The Bank of Botswana Annual Report for the year ended December 2016, which was released and shared with cabinet early this week on Tuesday has highlighted that the bank was successful in the implementation of its work programmes and, in general, achieved its policy objectives during 2016.
The Report provides a summary of the operational activities and audited financial statements of the Bank for the period ended December 31, 2016. According to an overview available on Bank of Botswana website, the report outlines the accountability framework for the Bank’s performance which include functions and responsibilities from conducting of monetary policy, maintaining financial stability, implementation of the exchange rate policy, the design and issuance of currency, management of foreign exchange reserves to regulation and supervision of banks, oversight of the payments systems and provision of banking and settlement services to Government, commercial banks and other financial institutions as well as economic research and policy advice.
According to Governor, Moses Pelaelo in his foreword, 2016 was of special significance to the Bank in several ways. “The banking industry remained sound, prudently managed, solvent, liquid and profitable. All licensed banks met the minimum prudential requirements as set out in the Banking Act and Banking Regulations. The industry’s profitability was due to the increase in both net interest income and non-interest income.”
Further, the report contains a theme topic titled Botswana’s Trade Pattern, International Investment and Regional Economic Integration: Opportunities for Industrial Development and Inclusive Growth. “The topic reviews Botswana’s external sector, in particular, trade and investment performance, related institutional and policy support, and suggests opportunities that should be exploited through trade and industrial policies to stimulate sustainable economic diversification, inclusive growth and job creation,” reads the statement signed by the recently appointed Pelaelo.
However, according to the statement, as in the previous year, the domestic and external environment was less favourable and uncertain. Global economic activity was weak in 2016 relative to 2015, with varying performance across countries and regions. In August 2016 the Bank rate was reduced by 0.5 % point to 5.5 percent due to a positive medium-term outlook for inflation and a stable financial environment which provided scope for monetary policy easing to support economic activity.
The monetary policy easing was undertaken moreover, to encourage productive commercial bank lending and market efficiency, as well as alleviate the cost of liquidity absorption. The 2016 report also states that due to projected low inflation in Botswana compared to trading partner countries, the nominal effective exchange rate (NEER) of the Pula crawled upwards by 0.38 percent during 2016, while the Pula basket weights were 50 percent each for the South African rand and the Special Drawing Rights (SDR). ”However, the real effective exchange rate (REER) depreciated by 0.8 percent in 2016, as the upward rate of crawl was smaller than the inflation differential between Botswana and its trading partner countries.”
The banking sector was adequately capitalized, profitable and liquid as at December 31, 2016. The industry’s compliance with the regulatory and prudential requirements was satisfactory. Most banks reported higher levels of profit compared to the previous year, with the exception of Standard Chartered Bank, First National Bank, Bank of India and Bank SBI.
According to the governor, the banking sector’s balance sheet increased by 5.2 % from P76.7 billion in December 2015 to P80.7 billion in December 2016. The 4.1 percent and 8.7 percent growth in total deposits and capital, respectively, supported the increase in government bonds, treasury bills and gross loans and advances. “Even so, annual credit growth slowed from 7.1 percent at the end of 2015 to 6.2 percent at the end of 2016 because of the slower rate of increase in lending to both households and businesses,” Pelaelo observed.
Notably the bank ‘s financial performance fell tremendously as the Bank’s total assets fell by P7.8 billion to P77.6 billion in December 2016, of which P76.8 billion (P84.9 billion in 2015) was foreign exchange reserves. “The reserves were equivalent to 17 months of imports of goods and services.
The decrease in foreign exchange reserves, in Pula terms, reacts a drawdown in the Government Investment Account, market and currency valuation losses, the latter being due to the appreciation of the Pula against currencies in which the reserves are held.” The Bank’s net income for the year 2016 also fell to P1.4 billion, compared to P9.1 billion in 2015, however 2016 saw the Bank register currency gains of P2.2 billion from the Currency Revaluation Reserve, the net distributable income was P3.6 billion, which was higher than the P2.3 billion given to Government in 2015.
The Bank of Botswana Governor states in the report that the focus on skills development, through appropriate short and long-term training programmes, and staff welfare improvement was maintained with a view to sustaining the Bank’s operational and leadership capability and productivity.
According to the statement, Botswana Certificates (BoBCs) decreased from P8.2 billion at the end of 2015 to P7.9 billion in December 2016. Repurchase Agreements (repos) and reverse repos were used during the year to manage liquidity in between BoBCs auctions, resulting in outstanding reverse repos of P1.3 billion at the end of 2016 compared to P1.7 billion in December 2015.
As in 2015, there were no outstanding repos at the end of 2016 The 14-day BoBC weighted average yield decreased from 0.97 percent in December 2015 to 0.84 percent in December 2016, while the yield on the 91-day BoBC decreased from 1.17 percent to 1.01 percent in the same period. The prime lending rate of the commercial banks decreased from 7.5 percent in 2015 to 7 percent in 2016 in line with the Bank’s decision to reduce the Bank Rate by 0.5 percentage points during the year. Meanwhile, the nominal 3-month (88-day) deposit interest rate decreased from 2.5 percent in December 2015 to 2.03 percent at the end of 2016.
