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Motsamai’s legacy divides opinions

Botswana Public Employees Union (BOPEU)’s outgoing President; Andrew Motsamai’s role in trade unionism has divided opinions from detractors and admirers alike. Motsamai will leave the BOPEU presidency to head the commercial wing of the union in March this year.


Moeti Mohwasa, Secretary General of Botswana National Front (BNF) remarked that although Motsamai and BNF had a few differences, both believed in the uplifting of workers.“That is one thing that we shared. He did not believe that trade unions should endorse political parties.

But we strongly believed that trade unions should endorse political movements which share the same vision as theirs,” he and added that, “As the Secretary General of BOFEPUSU he was able to lead workers during the 2011 public servants strike in which the workers were able to exercise their right of withdrawing their labour. We believe the right to strike is a fundamental tool for workers to use to bargain for better working conditions and Motsamai helped the workers in doing that.”


Mohwasa added that Motsamai was part of the Botswana Federation of Public Private and Parastatal Sector Unions (BOFEPPPUSU then BOFEPUSU) team which helped found the Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) together with Johnson Motshwarakgole after the collapse of the initial talks.


“We met as BNF at Oasis Motel where he shared with us the need for opposition parties to work together which ultimately led to the formation of UDC though without Botswana Congress Party (BCP). Other than the little differences we had, we shared a common goal on the issues of the plight of workers.”


However, the ruling Botswana Democratic Party’s (BDP) Secretary General, Botsalo Ntuane who described the relationship between his party and outgoing BOPEU president as cordial, has praised Motsamai’s decision to lead BOPEU out of the BOFEPPPUSU federation, as he noted that it was a wise decision.


“We worked well and enjoyed cordial relations with Comrade Motsamai and we hope to maintain the same with his successor and BOPEU at large. Most importantly, we admire him for being part of the BOPEU collective decision to withdraw the union from partisan politics. Our position as the BDP is that unions should not align with political parties because that only serves to divide the membership and subordinates the welfare and interests of workers to partisan agendas,” he said


Ntuane further contended that BOPEU’s withdrawal “was a courageous decision in a union environment characterised by intimidation and intolerance of diverse views. No less important and in testimony to the visionary he is, Comrade Motsamai and his team invested BOPEU time and resources from self serving partisan politics to creating a viable commercial arm meant to improve the livelihood of members. We wish him well and even better success in his new endeavours. Indeed for those with eyes and can see, Comrade Motsamai is possibly a man for the future.”


Meanwhile Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary caucus spokesperson and Gaborone Central legislator, Dr Phenyo Butale, expressed disappointment at Motsamai’s decision to pull BOPEU out of BOFEPPPUSU, saying that it defeated the purpose of a strong and united labour movement.


“We have always engaged all players and we believe workers are an important part of our democracy. We have at times solicited ideas from him on issues of labour but one cannot overlook the fact that they were divisions in the labour movements at the time he was at the helm,” he stated.


Butale’s added that, “We believe this happened at a time when workers needed to be more united than ever. You will recall the 3 percent salary increment in which the other segment of the workers accepted while others fought for something better. We had fundamental differences because we believed nobody should be a spectator and there is a need for trade unions to be involved in the political game but he believed otherwise. Our relationship with him was cordial but had its own challenges because of the divisions in the labour movements.”


Motsamai, who came to power in 2007 was part of the transformation that ushered in the new BOPEU. BOPEU started as staff association as far back as 1942, and then known as Bechuanaland Protectorate Junior Civil Service Association. It later in the 1960s merged with Bechuanaland Protectorate European Senior Civil Service Association to establish Bechuanaland Civil Service Association (BCSA), which after independence, transformed into the Botswana Civil Service Association.


The association went through another transformation process in the 1990s’ when it was now called Botswana Civil Servants Association. In 2007, the association attained Trade Union status, thus giving birth to BOPEU.


BOPEU LEADERSHIP


When Motsamai ascended to the presidency of the newly formed union in 2007, BOPEU had barely 15 000 members, but almost a decade later, the membership stands at more than 32 000, more than 100 percent growth. Perhaps the most significant and also controversial is the transformation of BOPEU’s commercial wing which has paid dividends.   BOPEU’s assets base grew from P10 million in 2008 to P120 million currently, an achievement Motsamai has stated he is proud of.BOPEU has however come under fire often times for its commercialisation route, as many view it as trailing outside of trade unionism whose core mandate is to advocate for workers’ rights and welfare.


SECRETARY GENERAL OF BOFEPPPUSU


Motsamai was the secretary general of BOFEPUSU (now BOFEPPPUSU) when the federation resolved to go on the infamous ‘mother of all strikes’ in 2011. The aftermath of the strike was a broken relationship between government and the unions, expulsion of over 700 public servants and the birth of Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC).


