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BotAsh: Untapped manufacturing, processing hub

Minister of Mineral Resources, Green Technology and Energy Security, Sadique Kebonang, has called on the private sector, business people and investors to tap into lucrative opportunities that are presented by Botswana Ash Mine in Sowa Town.


Kebonang who toured the largest producer of salt and soda ash in Southern Africa this past week, said it is imperative for authorities and mine leadership to start coming up with product diversity and Sowa economic diversification strategies as soon as possible to prevent the repeat of a situation similar to that of Phikwe crush in other mining towns. “All the policies are in place to unleash opportunities that can enhance business development, economic diversification and job creation,” said Kebonang.


According to Sadique, his government has created the needed platform to empower and flourish the private sector: “Government is a collection of individuals, it’s not an abstract, if we Batswana are not taking up these opportunities then we can’t achieve economic diversification.” However Kebonang acknowledged challenges that are currently hindering entrepreneurship at Sowa, which is one of Africa’s sodium rich areas. “We appreciate that there is an issue of land and we are currently working with the ministry responsible for those services,” he noted.


Kebonang is of the view that the 4000 populated township can be developed into a soda ash and sodium by-product Industrial hub, “We are looking at soap manufacturing factories, fertilizers, detergents and so forth,” he said in an interview with BusinessPost.
Kebonang further told this publication that government was willing to foster industrialization of the town through investment arms such as CEDA and Botswana Development Corporation.


 “As it is constantly noted, government has a primary role of creating a conducive environment for job creation, we are indeed waiting for serious investors and mainly Batswana entrepreneurs that can put up good and feasible proposals and we will assist with funding and other incentives”, he observed.


According to BotAsh Managing Director, Montwedi Mphathi, the mine is currently producing enough soda ash and salt for other industrial products to be manufactured from the available raw material. “We output 300 000 tonnes per year for soda ash which is full capacity and 650 000 tonnes of Salt per year of which we are still at 300 000 full capacity short, but we can satisfy all our foreign market demand and we would still have excess available for any manufacturing and processing business in the township,” Mphathi who joined BotAsh from BCL in 2011 observed that for quality, their operations are ISO 9001 certified to ensure consistence and right quality of their product.


 “We are in the process of putting operative alignments to enable extraction of other by-products like Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Sulphate, presenting more opportunities for manufacturing and processing business in the township, diversifying the economy and creating more jobs,” he noted.


Mphathi who has received accolades for his good corporate skill compared to his successor at BCL mine, which met its demise last year October, is believed to have left the company in good financial shape with diversified sources of income like fruit and vegetable farming and a reputable Corporate –Social Investment.


Ever since he joined Botswana Ash in 2011, Mphathi has flourished at the Southern Africa’s largest salt producer. In the 2015 financial year alone, Botswana Ash paid 91 million pula to its fifty per cent (50%) shareholder; Botswana Government. Late last year Mphathi announced a strategy that will see Botash double their revenue to 300 million by 2018.


Botash currently exports their products to South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi and the Democratic Republic of Congo, but intends to expand its footprint into Mozambique, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and Angola. In fact, Mphathi revealed that BotAsh will form strategic alliances in the detergent market and offer packaging variations to harness easier product development.


Recently Chlor Alkali Holdings, which owns the other 50 % stake in Botswana Ash, acquired market in Cerebos, the region’s leading table salt trader and BotAsh revealed that the transaction will enable them to push their product footprint in previously unexplored markets.


BotAsh will be looking to leverage on the Cerebos network to unlock new markets in the region. The deal has also enabled BotAsh to package Cerebos brands in Botswana and also distribute BotAsh products in established Cerebos outlets throughout the continent.
Botswana Ash operates chest out with an OHSAS 18001 certification for safety, ISO 14001 certification for environmental awareness and ISO 9001:2008 certification for quality.

 

It leads as currently the largest supplier of soda ash and industrial salt in southern Africa, with a staff complement of 452 employees mostly in the engineering and operations department. South Africa imports over 40 % of BotAsh products, followed by Zambia with 24 %, Zimbabwe at 16 and Malawi at 7 percent.

 

The Democratic Republic of Congo absorbs 2 % of Mphati’s products, while  less quantity remain locally as Botswana buy just a little over 4 % , statistics which Minister Kebonang says do not make economic sense for a country that imports almost all of their finished salt and sodium products.  


