Connect with us
Advertisement

50% Gov’t shares at MDCB

Government’s stake in the Mining Sector, particularly in mining and mineral processing companies is being transferred to state owned Mineral Development Company Botswana (MDCB) and the process is almost complete, Minister of Mineral Resources, Green Technology and Energy Security, Sadique Kebonang has told parliament.


Mineral Development Company, MDCB (PTY) LTD is a company wholly owned by the Botswana Government. The mandate of MDCB is the effective management and optimization of the government mineral investment portfolio in the mining industry. Established in 2015, MDCB fully fleshed and resourced will manage all government shares in the lucrative mining sector. When delivering his Ministry Budget last week in parliament Kebonang said capacitating of the MDCB to fulfill its mandate was ongoing.


“An adequately capacitated MDCB will enable the company to effectively manage Government shareholding in mineral companies,” he said. The Lobatse youthful legislator told parliament that transactions for the transfer of assets from Government of Botswana to MDCB have been completed for Morupule Coal Mine, Debswana Investment SA and BCL.


“The process of transferring the remaining assets namely, Diamond Trading Company Botswana (DTCB), Debswana Diamond Company and Botswana Ash have just started,” revealed Minister Kebonang.He further told parliament that the process was expected to be concluded during 2017.


Under the Mineral Development Company it is expected that managing the government’s mineral sector portfolio would be made easy and more effective as the government stake and interest will be in the hands of a private sector setup that understands the processes and technical knowhow of profit making assets management better. “Capacitating the company is also ongoing with a board in place, the Chief Executive Officer already appointed and recruiting of other staff to build a reputable mineral & mining assets management corporation is in good progress,” Kebonang told WeekendPost in an interview this week.


When it commenced operations MDCB immediately took over government shares in BCL, a move said to have been easy as Botswana Government was the largest shareholder with a controlling stake of over 90 %. Mid 2016 before the shocking news of BCL liquidation MDCB bought out Botswana-DeBeers joint venture Debswana Mining Company from Morupule Colliery Mine (MC).

According to ongoing plans theCorporation willsoon sit in a boardroom with Anglo American as it isreplacing government in Debswana Diamond Mining Company, one of the wealthiest mining companies in the world. The Government of Botswana owns a 50% stake in Debswana which owns Jwaneng Mine which is the world’s richest mine by value and Orapa Letlhakane & Damtshaa Mines. Orapa plant is the World’s largest diamond processing plant. Once the transfer of Shares is Complete MDCBwill also control Botswana’s 50% stake in Diamond Trading Company, Botswana Ash as well as 15% of Botswana Government in the De Beers Group.


Mineral Development Company Management


Reginah Sikalesele-Vaka is the Board Chairperson of Mineral Development Corporation. Vaka is a renowned financial expert and insurance industry guru and the founding Chief Executive of Bona Life, Botswana’s 1st citizen owned Life Insurance Company. Vaka is expected to guide the Botswana mineral sector lucrative ship to diversity and maximum beneficiation. Once MDCB holds all government shares in the mining sector the company is expected to transform the entire mineral sector and also make investments to create wealth and increase state revenues.


Other MDCB Board members include former State President Sir Ketumile Masire’s son Mmetla Masire. Masire, an environmental engineering guru by academic qualifications is currently also handling a task with a day to day job of transforming Botswana’s national water supplier, Water Utilities Corporation (WUC ) which is currently holding a record of one the most perennial loss making businesses in Botswana.

 

Vaka also sits with Sebetlela Sebetlela, one of Botswana’s renowned mining experts. Sebetlela currently is chairman  of BPC board, he has literally  captained all mining companies in Botswana, from Orapa, Tati to Jwaneng just to name a few.Other MDCB board members include MatomeTsholetsa, Country Manager for Joy Global Inc.


The Chief Executive Officer of MDCB is Paul Smith, a renowned mining sector profit maximizing guru with footprint across Africa. Smith made his name in South Africa’s lucrative Platinum mining sector. Last year, immediately after government acquired a 50 % stake of Morupule Colliery Mine, Smith allegedly got the ball rolling to mastermind the liquidation of Botswana’s oldest Mining Company, BCL. BCL was put under provisional liquidation on October 9th 2016.Smith, according to media publications is one of, if not the highest paid CEOs in Botswana alongside BPC Chief Executive Officer with over P100 000 as take home per month.


Minerals sector performance


According to Minister Kebonang the mining industry experienced a global commodity price downturn over most of the first two quarters of 2016, in mainly the base metals and energy minerals. However, diamond markets improved during the first quarter of 2016 and this resulted in actual sales exceeding production due to sale of inventory from the year 2015.


