Permanent Secretary in the Ministry for Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration, Kebonye Moepeng has evaded possible jail time after intercepting a court case being mounted by lawyers acting for a BTV producer.
Moepeng risked contempt of court after stalling the execution of a Court of Appeal ruling favouring a Botswana Television producer, Koketso Joshua Ntopolelang. Moepeng is perhaps one of the most significant Permanent Secretaries in government as she operates from the heart of central government controlling the public service and state media among others.
The Court of Appeal issued a decision on the 9th of February ruling that Ntopolelang’s transfer to the former Ministry of Minerals Energy and Water Resources (MMEWER) be reversed as it was deemed unlawful. Legal sources told this publication this week that lawyers representing the BTV producer are again marshalling his case to seek the High Court to compel the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry for Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration, Kebonye Moepeng to formally reverse Ntopolelang’s nullified transfer.
However, Moepeng this week formally nullified the transfer in the nick of time through a short letter seen by this publication intercepting a fresh application by Collins Chilisa Consultants to sue for contempt of court. It is understood that Moepeng had been notified of Ntopolelang’s notice to apply for contempt of order. Ntopolelang’s lawyer, Mboki Chilisa had argued at the Court of Appeal in January that Ntopolelang was transferred without proper consultation.
He had been shipped off to MMEWER’s post of Principal Public Relations Officer II on the 22nd of August after Department of Broadcasting Services(DBES) Director, Lesole Obonye told him in a meeting that he was not trusted enough to head BTV’s News and Current Affairs section especially in election year.
As he was locked in the process of fending off his transfer to MMEWER at the Industrial Court, he was hastily redeployed from the News and Current Affairs Section (NCAS) to the less strategic Programs Section still in BTV. Ntopolelang’s court papers seen by WeekendPost stated that Obonye remarked to Ntopolelang: “Gase gore gare bone bokgoni jwa gago jaaka o bona DPS (Deputy Permanent Secretary) a kgona go go assigner high profile assignments. Re ntse re diilwe ke go bua le bagolo and we were waiting for instructions…kana ke ngwaga wa ditlhopho. Ga se gore gare bone bokgoni jwa gago…ba batla yo ba mo tshephang.” the document reads in part.
Literally translated, Obonye told Ntopolelang that, “It is not that we cannot see your competence, as you can see, the DPS sometimes gives you high profile assignments. The delay was due to discussions with elders and we were waiting for instructions…mind you this is election year. It is not that we don’t acknowledge your competence, but they want somebody they can trust.” The NCAS is reportedly a bastion under heavy political control and scrutiny where leaders come and go at the slightest whiff of suspicion.
It is the most critical of BTV’s sections as it deals with the news and current affairs. In a four year period from 2013 to 2016 it has had 4 of directors among them Sakaeyo Jane, Edson Malebane, and Ntopolelang himself shipped out. The former and the latter have had to duel with the employer in court and won.
Last month a panel of three CoA Justices comprising Isaac Lesetedi, C Howie and Lord Alistair Abernathy found that Ntopolelang’s employer, being the Secretary in the Ministry of Presidential Affairs, Kebonye Moepeng had not properly consulted him regarding his transfer. They highlighted that in consultation, “what follows is not exhaustive and that such consultation is not to be treated perfunctorily or as mere formality. It entails a genuine invitation to the person concerned to say what he wishes to say and a genuine consideration of what he said.”
They further continued: “Sufficient time must be given to enable the person concerned to say what he wishes to say and how to say it.” The judges also determined that sufficient time must then be available to allow the decision maker to consider what has been said and that all this must be done before a decision maker reaches his decision. If his mind is already made up before the consultation process is complete, that is not compatible with a proper consultation.”
They further continued to say that even though his redeployment to the Programs Section was not illegal, “in my opinion it would be stretching credulity too far to say that it was altogether unconnected with what the Industrial Court might do on 12 September(possibly halt transfer to MMEWER).”
The precedent of top government management who seem to stall implementing court orders is not a new phenomenon. Recently the Commander of Botswana Defense Force (BDF) also escaped serving time by a whisker after he stalled reinstating an expelled BDF couple back into service.
Justice Zein Kebonang of the Gaborone High Court issued a ruling on the 18th of November 2016 for BDF to reinstate Pvt Kazondou Uariua and his partner Thabang Tlhapisang after they were expelled for a love relationship. Segokgo escaped jail time for contempt of court 29 days after the court ruling. Moepeng also intercepted the raising of contempt of court on the 29th day after the ruling was issued.
Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.
These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.
The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”
The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.
“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”
Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.
The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.
The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.
Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.
One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.
But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.
One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.
Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.
In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.
Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.
Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.
United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.
According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.
“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.
A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.
Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.
In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”
While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.
Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility. Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.
For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies. European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.
It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.
According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.
The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.
“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”
“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.” The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”