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UDC, BCP: jealously guard the positive camaraderie…

DR PHILIP BULAWA


The coming together of UDC and the BCP is surely a welcome development in respect of Botswana politics. The recent launch of the UDC has brought about some hope to this nation that come 2019, their livelihood might change for the better.

That is, the expectations by Batswana that their hopes and dreams of a new system of governance that would possibly result in among other things, a diversified economy, real job creation, improved standard of living, free and quality education, regulated private education, a corruption free society, a truly independent judicial system, an independent electoral system, a free and independent media, as well as the long overdue overhauling, restructuring or demise of the current intelligence service will ultimately be realised. The mood in the country is clearly that of a nation just waiting for 2019 to get rid of the current regime that has been in power for more than fifty years and has certainly become obsolete and therefore a serious liability to this nation.  


As indicated in my previous articles to this publication, this public mood has revealed itself in some joint party activities where members now constituting UDC have worked collaboratively to exhibit some spirit of commitment, comradeship and cohesion as if they already belonged to one single entity.

 

Although sceptics especially the enemy the BDP, and some in the media have painted a bleak picture about new UDC, there has been clear indication in some constituencies that work not just to win by-elections, but to prepare for the upcoming elections in 2019 started in earnest even long before negotiations were concluded. The mood has always been that of people who long embraced the UDC formation, and for them the launch was just more of a public relations exercise.   


But even with this positive camaraderie, naturally there is bound to be some confusion and apprehension once the public domain flourishes with alleged evidence of cracks and disunity within the UDC. Whether or not such allegations are credible is another story. The reality however, is that in as much as a concrete agreement has now been sealed, it must be noted that in any political deal of this magnitude that involved diverse negotiators there will always be challenges.

 

Although the sole purpose is to ultimately come to a consensus, my experience with political talks involving different parties; negotiators, including party leadership, would not always agree on issues on the table, but also find themselves having to seriously and emotionally engage in robust debate on a wide range of pertinent issues of divergence. Fundamental in negotiations is to bear in mind that even as you do your utmost to reach a consensus it’s not always that all actors would be completely content with the final outcome.

 

Without suggesting that there are never any instances of points of convergence, in many cases it’s sort of a fragile matter of give and take than decisions arrived at unanimously, and of course it is also in this spirit of give and take that individual parties can thereafter request for certain resolutions be revisited, something some may describe as portrayal of evidence of a major division amongst negotiating partners.


It would therefore be naïve of all of us to conclude that, just because a deal has been reached, the challenges will also cease to exist. Although one cannot cite a particular and peculiar reason as to why challenges should continue to exist after what seems to have been a successful deal such as is the  case with the UDC, there could be a wide range of probabilities.

 

  These would include a high possibility that even after a deal has been concluded, some might still continue to express their reservation about the manner in which things would have turned out to be, and as democracy and justice would dictate, these people have the right to be given a hearing of some sort for the agreement to work.

 

Rumour mongering also has the potential to adversely affect the stability that the opposition needs to achieve its intended goal of not just unseating the BDP, but also to turn around the economy. As it stands media stories that all has not been well since the launch including allegations that the very same leaders who collaboratively and collectively presided over unity talks that delivered UDC have since fallen out could easily rock UDC.  


As can be expected these turn of events, some of which may have been deliberately twisted for different reasons, would certainly reach inter alia, opponents of the deal within and outside the opposition.  When they lay their hands on such news of alleged disunity, they would do everything to ensure that they as much as possible make it go viral, shaping public perceptions such that the information is ultimately misconstrued as an accurate reflection of the situation on the ground.

 

Admittedly, some of the stories including those coming from the media for instance, maybe an exaggeration deliberately intended to mislead and course maximum damage, and in other cases just unsubstantiated insinuations that border on personal series of same stale attacks we have heard before. Here I’m referring to stories not firmly rooted in the journalistic tradition and ethics.

 

By the way the establishment of some media houses has to do more with entrepreneurship and therefore their main reason for existence is to as much as possible maximise profits through writing of stories some of which are grossly unethical. In a democratic dispensation such as ours, political opponents will also have a field day twisting the information for political mileage.


The reality though is that this is what constitutes freedom of speech and democracy, something that the opposition should cherish and embrace at all times, regardless of whether or not what they report is its favour. It is my contention that the media is not the main threat to the new UDC establishment, but instead what would threaten opposition’s intended long term resilience and tarnish its good name are its own people.

