A plot by Minister of Mineral Resources, Green Technology and Energy Security who doubles as Member of Parliament for Lobatse, Advocate Sadique Kebonang, is allegedly working in cohorts with Lobatse Town Council (LTC) under the mayor-ship of Malebogo Kruger, to influence the leasing of the town bus rank.
At the time of going to print, the lease was at adjudication process, but the political wing of the Council was abuzz with allegations that all stakes were high for one preferred company (name withheld) to undertake the mega project of building the mall at the site. Kebonang is said to be desperately trying to tilt the scales for selfish ends in this matter.
“The project will be allocated to this particular company because of its association with the area MP and Minister. The awarding of the tender is expected any time soon,” Lobatse Town Councillor for Tsopeng North, Gofaone Kedise, leveled the allegations in a recent interview.
The Council has drafted tender notice and invitation to tender, tender data, standardized condition of tender for the development of the mall and already five companies have tendered. Information reaching this publication suggests that the tender is a restricted internal tender to only five companies and other companies are out of bound to tender.
Reasons for considering only the five is said to be that they have applied before, and at the time of going for press the tenders for the five have been submitted and awaiting adjudication results. The restricted companies for the mall include Star Petroleum (Pty) Ltd, EMRE (Pty) Ltd, KIP (Pty) Ltd, DSP (Pty) Ltd, and Botanka and company.
Councillor Kedise mentioned that out of the five restricted companies bidding for the tender, the four others are just used as pawns to appear like there is an element of transparency. Further, information turned down by this publication suggest that in 2014 February, Kebonang announced at a kgotla meeting that they will be a company to be revealed in due process that will construct the shopping center. Allegedly, it was before Civic leaders knew about where the mall will be built.
However, Kebonang has dismissed suggestions that he is a shareholder in one of the companies bidding for the tender and stressed that he also has no influence in the tendering process, but has interest in it in his capacity only as area MP: “The process is fair and transparent. As an MP, I also talk to many people to come invest in Lobatse but I have no personal interest at all to tilt scales in the tender.”
The Lobatse lawmaker insisted on his support for the erection of the new mall since it will bring developments, create employment, and arouse economic activity to his constituency. He emphasised that there is no alternative plot to construct the mall and hence they used the bus rank space. He did admit however that he is aware about the discontentment by some. He underscored that developments come with inconvenience but at the end the benefits outweighs the inconvenience.
The new shopping centre is said to be enrooted to contradict the grander development plan for the town, dubbed Lobatse Regeneration Scheme. In the scheme the disposition was to upgrade the existing mall as is. Lobatse Regeneration Scheme has already been funded at the tune of 2 billion pula by the government but Lobatse legislator, Kebonang and LTC appears to have bypassed the grand initiative by moving to erect the mall at the bus rank.
The new-fangled mall will be instituted right on the same bus rank plot 333 under supposedly a Public Private Partnership (PPP) agreement. It will be constructed in an open area of approximately 1.2 hectares which contributes to the 3.36 hectares of the area in totality.
According to the Tsopeng North ward Councillor, Kedise, many proposals were submitted to the Council before, with one by Cambridge Investments (Pty) Ltd who possessed the much needed land and just wanted to meet the Council to sign the Memorandum of Understanding, but were made to wait and rejected.
Further, the new development is expected to take its toll on the informal sector and small business people at the existing bus rank as they will be most disadvantaged and displaced. “The informal sector will be seriously affected by this. The mall near the bus rank will also be negatively affected. The PPP takes its toll on the public because it displaces bus rank and the informal sector but only a few will benefit,” Kedise highlighted.
But, Lobatse Mayor, Malebogo Kruger, confirmed that the Council will indeed lease the land to what she termed “deserving” investors under PPP arrangement through a transparent tendering process. She said as the Council they support the building of the new mall at the earmarked plot at bus rank despite numerous objections. “We initiated and support the project. We are bringing developments in the form of the new mall. Land belongs to the Council and we are leasing it out to serious investors,” she pointed out briefly.
But Councillor Kedise’s concern is that, as far back as 2007, the Council never advised the many applicants who wished to build malls in other areas of the town about the availability of land at the bus rank. The Council had been rejecting such application in recent years.
“We want the developments like the mall, but we want them clean,” lamented Kedise. He further observed that “we are also conjecturing why ‘all incorporating’ Lobatse Regeneration Scheme was overlooked and the new mall preferred.”
He reminisced that sometime in 2011, Councillor Rosemary Bosilong, moved a motion to the effect “that the Lobatse plantation plot be allocated as one plot for the development of commercial sector.” The motion then passed but however the Council sat on it.
The motion was necessitated by a demand by a number of companies whom also wanted to build a mall at the area.
