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Inflation spikes, Interest rates remain low

The annual inflation rate in February has spiked by 9 percent to 3.4 from the recorded 3.1 in January. Inflation rate has been steadily increasing in the last four months, however it remains within the Bank of Botswana’s medium term objective range of 3-6 percent.

Statistics Botswana’s latest Consumer Price Index (CPI) report for February shows that Group indices were generally stable between January and February 2017, recording changes of less than 1.0 percent. The Alcoholic Beverages, Tobacco & Narcotics index gained the most, recording a rise of 0.7 percent between January and February. The increase was owed to the rise in the section indices of Alcoholic Beverages (0.8 percent).

Another notable change was in the Furnishing, Household Equipment& Routine Maintenance index group, advancing by 0.5 percent between the two months. The rise was attributed to the general increase in the section indices particularly Goods & Services for Household Maintenance section index which accounted for 0.8 percent.

The Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages index group advanced recorded a rise of 0.4 percent between January and February. The rise was due to the increases in the section indices, particularly; Coffee, Tea & Cocoa (1.9 percent), Sugar, Jam, Honey, Chocolate & Confectionery (1.2 percent) and Meat (Fresh, Chilled & Frozen) (0.9 percent).

The All-Tradable inflation rate was 3.1 percent in February 2017, an increase of 0.5 of a percentage point on the January 2017 rate of 2.6 percent. The Imported Tradable inflation rate rose from 1.7 percent in January to 2.4 percent in February. The Domestic Tradable inflation rate and the Non-Tradable inflation rate both remained unchanged at 4.3 percent.

The Trimmed Mean Core Inflation rate registered an increase of 0.2 of a percentage point moving from 2.7 percent in January 2017 to 2.9 percent in February 2017. The Core Inflation rate by exclusion remained unchanged at 3.9 percent between January and February 2017.

While there has been a steady increase in inflation rate lately, the central bank in its Monetary Policy Statement (MPS) for 2017 projected that growth in personal incomes will continue to be restrained, contributing to modest overall domestic demand, with a dampening effect on inflation in the medium term. Given prospects for benign external price developments, it is projected that inflation will remain within the 3 – 6 percent objective range in the medium term

According to the MPS, the domestic monetary policy in 2016 was conducted against the backdrop of below-trend economic activity (a non-inflationary output gap) and a positive medium-term inflation outlook. Inflation was restrained by slow growth in personal incomes, moderate increase in credit and the resultant subdued domestic demand. Moreover, foreign inflation was low, on average, with benign pressure on domestic prices.

The central bank explained that these developments provided scope for an accommodative monetary policy in support of stronger output growth. Thus, the Bank Rate was reduced by 50 basis points in August 2016 to 5.5 percent, resulting in the commercial banks' prime lending rate declining from 7.5 percent to 7 percent. Deposit interest rates also fell in line with the reduction in the Bank Rate. As at 30 December 2016, bond yields ranged from 2.4 percent to 5.4 percent for the shortest and longest maturities, respectively.

Despite an accommodative monetary policy stance, the recently released financial statistics for January by Bank of Botswana show that total credit extended by commercial banks decreased by P932 million (1.8%) from P52.2 billion in November to P51.3 billion in December. Loans to resident businesses decreased by P968 (4.5%) from P21.3 billion in November to P20.3 billion in December. Moreover, loans to non-resident businesses declined by P14 million (14%) from P99.2 million to P85.3 million in December.  There was a slight increase credit growth on the back of households loans which advanced by P57 million (0.2%) to P30.8 billion in December.

Within the resident business category, credit to parastatals decreased by P727 million (35.2%) to P1.3 billion. Year on Year, commercial banks credit growth for December 2016 was 6.2%, lower than the 7.6% registered in the previous month. The share of credit to the household sector was 60.1%, an increase from 58.9% in the previous month. The slowdown in annual credit expansion was mostly associated with the decrease in growth in lending to households from 12.8 percent in December 2015 to 7.6 percent in December 2016, largely reflecting the effect of restrained growth in personal incomes.

