Senior teachers at Primary School level across the country will smile all the way to the bank end of this month to receive their salary increments coupled with back pays dating from July 2013.
The salary increase will put them on equal scale with equivalents at Junior and Senior Schools – the disparity which has been going on for 3 years since the implementation of the contentious Levels Of Operation (LOO). The Primary School Senior teachers will hence forth move from C1 to D4 salary scale. According to the scale, C1 is an income of around P 14 000 and D4 falls around P16 000 to P17 000.
Out of the 4 512 Senior teachers across the country with an increment of around P 3000 means they will drain government coffers approximately 486 million pula. There are 752 Primary Schools in Botswana and each Primary School houses around 6 Senior School teachers. This means there are approximately 4 512 Senior School teachers in the country whom will be affected by this windfall.
The court order to increase the salaries of the Primary School Senior teachers was made by Lobatse High Court Justice Godfrey Ntlhomiwa on Friday. He said that the full judgement will be released next week Monday. In the matter Justice Ntlhomiwa ordered that the implementation of LOO to primary school teachers holding positions of responsibility be made retrospective to the month of July 2013, when LOO was first implemented in respect of secondary schools who hold positions of responsibility.
“The Government, is directed in its capacity as employer, to pay the primary school teachers holding positions of responsibility their LOO benefit including the corresponding salary arrears (back-pays) calculated from July 2013, when LOO was first implemented at secondary schools who hold positions of responsibility,” court order states.
He also declared that that the Primary School level Senior Teachers are entitled to benefit from LOO without the precondition of a job evaluation assessment. “The government set aside its decision to require Primary School level Senior Teachers to undergo a job evaluation assessment as a precondition to them benefiting from the Levels Of Operation.”
Subsequent to Justice Ntlhomiwa’s ruling, BOSETU Secretary General Tobokani Rari told Weekend Post in collaborative presentation to other union members including Botswana Federation of Public, Private and Parastatal Sectors Union (BOFEPPPUSU) president Innocent Tshukudi that the replica effects of the judgement is that government will have to incur the costs which run in “millions.”
According to Rari, the implications of the ruling is that since a court has agreed with them, the Senior teachers will be moved to D4 and when they move to D4 it then means that at D4 currently there are Heads of Departments (HOD’s). “The HOD’s will then have to move from D4 to D3, and on D4 currently we have Deputy School Heads and it means they will have to move from D3 to D 2. On D2 we also have School Heads then they would have to move from D2 to D1,” he said.
The BOSETU SG added that; that’s why they are saying this case has a replica effect. “These are things that are done by people we advise, and we have advised them during the course of the negotiations. They did not take the advice. If during the negotiations when we were trying to avoid this case going to court we tried to advise and they didn’t take the advice. Now the judgement is out in our favour,” Rari stated. Rari also took time to narrate where the matter emanates from.
He said just to take people back a little bit, they would recall that in 2012, because of the two union’s (BOSETU and BTU)’s pressure from government they have always said there is no reason why they can have different people having been pitched at different levels only on the basis of where they are teaching.
He added that since 1994, when scheme of service was instigated, it created that at primary schools post of responsibility start at salary scale C2. Then post of responsibility at Junior Schools, he added that rank from C1 and post of responsibility at senior school stood at D4.
“So we have always put pressure to say that these differences are out of the fact that you are teaching at a certain level and not out of any merit, but there were purely out of the fact that somebody is at Primary while the other is at Junior School and another at Senior School.”
And because of the pressure since 1994, he conceded that the government loosened up and stated that they will unravel Levels Of all Operations. “Then they said it means teachers at Junior school, their post of responsibility will be pitched to the level of those at Senior which is D4. Then when they were supposed to do the same with those teachers at Primary School then did not and instead said their post of responsibility will start at C1,” Rari pointed out.
But after having said that, BOSETU SG said they agreed that in terms of movement, teachers at Primary can move without being promoted up to salary scale C1. “Remember C1 is being held by a Senior teacher with a responsibility.” He also observed that then it happened that starting in 2014, it happened that Senior teachers without responsibility at C2 now they moved and got to C1 and then this means they shared a scale with those with a responsibility.
“The trade unions during negotiations of Level of Operations, indicated that it would not work, that instead it will create a management crisis because when those without a responsibility are made to share a scale with those with a responsibility it means there will be a big problem of management because those with a responsibility will be at the same scale with their Juniors.” So 2014 that crisis passed, which we have warned about prior during the course of negotiations of Levels of Operation, he observed.