 

Many of the stories that reach the media, political opponents and others are leaked by opposition members themselves, and what usually happens is that some of the recipients of the leaked information may just twist them a bit to suit their agendas. Imagine a situation where the media would have been completely bared from attending what should have been a private meeting of leaders, and a few hours before an official media statement can be made public, the information is already on radio, television and newspapers.

 

Other instances of indiscipline on the part of some opposition members have revealed themselves in their utterances about their own comrades, including that of their own leadership. Further cause for concern are insinuations of possible and even imagined infighting in the four political parties that constitute the UDC which could also turn out to be a key factor that contributes immeasurably to instability in UDC.


Of course it is fine for Comrades to critique UDC or each other within the organisation as this helps to introspect, but deliberate badmouthing to criticise and disparage other Comrades has a huge bearing on possible instability in the UDC and therefore stifle and delay concerted effort by the opposition to ensure regime change in 2019.

 

Further, even more toxic could be fights for existing or anticipated positions, a situation that may completely obliterate the organisation before it could even commence the journey to attaining its intended vision. It is profound that people do understand and accept that not all of us will get an opportunity to represent the organisation as Members of Parliament and Councillors, or that only one person will become President, or else UDC’s journey to attainment of power would be tough. My argument is that it is only when we lack discipline and make explosive utterances to the media that are sometimes misleading and dangerous, as well as cause unnecessary incidents due to power struggles which could have the greatest propensity to sow seeds of discord in the entire UDC family.  


We therefore have to commend efforts that have been made to address people’s concerns arising mainly from media reports, thanks to the manner in which both Cde Keorapetse and Cde Mohwasa have handled the situation to weather the storm.  They have been quite level headed in their responses and managed the situation with a great deal of aplomb. I also listened to Cde Mangole and Cde Rammidi on radio clarifying a number of issues that had engulfed UDC to the utter dismay and confusion of its members.

 

This definitely complemented both Keorapetse’s and Mohwasa’s efforts and further allayed fears pertaining to unpalatable media stories about UDC since its launch a couple of weeks ago. It must however, be noted that even these officially sanctioned efforts by Comrades will not bear much fruit unless all in the opposition exercise restraint and solidly rally behind UDC. In political parlance this obviously calls for discipline that requires members to adhere to and uphold UDC’s code of conduct which in turn should give the party moral high ground to speak to the nation as a genuine government in waiting.

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Opinions

Can we cure ourselves from the cancer of corruption?

28th October 2020
DCEC DIRECTOR: Tymon Katholo

Bokani Lisa Motsu

“One of the saddest lessons of history is this: If we’ve been bamboozled long enough, we tend to reject any evidence of the bamboozle. We’re no longer interested in finding out the truth. The bamboozle has captured us. It’s simply too painful to acknowledge, even to ourselves, that we’ve been taken. Once you give a charlatan power over you, you almost never get it back.” Carl Sagan

Corruption is a heavy price to pay. The clean ones pay and suffer at the mercy of people who cannot have enough. They always want to eat and eat so selfishly like a bunch of ugly masked shrews. I hope God forgives me for ridiculing his creatures, but that mammal is so greedy. But corruption is not the new kid on the block, because it has always been everywhere.

This of course begs the question, why that is so? The common answer was and still is – abuse and misuse of power by those in power and weak institutions, disempowered to control the leaders. In 1996, the then President of The World Bank, James D. Wolfensohn named the ‘C-Word’ for the first time during an annual meeting of the Bretton Woods Institutions. A global fight against corruption started. Transparency International began its work. Internal and external audits mushroomed; commissions of inquiry followed and ever convoluted public tender procedures have become a bureaucratic nightmare to the private sector, trying to fight red tape.

The result is sobering corruption today is worse than it was 25 years ago. There is no denying that strong institutions help, but how does it come that in the annual Transparency International Ranking the same group of countries tend to be on the top while another group of countries, many African among them, tend to be on the bottom? Before one jumps to simple and seductive conclusions let us step back a moment.

Wolfensohn called corruption a cancer that destroys economies like a cancer destroys a body. A cancer is, simplified, good cells in a body gone bad, taking control of more and more good cells until the entire body is contaminated and eventually dies. So, let us look at the good cells of society first: they are family ties, clan and tribe affiliation, group cohesion, loyalty, empathy, reciprocity.

