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BOPEU President takes government head on!

BOPEU’s new President, Masego Mogwera, has come out with guns blazing that Government cannot and must not abdicate its primary responsibility and priority.

 

Mogwera has pointed out that, by abdicating its priority, its primary responsibility, the Government will then have no role to play in the lives of the citizens, the welfare of the nation and the future of the country and thus its purpose and relevance will be questionable. BOPEU’s iron lady was addressing members of the media two days after the presentation of the 2017/2018 budget speech.


Minister of Finance and Development Planning, Kenneth Mathambo, has during the 2017 / 2018 National Development Budget proposals in the National Assembly remarked that, “with regard to employment creation, it is important to clarify that the principal role of Government is not to create jobs directly, but to provide a conducive macroeconomic environment to facilitate the development of the private sector”.

 

BOPEU has come out openly to differ with the Minister of Finance on his assertions that it is not Government responsibility to create jobs.  BOPEU President, Masego Mogwera has fiercely went on an outrage that “BOPEU vehemently rejects this preposition and characterize it as an abdication of state responsibility”. The statement by the Finance Minister is a departure from the stance of Government in the 2016/17 Budget.


Further the stance of the Minister of Finance on job creation is contrary to Government’s international obligations under the DECENT WORK COUNTRY PROGRAMME, entered by and between the Government of Botswana and the International Labour Organization (ILO) on the 17th of February 2011 where amongst other things, employment creation was identified as Botswana’s top priority.

 

It is for this reason that during the last national budget speech, Government remarkably outlined some of the economic activities undertaken by Government with potential for creating employment such as infrastructure backlog eradication, road networks and maintenance, wildlife and tourism initiatives among others. Mogwera thus lamented that, “it was therefore utterly shocking and devastating to hear Minister Mathambo abdicating the Government from its number one responsibility. And one may wonder what will be the role of Government if it is abdicating itself from its number one priority”?


BOPEU’s iron lady further contents that, the 2017/18 budget speech statement on the role of Government in job creation and the 2016/17 budget speech employment creation strategies depicts what she terms “glaring contradictions”. She further contents that the 2016/17 Budget approach to job creation by Government was very commendable despite the lack of specific and measurable targets and sustainability of the jobs alluded to.

 

The approach resonated well with listing job creation as a national priority.  In BOPEU’s view, Government should have endeavoured to improve this approach rather than opting to eliminate it and deciding to occupy the back seat to watch as business ‘presumably’ takes place.


When this publication quizzed Mogwera whether there is a distinct difference between job creations and creating an environment for equitable job creation she hit back that, “Government’s effort to provide a conducive environment to facilitate development of the private sector is not a new phenomenon and has never seen the light of the day. The promised improvements in ICT, electricity and water supply and land policing and servicing among other things as efforts to create a conducive business environment are not justifiable and adequate for job creation initiative.”


Though BOPEU iron lady concurs that Government should create a conducive environment for the private sector to create employment, she is however of the firm view that Government has a direct responsibility in job creation without necessarily ballooning the wage bill by identifying strategic sectors such as tourism and mining with a potential for employment creation. And she emphasises that Mathambo must be clear if this new view is his or it’s a collective Government view because it is a total deviation from last year’s budget and economic plan.


To further compound this contradiction, Government has further committed itself to employment creation in the context of the NDP 11 theme; ‘inclusive growth for realization of employment creation and poverty eradication’. This theme was aptly crafted and befitting to national priorities.

 

Impressively in good accord with the NDP 11 theme, the 2017/18 Government has set a timeline target for the eradication of abject poverty by December 2017; a commendable approach which Mogwera says should have been adopted for employment creation as well. Mogwera is firm that it is for this reason that BOPEU leadership has resolved to call on Government to retract the statement and reconsider its position in so far as job creation is concerned.