It is also said that another company had wanted to build the mall at the Lobatse old stadium plot not far from Botswana Meat Commission (BMC) headquarters – but were both turned down on unclear reasons. On the 29th September 2011, there was also a motion at LTC moved by the then Boswelatlou Councillor, Zubeida Raphael, with the intention to request that Lobatse old stadium plot no. 1890 Civic centre/community be turned into a commercial plot. The motion was however defeated with the reasons that the area is already developed and it cannot be changed.
Some companies from South Africa had also wanted to build a state of the art mall at the same old Lobatse stadium of the similar magnitude as of Olimpia stadium in Rustenburg, inclusive of tennis court and other sporting course grounds as well as the mall itself. Indications suggest that the Department of Lands, Town and Regional Planning in Gaborone then cautioned the town Council against submitting peace-meal plans. Instead they advised the Council to compose the Lobatse Regeneration Scheme which is ‘all encompassing.’
Before then, it is understood that some companies also came on board with endeavors to request Council to grant them leeway to build the mall in an area adjacent to Lobatse Town Park but were turned down. Meanwhile Ex Lobatse legislator, Nehemiah Modubule also expressed disapproval of the mall as he smells conspiracy between the incumbent town law maker, Kebonang and the investors of the mall.
He said Lobatse community was only informed of the move and not necessarily ‘consulted.’ Modubule was worried about the informal sector in terms of where they will be placed. According to the former MP, Lobatse does not need a mall but an economic development plan to grow the economy of the town. “There is high unemployment in Lobatse, if they build the mall, who will buy in these malls? Lobatse need industries to attract influx of people to work on those firms,” Modubule pointed out.
He said rumours suggest that Kebomang has shares in the mall and that is why he has been pushing the project so hard to make it see the light of the day. He said while at parliament, he initiated and moved a motion on the formation of Lobatse Economic Diversification Unit (LOBEDU) which is similar to Selebi Phikwe Economic Diversification Unit (SPEDU) which only needs implementation.
The newly elected Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) Executive Committee led by Pastor Reverend Thuso Tiego has declared their disapproval of homosexuality saying it is anti-Christianity and Botswana culture.
Speaking at a Media Briefing this past week, BMD President Tiego said Botswana has been a country that respects culture hence endorsing homosexuality will be catastrophic.
“Our young generation grew up being taught about types of families, if homosexuality is passed, at what age will our children be introduced to homosexuality?” he rhetorically asked.
He continued: “If we are going to allow homosexuality then the next day, another person will come and say he wants to practice bestiality. What are we going to do because we have already allowed for this one (homosexuality) and at the end it will be a total mess.” Bestiality is sexual relations between a human being and an animal
This according to Tiego will give those people an opportunity thus disrupting known Botswana beliefs. He however dismissed any notion that the decision to condemn homosexuality should not be linked to the top two of the committee who are men of cloth. “This is a decision by the whole committee which respects the culture of Botswana and it should not be perceived that because we are clergymen we are influencing them, but even if we do, politics and religion are inter-related.”
Of late the church and the human rights organization have been up in arms because of the high court decision to allow for same sex marriages. Ministries ganged up, petitioned parliament and threatened to vote out any legislator who will support the idea. The ruling party, BDP which was to table the amendment in the constitution, ended up deferring it.
BMD President further revealed that he is aware of what really led to the split of the party and he is on course to transform as they approach 2024 elections.
“There are so many factors that led to split of party amongst others being leadership disputes, personal egos and ambitions, toxic factionalism and ideological difference just to mention a few, but we are transforming the party and I am confident that we will do well in the coming elections.
In addition, Tiego is hopeful that they will take the government as they feel it is time to rebrand Botswana politics and bring in fresh blood of leaders.
He further hinted that they are coming with positive transformation as they eye to better the lives of Batswana.
“When we assume government, we promise to be transparent, free and fair electoral processes and encourage pluralism as way of getting back to our roots of being a democratic country as it seems like the current government has forgotten about that important aspect,” Tiego explained.
Reeling under the increasing barrage of stinging international sanctions, the isolated North Korean regime is reportedly up to its old trickery, this time in a more complicated web of murky operations that have got the authorities of five southern African countries at sixes and sevens as they desperately try to tighten their dragnet around Pyongyang’s spectral network of illicit ivory and rhino horn trade.
It is an intricate network of poaching for elephant tusks and rhino horns that spans Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe, with the main sources of the contraband being Botswana and South Africa.