Household loans, with a share of 60.1 percent at the end of December 2016, continue to dominate commercial bank credit. It is also observed that the concentration of household credit is in unsecured lending (66.1 percent). However, the central bank says the risk to financial stability of this lending composition is moderated by the extent to which unsecured credit is diversified (relatively small amounts spread across many borrowers of differing risk profiles).

With interest rates at all time low, bank deposits were less preferred by those seeking higher returns. The January financial data indicates that total deposits held by commercial banks decreased by P1.3 billion (2.1%) from P63.8 billion in November to P62.4 billion in December. By holder, deposits of resident businesses decreased by P1.1 billion or 2.3%. Deposits fell for households by P930 million (6.3%) from P14.8 billion to P13.9 billion. The central government’s deposits decreased by P21 million (10.7%) from P192 million in November to P171.4 million in December.

On the other hand, deposits of local government increased by P517 million (26.0%) to P2.5 billion. There was significant growth in deposits by non-residents as they edged up by P166 million (122%) to P302.5 million. Within the business category, deposits for parastatals declined by P1.1 billion (15%) to P6.1 billion, whilst for private businesses they increased by P20 million (0.1%) to P39.4 billion. Businesses accounted for 73.4% of total deposits compared to 22.3% for households.

Bank of Botswana in the MPS for 2017 says one of the enduring challenges for commercial banks is the concentration of business deposits in their funding structure (mostly wholesale bulk deposits), part of which are for other financial institutions, potentially reflecting an imbalance in the market and the accompanying risk.


Notably, there was a significant deceleration in annual growth of household deposits from a growth of 16.8 percent in December 2015 to a contraction of 3.6 percent in December 2016. The central bank says this could reflect a potential financial strain on households arising from the sluggish growth in incomes. Similarly, annual growth in business deposits decreased significantly from 16.2 percent in December 2015 to 7.2 percent in December 2016.

While the impact of external factors on domestic prices in 2016 was also benign due to low average inflation in the trading partner countries, the relative strength of the Pula exchange rate against the rand and increasing domestic competitiveness moderated the impact of higher inflation in South Africa on domestic prices. However things could change this year as the Rand strengthens against the Pula. In the last 12 months up to January 2017, the Pula depreciated against the Rand by 8.8%, meaning the Pula’s weakening strength will offer less guard against imported tradable inflation rate as already evidenced by the latest CPI figures.

In a departure from tradition of secrecy, the central bank has announced that from now on, the bank will, after each meeting of the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), through the Governor, deliver a statement at a press briefing to allow for interaction with the media and dissemination of the Bank's policy stance. The bank says there will also be public notification of the dates for the MPC meetings, initially for the subsequent half-year.

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Gambling Authority expects bumper attendance at IAGR conference

26th September 2023

With just four weeks to go, the Gambling Authority of Botswana has revealed that it is expecting a record attendance at the much anticipated International Association of Gambling Regulators (IAGR) Conference, which will be held in Botswana from 16 – 19 October 2023.

According to a communique from the IAGR, the Gambling Authority will most probably break the record in the number of accredited countries that will attend the conference in Botswana.

“We are on track to match and potentially exceed the incredible delegate turnout we saw in Melbourne last year,” read a statement from IAGR’s.

In its global reach alert, IAGR revealed a glimpse of jurisdictions that will be represented at the conference, among them Australia, Canada, Denmark, Japan, Jersey, Mauritius, United Kingdom, United States and Netherlands. African countries that have so far confirmed attendance include Zimbabwe, South Africa, Nigeria, Tanzania, Kenya and Burundi.

Commenting on the expected bumper attendance, IAGR said the amazing diversity elevates the conference to a whole new level, which will enrich discussions with a tapestry of regulatory perspectives and insights.

Botswana won the bid to host this year’s conference last year in Melbourne, Australia. The IAGR consists of representatives from gaming and gambling regulatory organizations from around the world; with a common mission to advance the effectiveness and efficiency of gaming regulation.