Most ordinary people like the reader of these lines or myself would claim to share such values. Once we ordinary people must make decisions, these good cells kick in: why should I hire a Mrs. Unknown, if I can hire my niece whose strengths and weaknesses I know? If I hire the niece, she will owe me and support my objectives.

Why should I purchase office furniture from that unknown company if I know that my friend’s business has good quality stuff? If I buy from him, he will make an extra effort to deliver his best and provide quality after sales service? So, why go through a convoluted tender process with uncertain outcome? In the unlikely case my friend does not perform as expected, I have many informal means to make him deliver, rather than going through a lengthy legal proceeding?

This sounds like common sense and natural and our private lives do work mostly that way and mostly quite well.

The problem is scale. Scale of power, scale of potential gains, scale of temptations, scale of risk. And who among us could throw the first stone were we in positions of power and claim not to succumb to the temptations of scale? Like in a body, cancer cells start growing out of proportion.

So, before we call out for new leaders – experience shows they are rarely better than the old ones – we need to look at ourselves first. But how easy is that? If I were the niece who gets the job through nepotism, why should I be overly critical? If I got a big furniture contract from a friend, why should I spill the beans? What right do I have to assume that, if I were a president or a minister or a corporate chief procurement officer I would not be tempted?

This is where we need to learn. What is useful, quick, efficient, and effective within a family or within a clan or a small community can become counterproductive and costly and destructive at larger corporate or national scale. Our empathy with small scale reciprocity easily permeates into complacency and complicity with large scale corruption and into an acquiescence with weak institutions to control it.

Our institutions can only be as strong as we wish them to be.

I was probably around ten years old and have always been that keen enthusiastic child that also liked to sing the favourite line of, ‘the world will become a better place.’  I would literally stand in front of a mirror and use my mom’s torch as a mic and sing along Michael Jackson’s hit song, ‘We are the world.’

Despite my horrible voice, I still believed in the message.  Few years later, my annoyance towards the world’s corrupt system wonders whether I was just too naïve. Few years later and I am still in doubt so as to whether I should go on blabbing that same old boring line. ‘The world is going to be a better place.’ The question is, when?

The answer is – as always: now.

This is pessimistic if not fatalistic – I challenge Sagan’s outlook with a paraphrased adage of unknown origin: Some people can be bamboozled all of the time, all people can be bamboozled some of the time, but never will all people be bamboozled all of the time.

We, the people are the only ones who can heal society from the cancer of corruption. We need to understand the temptation of scale and address it. We need to stop seeing ourselves just a victim of a disease that sleeps in all of us. We need to give power to the institutions that we have put in place to control corruption: parliaments, separation of power, the press, the ballot box. And sometimes we need to say as a niece – no, I do not want that job as a favour, I want it because I have proven to be better than other contenders.

It is going to be a struggle, because it will mean sacrifices, but sacrifices that we have chosen, not those imposed on us.

Let us start today.

*Bokani Lisa Motsu is a student at University of Botswana

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Opinions

Accounting Officers are out of touch with reality

19th October 2020

Parliament, the second arm of State through its parliamentary committees are one of Botswana’s most powerful mechanisms to ensure that government is held accountable at all times. The Accounting Officers are mostly Permanent Secretaries across government Ministries and Chief Executive Officers, Director Generals, Managing Directors of parastatals, state owned enterprises and Civil Society.

So parliament plays its oversight authority via the legislators sitting on a parliamentary committee and Accounting Officers sitting in the hot chair.  When left with no proper checks and balances, the Executive is prone to abuse the arrangement and so systematic oversight of the executive is usually carried out by parliamentary committees.  They track the work of various government departments and ministries, and conduct scrutiny into important aspects of their policy, direction and administration.

It is not rocket science that effective oversight requires that committees be totally independent and able to set their own agendas and have the power to summon ministers and top civil servants to appear and answer questions. Naturally, Accounting Officers are the highest ranking officials in the government hierarchy apart from cabinet Ministers and as such wield much power and influence in the performance of government.  To illustrate further, government performance is largely owed to the strategic and policy direction of top technocrats in various Ministries.

It is disheartening to point out that the recent parliament committees — as has been the case all over the years — has laid bare the incompetency, inadequacy and ineptitude of people bestowed with great responsibilities in public offices. To say that they are ineffective and inefficient sounds as an understatement. Some appear useless and hopeless when it comes to running the government despite the huge responsibility they possess.