The Bulb World Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and entrepreneur, Ketshephaone Jacob has been selected as a 2021 Top 50 Africa’s Business Hero.
Jacob was chosen from a pool of 12,000 applicants – many of whom are highly-skilled and accomplished entrepreneurs.
Africa’s Business Hero, sponsored by technology entrepreneur, Jack Ma, aims to identify, support and inspire the next generation of African entrepreneurs who are making a difference in their local communities, working to solve the most pressing problems, and building a more sustainable and inclusive economy for the future.
The initiative is as inclusive as possible and applications were open in English and French to entrepreneurs from all African countries, all sectors, and all ages who operate businesses formally registered and headquartered in an African country, and that have a 3 year-track record.
Every year, finalists are selected to compete in the ABH finale pitch competition and participate in a TV Show that will be broadcast online and across the continent.
The finalists will compete for a share of US $1.5 million in grant money.
The Bulb World, is home grown LED light manufacturing company, which was partly funded by Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency (CEDA) at the tune of P4 million, to manufacture LED lighting bulbs for both commercial and residential use in 2017.
The Bulb World operate from the Special Economic Zone of Selibe Phikwe. Early this year, The BulB World announced its expansion to South Africa, setting in motion its ambitious Africa expansion plan.
During the first quarter of 2021, production in Botswana’s economic nucleus- the mining sector contracted by 12 percent. This is according to Mining Production Index released by Statistics Botswana this week.
The country’s central data body revealed that Index of Mining production stood at 74.4 during the first quarter of 2021, showing a negative year on-year growth of 12.0 percent, from 84.6 registered during the first quarter of 2020.
The main contributor to the decline in mining production came from the Diamonds sector, which contributed negative 11.7 percentage points. Soda Ash was the only positive contributor in the mining production, contributing 0.1 of a percentage point. However Soda Ash’s contribution was insignificant to offset the negative contribution made by Diamonds.
The quarter-on-quarter analysis by Statistics Botswana experts shows an increase of 16.3 percent from the index of 64.0 during the fourth quarter of 2020 to 74.4 observed during the period under review.
Diamond production decreased by 12.1 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. The decrease was as a result of planned strategy to align production with weaker trading conditions mostly linked to Covid-19 protocols restrictions.
Botswana’s diamond sector is underpinned by Debswana, the country’s flagship rough producer- a 50-50 joint venture between government and global mining giant De Beers Group. The other producer is Canadian based Lucara Diamond Corp through its wholly owned Karowe Mine which is a relatively small but significant production that has made a name for itself worldwide with rare diamond recoveries of unprecedented carat size.
On the other hand, quarter-on quarter analysis shows that production has improved, registering a positive growth of 17.5 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the preceding quarter – 2020 Q4.
Though production was significantly lower in the first quarter, the two producers ended Q2 with rare diamond recoveries. Debswana early last month found the world’s third largest gem diamond – weighing 1098 carat at Jwaneng Mine, its flagship gem quality diamonds producer, also regarded the world’s richest diamond mine.
A week later Lucara announced its second biggest recovery, the 1174 carat clivage near-gem dug from its Karowe Mine. The diamond is the world third in carat size after the plus-3000 carat Cullinan found in South Africa back in 1905 and the 1758 carat Sewelo unearthed at its Karowe mine in 2019. Debswana and Lucara are investing billions of pulas in underground mining projects to extend the life of its mines, Jwaneng & Karowe respectively.
In terms of Gold which is produced at Mupani mine near Botswana’s second city of Francistown output decreased by 17.9 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
Similarly, quarter-on-quarter analysis reflects that production decreased by 21.4 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the preceding quarter. The decrease was as a result of the deteriorating lifespan of the mine as well as the impact of COVID-19 which slowed down the mining activities.
Soda Ash production increased by 11.1 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. In terms of quarter-on-quarter Soda Ash production also showed an increase, picking up by 2.1 percent during the period under review. The increase in production is attributable to the effectiveness of the plant following refurbishment which occurred in the third quarter of 2020.
Salt production decreased by 34.0 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the same quarter of the previous year. Similarly, the quarter-on-quarter analysis shows that salt production registered a decrease of 32.9 percent during the period under review. Both salt and Sodash are produced by partly government owned Botswana Ash (BotsAsh) operating from Sowa town near Makgadikgadi pans.
Coal production decreased by 11.2 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the corresponding quarter of the previous year. The decrease was attributed to the reduced demand from Morupule B Power Station following the remedial works being undertaken, as one boiler was in operation during the period under review.
Although production fell, Statistics Botswana says there was no shortfall in supply of coal due to stockpiling. On the other hand, the quarter-on-quarter comparison shows that coal production increased by 20.4 percent compared to the preceding quarter.