The syndicate running the illegal trafficking of the poached contraband is suspected to be controlled by two shadowy North Korean government operatives with close links to one Han Tae-song, a disgraced North Korean career diplomat who, while serving as the second secretary at his country’s embassy in Harare, Zimbabwe, was expelled in 1992 after he was fingered as the mastermind behind a similar illegal ring that was busted by the country’s authorities.
This disturbing tale of malfeasance by North Korean state actors is as real as it gets.
Recent reports indicate that authorities in the source countries are jointly battling to plug holes created by the shadowy syndicate which allegedly has on its payroll, park rangers, border officials and cross-border truck drivers.
Even more disturbing are allegations that some wildlife officials are conniving in misrepresenting numbers of retrieved rhino horns and ivory from poachers and getting kickbacks for their involvement in the pilfering of ivory and rhino horns from government stockpiles especially in South Africa.
In a shocking and well-orchestrated movie-style heist in South Africa, thieves in June this year made off with 51 rhino horns after breaking into a very secure government stockpile facility of the North West Parks Board (NWPB).
While some suspects from South Africa and Malawi were nabbed in a government sting operation, none of the rhino horns – 14 of which were very large specimens that can fetch serious money on the black market – were recovered.
A report of the heist said the police were lethargic by eight hours in responding to an emergency alert of the robbery which was described by North West police spokesperson Brigadier Sabata Mokgwabone as “… a case of business robbery…”
Thabang Moko, a security analyst in Pretoria says the military precision in the burglary, delays in police response, and failure to recover the stolen rhino horns is dubious. “This development lends credence to suspicions that some government officials could be part of a shadowy syndicate run by foreign buyers of rhino horns and ivory,” Moko says.
It is understood that in light of the rhino horns heist in North West, South Africa’s Minister of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Barbara Creecy on 1 August, shared her concerns to her counterparts in Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique calling for greater regional cooperation to combat the illegal wildlife trafficking which she believes is being masterminded by the Far East’s buyers of the ill-gotten horns and ivory.
It is believed that foreign kingpins involved in perpetuating the illegal trade are mainly North Koreans vying against Vietnamese and Cambodian buyers in the quest for dominance of the illicit trade in rhino horns and ivory sourced from southern Africa.
Creecy’s concerns, which she also shared to South Africa’s state-run broadcaster SABC, echoed Moko’s worries that the North West heist may have been an inside job.
According to Creecy, there was a need for the International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol)’s greater involvement in joint investigations by affected countries as there were indications of ‘local knowledge’ of the North West job and that syndicates, “Higher up the value chain actually recruit park rangers to the illegal ivory trade network.”
Botswana’s Environment and Tourism Minister Philda Kereng is on national record admitting that poaching was a source of headaches to her government, especially considering that the daring poachers were making successful incursions into secure areas protected by the Botswana Defence Force (BDF).
This came after poachers gunned down two white rhinos at the BDF-protected Khama Rhino Sanctuary in August 2022 despite Kereng putting the time frame of the killings between October and November 2022.
Kereng hinted at the existence of Asian controlled syndicates and acknowledged that the surge in poaching in Botswana is driven by the “increased demand for rhino horn on the international market” where in Asia rhino horns are believed to be potent in traditional medicines and for their imagined therapeutic properties.
Botswana has in the past recorded an incident of a group of an all-Asian reconnaissance advance team teams being nabbed by the country’s intelligence service in the Khama Rhino Sanctuary.
Masquerading as tourists, the group, with suspected links to North Korea and China, was discovered to be collecting crucial data for poachers.
Also according to reliable information at hand, an undisclosed number of wildlife parks rangers were arrested between September 2022 and January this year, after information surfaced that they connived in the smuggling of rhino horns and ivory from Botswana.
One of the rangers reportedly admitted getting paid to falsify information on recovered horns and ivory which were smuggled out of the country through its vast and porous eastern border with South Africa, and making their way to their final destination in Mozambique via back roads and farmlands in South Africa and Zimbabwe.
“We are aware that in the past year, some rhino horns and ivory illegally obtained from Botswana through poaching activities and shady deals by some elements within our wildlife and national parks department, have found their way out of the country and end up in Mozambique’s coastal ports for shipment to the Far East,” a Department of Wildlife and National Parks (DWNP) source says.
Independent investigations reveal that two North Korean buyers, one of them only identified as Yi Kang-dae [confirmed to be an intelligence official in the country’s state security apparatus], acting on behalf of the disgraced Han Tae-song, financed the entire operation on two occasions between 2022 and 2023, to move at least 18 rhino horns and 19 elephant tusks from Botswana, including pay-offs – mostly to border patrol and customs officials for safe passage – along the knotty conduit across South Africa’s north western lands, then across south-eastern Zimbabwe into Mozambique.