If we were uncertain about the degree at which the Accounting Officers are incompetent, the ongoing parliament committees provide a glaring answer.  It is not an exaggeration to say that ordinary people on the streets have been held ransom by these technocrats who enjoy their air conditioned offices and relish being chauffeured around in luxurious BX SUV’s while the rest of the citizenry continue to suffer. Because of such high life the Accounting Officers seem to have, with time, they have gotten out of touch with the people they are supposed to serve.

An example; when appearing before the recent Public Accounts Committee (PAC), Office of the President Permanent Secretary, Thuso Ramodimoosi, looked reluctant to admit misuse of public funds. Although it is clear funds were misused, he looked unbothered when committee members grilled him over the P80 million Orapa House building that has since morphed into a white elephant for close to 10 successive years. To him, it seems it did not matter much and PAC members were worried for nothing.

On a separate day, another Accounting officer, Director of Public Service Management (DPSM), Naledi Mosalakatane, was not shy to reveal to PAC upon cross-examination that there exist more than 6 000 vacancies in government. Whatever reasons she gave as an excuse, they were not convincing and the committee looked sceptical too. She was faltering and seemed not to have a sense of urgency over the matter no matter how critical it is to the populace.

Botswana’s unemployment rate hoovers around 18 percent in a country where majority of the population is the youth, and the most affected by unemployment. It is still unclear why DPSM could underplay such a critical matter that may threaten the peace and stability of the country.
Accounting Officers clearly appear out of touch with the reality out there – if the PAC examinations are anything to go by.

Ideally the DPSM Director could be dropping the vacancy post digits while sourcing funds and setting timelines for the spaces to be filled as a matter of urgency so that the citizens get employed to feed their families and get out of unemployment and poverty ravaging the country.
The country should thank parliamentary committees such as PAC to expose these abnormalities and the behaviour of our leaders when in public office. How can a full Accounting Officer downplay the magnitude of the landless problem in Botswana and fail to come with direct solutions tailor made to provide Batswana with the land they desperately need?

Land is a life and death matter for some citizens, as we would know.

When Bonolo Khumotaka, the Accounting Officer in the Ministry of Land Management, Water and Sanitation Services, whom as a top official probably with a lucrative pay too appears to be lacking sense of urgency as she is failing on her key mandate of working around the clock to award the citizens with land especially those who need it most like the marginalised.  If government purports they need P94 billion to service land to address the land crisis what is plan B for government? Are we going to accept it the way it is?

Government should wake up from its slumber and intervene to avoid the 30 years unnecessary waiting period in State land and 13 years in Tribal land.  Accounting Officers are custodians of government policy, they should ensure it is effective and serve its purpose. What we have been doing over the years, has proved that it is not effective, and clearly there is a need for change of direction.

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Opinions

Is it possible to make people part of your business resilience planning after the State of Public Emergency?

12th October 2020

THABO MAJOLA

His Excellency Dr Mokgweetsi EK Masisi, the President of the Republic of Botswana found it appropriate to invoke Section 17 (1) of the Constitution of the Republic of Botswana, using the powers vested in him to declare a State of Public Emergency starting from the 2nd April 2020 at midnight.

The constitutional provision under Section 17 (2b) only provided that such a declaration could be up to a maximum of 21 days. His Excellency further invoked Section 93 (1) to convene an extra- ordinary meeting of Parliament to have the opportunity to consult members of parliament on measures that have been put in place to address the spread and transmission of the virus. At this meeting Members of Parliament passed a resolution on the legal instruments and regulations governing the period of the state of emergency, and extended its duration by six (6) months.

The passing of the State of Emergency is considered as a very crucial step in fighting the near apocalyptic potential of the Novel COVID-19 virus. One of the interesting initiatives that was developed and extended to the business community was a 3-month wage subsidy that came with a condition that no businesses would retrench for the duration of the State of Public Emergency. This has potentially saved many people’s jobs as most companies would have been extremely quick to reduce expenses by downsizing. Self-preservation as some would call it.

Most organisations would have tried to reduce costs by letting go of people, retreated and tried their best to live long enough to fight another day. In my view there is silver lining that we need to look at and consider. The fact that organisations are not allowed to retrench has forced certain companies to look at the people with a long-term view.