BOPEU has also indicated that it has made some proposals in light of the 2017 / 2018 national development budget and will be sending them to Government for consideration. Amongst these proposals is that Government should assume a leading as opposed to a back-bench role with job creation. “We believe that Government should lead job creation initiatives by identifying appropriate and strategic industries to leverage on and inject capital for job creation initiatives” noted Mogwera.

 

It is BOPEU’S assertion that in this way Government, nurtures small businesses with growth potential to expand into big businesses and in turn create employment opportunities for local people. This ‘hand-holding’ and ‘incubation’ of small and medium scale businesses is necessary where local business have persistently failed to position themselves as engines of growth.


Mogwera continued to tell this publication that they believe that small and medium sized businesses contribute immensely to self-employment and improvement of household incomes and livelihoods and hence setting clear targets is the sure way to working within the ambit of strategy monitoring and evaluation, a commendable new national priority government has identified in the 2017/18 budget.  “The Government must take a leading and direct role in employment creation. In our view, job-creation is government responsibility”, Mogwera emphasised.


BOPEU’s new President has also indicated that they are once more sending a proposal to Government that as part of exploring various alternatives to job creation, Government should put in place tax incentives to encourage local companies to employ more graduates. This is not the first time that BOPEU has made this proposal to Government and BOPEU seems to be hell bent on pursuing this proposal until it sees the light of the day. This proposal was first made by BOPEU after the 2015 / 2016 budget speech during their then breakfast budget speech review.


It is through this proposal that BOPEU is asserting that through the Government should set a specific number of employees that should any local company employ, such an employer would be entitled to tax exemption. In essence, the more graduates a company employs, the more tax exemption it enjoys.  In this sense, in their feat to avoid tax, local companies will be encouraged to employ more graduates.

 

This can help circumvent the rampant crisis of graduate unemployment and this is what Mogwera asserts is amongst the many ways of direct job creation by Government that Mathambo’s 2017/2018 seeks to abdicate the Government from as a number one priority and primary responsibility. Mogwera further contents that, in doing so, the Botswana Government as a signatory to the International Labour Organisation’s Decent Work Country Programme, should take all necessary measures to ensure that jobs created are decent.

 

Decent and sustainable jobs are emphasized in the Decent Work Country Programme of the International Labour Organization which Botswana Government’s international obligations under the Decent Work Country Programme, entered by and between the Government of Botswana and the International Labour Organization (ILO) on the 17th of February 2011 where amongst other things, employment creation was identified as Botswana’s top priority.

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 Zakhem vindicated

15th September 2021
Zakhem

Botswana Football Association (BFA) leadership appears to be bowing down to Nicolas Zakhem’s football pressure. The development comes to the open roughly 24 hours after the Gaborone United director publicly labelled Maclean Letshwiti and his committee failures for deciding to chop five premier league clubs under the pretext of club licensing disqualification.

As early as Wednesday noon, the BFA emergency committee met with one agenda item to discuss the possibility of reinstating the clubs. This publication gathers that the committee saw it fit to pardon the five clubs without entertaining a second thought. The committee even invited the clubs to the meeting, sources say.

Late last month, the five teams were disqualified from playing in the premier league, pending the appeal outcome. The teams are Notwane, Extension Gunners, BR Highlanders, Mogoditshane Fighters, together with Gilport Lions. The immediate decision by BFA follows what Zakhem had said and advised that it was wrong to chop clubs given the COVID-19 situation in the country.

Unbeknownst to BFA leadership, observers stress that Zakhem exerted public pressure and influenced them to change tone without asking. At the meeting, BFA president Maclean Letshwiti, his vices, Marshlow Motlogelwa and Masego Ntshingane, Aryl Ralebala, the Botswana Football League (BFL) chairman, together with Alec Fela, an ordinary member in the now stubborn NEC.

However, the reactive move by the association to reinstate the clubs is highly welcomed in certain quarters, but it also appears to have left a permanent scar, especially at BFL. As things stand, the general feeling on the ground is to oust chairman Ralebala for failing to defend these clubs before the eyes of President Letshwiti.