According to a trusted cross-border transport operator in Zimbabwe, the rhino horns and elephant tusks were illegally handed over to smugglers in Mozambique at an obscure illegal crossing point 15km north of Zimbabwe’s Forbes Border Post in November 2022 and February this year.
The end buyers in Mozambique? “It is quite an embarrassment for us, but we have solid evidence that two North Korean buyers, one of them who is linked to a former notorious diplomat from that country who has been in the past involved in such illegal activities in Zimbabwe, oversaw the loading of rhino horns and ivory onto a China-bound ship from one of our ports,” a top government source in Maputo said before declining to divulge more information citing ongoing investigations.
Yi Kang-dae and his accomplice’s whereabouts are presently unclear to Mozambican authorities whose dragnet reportedly recently netted some key actors of the network. Han Tae-song currently serves as North Korea’s ambassador to the United Nations in Switzerland.
North Korean diplomats have in the past used Mozambique as a final transit point for the shipment of rhino horns to the Far East.
In May 2015, Mozambican authorities nabbed two North Koreans, one of them a Pretoria-based diplomat and political counsellor identified as Pak Chol-jun after they were caught in possession of 4.5kg of rhino horn pieces and US$100,000 cash.
Pak’s accomplice, Kim Jong-su, a Taekwondo instructor also based in South Africa, was fingered as a North Korean spy and returned to North Korea under suspicious circumstances on the heels of Pak’s expulsion from South Africa in November 2016.
A security source in Zimbabwe closely following current developments says there is a big chance that Han Tae-song may have revived the old smuggling network he ran while posted in Zimbabwe in the 90s.
“The biting international sanctions against North Korea in the past decade may have prompted Han to reawaken his network which has been dormant for some time,” the source says. “There is no telling if the shady network is dead now given that Han’s two front men have not been nabbed in Mozambique. More joint vigilance is needed to destroy the operation at the source and at the end of the line.”
North Korean diplomats have, as early as October 1976, been fingered for engaging in illegal activities ranging from possession of and trade in ivory pieces, trade in diamonds and gold, the manufacture and distribution of counterfeit currencies, pharmaceuticals, and the sale on the black market, of a paraphernalia of drugs, cigarettes, alcohol and other trinkets on the back of protracted and biting international sanctions against the reclusive state for its gross human rights abuses against its own people and flagrant nuclear tests.
These illegal activities, according to a US Congressional Research Service (CRS) report, have raked in at least US$500m annually for the Pyongyang regime. Other global studies estimate that North Korea’s illegal earnings from the black market are around $1bn annually, and are being channelled towards the country’s nuclear weapons programme, while ordinary North Koreans continue to die of mass starvation.
In February 2014, Botswana, citing systematic human rights violations, severed ties with North Korea with the former’s president Mokgweetsi Masisi (then vice president) calling North Korea an ‘evil nation’ on 23 September 2016, at a United Nations General Assembly forum in Washington, USA.
Botswana has close to 132,000 elephants, more than any of its four neighbouring countries, namely Angola, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe, according to a 2022 Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA) Elephant Survey.
The rhino population in Botswana has significantly dwindled, with poaching a leading cause of the decimation of the country’s rhinos. Despite dehorning and relocating its diminishing rhino population from the extensive Okavango Delta to undisclosed sanctuaries, Botswana has since 2018, lost 138 rhinos to poachers.
The sharp spike in rhino poaching in Botswana came after the country’s government made a controversial decision to disarm park rangers in early 2018.
In a statement delivered in November 2022 to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) CoP-19 in Panama, the Botswana government instead blamed the surge in poaching to a shift of foreign-sponsored organised poaching organisations from South Africa to Botswana.
“This increase in rhino poaching in Botswana coincided with a decline of rhino poaching in South Africa from 2018 to 2020, suggesting a displacement of the poaching syndicates from South Africa to Botswana,” the statement reads. “The recent decline in rhino poaching in Botswana (2021 and 2022, relative to 2020) coincides with the increase in rhino poaching in Namibia and South Africa, further suggesting displacement of the poaching syndicates across the sub-region.”
According to the Botswana government, as of 13 November 2022 the country has secreted its shrinking rhinos (only 285 white rhinos and 23 black rhinos) in undisclosed locations within the country’s borders.
South Africa has close to 15,000 rhinos. Between January and June 2022 alone, poachers killed 260 rhinos in South Africa for their horns. The country is home to the majority of Africa’s white rhinos, a species whose existence remains under threat of extinction due to poaching.
The major threat posed by foreign state actors including those from North Korea, to southern Africa’s rhino and elephant population remains grim as the bulk of the rhino horns and elephant tusks reportedly continue finding their way to the Far East, where China is being used as the major distribution centre.