Most leaders have probably had to wonder how they are going to ensure that their people are resilient. Do they have team members who innovate and add value to the organisation during these testing times? Do they even have resilient people or are they just waiting for the inevitable end? Can they really train people and make them resilient? How can your team members be part of your recovery plan? What can they do to avoid losing the capabilities they need to operate meaningfully for the duration of the State of Public Emergency and beyond?

The above questions have forced companies to reimagine the future of work. The truth is that no organisation can operate to its full potential without resilient people. In the normal business cycle, new teams come on board; new business streams open, operations or production sites launch or close; new markets develop, and technology is introduced. All of this provides fresh opportunities – and risks.

The best analogy I have seen of people-focused resilience planning reframes employees as your organisation’s immune system, ready and prepared to anticipate risks and ensure they can tackle challenges, fend off illness and bounce back more quickly.  So, how do you supercharge your organizational immune system to become resilient?

COVID-19 has helped many organisations realize they were not as prepared as they believed themselves to be. Now is the time to take stock and reset for the future. All the strategies and plans prior to COVID-19 arriving in Botswana need to be thrown out of the window and you need to develop a new plan today. There is no room for tweaking or reframing. Botswana has been disrupted and we need to accept and embrace the change. What we initially anticipated as a disease that would take a short term is turning out to be something we are going to have to live with for a much longer time. It is going to be a marathon and therefore businesses need to have a plan to complete this marathon.

Start planning. Planning for change can help reduce employee stress, anxiety, and overall fear, boosting the confidence of staff and stakeholders. Think about conducting and then regularly refreshing a strategic business impact analysis, look at your employee engagement scores, dig into your customer metrics and explore the way people work alongside your behaviours and culture. This research will help to identify what you really want to protect, the risks that you need to plan for and what you need to survive during disruption. Don’t forget to ask your team members for their input. In many cases they are closest to critical business areas and already have ideas to make processes and systems more robust.

Revisit your organisational purpose. Purpose, values and principles are powerful tools. By putting your organisation’s purpose and values front and center, you provide clear decision-making guidelines for yourself and your organisation. There are very tough and interesting decisions to make which have to be made fast; so having guiding principles on which the business believes in will help and assist all decision makers with sanity checking the choices that are in front of them. One noticeable characteristic of companies that adapt well during change is that they have a strong sense of identity. Leaders and employees have a shared sense of purpose and a common performance culture; they know what the company stands for beyond shareholder value and how to get things done right.

Revisit your purpose and values. Understand if they have been internalised and are proving useful. If so, find ways to increase their use. If not, adapt them as necessities, to help inspire and guide people while immunizing yourself against future disruption. Design your employee experience. The most resilient, adaptive and high performing companies are made up of people who know each other, like each other, and support each other.

Adaptability requires us to teach other, speak up and discuss problems, and have a collective sense of belonging. Listening to your team members is a powerful and disruptive thing to do. It has the potential to transform the way you manage your organisation. Enlisting employees to help shape employee experience, motivates better performance, increases employee retention and helps you spot issues and risks sooner. More importantly, it gives employees a voice so you can get active and constructive suggestions to make your business more robust by adopting an inclusive approach.

Leaders need to show they care. If you want to build resilience, you must build on a basis of trust. And this means leaders should listen, care, and respond. It’s time to build the entire business model around trust and empathy. Many of the employees will be working under extreme pressure due to the looming question around what will happen when companies have to retrench. As a leader of a company transparency and open communication are the most critical aspects that need to be illustrated.

Take your team member into confidence because if you do have to go through the dreaded excise of retrenchment you have to remember that those people the company retains will judge you based on the process you follow. If you illustrate that the business or organization has no regard for loyalty and commitment, they will never commit to the long-term plans of the organisation which will leave you worse off in the end. Its an absolutely delicate balance but it must all be done in good faith. Hopefully, your organization will avoid this!

This is the best time to revisit your identify and train your people to encourage qualities that build strong, empathetic leadership; self-awareness and control, communication, kindness and psychological safety.  Resilience is the glue that binds functional silos and integrates partners, improves communications, helps you prepare, listen and understand. Most importantly, people-focused resilience helps individuals and teams to think collectively and with empathy – helping you respond and recover faster.

Article written by Thabo Majola, a brand communications expert with a wealth of experience in the field and is Managing Director of Incepta Communications.

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