itself, Botswana Investment and Trade Centre (BITC) and the investors. It has been a long journey which involved a number of negotiations which was done with due caution without compromise to both parties. This deal brings the number of SPEDU’s total projects to 70 in various sectors which are at different stages of development. Amongst these projects, forty-five (45) are at advanced stages of development.

Twenty-six (26) are citizen-owned companies in Information Technology (IT), Manufacturing, Agriculture and Construction;
Four (4) Government projects in Infrastructure Development and Agriculture;
Eight (8) Foreign-owned companies in Agriculture; and
Seven (7) Joint ventures in Manufacturing and Agriculture.

For his part, SPEDU Chief Executive Officer, Dr Mokubung Mokubung added that the project will be sitting on the Mmadinare Multi-Cooperative Society’s land, leased for a period of 33 years with an automatic renewal clause for a further 50 years. Dr Mokubung further indicated: “It was our responsibility that we ensure that clear steps are followed to allow for subleasing of the piece of land.

“A decision was further taken to approve a water quota and a reduced water tariff for this project. This decision was made considering the contribution envisaged from this project to the economy of Botswana. This project therefore will draw water from Letsibogo dam with an approved water allocation to the Project of 8 million cubic meters. Electricity supply will be from Botswana Power Corporation, while back-up generators will be present for pump stations as well as the pack house.

The development will be on a 1,500 hectare site, with 1,200 hectares of citrus orchards to be developed between 2020 and 2025 in two phases of development”, Mokubung added. The Selebi Phikwe Citrus (Pty) Ltd shortened as “SPC”, is foreign owned by South African (RSA) citizens. The RSA owners will manage the project with their highly experienced citrus growers personnel, with strong established track records in the industry, cumulatively spanning more than 50 years.

The location of the project was chosen on geo-political, economic and climatological merits including amongst others: Botswana’s stable political environment, amidst a mature democracy and a strong independent judiciary; Favourable business conditions, including attractive taxation and foreign exchange regulations, and a stable local currency with low annual inflation; Attractive long-term investment incentives; Good technical and agricultural conditions; and Adequate infrastructure and logistical access to markets.

Informed by the climactic factors particular to the site, the orchards will be planted with a range of citrus cultivars, including mandarins, Valencia oranges, seedless lemons and grapefruit. Although it will be one of the largest single citrus developments ever undertaken in Southern Africa, the development will only represent a maximum of 1.2% of the Southern African citrus plantings, all of which are mainly oriented towards overseas citrus demand markets. It is therefore not expected to have any destabilising effect on prices or industry dynamics.

The SPC project is being established at one of the most lucrative places in Botswana, as the SPEDU Region is strategically located even in the broader Sothern African Development Community (SADC) region.

The town of Selebi Phikwe is surrounded by 52 villages and rural settlements, and is located approximately 400 kilometers north of the capital city Gaborone. Selebi Phikwe serves as the commercial capital of the SPEDU Region. The town is home for 49,411 people, making up approximately a quarter of the entire population of the Region.

The Selebi Phikwe Citrus Project is forecast to create 1000 sustainable job opportunities at full capacity, with creation of both forward and backward linkages with other sectors. This Project would bring about growth and diversification of the agro industry, with spin-off effects that will generate other value chain business opportunities. The other benefits which would be brought by the Project include, increased level of exports, increased export revenue, technological and skills transfer, and import substitution.

Some of the areas in the SPEDU land pockets serves as a Special Economic Zone with the intention to support industrialisation through the economic sectors of Tourism, Manufacturing and Agro-Business in diversifying the economy.

This is in recognition of the inherent comparative advantages of the region evidenced by availability of ample surface and underground water resources. It is also the home of five of the country’s major dams, the Thune Dam, the Letsibogo Dam, the Lotsane Dam, the Dikabeya Dam and the Dikgatlhong Dam.

The region also boasts highly fertile soils and a climate conducive for agricultural, especially horticulture production. The availability of land for industrialisation in Selebi Phikwe and the region, infrastructure resources, abundant natural attractions, flora and fauna, natural resources such as granite, sandstone, marble and silica sands open up opportunity for industrialization.

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Church in the doghouse

30th November 2020
CHURCHES

Just like in politics, numbers matter in the church. As much as the COVID-19 pandemic has put so many commercial entities in the red, the church in Botswana has not escaped the wrath either. These glaring similarities between the church and world have pushed the former beyond limits and now there is a bone to pick with government.