According to Rari, then they moved and they had several meetings with the ministry to try to knock sense to their head and tell them that they are heated on a crisis and let’s see if the Senior teachers at Primary be pitched at salary of D4 like their counterparts at Juniors and Senior Schools.
“So our negotiations did not bear any fruits to an extent that at some point they were saying that lets do job evaluation as a pre-requisite that they can only be moved to D4 based on the outcome of the job evaluation.” On his part, BTU Secretary General Agang Gabana said what is key about the matter is that even in promotions the issue at hand was catastrophic at Primary Schools.
He continued: “everyone was confused as to on what basis are the teachers being promoted on, they were those that were already Senior teachers but were promoted, there were those who were just on that scale.” Gabana said they didn’t know also on what basis they were promoting those presumed to be accelerating to C1, and this he said led to a lot of commotions among the 10 education regions in the country.
According to BTU SG, this issue comes at a time in which some quarters have already rendered unions useless. “So this case is a landmark case as it speaks paramount to further issues of Bargaining that topical issues which has been there like what has been said that we were inciting members to refuse the 3% public servants salary increment.”
He maintained that the thing is they have always said collective bargaining council does not only exists for issues of salary adjustments as other people want to confine its scope to. “So today is a big victory that I believe our members understands in a broader perspectives the role that unions play in our country. This is a collective bargaining issue.”
“Ofcourse as BTU we acting jointly with BOSETU in this matter but it’s a matter that shows it’s a collective issue that I hope going forward our membership will grow tremendously because of this issue. It will also make us to settle well because the relevance of our existence has been proven today and our win speaks a lot on us.” The unions BTU and BOSETU took the matter to court and they were represented by lawyer Joseph Akoonyatse while the Attorney General’s chambers stood in for the government of Botswana.
The much-anticipated opposition unity talks that will see Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) engage Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF), and Alliance for Progressives (AP) are expected to kick off any time from now.
According to informants, the talks, which were preceded by-elections negotiations, aim to be as inclusive as possible. As the talks start, the UDC, composed of Botswana National Front (BNF), Botswana Congress Party (BCP) and Botswana People’s Party (BPP), insist on retaining its preferred model of Umbrella; on the other hand, the BPF is proposing a PACT; and AP is in favour of an alliance model.
BPF is reportedly sceptical on the umbrella model and wants cooperation with the flexibility to allow other parties to join hands with UDC but without necessarily contesting elections using UDC symbols and colours.
BPF, which is currently the fastest-growing party, seems to be focused on self-actualization, self-preservation and securing institutional capacity in case of any political calamity. Although often profitable, cooperation politics can often leave individual political parties battered by political events and weakened beyond meaningful survival.
Discussions with some BPF members suggest that the party has big ambitions and harbour serious intentions of taking the BDP by its horns-all by itself-one day. “The position by some of our leaders is that the future of the UDC remains uncertain. The position and advice are that we should not put all our eggs in one basket. And the party elders think the pact model of cooperation is the safest under prevailing circumstances. Some, however, are worried that we should not overestimate our worth despite being the fastest-growing party in the country.
However, the matter is yet to be concluded once we receive the official invite,” revealed a BPF member of the NEC. Asked about the specifics of the pact idea, another high ranking party official revealed that the party Patron, Lt Gen Ian Khama and his brother Tshekedi Khama are among those who are for the election pact model.
BPF Spokesperson Lawrence Ookeditse has earlier this year told this publication that: “We have not settled on a model yet.” He also added that as a party, they are ready and willing to work with UDC, “but we will have our thoughts on how the cooperation or the talks should transpire, and they too will tell us their preference, and we will sit on the table to see how best to work together”.
AP heads into these negotiations with proposals of its own. On the model part, AP has expressed flexibility but want its partners to consider other models. AP believes that beyond the umbrella model, the coalition could also have a matrix to ensure that opposition parties select the best candidates for parliamentary and council seats.
AP, a splinter party of the beleaguered Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD), asks for the constituencies allocated to BMD in the previous talks before it was kicked out on the eve of the 2019 elections.
AP, which garnered a popular vote of under 40 000 in the 2019 general elections, is confident that it brings tremendous value to the UDC, and state power could be within reach in 2024. To reconcile the various interest of political parties, the leaders have agreed to engage political experts in a bid to arrive at the best decisions.