FORMATION OF UDC


Motsamai is often credited with having played a role in the formation of opposition coalition, UDC, which comprised of; Botswana National Front (BNF), Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) and Botswana Peoples Party (BPP). During the 2011 public servants strike, BOFEPUSU leadership had promised to rally behind opposition, provided they contested as one entity.

 

The 100 000 membership of BOFEPPUSU made a compelling case. However the talks soon collapsed. Motsamai was instrumental in resuscitating the talks, meeting the leadership of both political parties in order to convince them to reverse their earlier decision. All opposition parties save for Botswana Congress Party (BCP), which was part of the initial talks agreed to return to the negotiation table. The end result was the formation of the UDC.


BOPEU WITHDRAWAL FROM BOFEPPPUSU
 

The relationship between BOPEU and other BOFEPPPUSU affiliates hit an all time low when the former refused to be part of the resolution that endorsed UDC ahead of the 2014 general elections. BOPEU reasoned that it did not have a mandate to do so while other affiliates opined that having helped found UDC, they had moral obligation to support it. The fall-out set in motion a chain of events which led to the departure of BOPEU from BOFEPPPUSU. The resolution was reached by a majority at the 2015 BOPEU congress. Since then BOPEU and BOFEPPPUSU have been at loggerheads, the latest being a contention over who was eligible to be part of the bargaining council between the two unions.

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No end in sight for Nam, Botswana borderline feud

27th July 2021
Namibian-report

Despite the President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi and his Namibian counterpart, Hage Geingob giving an impression that the borderline security disputes are a thing of the past and that diplomatic ties remain tight, fresh developments from Namibia suggest otherwise, following Geingod’s close confidante’s attack on Botswana and its army.

Giving a Zambezi region state of the affairs last week, a Geingob-appointed governor of Zambezi region, Colonel Lawrence Ampofu, a retired Colonel in the Namibian Defence Force, former plan combatant during the liberation struggle of Namibia, in a written speech, charged at the BDF and condemned their killings of the Namibians as unacceptable.

“The security situation within our borders remains calm. The incidence of the Botswana Defence Force shootings and wanton killings on the Nchindo Brothers on 05 November 2020 and other 37 Namibian lives lost since independence remain a serious challenge with our neighbor, Botswana.

Our residents living along the Chobe, Linyanti and Kwandu rivers are living under constant threats, harassment, fear, intimidation and killings and such activities are condemned and not acceptable,” he said under the safety and security title.

The attack suggests that Namibia has not bought Botswana’s story. Ampofu was part of the entourage that accompanied Geingob to the three Nchindo brothers and their cousin who were gunned down by the BDF, and is reported to be privy to the details of the unpublished Botswana-Namibia joint investigations report about the killings as a governor or political head of the region which has eight electoral constituencies.

The report contains the sensitive details of how the three Namibians referred as poachers by the BDF – and Fisherman by the Namibian government were gunned down on 5 November last year along the Chobe River.  They were Tommy (48), Martin (40) and Wamunyima Nchindo (36), and their cousin Sinvula Muyeme (44).

His views are not really in contrast to his President’s views who also described the BDF as trigger happy in a scripted report to his cabinet.

The Zambezi region is located in the extreme north east part of Namibia and covers a total of 14,667.6 square kilometres. “We share borders with Angola, Zambia to the north, Zimbabwe to the east and Botswana to the South,” he said.

Sampofu was first appointed governor of the former Caprive Region in 2010 by the former Namibian president, Hifikepunye Pohamba and was reappointed as Zambezi governor by President Dr.Hage Geingob in 2015, a term running to 2025.

37 Namibia residents killed by Botswana army so far

Sampofu is a man who continues to insist that Botswana has killed 37 residents of his region. A video posted by the Namibian Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) shows him alleging that at least 37 Namibians were killed by the BDF, after he met with the community at Impalila.

“It is true, the BDF started long ago. As we speak 37 lives have been lost here in Impalila along the Chobe river going to Linyanti and Kwado rivers up to Lizauli. All those families lost their loved ones,” Ampofu said in the video posted by NBC.

It is not known how the BDF, which has maintained their position that the Namibians were engaging in illegal activities of poaching, treats the constant attacks by the Namibian authorities, but they have repeatedly vowed to continue protecting the country’s sovereignty and natural resources.

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Masisi gives KBL the “middle finger”

27th July 2021
President Masisi

Botswana’s premier brewer and leading distributor of beer, Kgalagadi Breweries Limited (KBL), this month dragged the government of Botswana to court after President Mokgweetsi Masisi imposed an alcohol ban with immediate effect. KBL labelled the decision as unjustifiable, irrational and that it overrides the rights that are enshrined in the constitution.