“Mineral revenue (dividends and royalties) for 2016 increased by 63% when compared to 2015. The average percentage contribution of minerals to GDP during second quarter of 2016 was 21.8% compared to 18.4% in 2015,” parliament heard last week. Debswana Diamond Company produced 20.9 million carats in 2016 compared to 20.4 million carats in 2015. Sales were 26.3 million carats compared to 14.7 million carats in 2015. Revenue from these sales was USD 3.9 billion and this compared favourably to USD 2.4 billion in 2015.


Kebonang also reported that Boteti Mining Company produced 307 thousand carats in 2016 compared to 377 thousand carats in 2015. “Boteti upgraded their processing plant, which enabled them to recover exceptionally large stones. Despite the volatile diamond markets, Boteti mine continue to perform well,” he said.


Ghaghoo Diamond Mine produced 20.6 thousand carats in 2016. Lerala Mine resumed production in April 2016 and has so far produced 58.5 thousand carats and so far made two sales. The performance of base metal mines continued to decline in 2016 due to depressed commodity prices.

Copper and nickel prices showed improvement from US$ 2.06/lb to US$ 2.65/lb for copper and US$ 3.80/lb to US$ 5.20/lb for nickel respectively from December 2015 to December 2016. However the prices remain a challenge for the marginal operations. BCL and Tati Nickel Mining Company were placed under provisional liquidation in October 2016 due to severe financial distress.


Kebonang is of the view that there are notable developments in the energy minerals sub-sector as companies continue to show interest in the energy minerals. “For instance, A-Cap Resources and African Energy Resources Botswana have acquired mining licenses for uranium at Sese and coal at Makomoto, respectively.”  


Kebonang said MDCB will be looking to invest inorder to diversify government revenue within the mining sector to reduce dependence in the Diamond segment. Soda Ash and Salt sales were 288.5 thousand tonnes and 435 thousand tonnes respectively in 2016 compared to 258.9 thousand tonnes and 368.9 thousand tonnes for corresponding figures in 2015. Currently Production of soda ash and salt continues to be constrained by low off-take.

Continue Reading

Business

Inflation will bounce back to objective range in 2022- BoB

25th October 2021
Moses Pelaelo

The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Bank of Botswana decided to maintain the Bank Rate at 3.75 percent at a meeting held on October 21, 2021.  Briefing members of the media moments after the meeting Bank of Botswana Governor Moses Pelaelo explained that Inflation decreased from 8.8 percent in August to 8.4 percent in September 2021, although remaining above the upper bound of the Bank’s medium-term objective range of 3 – 6 percent.

He said Inflation is projected to revert to within the objective range in the second quarter of 2022, mainly on account of the dissipating impact of the recent upward adjustment in value added tax (VAT) and administered prices from the inflation calculation; which altogether contributed 5.2 percentage points to the current level of inflation.  Overall, risks to the inflation outlook are assessed to be skewed to the upside.

These risks include the potential increase in international commodity prices beyond current forecasts; persistence of supply and logistical constraints due to lags in production; possible maintenance of travel restrictions and lockdowns due to the COVID-19 pandemic; domestic risk factors relating to regular annual price adjustments; as well as second-round effects of the recent increases in administered prices and inflation expectations that could lead to generalised higher price adjustments.

Furthermore, aggressive action by governments (for example, the Economic Recovery and Transformation Plan (ERTP)) and major central banks to bolster aggregate demand, as well as the successful rollout of the COVID-19 vaccination programmes, could add pressure to inflation.  These risks are, however, moderated by the possibility of weak domestic and global economic activity, with a likely further dampening effect on productivity due to periodic lockdowns and other forms of restrictions in response to the emergence of new COVID-19 variants.

A slow rollout of vaccines, resulting in the continuance of weak economic activity and the possible decline in international commodity prices could also result in lower inflation, as would capacity constraints in implementing the ERTP initiatives. Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for Botswana grew by 4.9 percent in the twelve months to June 2021, compared to a contraction of 5.1 percent in the corresponding period in 2020.

The increase in output is attributable to the expansion in production of both the mining and non-mining sectors, resulting from an improved performance of the economy from a low base in the corresponding period in the previous year. Mining output increased by 3 percent in the year to June 2021, because of a 3.2 percent increase in diamond mining output, compared to a contraction of 19.3 percent in 2020. Similarly, non-mining GDP grew by 5.4 percent in the twelve-month period ending June 2021, compared to a decrease of 0.7 percent in the corresponding period in 2020.

