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ABM targets to raise 10 millionaires in 10 years

ABM University College, one of Botswana first private tertiary education institutions has been applauded for their recently opened Entrepreneurial Development Center.


The center which is to be located in GaPhatshwa village, in Kweneng District, will incubate youth enterprises and mentor young Botswana entrepreneurs through business capacity building, equipping them with market scouting skills and strategic entrepreneurial practices to build reputable sustainable profit making entities.

 
The aim of the institute is to create 10 million young Batswana millionaires over a period of 10 years through this initiative. According to the Executive Manager of ABM University College, Daisy Mmabatho Molefhi, the centre comes after they realised as an institution that the skills equipped to their graduates go to waste due to harsh entrepreneurship challenges after university life.


“Our Alumni leave the institution with technical knowhow and necessary skills to start their own businesses, but the reality on the outside frustrates them due to lack of funds, physical space and other business challenges,” She said. Molefhi explained that her  institution is committed to ensure young Batswana get the best education system that enhance entrepreneurial spirit, which translates to business development , economic growth and provision of employment opportunities .


The High Commissioner of Kenya to Botswana, Jean Kimani, applauded the initiative by ABM, citing that it comes at a time when the government of Botswana was on the move to empower young entrepreneurs and develop conducive environment for private sector to setup job creating businesses, “I want to applaud and congratulate Mrs. Molefhi and her dedicated ABM team  for the passion and drive towards  coming up with this  important initiative.

 

It comes at a time when Botswana is in the quest to diversify and transform its economy. ” She added that fostering entrepreneurship was a priority for government and private sector and was the only way the country can back new ideas and create new jobs as well as consequently ensure quantifiable economic growth.


For his part, area Member of Parliament for Lentsweletau, Vincent Seretse, showered Molefhi’s team with accolades for an initiative he noted will go a long way into creating much needed employment as, “the location of the center in GaPhatshwa will create jobs for locals, talk of cleaners, helpers, center facilitators, security personnel just to name a few.”


Vincent Seretse who doubles as Minister of Investment Trade and Industry, also indicated that developments such as the entrepreneurial facilitation centers complements his ministry efforts to diversify the economy and creates sustainable investments. “The mandate and purpose of this center which is to develop the entrepreneur and equip them with necessary business skills, is also one of our core mandates at my ministry,” Minister Seretse said, stipulating that the center will support his ministry‘s Economic Diversification Drive (EDD) efforts as well as domestic and foreign-domestic partnership investments.


ABM University also launched its Entrepreneurship clubs on Monday. The club intends to further facilitate and empower young people into starting business and creating employment for themselves through partnership and networking. Speaking at the official launch dinner, ABM Managing director, Daisy Molefhi, further explained that her institution is commitment to promoting entrepreneurship in young people adding that the club which was officially launched by Minister Seretse intends to create 10 young millionaires in 10 years.


“I know as I pronounce this target it seems unachievable but watch and see, we are committed to make it happen,” Molefhi promised. Minister Seretse reiterated her words; “It is the business that drive the economy, not politicians. Politicians only come up with policies that are influenced by business people.”


Seretse further encouraged club members to take up their rightful position in creating wealth for the country and unleashing employment opportunities for themselves: “As enterprising young people, know your role and understand that it is significant in shaping the direction of Botswana’s economic growth.”


Prince Mochau, ABM Alumni, rose to praise ABM University College for producing business entrepreneurship that can grow the country’s economy and create jobs, “After graduating from ABM, I opened a security company that is currently doing well in the market because of the teaching I got from ABM and I want to commend the institution for furthering its teachings into realistic capacity building initiatives which will empower and promote more youth entrepreneurs.”


Botswana Innovation HUB


Meanwhile on the same Monday this week, Botswana Innovation Hub (BIH) signed a memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with African Innovation Foundation, an initiative which intends to boost and catalyse innovation spirit in Botswana. According to BIH, the signing of MoU was to make official, a partnership which targets to strengthen ecosystems and commercialise innovation in Botswana, as well as promote a culture of entrepreneurship across the country.


The agreement was signed by Alan Boshwaen, Chief Executive Officer, BIH and Pauline Mujawamariya Koelbl, Innovation Prize for Africa (IPA) Director at the Africa Innovation Fund (AIF). BIH executive, Tigele Mokobi, told WeekendPost in an interview that the MoU was an extension of the collaboration established in June last year and will focus on four areas, being to develop an effective national competition and robust BIH process for vetting innovations and mobilizing IPA applicants, support the national systems of innovation, build capacity of local innovators and broaden existing networks and Mobilise resources to implement selected activities.