This week, Masisi through attorneys representing the government disparaged the case in his written affidavit of KBL’s application, referring to it as frivolous and that it ought to be dismissed with costs on a punitive scale.

In his court papers, Masisi reminded KBL that Botswana is a Republic whose laws find validity from the constitution, and in terms of Section 17 of the constitution the President is empowered to declare a State of Emergency and that it is a common cause that Botswana is under such state.

“It is common course that there is in existence emergency powers (Covid-19) Regulations 2020 as amended from time to time which is solely designed to regulate the Covid-19 pandemic,” he said.

Masisi pointed out that he denies that the application before Court is proper such as to challenge the lawfulness and validity of a regulation made and a notice published in the exercise of a legislative function in accordance with the Emergency Powers Act which empowers the President to make regulations as appear to him to be necessary and expedient for securing public safety.

Furthermore, the President revealed that the decision to ban alcohol sales was not arrived at willy-nilly, but rather that there had been careful considerations that the risks posed by Covid-19 had increased and therefore it was expedient and necessary to suspend all liquor licenses.

Moreover, Masisi denied that the decision to reinstate the ban should be made by the Director of Health Services as indicated by KBL in their nature of the application, “the Director is to cause the notice to be published in the Gazette after consultation with the President.”

Masisi indicated that the role of the Director of Health Services is to publish a regulation made by the President.

He further, reminded KBL that the power to make regulations in a State of Public Emergency in accordance with the EPA lies with the President, “such power includes the amendment of any enactment, suspending the operation of any enactment or modification of an enactment.”

According to Masisi, his decision to ban alcohol sales was based on evidence provided by the Director of Health Services who indicated to him that there was a sudden spike in the transmission of the Covid-19 virus following the reinstatement of liquor licenses.

Another piece of advice tendered by the Director of Health to Masisi was that bars and other liquor outlets were some of the major hotspots in the sense of such being high-risk areas at which the virus spread rapidly.

“Alcohol was one of the major causes of non-compliance with the health protocols that were put in place to control the spread of the Covid-19 virus. Further, there was an indication that more arrests were made on people failing to adhere to Covid-19 protocols more particularly at places where there were gatherings,” he contended.

He pointed out that therefore, it was expedient and or necessary to preserve lives and to reduce the risks of transmissions of the virus to reinstate the suspension of liquor licenses.

Moreover, the President says that it must be noted that he avers that the Director of Health Services is a credible source on matters of public health of which he also accordingly gave due weight to the Director’s advice on deciding to reinstate the ban through the impugned notice.

“I am aware and was always aware at the time of promulgating the regulation complained of that it shall negatively affect some sectors of the economy. However, after due consideration and receipt of advice, I decided to give priority to the safety and health of the nation,” Masisi said.

He presaged KBL that it would not be prudent and in the best interest of the nation to ignore a health emergency such as Covid-19 and gave preference to trading and making of profits by the applicant. “The results would only be catastrophic to the extent that when we emerge from the scourge we would be left with a depleted and ailing nation from Covid-19 and its side effects.”

Furthermore, his written affidavit further pointed out that the decision to reinstate the ban on alcohol was taken notwithstanding understanding and appreciation of the economic hardships that would befall the country.

However, he said he deliberately made the decision based on the evidence provided to him by the Director of Health, whose evidence he believes to be credible to give public/safety and health priority over economic considerations in some sectors.

In making the decision, Masisi states that he was and considered different options including allowing for sale of alcohol consumption off premises, however the evidence he had been provided with suggested that such other alternatives would not achieve the overall objective of securing public safety and health by reducing the risk of the spread of the virus.

“By the time I imposed the ban, alcohol was already being sold for consumption off-premises. This did not work. The information provided to me by the Director and the Presidential Task-Force team demonstrated that consumers purchased alcohol and then loitered and consumed it within the peripheries of bars and other liquor outlets,” he said.

Attached to the affidavit as emphasis, were photographs and videos of Gaborone West, Phase 4 in mid-June 2021, which he explains circulated on social media and was brought to his attention.

“I need not say much about the photos as they depict a crowd exceeding 50 gathered at the parking area of a bar. There is little or no regard to Covid-19 protocols. It was clear to me and my advisors, including the Director of Health Services and members of the Presidential Task-Force team that the total ban of alcohol was necessary to manage the risk of increase in infections, to understand what seems to have led to an increase in the risk of infection when alcohol is present I was advised by the Presidential Task-Force team that scientifically there has been evidence that alcohol narrows physical distance,” he argued.

Masisi says that allegations made by KBL are serious allegations of infringement of fundamental rights yet they fail to state how imposition and reinstatement of the suspension of liquor licenses out of necessity and expediency of the health of the nation infringes on the rights as alleged.