The increase in non-mining GDP was mainly due to expansion in output for construction, diamond traders, transport and storage, wholesale and retail and real estate.  Projections by the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) suggest a rebound in economic growth for Botswana in 2021. The Ministry projects a growth rate of 9.7 percent in 2021, moderating to a growth of 4.3 percent in 2022.  On the other hand, the IMF forecasts the domestic economy to grow by 9.2 percent in 2021; and this is expected to moderate to a growth of 4.7 percent in 2022. The growth outcome will partly depend on success of the vaccine rollout.

According to the October 2021 World Economic Outlook (WEO), global output growth is forecast at 5.9 percent in 2021, 0.1 percentage point lower than in the July 2021 WEO update.  The downward revision reflects downgrades for advanced economies mainly due to supply disruptions, while the growth forecast for low-income countries was lowered as the slow rollout of COVID-19 vaccines weigh down on economic recovery.  Meanwhile, global output growth is anticipated to moderate to 4.9 percent in 2022, as some economies return to their pre-COVID-19 growth levels.

The South African Reserve Bank, for its part, projects that the South African GDP will grow by 5.3 percent in 2021, and slow to 1.7 percent in 2022.  The MPC notes that the short-term adverse developments in the domestic economy occur against a growth-enhancing environment.  These include accommodative monetary conditions, improvements in water and electricity supply, reforms to further improve the business environment and government interventions against COVID-19, including the vaccination rollout programme.

In addition, the successful implementation of ERTP should anchor the growth of exports and preservation of a sufficient buffer of foreign exchange reserves, which have recently fallen to an estimate of P47.9 billion (9.8 months of import cover) in September 2021.  Overall, it is projected that the economy will operate below full capacity in the short to medium term and, therefore, not creating any demand-driven inflationary pressures, going forward.

The projected increase in inflation in the short term is primarily due to transitory supply-side factors that, except for second-round effects and entrenched expectations (for example, through price adjustments by businesses, contractors, property owners and wage negotiations), do not normally attract monetary policy response. In this context, the MPC decided to continue with the accommodative monetary policy stance and maintain the Bank Rate at 3.75 percent.  Governor Moses Pelaelo noted that the Bank stands ready to respond appropriately as conditions warrant.

Continue Reading

Business

SEZA to boost investment through Mayors forum

25th October 2021
SEZA-CEO-Lonely-Mogara

The Special Economic Zones Authority (SEZA) recently launched the Mayor’s forum. The Authority will engage with local governments to improve ease of doing business, boost investment, and fast track the development of Botswana’s Special Economic Zones (SEZs).

The Mayors Forum was established to recognise the vital role that local authorities play in infrastructure development; as they approve applications for planning, building and occupation permits. Local authorities also grant approvals for industrial licenses for manufacturing companies.
SEZA Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Lonely Mogara explained that the Mayor’s Forum was conceptualised after the Authority identified local authorities as critical partners in achieving its mandate and improving the ease of doing business. SEZA intends to develop legal instructions for different Ministries to align relevant laws with the SEZ Act, which will enable the operationalisation of the SEZ incentives.

“Engaging with local government will bring about the much-needed transformation as our SEZs are located in municipalities. For us, a good working relationship with local authorities is the special ingredient required for the efficient facilitation of SEZ investors, which will lead to their competitiveness and ultimate growth,” Mogara stated.

The Mayors Forum will focus on the referral of investors for establishment in different localities, efficient facilitation of investors, infrastructure and property development, and joint monitoring and evaluation of the SEZ programme at the local level. SEZA believes that collaborating with local authorities will bring about much-needed transformation in the areas where SEZs are located and ultimately within the national economy. Against this background, the concept of hosting a Mayors Forum was birthed to identify and provide solutions to possible barriers inhibiting ease of doing business.

One of the key outcomes of the Mayors Forum is the free flow of information between SEZA and local authorities. Further, the two will work together to change the business environment and achieve efficiency and competitiveness within the SEZs. Francistown Mayor Godisang Rasesigo was elected as the founding Chairman of the Mayors Forum. The forum will also include the executive leadership of all city, town and district councils, among them Mayors, City or Council Chairpersons, Town Clerks and District Commissioners.

Mogara explained that initial efforts would engage the local government in areas that host SEZA’s eight SEZs: Gaborone, Lobatse, Selebi Phikwe, Palapye, Francistown, Pandamatenga and Tuli Block. Meanwhile, Mogara told WeekendPost that they are confident that a modest 150 000 jobs could be unleashed in the next two to five years through a partnership with other government entities. He is adamant that the jobs will come from all the nine designated economic zones.

This publication gathers that the Authority is currently sitting on about P30 billion worth of investment. The investment, it is suggested, could be said to be locked up in government bureaucracy, awaiting the proper signatures for projects to take off. Mogara informed this publication that the Authority onboard investors who are bringing P200 million and above. He pointed out that more are injecting P1 billion investments compared to the lower stratum of their drive.

