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Botswana looks to the stars with SKA

Prof. Philip Diamond the SKA Director-General

On Monday the 4th of July at the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) global headquarters in the UK, Prof. Philip Diamond the SKA Director-General announced the addition of a new precursor telescope located in South Africa.

SKA is a large multi radio telescope project primarily being built in South Africa and Australia and is anticipated to be complete by 2025.

Other outstations will be built in Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia and Zambia; all equipped with radio telescopes contributing to the network. Once complete SKA will be the most advanced radio astronomy array, fifty times more sensitive than any other instrument and ten thousand times faster.

The first telescope to ever be turned towards the heavens was made by Galileo Galilei, with it he was the first to see craters in the moon. Galileo also observed that the Earth and all the other planets circle the sun, he made this observation at a time when celestial bodies were thought to orbit the Earth.

There is no telling what SKA will show us but expectations are plenty. Einstein’s theory of general relativity will be tested, billions of galaxies mapped out to the very edge of the observable universe and the processes leading to the birth and evolution of galaxies will be studied.

Most exciting of all; SKA will be able to look closer at Sun-like stars where Earth-like planets or moons are most likely to have environments favourable for the development of life. This combined with an ability to search for complex organic compounds will make the search for life outside the planet Earth a reality.

These functions outlined on the official SKA website are not exhaustive. A greater appreciation of this technology and the implications it brings comes with a greater understanding of space related sciences. With that in mind Botswana is making preparations to train Batswana scientists, so that when the SKA project is implemented in Botswana in 2023 they will be in a position to make use of the advantages offered by hosting radio telescopes.

In a published press release in April this year the Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST) announced that the institution would host Botswana’s radio-astronomy training facility.

The funding to setup this facility comes from the Newton Fund, an initiative established by the British Council in 2014 to promote economic development and welfare by strengthening science and innovation capacity. Dr. Mhlambululi Mafu in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at BIUST will lead the training facility project.

The new telescope granted precursor status by SKA is the Hydrogen Epoch of Reionisation Array (HERA). Precursors are telescopes located at future SKA sites and serve as a form of prototype for future SKA telescopes.

The scientific goal of HERA is detecting the Epoch of Reionisation signal. Detecting this signal will give insight on many fundamental questions in cosmology, such as properties of the first galaxies, formation of very metal poor stars and many other important research topics in astrophysics which will give a view on what the universe looked like when it was half a billion years old. For now the world continues to watch and to wait, and recall the words of a Roman philosopher named Seneca who lived 2000 years ago.

“The time will come when diligent research over long periods will bring to light things which now lie hidden. A single lifetime, even though entirely devoted to the sky, would not be enough for the investigation of so vast a subject… And so this knowledge will be unfolded only through long successive ages. There will come a time when our descendants will be amazed that we did not know things that are so plain to them… Many discoveries are reserved for ages still to come, when memory of us will have been effaced.”

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Fighting vulture poisoning in KAZA region.

3rd February 2023
As a response to avert vulture poisoning currently going on in Botswana and KAZA region, Birdlife Botswana has collaborated with three other partners (BirdWatch Zambia, BirdLife International & Birdlife Zimbabwe) to tackle wildlife poisoning which by extension negatively affect vulture populations.

The Director of Birdlife Botswana, Motshereganyi Virat Kootshositse has revealed in an interview that the project which is funded by European Union’s main goal is to reduce poisoning related vultures’ death and consequently other wildlife species death within the KAZA region.

He highlighted that Chobe district in Botswana has been selected as a pilot site as it has experienced rampant incidents of vulture poisoning for the past few months. In August this year at least 50 endangered white backed vultures were reported dead at Chobe National Park, Botswana after feeding on a buffalo carcass laced with poison.  In November this year again 43 white backed vultures were found dead and two alive after feeding on a zebra suspected to have poisoned.  Other selected pilots’ sites are Kafue in Zambia and Hwange in Zimbabwe.