According to Gambling Authority Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Peter Kesitilwe, the Authority is a member of the IAGR by dictates of the Gambling Act; which compels it to align with international organizations whose objectives are to regulate gambling, and build collaboration among regulators.

“The IAGR conference is held annually and hosted by different member jurisdictions. It provides opportunities for gambling and gaming regulators from around the world to engage, learn and network with industry peers through events, workshops, research, information sharing, and the development of best practices,” explained Kesitilwe.

Funding requirements for the conference are shared between IAGR, the host country and conference participants. The government of Botswana has reaffirmed its commitment to supporting the Gambling Authority to host IAGR; as it is in line with its objectives of promoting the country as a Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, and Exhibitions (MICE) tourism destination.

According to Kesitilwe, the conference is coordinated by a Technical Committee of IAGR; together with a Local Organizing Committee (LOC) that comprises of representatives from the Ministries of Trade, Tourism, Foreign Affairs, Botswana Police Service and other stakeholders.

“We promise to deliver this hugely important event and showcase the best that Botswana has to offer. In addition to the exchange of ideas and culture capital, the Organizing Committee will also ensure maximum benefits for the tourism, hotel and hospitality industry, entertainment, transport, telecommunications, vendors, hawkers of cultural artifacts,” said Kesitilwe.

As part of preparations to host IAGR2023, the Gambling Authority recently went on a benchmarking mission to Great Britain.

“What we learnt there can assist the Gambling Authority as we enter a new era of growth and expansion. The meeting also provided a timely opportunity to catch up on preparations for IAGR2023. We are ready to host the conference and we look forward to meeting other regulators from across the world to share best practice, discuss common challenges and tackle illegal gambling,” concluded Kesitilwe.

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BDC on Diversity and Inclusion in the Corporate Sector and Workplace

26th September 2023

In recent years, diversity and inclusion have emerged as crucial aspects of the corporate sector. Recognising the importance of inclusivity, the Botswana Development Corporation (BDC) has taken significant steps to signal its commitment to the inclusion of all regardless of age, gender, background. By implementing a comprehensive Diversity and Inclusion policy, BDC aims to create an environment that fosters equality, attracts top talent, and promotes creativity and innovation.

BDC has demonstrated its commitment to inclusion by crafting and implementing a bespoke Diversity and Inclusion policy. This policy recognises and values the differences within its workforce, striving to create a culture of equality. By fostering an environment where all employees feel respected and supported, BDC aims to attract and retain top talent, which in turn contributes to the organisation’s overall success.

The Corporation has implemented policies and strategies that promote diversity and inclusivity in the workplace. The Diversity and Inclusion policy emphasises the value and respect for employees from diverse backgrounds, creating an inclusive environment where everyone can thrive. By having this policy in place, BDC ensures that all employees are treated fairly and have equal opportunities for growth and development within the organisation.

In the realm of inclusivity, leading firms and companies have emerged as trailblazers, championing diversity and equity by implementing progressive policies and initiatives. These organisations have made significant strides in demonstrating their commitment to inclusivity through actions that support individuals with disabilities and foster work-life balance for all employees.

Microsoft actively recruits individuals with disabilities and fosters an inclusive workplace through accommodations and a dedicated resource group. Netflix offers generous paternity leave, Unilever supports surrogate parenthood and gender-neutral caregiver benefits, while IBM provides comprehensive adoption support. Companies like Google, Apple, and Facebook establish employee resource groups to amplify underrepresented voices. Adobe prioritises inclusive workplace design, and Accenture and Deloitte focus on diverse leadership representation. These companies set a powerful example, demonstrating the value of diversity and fostering a more inclusive corporate landscape.