Just last week, President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi met with men of the cloth, a jaw-jaw that precipitated a decision to increase the number of congregants per church service from 75 to 100 in line with the State of Emergency powers and COVID-19 regulations. The decision by the President is an indication that he has a foot in both camps – that is the church and COVID-19 Presidential Task Team.

But the church is still not satisfied, with some leaders expressing hard feelings over the bunch that met the President. From the latest decisions, it seems the government will open churches to their full capacity in a pi’s eye. In any case this position is expressed in black and white through various press statements from the Task team and individual ministries. Government is hell-bent on containing the possible spread of the coronavirus.

For some churches, such as the Zion Christian Church (ZCC) they have leaned on the Hobson choice – taking what is offered or nothing at all – and they have chosen the latter. The ZCC has also adopted a hush up as per the instruction of its leader, Bishop Lekganyane.

AND HERE ARE THE NUMBERS

A statistical generalisation in Botswana when it comes to church capacities demonstrates thus; St Peters Roman Catholic in Gabane, has a church capacity of 600. In main mall, Christ the King Cathedral Roman Catholic has a capacity of 1300, and in Gaborone West they have close to 1200 capacity.

Eloyi Christian Church in Selibe Phikwe boasts of a 1000 strong membership. On a normal service, The City Angeles Church in Tlokweng has 1500 people attending one service. For Spiritual Healing in Gaborone more than 800 people normally attend in between services; and as for Naledi Church of God in Palapye it has 700 people while Cornelius Apostolic Church has an average attendance of 2000 people in one service. The figures continue to pour in, Olive Church in Metsimotlhabe has more than 2500 members; while Royal Assembly in Gaborone has more than 800 attendees for a normal service. Their membership stands at 1200.

Speaking to this publication, Bishop Raphael Habibo of Assemblies of God confirmed that the 100 per service as recently prescribed is not enough. He pointed out that it would have been better had they been allowed a 200 or 300 ceiling looking at the capacity of various churches around the country.

“We are not in a position to take care of the needs of our people. In terms of counselling, ministering and standing with them during challenging times and financially. We have hired different people in church. When services are stopped it means we are not making enough money to pay these people. We hear the government’s cry but we need to come up with ways of living with this,” he said.

From Bishop Habibo’s interjection, it is evident that the church has an itching palm for purposes of paying salaries, rent, and general welfare issues. In essence the church is saying the 100 capacity command remains in the clouds, it is far from addressing the realities they face.

From the figures shared, it is evident that the church has a Midas touch but the Presidential Task Team on COVID-19 remains in the driver’s seat hence the church’s itching palm may be satisfied in a coon’s age!

While some church leaders agree that the churches do not need to be opened to the brim, they still shoot down the 100 members cap. They argue that they have enough space to adhere to COVID-19 protocols should their numbers be increased to 200 or 300.

The church says it is not only money that will ensure that they keep head above the water. There is a claim that by limiting the number of people may attend church services, emotional strain and depression are taking a toll on citizens. Faith thought leaders also attempt to link emerging worries such as Gender Based Violence and suicides to restrained spiritual interactions. While there is yet to be empirical data to full-proof these assertions as gospel truth, the church’s campaign for more numbers remains just a grasp at straws.

The church is also worried that certain decisions by the Presidential Task team appear to swim against the tide. They cite opening of borders, buses loading full capacity, tourism industry’s leisure travels, and a litany of decisions only explained by the idiom, smoke and mirrors.

CHURCH MEMBERS ARE DEPRESSED

“A lot of people have been stressed and depressed by this season. Having to live with the fear of the chance of contacting the virus or a loved one or colleague being positive is too much. It is at this point that we need to have a closer relationship with God to pray; to be in church and as we sing, we create an atmosphere of hope. People lost their jobs, businesses and for some it will take months if not years to recover.

We have even seen a rise in gender based violence – I would even think it’s indirectly connected to this pandemic. An affected mind facing a situation that is heavy and can’t take it anymore will just lose it and misbehave,” said the President of Royal Assembly Ministries, Boago Ramogapi.

“I wish the government could do “Capacity Seating” while still adhering to COVID-19 regulations of masks and distance between seats. In that case, a building that normally seats 1000 people will be able to take 500 people – there will still be space between the people and strict compliance on masks and sanitising,” he said.

He further highlighted that challenges arose amid the pandemic within the church and the main one was that many people were losing themselves and feeling helpless because they do not have the opportunity to go to church – a place that has an atmosphere to encounter, inspire and vibe peace of mind.