“There will be no conveners because parties in the past believed that they (conveners) took decisions on behalf of the constituent parties, though they are not representing any. So, the idea is to rope in political experts to direct UDC and the negotiating parties as to which path of cooperation model to follow,” a highly placed informant said this week.
UDC convener Lebang Mpotokwane has also defended the umbrella model in the past, noting that it creates fewer problems for the participants. The negotiations will be the fourth opposition cooperation talks since the 2009 elections. The opposition has held talks in 2011, 2012 and 2017. The 2012 talks resulted in Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC), which has been anchoring negotiations since then.
When the Chairperson of the International Labour Organization (ILO) Governing Body invited member states to submit candidates for the vacant Director-General post for consideration, Botswana developed a keen interest.
It swiftly mobilized to beat the deadline, but the unions, upon consultation, nominated Justice Key Dingake as their preferred candidate, much to the government’s disappointment, who then decided to dump the whole issue altogether.
In accordance with the Rules governing the appointment of the Director-General and the decisions made by the Governing Body at its 341st and 342nd Sessions, the Chairperson of the Governing Body calls for candidates for appointment to the office of Director-General of the ILO through communication to all Governing Body members and all ILO Member States and candidatures must be submitted by a Member State of the ILO or by a regular or deputy member of the Governing Body.
The deadline for submission was on Friday, 1 October 2021, and candidatures were to be sent by postal or electronic mail to the following address to the Chairperson of the Governing Body. This publication had established that when Cabinet sat to discuss the issue, it was resolved that the unions as key stakeholders should be consulted and requested to submit a name for consideration. They did and offered Justice Oagile Key Dingake-a distinguished scholar and labour law expert whose contribution to the country’s labour fraternity is unparalleled.
When asked this week to share their side of the story, the unions said they were first invited to partake in the process by the government but never got a response after they nominated judge Dingake as an ideal candidate.
“We sent our correspondence to the Minister of Employment, Labour and productivity, Mpho Balopi, with our suggested name being Justice Oagile Key Dingake, but since then we never got a response,” said unionist, Tobokani Rari who further expressed disappointment at how the government has handled the matter.
Rari said that while he would not want to impute any improper motives to anyone, the developments rekindled memories of the government’s hostility towards Judge Dingake, who has been forced by circumstances to take his skills and wealth of experience to the benefit of other countries. Balopi did not respond to questions sent to him and did not pick this publication’s calls at the time of going to press.
Cabinet insiders say Dingake’s name spoilt the party and dampened the spirits. “In the list of nominated names, he was the leading candidate, but I guess the powers that be could not imagine themselves campaigning for him and doing all they did for the Executive Secretary of SADC Secretariat, Elias Magosi.”
Dingake’s sin, observers say, has always been his progressive, independent mind and family’s political background, all of which have always stood in his way to progress to the country’s judicial ladder’s ends.
It is understood that also in the mix and preferred by the state was former Attorney General, judge, and now Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Botswana to the United Nations and other international organizations, Dr Athaliah Molokomme, who also has a background in human rights advocacy.
But insiders say many believed that the country should export Dingake to represent the country given his decorated experience and background. As a lawyer, Dingake represented 90% of Trade Unions in Botswana, drafted numerous Collective Labour Agreements, later presided overall trade disputes, including Collective Labour Agreements, and made determinations as Judge of the Industrial Court of Botswana.
Dingake has also written and lectured widely on trade, labour and human rights and holds numerous citations and awards for his work regarding peace, human rights, and social development. Had he contested and won, he would have been the first African to lead the ILO.
The ILO is built on the constitutional principle that universal and lasting peace can be established only if based on social justice. The ILO has been the source of such hallmarks of industrial society as the 8-hour day, maternity protection, child labour laws and a whole range of policies promoting workplace safety and peaceful industrial relations. Unique among UN organizations, the ILO has a tripartite structure involving governments, employers and workers.
ILO Director-General elections events lineup…
At its 341st (March 2021) and 342nd (June 2021) Sessions, the ILO Governing Body approved the following timetable for the appointment of the Director-General because the current term of office of the Director-General will come to an end on 30 September 2022:
1 July 2021: The Chairperson of the Governing Body calls for candidatures 1 October 2021: Last date for the reception of candidatures A week in January 2022: The Chairperson of the Governing Body conducts interviews with candidates for the position of Director-General based on the format and principles contained in document GB.342/INS/6 and the guidance provided by the Governing Body at its 342nd Session 14-15 March 2022 (344th Session of the Governing Body): The Governing Body conducts candidate(s) hearings 25 March 2022 (344th Session of the Governing Body): The Governing Body conducts the ballot for the election of the Director-General 1 October 2022: The term of office of the Director-General commences.