This publication has intercepted an ongoing petition to unseat Ralebala and his deputies from the BFL board. Strange enough, the signed petition has thus far attracted clubs with household influence in the league itself. GU, Township Rollers, Notwane, Extension Gunners, Police XI are some clubs that have already appended their signatures to have Ralebala removed.

The big clubs are believed to fighting for principle and demand fair governance at BFL. The reality is that these clubs command a large following, and sponsors can always have a say based on their presence.

When approached for clarity, Ralebala said he could not comment on allegations or issues that lack substance. He concedes that he has heard about the rolling petition but is yet to lay his eyes on it.
“I have heard about the petition, but I don’t know where it is coming from. I think it is best you ask those who have signed it. My focus is to commence the league and make sure everything is on point,” said Ralebala.

Football observers state that Ralebala, together with Letshwiti, are now faced with a dilemma. Reports coming from Lekidi Football Centre, although yet to be fabricated, are that the big guns lead others to form a parallel structure where they will play on their league. The clubs are angry at their chairman for taking many of the instructions from the BFA boss, and already a general melee is gathering traction that the two must resign as football has lost direction.

Zakhem says, although he supported Letshwiti, he has a sense of duty to stand for the truth. “I knew I supported Letshwiti and his troops, but you see, these guys have lost direction. I have long advised them that chopping clubs like this will cause confusion and delay progress, but they cannot listen. Letshwiti gave BFL autonomy, but I do not know why he is still interfering,” Zakhem said.

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The untold brighter side of the P100bn case fall

15th September 2021
President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi

You may, by now, have heard about the dark side of the high profile P100 billion case, but wait, there is also the brighter side. Staff Writer AUBREY LUTE explores the positives accruing from the fall of the country’s biggest financial ‘scam-dal’.

A chance to fix the country’s financial record

They have not publicly been saying it, but the state agencies and the President, Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi, have been at pains to explain and rationalise how an amount almost equal to the country’s GPD left the central bank.

Many insiders attributed the country‘s troubled financial status to the case, including the grey-listing, non-compliance and identified deficiencies, some of which were hitting citizens around the globe. Botswana was in 2018 taken aback by FATF news that the country has been listed alongside countries that do not comply with (AML/CFT). The European Union Commission later flagged Botswana in March 2019 for lacking strategic deficiencies in AML/CFT regulations.

A chance to restore the dignity of the law enforcement arms

The case, without a doubt, was a distraction object on the law enforcement agencies, which spent a chunk of their time bickering and finger-pointing. A leaked audio recording exposing the explosive meeting of the law enforcement arms of government, being the Intelligence Services, Corruption and Economic Crimes agency, and the Prosecutions division summed it all.

The case presented a monumental crisis threatening the core of their being. Following these developments, the Presidency, clearly under the influence of a tripartite member, took a spine-chilling decision to disband the DCEC, a move that was saved by the organisation’s founding director- Tymon Katlholo’s bold protest.

The DPP, the Police, and the DCEC staff were used in the process to carry out bizarre instructions, some of which left the state with an egg on its face. Mistrust and backstabbing were the order of the day within the law enforcement agencies, and the P100 billion case was to blame. “Some badly wanted the plot executed while the other side badly wanted it to end to restore sanity,” an insider says.

The source further adds that “if the case did not end soon, it was going to end a lot of people’s relationships and careers because those who refused to carry the insane instructions were seen as sympathisers to former President Ian Khama.” With the case having fallen, these agencies can reflect, reconcile and go back to work.

A chance to fix diplomatic relations…

It was not only South Africa that was accused of Sabotaging Botswana’s prosecutorial goal. The state also accused several countries of refusing or delaying to assist in the process. Of all the nations, only South Africa has decided to take Botswana to task, perhaps on its proximity to Botswana. Others long ignored Botswana’s requests for assistance to the frustration of former DPP deputy director who repeatedly told the courts that they were struggling to get responses from the international community. With the case having fallen, Botswana may get a chance to face her actions, apologise and rectify the promise that lessons have been learnt.