Rising to the challenge, BDC has also taken several measures to respond to the different needs of its work force. These measures include fostering open and respectful communication, encouraging the formation of employee resource groups or affinity networks, and promoting diverse perspectives and contributions. The Corporation has also shown its commitment to inclusivity by recruiting persons with disabilities, providing paternity leave benefits, and recognising and supporting surrogate parenthood, primary caregiver benefits regardless of gender, as well as the adoption of children. These efforts demonstrate BDC’s progressive approach to embracing diversity and supporting employees in all aspects of their lives.

By so doing, The Corporation exemplifies the essence of progressiveness, embracing inclusivity as a core value. By championing diverse talent, providing supportive benefits, and fostering inclusive cultures, BDC is part of a movement that is shaping a future where every individual is valued and empowered.

Inclusion and diversity are not only moral imperatives but also strategic investments for success. BDC’s commitment to fostering diversity and inclusion, sets an example for other organisations in Botswana and beyond. By implementing policies and strategies that create an inclusive environment, celebrating diversity, and supporting employees from all walks of life, BDC paves the way for a more equitable and inclusive corporate sector in Botswana. Embracing diversity is not only the right thing to do; it also drives innovation, boosts employee morale, and contributes to the overall success of organisations.


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Sales, Profit up as Choppies new strategy pays off

26th September 2023

Choppies Enterprises Limited, a supermarket chain led by Botswana businessman Ramachandran Ottapathu, reported an increase in profit after tax which is up 3.4%, hence improving from P145 million realized in 2022, to P150 million in 2023.

The results demonstrate sustained increases in consumer demand, improved operational flexibility, efficiency, cost-effectiveness and despite stiff competition, the Group managed reduce its debt levels by paying off P263 million debt from the previous fiscal year.

The chain supermarket realized growth in Group retail sales which went up 6.5% to BWP6 433 million compared to P6 042 recorded in 2022. The growth is attributed to a broad presence across Botswana and a growing footprint in three other African countries, being South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe, according to a recently financial results statement.

In Pula terms, gross profit grew by 4.0% to BWP 1 359 million (2022: BWP 1 307 million) despite the challenging economic environment. Botswana and Namibia marginally grew gross profit rates while rates in Zambia and Zimbabwe declined.

During the period under review, the group’s Group net cash generated from operating activities rose by 4.5% to P484 million, this is a significant improvement when compared to P463 million recorded in 2022. This segment was boosted by strong showing from Botswana and Namibia, which performed exceptionally despite the challenging trading conditions. Furthermore, it was driven by sixteen new stores coupled with price growth of 6.8%.

As a result of the robust financial performance, the group’s total assets increased from P1 886 million to P2 177 million, while retained losses decreased from P811 million to P664 million.

Meanwhile, the Group faced a demanding economic environment characterised by stubbornly high inflation, higher interest rates and unemployment, all of which continue to constrain consumer spending and the consumer’s ability to digest higher prices. Sales volumes were lower in many categories, exacerbated by competitor discounting, with cost pressures only partly recovered through price increases.


According to the audited results, the gross profit margin accordingly reduced to 21.1% from last year’s 21.6% due to higher supply chain costs, including fuel and managing prices in response to higher cost inflation and competitor discounting.


Furthermore, while expenses increased 5.1% excluding the depreciation restatement, expenses grew 9.8% partly due to new stores and inflation. Foreign exchange losses on lease liabilities of P31 million (against a gain of P28 million last year) were partly offset by foreign exchange gains on Zimbabwean legacy debt receipts of P18 million (2022: BWP15 million).


Operating profit (EBIT) reduced by 1.8% from BWP 279 million to BWP 274 million whilst Adjusted EBIT, which excludes foreign exchange gains and losses on lease liabilities, movements in credit loss allowances, Zimbabwean legacy debt receipts and the reassessment of depreciation, reduced by 7.5% as costs grew faster than gross profit.




According to the Choppies Enterprises financial statement commentary, the Group continues to manage its cash resources and liquidity prudently with a reduction of P132 million in debt with P87 million paid out of internally generated funds and the balance of P45 million paid out of the proceeds of the rights issue.