“We are very excited about the partnership and looking forward to a fruitful coalition towards enhancing innovative entrepreneurship” He said. Speaking after signing the MoU in GaPhatshwa village, during a recent ABM Entrepreneurial Development Center official opening, Pauline Mujawamariya Koelbl, Director for Innovation Prize for Africa (IPA), noted that AIF was looking forward to supporting BIH in its efforts to strengthen the innovation landscape in Botswana and to develop mechanisms that enable local innovators to achieve scale and commercial viability.    

 

“BIH has taken significant strides in developing local capacity and we are delighted to welcome them into AIF’s Pan African network of innovation enablers working to unleash the potential of African innovators” she said


BIH Chief Executive Officer, Alan Boshwaen also expressed his delight over the partnership, stipulating that it comes at the right time when BIH is in the process of launching BIH Fund, a seed-fund aimed at commercialising viable innovations locally. He stated that adoption of the IPA process of vetting innovation will bring credibility to BIH innovation fund process.


“BIH will work with AIF towards building a robust screening process and mobilising local innovators across the country based on a rigorous selection process. A series of workshops and events will be organised at a national level to leverage the strategic collaborative efforts,” he explained.  


Minister of Tertiary Education, Research and Technology, Alfred Madigele applauded both ABM University College and BIH for a fruitful quest towards promoting entrepreneurship “Tertiary education institutions must induct student as a source of innovation and ideas , partnership with renounced institution like Botswana Innovation Hub is also equally important,” he said.

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DIS blasted for cruelty – UN report

26th July 2022
DIS BOSS: Magosi

Botswana has made improvements on preventing and ending arbitrary deprivation of liberty, but significant challenges remain in further developing and implementing a legal framework, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention said at the end of a visit recently.

Head of the delegation, Elina Steinerte, appreciated the transparency of Botswana for opening her doors to them. Having had full and unimpeded access and visited 19 places of deprivation of liberty and confidentiality interviewing over 100 persons deprived of their liberty.

She mentioned “We commend Botswana for its openness in inviting the Working Group to conduct this visit which is the first visit of the Working Group to the Southern African region in over a decade. This is a further extension of the commitment to uphold international human rights obligations undertaken by Botswana through its ratification of international human rights treaties.”

Another good act Botswana has been praised for is the remission of sentences. Steinerte echoed that the Prisons Act grants remission of one third of the sentence to anyone who has been imprisoned for more than one month unless the person has been sentenced to life imprisonment or detained at the President’s Pleasure or if the remission would result in the discharge of any prisoner before serving a term of imprisonment of one month.

On the other side; The Group received testimonies about the police using excessive force, including beatings, electrocution, and suffocation of suspects to extract confessions. Of which when the suspects raised the matter with the magistrates, medical examinations would be ordered but often not carried out and the consideration of cases would proceed.

“The Group recall that any such treatment may amount to torture and ill-treatment absolutely prohibited in international law and also lead to arbitrary detention. Judicial authorities must ensure that the Government has met its obligation of demonstrating that confessions were given without coercion, including through any direct or indirect physical or undue psychological pressure. Judges should consider inadmissible any statement obtained through torture or ill-treatment and should order prompt and effective investigations into such allegations,” said Steinerte.

One of the group’s main concern was the DIS held suspects for over 48 hours for interviews. Established under the Intelligence and Security Service Act, the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS) has powers to arrest with or without a warrant.

The group said the “DIS usually requests individuals to come in for an interview and has no powers to detain anyone beyond 48 hours; any overnight detention would take place in regular police stations.”

The Group was able to visit the DIS facilities in Sebele and received numerous testimonies from persons who have been taken there for interviewing, making it evident that individuals can be detained in the facility even if the detention does not last more than few hours.

Moreover, while arrest without a warrant is permissible only when there is a reasonable suspicion of a crime being committed, the evidence received indicates that arrests without a warrant are a rule rather than an exception, in contravention to article 9 of the Covenant.

Even short periods of detention constitute deprivation of liberty when a person is not free to leave at will and in all those instances when safeguards against arbitrary detention are violated, also such short periods may amount to arbitrary deprivation of liberty.

The group also learned of instances when persons were taken to DIS for interviewing without being given the possibility to notify their next of kin and that while individuals are allowed to consult their lawyers prior to being interviewed, lawyers are not allowed to be present during the interviews.