“We have to move towards wooing investors to set up processing and manufacturing industries here in Botswana so that most of BotAsh products are absorbed and processed here into finished products, thus diversifying the economy and creating jobs for our own,” Kebonang suggested.


Botswana Ash (Pty) Ltd began operating in April 1991. The Company produces Soda Ash and Salt. It was established at a cost of P736 million, with an additional P100 million investment in supporting infrastructure in the form of Sowa township. All the activities of the mine are undertaken at Sowa – from production through to marketing and sales and administration.

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Business

New study reveals why youth entrepreneurs are failing

21st July 2022
Youth

The recent study on youth entrepreneurship in Botswana has identified difficult access to funding, land, machinery, lack of entrepreneurial mindset and proper training as serious challenges that continue to hamper youth entrepreneurship development in this country.

The study conducted by Alliance for African Partnership (AAP) in collaboration with University of Botswana has confirmed that despite the government and private sector multi-billion pula entrepreneurship development initiatives, many young people in Botswana continue to fail to grow their businesses into sustainable and successful companies that can help reduce unemployment.

University of Botswana researchers Gaofetege Ganamotse and Rudolph Boy who compiled findings in the 2022 study report for Botswana stated that as part of the study interviews were conducted with successful youth entrepreneurs to understand their critical success factors.

According to the researchers other participants were community leaders, business mentors, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Youth, Gender, Sport and Culture, financial institutions, higher education institutions, non-governmental institutions, policymakers, private organizations, and support structures such as legal and technical experts and accountants who were interviewed to understand how they facilitate successful youth entrepreneurship.

The researchers said they found that although Botswana government is perceived as the most supportive to businesses when compared to other governments in sub-Saharan Africa, youth entrepreneurs still face challenges when accessing government funding. “Several finance-related challenges were identified by youth entrepreneurs. Some respondents lamented the lack of access to start-up finance, whereas others mentioned lack of access to infrastructure.”

The researchers stated that in Botswana entrepreneurship is not yet perceived as a field or career of choice by many youth “Participants in the study emphasized that the many youth are more of necessity entrepreneurs, seeing business venturing as a “fall back. Other facilitators mentioned that some youth do not display creativity, mind-blowing innovative solutions, and business management skills. Some youth entrepreneurs like to take shortcuts like selling sweets or muffins.”

According to the researchers, some of the youth do not display perseverance when they are faced with adversity in business. “Young people lack of an entrepreneurial mindset is a common challenge among youth in business. Some have a mindset focused on free services, handouts, and rapid gains. They want overnight success. As such, they give up easily when faced with challenges. On the other hand, some participants argue that they may opt for quick wins because they do not have access to any land, machinery, offices, and vehicles.”

The researchers stated that most youth involved in business ventures do not have the necessary training or skills to maintain a business. “Poor financial management has also been cited as one of the challenges for youth entrepreneurs, such as using profit for personal reasons rather than investing in the business. Also some are not being able to separate their livelihood from their businesses.

Lastly, youth entrepreneurs reported a lack of experience as one of the challenges. For example, the experience of running a business with projections, sticking to the projections, having an accounting system, maintaining a clean and clear billing system, and sound administration system.”

According to the researchers, the participants in the study emphasized that there is fragmentation within the entrepreneurial ecosystem, whereby there is replication of business activities without any differentiation. “There is no integration of the ecosystem players. As such, they end up with duplicate programs targeting the same objectives. The financial sector recommended that there is a need for an intermediary body that will bring all the ecosystem actors together and serve as a “one-stop shop” for entrepreneurs and build mentorship programs that accommodate the business lifecycle from inception to growth.”

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Business

BHC yearend financial results impressive

18th July 2022
BHC

Botswana Housing Corporation (BHC) is said to have recorded an operating surplus of P61 Million, an improvement compared to the previous year. The housing, office and other building needs giant met with stakeholders recently to share how the business has been.

The P61 million is a significant increase against the P6 million operating loss realized in the prior year. Profit before income tax also increased significantly from P2 million in the prior year to P72 million which resulted in an overall increase in surplus after tax from P1 million prior year to P64 million for the year under review.

Chief of Finance Officer, Diratsagae Kgamanyane disclosed; “This growth in surplus was driven mainly by rental revenue that increased by 15% from P209 million to P240 million and reduction in expenditure from P272 million to P214 million on the back of cost containment.”
He further stated that sales of high margin investment properties also contributed significantly to the growth in surplus as well as impairment reversals on receivables amounting to P25 million.