In addition, capital expenditure increased to P185 million when compared to 2022 fiscal year which had recorded P122 million. This was a result of the Group strategy to invest in new stores and maintaining the distribution fleet.

Choppies Enterprises raised BWP50 million from leases to fund the fleet, an improvement because in 2022 only P36 million was raised.

Despite the growth in sales, inflation and new stores, Choppies Enterprises inventory reduced by P20 million helped by more stable global supply and the benefits of implementing an inventory optimisation system.

Finally, commentary from the Choppies Enterprises Group observes that as the economies in which the Group operates recover and the new stores reach full potential, an improvement in margins is expected. “With a value proposition that resonates with customers and with the cost of everyday items still stubbornly high in too many categories, more customers are choosing Choppies for the value and assortment we are known for. While we have strong and resilient brands, affordability is a growing constraint for consumers, limiting their ability to digest higher prices,” reads a commentary on the Group’s Financial statement.

Choppies Enterprises Limited (“the Company”) is a Botswana-based investment holding company operating in the retail sector in Southern Africa. Dual-listed on the Botswana Stock Exchange (“BSE”) and Johannesburg Stock Exchange (“JSE”), its are food and general merchandise retailing as well as financial service transactions supported by centralised distribution channels through distribution and logistical support centres. Each week, approximately 2.0 million customers visit 177 stores under five formats in four countries. With annual revenue of more than BWP6 billion, Choppies employs 10 000 people and is the largest grocery retailer in Southern Africa, outside of South Africa.



On 19 July 2023, Choppies acquired 76% (seventy-six percent) of the Kamoso Group for BWP2.00 (two Pula) and took cession of shareholders’ loans to the value of BWP22 million. The Botswana Development Corporation (BDC) will retain its 24% stake.

This acquisition will take Choppies to become a P8 billion business in revenue with 11 000 employees and 274 retail stores.




According to the financial results, Botswana experienced sales growth to BWP4 459 million an improvement from P4 209 million recorded in 2022. This was supported by volume growth from new stores and double-digit price inflation. Sales from Botswana increased by 5.9% and like-for-like sales growth was 2.2%, as the business continued to show strong resilience in an increasingly challenging economic environment. The Botswana economy continues to experience elevated inflation, high unemployment, and low economic growth.


EBITDA grew 5.8% and adjusted EBITDA was flat on last year. The performance for the second half was much stronger than in the first half as our strategies, leadership and inventory optimisation system have started to come to fruition.


As for the Rest of Africa being Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe sales increased by 7.7% to P 1 974 million, yet another improvement from 2022, which had realized P1 833 million sales. The increase was driven by the addition of nine new stores, inflationary increases in Zimbabwe and Zambia and volume growth in Namibia and Zambia. “However, this was offset by a very weak Zimbabwean Dollar resulting in Zimbabwe’s Pula sales declining by 48.3%.”


Meanwhile Namibia has successfully turned around with sales growth of 60.0% and like-for-like sales growth of 14.4%. Five new stores were opened during the year. EBITDA grew 140% with EBIT loss reducing from BWP9 million to BWP2 million. Adjusted EBIT, excluding the depreciation reassessment, reduced from BWP9 million to BWP6 million.


Connectedly, Zambia continues to grow with sales up 44.7% and like-for-like sales growth of 33.3%. Three new stores were opened during the year. While EBITDA declined by 26.4% due to the foreign exchange loss on the lease liability, adjusted EBITDA grew 27.1%. Adjusted EBIT declined marginally at 2.6%. Choppies Enterprises Directors are confident that Zambia will generate taxable profits in the foreseeable future.


Lastly in Zimbabwe, the Zimbabwean Dollar (ZWL) has significantly weakened especially in the last two months of the financial year. As a result of the above mentioned factors, Pula sales declined by 48.3%. EBIT and EBITDA declined by 151.6% and 125.5% respectively as cost inflation reduced margins. Adjusted EBIT and adjusted EBITDA declined 133.3% and 108.1% respectively.
















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