SEZA’s mandate hinges on the nine Special Economic Zones – being Gaborone (SSKIA), whose focus is of Mixed-use (Diamond Beneficiation, Aviation); Gaborone (Fairgrounds) for Financial services, professional services and corporate HQ village; Lobatse for Beef, leather & biogas park; Pandamatenga designated for Agriculture (cereal production); Selibe Phikwe area which is also of a Mixed-Use (Base metal beneficiation & value addition), Tuli Block Integrated coal value addition, dry port logistics centre, coal power generation and export; Francistown is set aside for International Multimodal logistics hub/ Mixed Use (Mining, logistics and downstream value-adding hub); whilst Palapye is for Horticulture.

The knowledge economy buzz speaks to SEZA’s agenda, according to Mogara. The CEO is determined to ensure that SEZA gets the buy-in from the government, parastatals and the private sector to deliver Botswana to a high economic status. “This will ensure more jobs, less poverty, more investment, and indeed wealth for Batswana,” quipped the enthusiastic Mogara. SEZA was established through the SEZ Act of 2015 and mandated with establishing, developing and managing the country’s SEZs. The Authority was tasked with creating a conducive domestic and foreign direct investment, diversifying the economy and increasing exports to facilitate employment creation.

Continue Reading

Business

De Beers Q3 production up 28 %

25th October 2021
De-Beers

De Beers rough diamond production for the third quarter of 2021 increased by 28% to 9.2 million carats, reflecting planned higher Production to meet more robust demand for rough diamonds. In Botswana, Production increased by 33% to 6.4 million carats, primarily driven by the planned treatment of higher-grade ore at Jwaneng, partly offset by lower Production at Orapa due to the scheduled closure of Plant 1.

Namibia’s Production increased by 65% to 0.4 million carats, reflecting the marine fleet’s suspension during Q3 2020 as part of the response to lower demand at that time. South Africa production increased by 34% to 1.6 million carats due to the planned treatment of higher grade ore from the final cut of the Venetia open pit and an improvement in plant performance. Production in Canada decreased by 13% to 0.8 million carats due to lower grade ore being processed.

Demand for rough diamonds continued to be robust, with positive midstream sentiment reflecting strong demand for polished diamond jewellery, particularly in the key markets of the US and China. Rough diamond sales totalled 7.8 million carats (7.0 million carats on a consolidated basis) from two Sights, compared with 6.6 million carats (6.5 million carats on a consolidated basis) from three Sights in Q3 2020 and 7.3 million carats (6.5 million carats on consolidated basis) from two Sights in Q2 2021.

De Beers tightened Production guidance to 32 million carats (previously 32-33 million carats) due to continuing operational challenges, subject to the extent of any further Covid-19 related disruptions. Commenting on the production figures, Mark Cutifani, Chief Executive of De Beers parent company Anglo American, said: “Production is up 2%(1) compared to Q3 of last year, with our operating levels generally maintained at approximately 95%(2) of normal capacity.

The increase in Production is led by planned higher rough diamond production at De Beers, increased output from our Minas-Rio iron ore operation in Brazil, reflecting the planned pipeline maintenance in Q3 2020, and improved plant performance at our Kumba iron ore operations in South Africa. “We are broadly on track to deliver our full-year production guidance across all products while taking the opportunity to tighten up the guidance for diamonds, copper, and iron ore within our current range as we approach the end of the year.

“Our copper operations in Chile continue to work hard on mitigating the risk of water availability due to the challenges presented by the longest drought on record for the region, including sourcing water that is not suitable for use elsewhere and further increasing water recycling.”
On Wednesday, De Beers announced the value of rough diamond sales (Global Sightholder Sales and Auctions) for the eighth sales cycle of 2021. The company raked in US$ 490 million for the cycle, a slight improvement when compared to US$467 million recorded in 2020 cycle 8.

Owing to the restrictions on the movement of people and products in various jurisdictions around the globe, De Beers Group has continued to implement a more flexible approach to rough diamond sales during the eighth sales cycle of 2021, with the Sight event extended beyond its normal week-long duration.   As a result, the provisional rough diamond sales figure quoted for Cycle 8 represents the expected sales value from 4 October to 19 October. It remains subject to adjustment based on final completed sales.

Commenting on the cycle 8 sales De Beers Group Chief Executive Officer Bruce Cleaver said that: “As the diamond sector prepares for the key holiday season and US consumer demand for diamond jewellery continues to perform strongly, we saw further robust demand for rough diamonds in the eighth sales cycle of the year ahead of the Diwali holiday when demand for rough diamonds is likely to be affected by the closure of polishing factories in India.”

Continue Reading
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!