Pressure off the shoulders of those who have to account…

The case did not only affect the law enforcement agencies. All the stakeholders were put in the spotlight to provide answers. The first to bolt out of the circle was the central bank, Moses Pelaelo, who, like DCEC director-general, long declared the case a scam. He told the world that his books were in order and that no money was missing risking his high-paying job.

According to insiders, his superiors, the then Minister of Finance and Development Planning – Dr Matsheka and his subordinate, Dr Wildfred Mandlebe, were only whispering, without success, to the Gods that there is no money missing.

So concerned and under pressure was Dr Sethibe- then the head of the Financial Intelligence Agency- who, like his Ministry supervisors, was engaging in silent screams to warn the powers that be, all in vain. He later jumped the ship to his former employer, the University of Botswana, allegedly to protect his name and career.

At the time of the fall of the case, the DIS and the DPP were at advanced plans to higher American to come and probe the Bank of Botswana’s servers in a move that bankers feared could compromise them further.

The case was bleeding the country’s coffers…

Had it not ended, the case was likely to end up ‘genuinely’ costing the country P100 billion Pula duo to its complexity and challenges. Insiders say sources who had sold the law enforcement agencies some falsified documents were paid handsomely.

Moreover, investigations were costly as they involved the international community and frequent travelling. “We are told there was also motivation for some officers to act abysmally and out of their way,” an insider said.

Lessons leant for public officers…

Public officers are often duty-bound to obey superiors instructions, no matter how irrational. The case was an eye-opener to many public officers that principle pays in the discharge of one’s duty at all times. The professional careers of the P100 billion case conspirators are currently in shambles. And as expected, the influencers, if at all there any, are nowhere to be seen.

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Botswana could exit FATF “greylisting” in October 

15th September 2021
President Dr Masisi & Minister of Finance and Economic Development Peggy Serame

Botswana remains on the grey list of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and the “black list” of the European Union, a status quo that highlights the country as one of the high-risk jurisdictions to deal with money.

The far-reaching implications of these listings is a compromised Foreign Direct Investment drive for Botswana. In particular, these listings mean investors now have to exercise some caution and restrain when thinking about putting their money in Botswana. On Tuesday, Minister of Finance and Economic Development Peggy Serame said that Botswana could see itself out of the “undesirable listing” by October this year.

Serame called for united and concerted efforts towards liberating Botswana out of this financial noncompliance tag. She said the delisting could be archived by concerted efforts from all stakeholders: players in the financial services sector, non-financial services businesses, regulators, and every individual who deals with transactions.

Botswana is a founding member of the Eastern and Southern Africa Anti-Money Laundering Group (ESAAMLG). This regional body subscribes to the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) to combat money laundering and financing of terrorism and proliferation.

One of the membership obligations to ESAAMLG is for Botswana to be peer-reviewed by the other Member States and other international bodies like the World Bank, IMF or FATF.
The most recent assessment for Botswana to gauge compliance with the FATF standards was conducted by ESAAMLG in 2016 and culminated with publishing the Mutual Evaluation Report (MER) in 2017.

Following the discussion and adoption by the Task Force and approval of the MER by the Council of Ministers, the country was placed under enhanced follow-up.  This led to a one (1) year observation period in which the country was expected to improve its technical compliance (legislative framework) by correcting the deficiencies identified in the MER.

After one year, in October 2018, the Task Force decided that the country was not taking sufficient steps to implement the recommendations made by the assessors in the MER.  The Task Force recommended that Botswana be referred to the International Cooperation Review Group (ICRG) for monitoring and potential listing often referred to as the ‘FATF greylisting”.