It is said that the Corporation recorded a total revenue of P702 million, an 8% decrease when compared to the P760 million recorded in the prior year. “Sales revenue which is one of the major revenue streams returned impressive margins, contributing to the overall growth in the gross margin,” added Kgamanyane.

He further stated professional fees revenue line declined significantly by 64% to P5 million from P14 million in the prior year which attributed to suspension of planned projects by their clients due to Covid-19 pandemic. “Facilities Management revenue decreased by P 24 million from P69 million recorded in prior year to P45 million due to reduction in projects,” Kgamanyane said.

The Corporation’s strength is on its investment properties portfolio that stood at P1.4 billion at the end of the reporting period. “The Corporation continues its strategy to diversify revenue streams despite both facilities management income and professional fees being challenged by the prevailing economic conditions that have seen its major clients curtailing spending,” added the CEO.

On the one hand, the Corporation’s Strategic Performance which intended to build 12 300 houses by 2023 has so far managed to build 4 830 houses under their SHHA funding scheme, 1 240 houses for commercial or external use which includes use by government and 1 970 houses to rent to individuals.

BHC Acting CEO Pascaline Sefawe noted that; BHC’s planned projects are said to include building 336 flat units in Gaborone Block 7 at approximately P224 million, 100 units in Maun at approximately P78 million, 13 units in Phakalane at approximately P26 million, 212 units in Kazungula at approximately P160 million, 96 units at approximately P42 million in Francistown and 84 units at approximately P61 million in Letlhakane. Emphasing; “People tend to accuse us of only building houses in Gaborone, so here we are, including other areas in our planned projects.”

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Business

Commercial banks to cash big on high interest rates on loans

18th July 2022
Commercial-banks

Researchers from some government owned regulatory institutions in the financial sector have projected that the banking sector’s profitability could increase, following Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee recent decision to increase monetary policy rate.

In its bid to manage inflation, Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee last month increased monetary policy rate by 0.50 percent from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent, a development which resulted with commercial banking sector increasing interest rate in lending to household and companies. As a result of BoB adjustment of Monetary Policy Rate, from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent commercial banks increased prime lending rate from 5.76 percent to 6.26 percent.

Researchers from Bank of Botswana, the Non-Bank Financial Institutions Regulatory Authority, the Financial Intelligence Agency and the Botswana Stock Exchange indicated that due to prospects of high inflation during the second half of 2022, there is a possibility that the Monetary Policy Committee could further increase monetary policy rate in the next meeting in August 25 2022.

Inflation rose from 9.6 percent in April 2022 to 11.9 percent in May 2022, remaining above the Bank of Botswana medium-term objective range of 3 – 6 percent. According to the researchers inflation could increase further and remain high due to factors that include: the potential increase in international commodity prices beyond current forecasts, logistical constraints due to lags in production, the economic and price effects of the ongoing Russia- Ukraine conflict, uncertain COVID-19 profile, domestic risk factors relating to possible regular annual administered price adjustments, short-term unintended consequences of import restrictions resulting with shortages in supplies leading to price increases, as well as second-round effects of the recent increases in administered prices “Furthermore, the likelihood of further increases in domestic fuel prices in response to persistent high international oil prices could add upward pressure to inflation,” said the researchers.

The researchers indicated that Bank of Botswana could be forced to further increase monetary policy rate from the current 2.15 percent if inflation rises persistently. “Should inflation rise persistently this could necessitate an upward adjustment in the policy rate. It is against this background that the interest rate scenario assumes a 1.5 percentage points (moderate scenario) and 2.25 percentage points (severe scenario) upward adjustment in the policy rate,” said the researchers.

The researchers indicated that while any upward adjustment on BoB monetary policy rate and commercial banks prime lending rate result with increase in the cost of borrowing for household and compnies, it increase profitability for the banking sector. “Increases in the policy rate are associated with an overall increase in bank profitability, with resultant increases in the capital adequacy ratio of 0.1 percentage points and 0.2 percentage points for the moderate and severe scenarios, respectively,” said the researchers who added that upward adjustment in monetary policy rate would raise extra capital for the banking sector.

“The increase in profit generally reflects the banking industry’s positive interest rate gap, where interest earning assets exceed interest earning liabilities maturing in the next twelve months. Therefore, an increase of 1.5 percentage points in the policy rate would result in industry gains of P71.7 million (4.1 percent increase), while a 2.25 percentage points increase would lead to a gain of P173.9 million (6.1 percent increase), dominated by large banks,” said the researchers.

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