President Lt Gen Ian Khama finds himself caught between a rock and hard place as he has to deal with a simmering war between his younger brother who is also Minister Environment, Natural Resources Conservation and Tourism, Tshekedi Khama and Directorate on Intelligence and Security Services (DISS) Director General, Isaac Kgosi, Weekend Post can reveal.
The two are throwing jabs at each other at every opportunity with Minister Tshekedi leading the onslaught because of public space and freedom. In the wake of public outcry about his retirement benefits, President Khama this matter to address before he leaves office in April 2018.
Last week the President had to step in to stop a DISS pursuit to call a press conference and respond to Tshekedi Khama. With the adage of blood is thicker than water failing to apply in this feud, President Khama finds himself sitting on the fence and nursing a very fragile relationship between the intelligence organ, DISS and his young brother, Tshekedi Khama.
The past few weeks have in particular become a headache for president Khama, with his brother on the loose. This publication has been informed by security sources that DISS’s first planned press conference was aborted at the last minute last week, with the DISS hierarchy resolute on refuting the damning story which appeared in the Sunday Standard newspaper about DISS’s illegal involvement in the smuggling of ivory out of the country.
According to sources, the planned press conference was aborted to save face and prevent a situation where government department could appear to be at war with each other. DISS has never held a press conference before and does not have public relations unit at the moment in its ranks. It is understood that Kgosi was prepared to name and shame at the said press conference. This publication learns that Khama had to be bold and plead with Kgosi to calm down and call off the press conference.
The fallout between Tshekedi and Kgosi came into play a few weeks back when the former, in an unexpected turn of events refused to support DISS supplementary funding, insisting that it was a misplaced request. He pointed out that for the good of the country, the government should get its priorities right.
Tshekedi’s reasons for rejecting DISS request for additional funding was that the money that his ministry always requests to compensate Batswana who lose lives and livestock due to wild animals attacks is always lower than what they require and it has been so for the past few years.
“I become surprised that for the DISS, P15 million can be passed to fix the computers. What are we saying to Batswana? Are we telling them that we cannot compensate them for the damages caused by wildlife or when they have lost a family member yet we can afford to fix computers?” he told parliament then.
The Wildlife anti-poaching intelligence is the brainchild of Tshekedi himself in a bid to protect the wildlife. In clear sign that he would do everything to get what he wants, Tshekedi went on to appoint Brigadier Peter Magosi to head the wildlife intelligence unit. Brigadier Magosi had just been fired by President Khama from the army at the time of his appointment, following a perceived battle between him, Kgosi and others close to President Khama. His expulsion came in the back of the recommendation of the then commander of Botswana Defence Force (BDF) Lt Gen Gaolathe Galaebotswe.
Kgosi is one of Khama’s trusted men, with the two having a close relationship spanning for over two decades. Following his ascendency to the Presidency in 2008, Khama appointed Kgosi the first Director General of the spy unit, the position he has been holding up to date. The DIS boss has remained calm amid accusations levelled against his organisation and by extension himself. He seldom responds to media enquiries and prefers to keep things to himself. However, the burning issues in between him and Tshekedi have seen him provoked to change tact. Kgosi has faced a barrage of accusations, including alleged corruption since his appointment to the position of Director General of the DISS.
According to impeccable sources at both government enclave and within the spy organ, Kgosi has expressed his disappointed with the leakage of information which he deemed sensitive. This publication was further informed that Kgosi said leaking of such sensitive security information such as naming of flights “does not compromise him as an individual but exposes the country to vulnerability.”
On the other side of the aisle is Khama’s younger brother. Tshekedi entered public domain in 2008 when he replaced Khama as Member of Parliament for Serowe North West constituency (now Serowe West) amid a controversy. Upon Khama’s departure, Gomolemo Motswaledi had sought to contest the constituency but was dissuaded from doing so, leaving Tshekedi unopposed for at party primaries.
In 2012, Khama appointed Tshekedi Minister of Environment, Natural Resources Conservation and Tourism, in a move which was perceived as to protect the Khama family business interest. The Khama family is known to have invested in the tourism sector substantially and tourism remains a sector that is dear to them.
The dilemma facing Khama according to informants is that he is incapable of taking sides against neither Kgosi nor Tshekedi or to take a punitive measure against either of them. His inner circle is incapable of resolving the matter as well with the source of antagonism between the Kgosi and Tshekedi still unknown.
This publication was further told by sources that the DISS is of the view that some government departments, not only the wildlife department “desire to do the tasks which are responsibilities of the DIS, therefore causing a conflict between them and the intelligence unit.” Tshekedi Khama has been accused of forming his own intelligence unit at the Ministry of Environment disguising it as an anti-poaching unit.
Former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Member of Parliament for Gaborone North, Haskins Nkaigwa has confirmed his departure from opposition fold to re-join the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Nkaigwa said opposition is extremely divided and the leadership not in talking terms. “They are planning evil against each other. Nothing much will be achieved,” Nkaigwa told WeekendPost.
“I believe my time in the opposition has come to an end. It’s time to be of value to rebuilding our nation and economy of the country. Remember the BDP is where I started my political journey. It is home,” he said.
“Despite all challenges currently facing the world, President Masisi will be far with his promises to Batswana. A leader always have the interest of the people at heart despite how some decisions may look to be unpopular with the people.
“I have faith and full confidence in President Dr Masisi leadership. We shall overcome as party and nation the current challenges bedevilling nations. BDP will emerge stronger. President Masisi will always have my backing.”