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Gov’t gives parallel statements on COVAX

27th July 2021
COVAX---lelatisitswe

In  an embarrassing turn of events that depicts disintegration in government communication on the fight against COVID-19, President Mokgweetsi Masisi and Assistant Minister of Health & Wellness, Sethomo Lelatisitswe gave two conflicting statements on the same matter, same day, just minutes apart.

The Commander-in-Chef told health practitioners and residents in Ramotswa that the COVAX facility has scammed African countries after billions were paid in a crowd funding effort to procure COVID-19 vaccines in bulk.

“We have pumped money as developing countries of the African continent into the COVAX Facility but the returns were not satisfactory, they cheated us,” the President said in Ramotswa.

According to President Masisi, the COVAX facility Vaccine only came in bits and pieces, frustrating the continent ‘s head immunity targets amid rapidly spreading Delta Variant which is currently reversing all progress made by Africa in containing the contagious virus.

“What we are getting is very small portions of the vaccine, they keep telling us that there is shortage of supply, this is not fair, but we have paid in advance, however what can we do, we have no choice but to spend more  money and look for other avenues of securing other available vaccines,” he said.

Meanwhile in Gaborone, Assistant Minister of Health and Wellness told Parliament that vaccine from COVAX facility is anchoring Botswana’s vaccination program.

“I am not aware of such information that COVAX facility is not delivering as expected, we are actually bolstered by COVAX facility in this country,” he said responding to a question from Mahalapye West Member of Parliament David Tshere who is also Chairman of Parliament Committee On Health and HIV/AIDS.

“We have received doses as ordered from the COVAX facility, and we are still receiving more, I have not seen that information which is purported to have been revealed by the President, unless its new information, we as the Ministry we are not aware of any frustrations by the COVAX facility,” he said.

COVAX is co-led by the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), Gavi and the World Health Organization (WHO), alongside key delivery partner UNICEF.

Its aim is to accelerate the development and manufacture of COVID-19 vaccines, and to guarantee fair and equitable access for every country in the world.

The facility is a global coalition that works to ensure fair and equitable access of COVID-19 vaccines around the world. So far, 190 countries have joined the COVAX initiative, including all 22 countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region.

The COVAX Facility aims to have 2 billion doses of COVID-19 vaccines available for distribution across the globe by the end of 2021, targeting those most at risk (e.g. frontline health workers) and most vulnerable severe diseases and death (e.g. elderly and people with co-morbidities).

On other vaccination issues President Masisi revealed, still in Greater Gaborone vaccination centre visits, that Botswana has placed orders with Pfizer, a United States vaccine producer noting that they have promised to deliver next year.

Meanwhile, government kick-started phase two of the Covid-19 vaccination program this week, opening up for ages between 30 and 54.

President Masisi revealed that this was done because some elderly were reluctant to be inculcated.

“We can’t take forever trying to convince people to take vaccine, we moved to the next age segments because we cannot afford to have vaccines-which are already in shortage supply to just lie there,” he said.

On Friday, Ministry of Health revealed that it was receiving large numbers of people below the age of 55 lining up to be vaccinated.

In a statement the Ministry of Health said it, “acknowledges the huge turnout that marked the commencement of the Phase two COVID-19 vaccination program”.

Given this high turnout, especially in the Greater Gaborone region, the ministry announced an extension of operation hours in order to serve the huge crowds that had come for vaccination.

Of the nearly 85 000 doses that were being doled across the country as first doses, the majority of the Greater Gaborone vaccination sites were already getting depleted by 1800hrs on 22 July 2021.

As a result of this development, the ministry took a decision to discontinue the extended hours of operation announced yesterday for vaccination sites in Gaborone.

This means that vaccination sites in Gaborone and elsewhere in the country which still have some vaccines, will offer them in the normal working hours and days of the week.

The Ministry says it appreciates the great desire to be vaccinated shown by thousands of citizens and residents of this country and wishes to assure them that it will continue to expedite their vaccination every time vaccines become available. As has been communicated in various fora, more vaccines are expected in August 2021.

As at July 2021, Botswana has so far received 62, 400 doses of AstraZeneca/COVISHIELD bought through the Covax facility, 30,000 doses of AstraZeneca vaccine donated by the Republic of India, 19, 890 doses of the Pfizer vaccine bought through the COVAX facility, 200, 000 doses of the Sinovac vaccine, donated by the Peoples Republic of China and another 200, 000 doses of the Sinovac vaccine bought through bilateral negotiations with Sinovac company in China.

“We encourage Batswana to remain hopeful that although it’s taking longer than anticipated, enough COVID-19 vaccines will eventually arrive in our country. We urge them to always strictly abide by all COVID-19 protocols so that they protect themselves and others from this deadly virus,” the ministry said.

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