“On top of that, let’s understand that churches are run by the free will offerings of the congregants. Most of the time the offerings are taken when people have congregated. Discussing with some Pastors I discovered that many churches have had serious financial challenges – those renting places of worship, staff members to pay salaries and their usual outreaches to the less privileged were affected. We have banking online platforms to make transactions but they have not yet penetrated that much on the church sphere where people send their contributions to the church accounts,” he said.

When quizzed on the stand of the Ministry regarding the opening of churches, the Minister of Nationality, Immigration and Gender Affairs, Anna Mokgethi said;

“There is no silence at all. My Ministry has been engaged with faith leaders on the issue of increasing the number of attendees at church services. They have made their submissions to the Ministry on a number of occasions and we agreed on the submissions to be made to the Task Force team. Consultations are ongoing.

At yesterday’s COVID-19 Task Force meeting it was agreed that consultations should be concluded and submissions should be presented this coming Monday and a final decision be made.”But from the black and white issued by various Government agencies, capacity seating for churches will come in a month of Sundays!

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Inside Botswana’s ambitious decent work programme

30th November 2020
work programme

In an effort to address the mounting challenges of unemployment and labour issues in Botswana, government has introduced the Decent Work Programme that will help the country achieve its decent work ambitions by the year 2024.

Botswana’s unemployment rate has been high at around 20% over the years as a result of the slow growth of employment opportunities. Youth and women are the most affected, however, the ratio of female to male youth unemployment has since had a significant decline from 165% in 2008 to 139% in the past three years, reflecting improvements in employment opportunities for women. The youth unemployment rate hovered around 35% over the last years.

In their Decent Work Country report, the Ministry of Employment, Labour Productivity and Skills Development strives to contribute to Botswana’s progress towards the achievement of full and productive employment and decent for all. The report prioritizes sustainable employment creation in which, government aims to reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions.

By 20230, the Decent Work Report aspires for sustainable food production systems and implementation of resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaption to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality.

It has been suggested that Botswana should move to adopt measures to ensure that proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.

Furthermore, the country aims to ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education hence increasing the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship.

Gender disparity has always been a challenge in Botswana. According to the report, there are aspirations to eliminate gender disparities in education and ensuring equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations.

As the country moves towards the digital space, technology is anticipated to play a bigger role in developing the economy. In the next ten years, Botswana says it would have enhanced the use of technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women. In a more tangible approach, there will be the adoption and strengthening of sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and women at all levels.

Achieving higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors has also been a target outlined on the report, as well as promoting development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, formalization and growth of micro-small and medium sized enterprises, including through access to financial services.

Furthermore, the report says Botswana will work to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and other forms of exploitation.
“Botswana will take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and the use of child soldiers which is to be ended by 2025 in all its forms.”

Meanwhile, the slow growth in employment opportunities in Botswana is said to be due to the fact that the supply of skills from the education sector does not match the needs of the job market. The skills mismatch has led to an oversupply of certain skills in the job market, resulting in high graduate unemployment, even though other skills are in short supply.

The report highlighted that there is a need to develop an adequately skills workforce, which is responsive to the labour market demands. “The growing rate of unemployment of the youth, specifically graduates, indicates the critical need for improving the coordination, planning, quality as well as management of human resource development. Government aims to address this challenge by implementing the National Human Resource Development Strategy, which stipulates the formulation of HRD Sector Plans, aimed at matching of skills with the labour market and the needs of the economy,” the Decent Work report reads.

Meanwhile, government has introduced Labour Market Information System that collects, analyses, monitors and captures labour market information such as labour indicators, data, labour demand and supply forecasts and any other labour market data.

In other words, it is a system that collects statistical and non-statistical information concerning labour market actors and their environment, as well as information concerning labour market institutions, policies and regulations that serves the needs of users and has been collected through the application of accepted methodologies and practice to the largest possible extent.

Government further says the labour market information is key to all players: policy makers use it for decision making purposes, students and their parents for informed career choices, researchers amongst others.

The availability of reliable, comprehensive, cost effective and up-to date labour market information is a necessary condition for effective human resource planning and its implementation. Such information is not only required by government and its agencies, but also by employers for their personnel planning decisions.

Individuals also need information on the state of the labour market to make their training and career choices. As a result of this, knowledge of how the labour market functions become integral to an understanding of the key economic issues of time.

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