Nkaigwa served as opposition legislator between 2014-2019 representing Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) under UDC banner. He joined BMD in 2011 at the height public servant strike whilst Gaborone City Deputy Mayor. He eventually rose to become the mayor same year, after BDP lost majority in the GCC.
Nkaigwa had been a member of Botswana National Front (BNF), having joined from Alliance for Progressives (AP) in 2019.
Botswana has received assistance worth over P100 million from Japanese government since 2019, making the latter of the largest donors to Botswana in recent years.
The assistance include relatively large-scale grant aid programmes such as the COVID-19 programme (to provide medical equipment; P34 million), the digital terrestrial television programme (to distribute receivers to the underprivileged, P17 million), the agriculture promotion programme (to provide agricultural machinery and equipment, P53million).
“As 2020 was a particularly difficult year, where COVID-19 hit Botswana’s economy and society hard, Japan felt the need to assist Botswana as our friend,” said Japan’s new Ambassador to Botswana, Hoshiyama Takashi.
“It is for this reason that grants of over P100 million were awarded to Botswana for the above mentioned projects.”
Japan is now the world’s fourth highest ranking donor country in terms of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
From 1991 to 2000, Japan continued as the top donor country in the world and contributed to Asia’s miracle economic development.
From 1993 onwards, the TICAD process commenced through Japan’s initiative as stated earlier. Japan’s main contribution has been in the form of Yen Loans, which are at a concessional rate, to suit large scale infrastructure construction.
“In Botswana, only a few projects have been implemented using the Yen Loan such as the Morupule “A” Power Station Rehabilitation and Pollution Abatement in 1986, the Railway Rolling Stock Increase Project in 1987, the Trans-Kalahari Road Construction Project in 1991, the North-South Carrier Water Project in 1995 and the Kazungula Bridge Construction Project in 2012,” said Ambassador Hoshiyama.
“In terms of grant aid and technical assistance, Japan has various aid schemes including development survey and master planning, expert dispatch to recipient countries, expert training in Japan, scholarships, small scale grass-roots program, culture-related assistance, aid through international organizations and so on.”
In 1993, Japan launched Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) to promote Africa’s development, peace and security, through the strengthening of relations in multilateral cooperation and partnership.
TICAD discuss development issues across Africa and, at the same time, present “aid menus” to African countries provided by Japan and the main aid-related international organizations, United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank.
“As TICAD provides vision and guidance, it is up to each African country to take ownership and to implement her own development following TICAD polices and make use of the programmes shown in the aid menus,” Ambassordor Hoshiyama noted.
“This would include using ODA loans for quality infrastructure, suited to the country’s own nation-building needs. It is my fervent hope that Botswana will take full advantage of the TICAD process.”
Since then, seven conferences where held, the latest, TICAD 7 being in 2019 at Yokohama. TICAD 7’s agenda on African development focused on three pillars, among them the first pillar being “Accelerating economic transformation and improving business environment through innovation and private sector engagement”.
“Yes, private investment is very important, while public investment through ODA (Official Development Assistance) still plays an indispensable role in development,” the Japanese Ambassador said.
“For further economic development in Africa, Japan recognizes that strengthening regional connectivity and integration through investment in quality infrastructure is key.”
Japan has emphasized the following; effective implementation of economic corridors such as the East Africa Northern Corridor, Nacala Corridor and West Africa Growth Ring; Quality infrastructure investment in line with the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment should be promoted by co-financing or cooperation through the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Japan.
Japan also emphasized the establishment of mechanisms to encourage private investment and to improve the business environment.
According to the statistics issued by Japan’s Finance Ministry, Japan invested approximately 10 billion US dollars in Africa after TICAD 7 (2019) to year end 2020, but Japanese investment through third countries are not included in this figure.
“With the other points factored in, the figure isn’t established yet,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
The next conference, TICAD 8 will be held in Tunisia in 2022. This will be the second TICAD summit to be held on the African continent after TICAD 6 which was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2016.
According to Ambassador Hoshiyama, in preparation for TICAD 8, the TICAD ministerial meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. The agenda to be discussed during TICAD 8 has not yet been fully deliberated on amongst TICAD Co-organizers (Japan, UN, UNDP, the World Bank and AU).
“Though not officially concluded, given the world situation caused by COVID-19, I believe that TICAD 8 will highlight health and medical issues including the promotion of a Universal Health Coverage (UHC),” said Hoshiyama.
“As the African economy has seriously taken a knock by COVID-19, economic issues, including debt, could be an item for serious discussion.”
The promotion of business is expected to be one of the most important topics. Japan and its partners, together with the business sector, will work closely to help revitalize private investment in Africa.
“All in all, the follow-up of the various programs that were committed by the Co-Organizers during the Yokohama Plan of Actions 2019 will also be reviewed as an important item of the agenda,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
“I believe that this TICAD follow-up mechanism has secured transparency and accountability as well as effective implementation of agreed actions by all parties. The guiding principle of TICAD is African ownership and international partnership.”
Directorate on Intelligence Services (DIS) Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi is said to be hell-bent and pushing President Mokgweetsi Masisi to reshuffle his cabinet as a matter of urgency since a number of his ministers are conflicted.
The request by Magosi comes at a time when time is ticking on his contract which is awaiting renewal from Masisi.
This publication learns that Magosi is unshaken by the development and continues to wield power despite uncertainty hovering around his contractual renewal.