Botswana and the European Union (EU) appear to have been at each other’s throats behind the scenes since last year, with the EU saying it held several meetings with Botswana to convince her to address human rights issues.
This is contained in a 2020 Human Rights Report that reveals broad divisions in contentious issues boiling behind the scenes between Gaborone and the Union. According to the report, which was released recently, the EU says it “continues to follow closely three main human rights issues in Botswana: the application of the death penalty; the rights of LGBTI persons; and gender equality.”
“Botswana remains part of a small group of countries – in Africa and globally – which continue to retain the death penalty both in law and in practice. Three executions were recorded in 2020,” the report says. According to the report, the Botswana Government indicated that a public debate on the application of the death penalty should be part of its ongoing work towards developing a Comprehensive Human Rights Strategy and the related National Action Plan.
The report says further progress on the rights of LGBTI persons’ seen in 2019, when Botswana’s High Court decriminalised same-sex consensual relations, is still pending, subject to a final court decision over a government appeal.
“Finally, gender-based violence and the need to advance gender equality and women’s rights in society remain another challenge for the country. In response to the high incidence of gender-based violence – which has intensified in many countries during the current COVID-19 pandemic – the President and the First Lady launched a public campaign to fight gender-based violence and to promote equality,” the report says.
The report says the EU did not fold its arms and watch from the sidelines the human rights issues in question are concerned but confronted Botswana to have the contentious issue addressed. “The EU continued to engage with the Botswana Government, multilateral organisations, non-governmental organisations and the broader society in Botswana in three main areas: the death penalty, gender-based violence and empowerment of women, and rights of LGBTI persons, as well as on the support of media and implementation of Universal Periodic Review recommendations,” the report says.
The report says that in addition to ad hoc consultations and human rights-oriented outreach efforts, the EU engaged with the Botswana Government on human rights formally in the context of the Article 8 Political Dialogue, which took place in February 2020.
“The dialogue offered an opportunity to exchange views on EU’s and Botswana’s experiences concerning the three EU priority areas in Botswana (capital punishment, gender-based violence and rights of LGBTI persons) as well as other human rights challenges, while also exploring opportunities for EU-Botswana cooperation on human rights issues in the context of the EU-Africa partnership and at the multilateral level,” the report says.
In parallel to engagement with the government, the EU said it continued to maintain dialogue with representatives of civil society focusing on human rights and with UN organisations and other partners of the country.
“The EU continues to be the driving force behind the Gender Dialogue (in principle co-chaired with UN Women and the Gender Affairs Department in the Ministry of Immigration, Nationality and Gender), which brings together various stakeholders to discuss gender issues to chart a way forward regarding partnerships. The EU has also used public diplomacy efforts to stimulate broader dialogue in the country on human rights issues,” the report says.
The EU said it continued to provide financial support to projects funded through the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights, with activities focused primarily on helping Botswana tackle gender-based violence, strengthen the notion of gender equality in the country, and promote participation in political processes.
“With six projects already underway, the EU signed two new programmes, in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, to support victims of gender-based and domestic violence and defend the rights of marginalised people, with a combined budget of EUR 430,000,” the report says. It says one of the projects is designed to offer care services to victims of gender-based violence and provide clinical services, counselling, shelter, and a referral system for legal and social assistance. Another project provides legal, medical and psychosocial support to refugees, undocumented migrants and indigenous people.
It says Botswana remains an important like-minded partner for the EU on the human rights agenda at a multilateral level. “The country’s positive role on human rights in the multilateral context would be further strengthened by initiating a domestic process of reflection about the signature and ratification of several pending core human rights conventions and/or optional protocols (e.g. the Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearances, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the Optional Protocol of the Convention against Torture, etc.)” the report says.
But the report acknowledged that Botswana is a stable and well-established democracy with a legal framework and institutions designed to guarantee respect for human rights in society. It says human rights complaints are addressed by the courts, with the government accepting decisions and implementing relevant rulings.
“Although the media scene in the country is relatively undeveloped, the World Press Freedom Index has noted a further positive trend concerning the role of the media in society (as was also the case in 2019) and has improved Botswana’s ranking from 44th to 39th place (out of 180 countries),” the report says. Meanwhile, this week, President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi met with the EU delegation led by the managing director for Africa of the European External Action Services, Ms Rita Laranjinha.