Following the FATF greylisting, the EU placed Botswana on its list of high-risk third countries, often referred to as the ‘black list.’ In 2018, Botswana and FATF agreed to an Action Plan that had six items with several timelines. In terms of Risk and coordination, Botswana was told to develop and implement a risk-based comprehensive national AML/CFT strategy, assess the risks associated with legal persons, legal arrangements, and NPOs, and operationalize the modernized company registry to obtain and maintain essential information and Ultimate Beneficial Ownership information.

Botswana was further advised to enhance the capacity of the supervisory staff, including by developing risk-based supervision manuals and providing adequate training, implement risk-based AML/CFT supervision and impose sanctions against violations.

Furthermore, Botswana was instructed to improve analysis and dissemination of financial intelligence by the Financial Intelligence Unit, including operationalizing an online Suspicious Transactions Report filing platform and prioritizing high-risk predicate crimes, and enhancing the use of financial intelligence among the relevant law enforcement agencies.

Regarding terrorism financing investigation, Botswana was instructed to develop and implement a Counter Financing of Terrorism Strategy, operationalize the Counter-Terrorism Analysis and Fusion Centre, and ensure the Terrorism Financing investigation capacity of the law enforcement agencies.

In 2018, the 11th Parliament passed 25 pieces and, later, six others related to AML/CFT/CFP. At the just ended Parliamentary session of the 12th Parliament, lawmakers passed the Financial Intelligence (Amendment) Act to address the definition of beneficial ownership.

Cabinet approved the National AML/CFT/CFP Strategy of 2019-2024 in October 2019. At the June 2021 FATF Plenary meetings, the FATF made the initial determination that Botswana had substantially addressed the Action Plan and that this warranted an on-site assessment to verify that the implementation of Botswana’s AML/CFT/CFP reforms is in place and is being sustained.
Furthermore, an assessment was to be instituted to check if the necessary political commitment remains to sustain implementation in the future.

Serame said in a televised press briefing that Botswana’s exit from the FATF grey list and the EU black list would be determined by the outcome of the on-site assessment, which will be discussed at the FATF Plenary in October 2021.

She revealed that the Botswana delegation attended the Eastern and Southern Africa Anti-Money Laundering Group 42nd Task Force of Senior Officials meeting from the 26th August to the 6th September 2021, followed by the Council of Ministers on the 7th September 2021.

She told the media that at these meetings, Botswana was commended for making progress in complying with the FATF standards by addressing deficiencies in her AML/CFT/CFP framework.
“We are making all these efforts of complying with the FATF standards so that we guard against our financial system being used for money laundering, terrorism financing and proliferation financing,” she said.

“We are hopeful that at the October 2021 FATF Plenary meetings, the outcome of the on-site visit undertaken by the FATF in August 2021 will bear positive results, leading to Botswana being delisted from the FATF greylisting,” she said. However, Minister Serame called on all stakeholders to support the government to remove Botswana from the greylisting.

“As Government continues its efforts of putting in place the necessary legislative and institutional framework, due diligence must be exercised by all institutions, including the ordinary Motswana, so that no one is found dealing with financiers whose credibility is wanting,” she said.

The minister reiterated that all players in the financial services sector had a role to play: “It is important that where unsolicited funds are offered, the individual or entity so receiving the offer must ensure that the funds being offered are not associated with unlawful acts. If we are not diligent, criminals may use unsuspecting people and entities to launder proceeds of crime.”

She reiterated that the government is committed to doing all within its power to remove the country from the FATF “grey list” and the EU “black list”. However, she noted that to achieve that requires the cooperation and assistance of financial institutions, designated non-financial businesses and professions and individuals to ensure full compliance with AML/CFT/CFP rules and regulations.

“These efforts will not only assist us to be removed from these mentioned lists but are for the benefit of our country to maintain a high standard of financial prudence and an economy which genuine investors can have the confidence to invest in,” Serame explained.

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