The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention mentioned they will continue engaging in the constructive dialogue with the Government of Botswana over the following months while they determine their final conclusions in relation to the country visit.

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Stan Chart halts civil servants property loan facility

26th July 2022
Stan-Chart

Standard Chartered Bank Botswana (SCBB) has informed the government that it will not be accepting new loan applications for the Government Employees Motor Vehicle and Residential Property Advance Scheme (GEMVAS and LAMVAS) facility.

This emerges in a correspondence between Acting Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance Boniface Mphetlhe and some government departments. In a letter he wrote recently to government departments informing them of the decision, Mphetlhe indicated that the Ministry received a request from the Bank to consider reviewing GEMVAS and LAMVAS agreement.

He said: “In summary SCBB requested the following; Government should consider reviewing GEMVAS and LAMVAS interest rate from prime plus 0.5% to prime plus 2%.” The Bank indicated that the review should be both for existing GEMVAS and LAMVAS clients and potential customers going forward.

Mphetlhe said the Bank informed the Ministry that the current GEMVAS and LAMVAS interest rate structure results into them making losses, “as the cost of loa disbursements is higher that their end collections.”

He said it also requested that the loan tenure for the residential property loans to be increased from 20 to 25 years and the loan tenure for new motor vehicles loans to be increased from 60 months to 72 months.

Mphetlhe indicated that the Bank’s request has been duly forwarded to the Directorate of Public Service Management for consideration, since GEMVAS and LAMVAS is a Condition of Service Scheme. He saidthe Bank did also inform the Ministry that if the matter is not resolved by the 6th June, 2022, they would cease receipt of new GEMVAS and LAMVAS loan applications.

“A follow up virtual meeting was held to discuss their resolution and SCB did confirm that they will not be accepting any new loans from GEMVAS and LAMVAS. The decision includes top-up advances,” said Mphetlhe. He advised civil servants to consider applying for loans from other banks.

In a letter addressed to the Ministry, SCBB Chief Executive Officer Mpho Masupe informed theministry that, “Reference is made to your letter dated 18th March 2022 wherein the Ministry had indicated that feedback to our proposal on the above subject is being sought.”

In thesame letter dated 10 May 2022, Masupe stated that the Bank was requesting for an update on the Ministry’s engagements with the relevant stakeholder (Directorate of Public Service Management) and provide an indicative timeline for conclusion.

He said the “SCBB informs the Ministry of its intention to cease issuance of new loans to applicants from 6th June 2022 in absence of any feedback on the matter and closure of the discussions between the two parties.”  Previously, Masupe had also had requested the Ministry to consider a review of clause 3 of the agreement which speaks to the interest rate charged on the facilities.

Masupe indicated in the letter dated 21 December 2021 that although all the Banks in the market had signed a similar agreement, subject to amendments that each may have requested. “We would like to suggest that our review be considered individually as opposed to being an industry position as we are cognisant of the requirements of section 25 of the Competition Act of 2018 which discourages fixing of pricing set for consumers,” he said.

He added that,“In this way,clients would still have the opportunity to shop around for more favourable pricing and the other Banks, may if they wish to, similarly, individually approach your office for a review of their pricing to the extent that they deem suitable for their respective organisations.”

Masupe also stated that: “On the issue of our request for the revision of the Interest Rate, we kindly request for an increase from the current rate of prime plus 0.5% to prime plus 2%, with no other increases during the loan period.” The Bank CEO said the rationale for the request to review pricing is due to the current construct of the GEMVAS scheme which is currently structured in a way that is resulting in the Bank making a loss.

“The greater part of the GEMVAS portfolio is the mortgage boo which constitutes 40% of the Bank’s total mortgage portfolio,” said Masupe. He saidthe losses that the Bank is incurring are as a result of the legacy pricing of prime plus 0% as the 1995 agreement which a slight increase in the August 2018 agreement to prime plus 0.5%.

“With this pricing, the GEMVAS portfolio has not been profitable to the Bank, causing distress and impeding its ability to continue to support government employees to buy houses and cars. The portfolio is currently priced at 5.25%,” he said.  Masupe said the performance of both the GEMVAS home loan and auto loan portfolios in terms of profitability have become unsustainable for the Bank.