Kootshositse further explained they have established a national and regional Wildlife Poisoning Committee. He added that as for the national committee they have engaged various departments such as Crop Productions, Agro Chemicals, Department of Veterinary Services, Department of Wildlife and National Parks and other NGOs such as Raptors Botswana to come together and find a long-lasting solution to address wildlife poisoning in Botswana. ‘Let’s have a strategy or a plan together to tackle wildlife poisoning,’ he stated

He also decried that there is gap in the availability of data about vulture poisoning or wildlife in general. ‘If we have a central point for data, it will help in terms of reporting and advocacy’, he stated

He added that the regional committee comprises of law enforcement officers such as BDF and Botswana police, village leadership such as Village Development Committee and Kgosi. ‘We need to join hand together and protect the wildlife we have as this will increase our profile for conservation and this alone enhances our visitation and boost our local economy,’ he noted

Kootshositse noted that Birdlife together with DWNP also addressed series of meeting in some villages in the Chobe region recently. The purpose of kgotla meetings was to raise awareness on the conservation and protection of vultures in Chobe West communities.

‘After realizing that vulture poisoning in the Chobe areas become frequent, we realise that we need to do something about it.  ‘We did a public awareness by addressing several kgotla meetings in some villages in the Chobe west,’ he stated

He noted that next year they are going to have another round of consultations around the Chobe areas and the approach is to engage the community into planning process. ‘Residents should be part of the plan of actions and we are working with farmers committee in the areas to address vulture poisoning in the area, ‘he added

He added that they have found out that some common reasons for poisoning wildlife are farmers targeting predators such as lions in retaliation to killing of their livestock. Another common incident cross border poaching in the Chobe area as poachers will kills an elephant and poison its carcass targeting vultures because of their aerial circling alerting authorities about poaching activities.

Kootshositse noted that in the last cases it was disheartening the incidents occurred three months apart. He added that for the first time they found that some of the body parts of some vultures were missing. He added harvesting of body parts of vultures is not a common practice in Botswana, although it is used in some parts of Africa. ‘We suspect that someone took advantage of the availability of carcasses and started harvesting their body parts,’

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Giant in the making: Everton Mlalazi

3rd February 2023

The music industry is at a point where artists are jostling for space because there are so many aspirants trying to get their big break, thus creating stiff competition.

In the music business it’s about talent and positioning. You need to be at the right place at the right time with the right people around you to propel you forward.
Against all odds, Everton Mlalazi has managed to takeover the gospel scene effortlessly.
To him, it’s more than just a breakthrough to stardom, but a passion as well as mission directly appointed by the Lord.

Within a short space of 2 years after having decided to persue a solo career, Mlalazi has already made it into international music scene, with his music receiving considerable play on several gospel television and radio stations in Botswana including other regional stations like Trace Africa, One Gospel, Metro FM in South Africa, Hope FM in Kenya and literally all broadcast stations in Zimbabwe.

It doesn’t only stop there, as the musician has already been nominated 2 times and 2 awards which are Bulawayo Arts Awards (BAA) best Male artists 2022, StarFM listerners Choice Award, Best Newcomer 2021 and ZIMA Best Contemporary Gospel 2022, MLA awards Best Male artist & Best Gospel Artist 2022.

Everton’s inspiration stems from his ultimate passion and desire to lead people into Godly ways and it seems it’s only getting started.
The man is a gospel artist to put on your radar.

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African countries call on WHO to increase funding

2nd February 2023

Minister of Health Dr Edwin Dikoloti says Africa member states call on World Health Organization (WHO) to ensure equitable resource allocation for 2024-2025. Dr Dikoloti was speaking this week at the WHO Executive Board Meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.

He said countries agreed that there is need to address the budget and funding imbalances by increasing the programme budget share of countries and regions to 75% for the next year.

“The proposed budget for 2024-2025 marks an important milestone as it is the first in Programme Budget in which country offices will be allocated more than half of the total budget for the biennium. We highly welcome this approach which will enable the organization to deliver on its mandate while fulfilling the expectations for transparency, efficiency and accountability.”

The Botswana Health Minister commended member states on the extension of the General Programme of Work (GPD 13) and the Secretariat work to monitor the progress towards the triple billion targets, and the health-related SDGs.

“We welcome the Director’s general proposed five priorities which have crystalized into the “five Ps” that are aligned with the GPW 13 extension. Impact can only be achieved through close coordination with, and support to national health authorities. As such, the strengthening of country offices is instrumental, with particular focus on strengthening national health systems and on promoting more equitable access to health services.”

According to Dr Dikoloti, the majority of countries with UHC index that is below the global median are in the WHO Africa region. “For that, we call on the WHO to enhance capacity at the regional and national levels in order to accelerate progress. Currently, the regional office needs both technical and financial support in order to effectively address and support country needs.”

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