Healso said, when the agreement was signed in August 2018, the prime lending rate was 6.75% which made the pricing in effect at the time sufficient from a profitable perspective. “It has since dropped by a total 1.5%. The funds that are loaned to customers are sourced at a high rate, which now leaves the Bank with marginal profits on the portfolio before factoring in other operational expenses associated with administration of the scheme and after sales care of the portfolio,” said the CEO.

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Botswana ranked 129 in female MPs representation

26th July 2022
Minister of Finance & Economic Development Peggy Serame

The Global Gender Gap Index, a report published by the World Economic Forum annually, has indicated that Botswana is among countries that fare badly when it comes to representation of women in legislative bodies.

The latest Global Gender Gap Index, published last week, benchmarks the current state and evolution of gender parity across four key dimensions (Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment). It is the longest-standing index which tracks progress towards closing these gaps over time since its inception in 2006.

This year, the Global Gender Gap Index benchmarked 146 countries. Of these, a subset of 102 countries have been represented in every edition of the index since 2006, further providing a large constant sample for time series analysis.

Botswana ranks number 66 overall (out of 146 countries), with good rankings in most of the pillars. Botswana ranks 1st in Health and Survival, 7th in the Economic Participation and Opportunity, 22nd in Educational Attainment, and 129th in Political Empowerment.

The Global Gender Gap Index measures scores on a 0 to 100 scale and scores can be interpreted as the distance covered towards parity (i.e. the percentage of the gender gap that has been closed). The cross-country comparisons aim to support the identification of the most effective policies to close gender gaps.

The Economic Participation and Opportunity sub-index contains three concepts: the participation gap, the remuneration gap and the advancement gap. The participation gap is captured using the difference between women and men in labour-force participation rates. The remuneration gap is captured through a hard data indicator (ratio of estimated female-to-male earned income) and a qualitative indicator gathered through the World Economic Forum’s annual Executive Opinion Survey (wage equality for similar work).

Finally, the gap between the advancement of women and men is captured through two hard data statistics (the ratio of women to men among legislators, senior officials and managers, and the ratio of women to men among technical and professional workers).

The Educational Attainment sub-index captures the gap between women’s and men’s current access to education through the enrolment ratios of women to men in primary-, secondary- and tertiary-level education. A longer-term view of the country’s ability to educate women and men in equal numbers is captured through the ratio of women’s literacy rate to men’s literacy rate.

Health and Survival sub-index provides an overview of the differences between women’s and men’s health using two indicators. The first is the sex ratio at birth, which aims specifically to capture the phenomenon of “missing women”, prevalent in countries with a strong son preference. Second, the index uses the gap between women’s and men’s healthy life expectancy.

This measure provides an estimate of the number of years that women and men can expect to live in good health by accounting for the years lost to violence, disease, malnutrition and other factors.
Political Empowerment sub-index measures the gap between men and women at the highest level of political decision-making through the ratio of women to men in ministerial positions and the ratio of women to men in parliamentary positions. In addition, the reported included the ratio of women to men in terms of years in executive office (prime minister or president) for the last 50 years.

In the last general elections, only three women won elections, compared to 54 males. The three women are; Nnaniki Makwinja (Lentsweletau-Mmopane), Talita Monnakgotla (Kgalagadi North), and Anna Mokgethi (Gaborone Bonnington North). Four women were elected through Specially Elected dispensation; Peggy Serame, Dr Unity Dow, Phildah Kereng and Beauty Manake. All female MPs — save Dow, who resigned — are members of the executive.

Overall, Botswana has 63 seats, all 57 elected by the electorates, and six elected by parliament. Early this year, Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) secretary general and Gaborone North MP, Mpho Balopi, successfully moved a motion in parliament calling for increment of elective seats from 57 to 61. Balopi contented that population growth demands the country respond by increasing the number of MPs.

In Africa, Botswana play second fiddle to countries like Rwanda, Namibia, South Africa, Burundi, and Zimbabwe who have better representation of women, with Rwanda being the only country with more than 50 percent of women in parliament.

The low number of women in parliament is attributed to Botswana’s current, electoral system, First-Past-the-Post. During the 9th parliament, then MP for Mahalapye East tabled a motion in parliament in which she sort to increase the number of Specially Elected MPs in parliament to augment female representation in the National Assembly.

The motion was opposed famously, by then Specially Elected MP, Botsalo Ntuane, who said the citizens were not in favour of such a move since it dilute democracy, instead suggesting the Botswana should switch to Proportional-Representation-System. Botswana is currently undergoing Constitutional Review process, with the commission, appointed in December, expected to deliver the report to President Mokgweetsi Masisi by September this year.

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