Botswana’s flagship coal producer is Morupule Coal Mine; a wholly state owned mining company located in Palapye producing primarily for Botswana Power Corporation (BPC)’s power generation plants Morupule A & B.
The other coal producer is Botswana Stock Exchange listed Minergy which operates a 390 MT Coal Resource mine in Masama near Media in the southwestern edge of the Mmamabula Coalfields.
Department of Mines in the Ministry of Mineral Resources, Green Technology & Energy Security has awarded mining licence to Tshukudu Metals-a subsidiary of Aussie firm Sandfire Resources ,giving the company a green light to start piecing the ground at its Motheo Copper Project near Gantsi.
Lefoko Moagi, minister in charge of mineral resources in Botswana confirmed to weekendpost on Tuesday. Minister Moagi revealed that “the licence has been approved , but Sandfire Resources as a listed company will report to its shareholders and investors then make an official public statement” he said.
Based on a forecast copper price of US$3.16/lb (reflecting current long-term consensus pricing) the Base Case 3.2Mtpa – Ghantsi copper project is forecast to generate US$664 million (over P7 billion) in pre-tax free cash-flow and US$987 million (over P10 billion) in EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortisation), at a forecast all-in sustaining cost of US$1.76/lb over its first 10 years of operations.
In December 2020, the Board of Sandfire Resources approved the commercial development of the Motheo Copper Mine located in the Kalahari Copper Belt in Botswana, marking a key step in its transformation into a global, diversified, and sustainable mining company.
Tshukudu Metals Botswana (Pty) Limited (Tshukudu) a 100% owned subsidiary will be the owner and operator of the Motheo Copper Mine which is scheduled to produce up to 30,000 tonnes per annum of copper in concentrate over a 12 year mine life.TMB is targeting development of its Motheo Copper Mine in 2021 and 2022, with its first production in 2023.
GOVERNMENT NOT TAKING UP 15 % STAKE ON OFFER
Beginning of this year presentations were made to the Department of Mines as part of the Mining Licence approval process and to the Ghanzi Regional Council, additional information was requested by Department of Mines in April and was duly supplied by the company.
As part of the Mining Licence approval process, the Government of Botswana has a right to acquire up to a 15% fully contributing interest in all mining projects locally. Quizzed on whether government through Mineral Development Corporation Botswana (MDCB) would be taking up stake in the project Minister Moagi said, “No consideration is being made on that regard”.
“Government is not considering taking up a stake in the Ghantsi Copper Mine project, every opportunity is assessed on all risks, but Government makes money all the while from leases, taxes and royalties, remember if you take stake you are liable for liabilities of the project as well,” Moagi said.
Last month Sandfire announced that it has awarded over P5 billion worth mining contract to African Mining Services (AMS), a subsidiary of Perenti, to deliver the open cast operation.
The contract, which has an estimated value of US$496 million (over 5 billion), is the largest single operational contract for the new Motheo Project covering a period of 7 years and 3 months, with provision for a one-year extension.
The contract according to Sandfire Resources was awarded following a competitive 3-stage tender process which saw a number of key factors taken into consideration when selecting the preferred contractor.
These included Citizen Economic Empowerment, safety culture, equipment suitability and availability, commercial terms and identified improvement opportunities. Under the terms of the contract, AMS has agreed to form a 70:30 Joint Venture with a suitable local Botswana partner or partners.
The JV is expected to be finalized ahead of commencement of mining in early 2022. African Mining Services has been operating in Africa for over 30 years. AMS’ parent company, ASX listed diversified mining services group Perenti, already has a presence in Botswana through Barminco, their underground mining division, at the large-scale Khoemacau Copper Mine located 200km north-east of Motheo.
Last month Sandfire executives said the award of the open pit mining contract represents another key milestone in advancing the Motheo Project towards production, with all components of the contract in line with the key parameters outlined in the December 2020 Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS).
The company said full-scale construction of the US$279 million (over P 3 billion ) mine development is expected to commence immediately upon receipt of the Mining Licence, with mining scheduled to commence in early 2022 ahead of first production in early 2023. This week Sandfire Resources advertised over 10 positions in calling on applications from geologists, mining engineers and geotechnical engineers.
The Motheo mine has an initial mine life of 12.5 years based on production from the T3 pit. The initial development is expected to generate approximately 1,000 jobs during the construction phase and 600 direct full-time jobs during operations, with at least 95% of the total mine workforce expected to be made of up of Botswana citizens.
Later in the week Sandfire Resources announced in the company website that it has received the licence. Sandfire’s Managing Director and CEO, Mr Karl Simich, said the award of the Mining Licence represented a major milestone that would see a significant increase in construction and development activities on site.
“We are absolutely delighted to now be in a position to move to full-scale construction at Motheo, with our construction crews expected to mobilise to site over the next few days. I would like to thank the Government of Botswana for their support throughout the approvals process, which will see Motheo come on-stream in 2023 as one of very few new copper mines commencing production globally.”
Simich said the project is expected to generate approximately 1,000 jobs during construction and 600 full-time jobs during operations, and represents the foundation for Sandfire’s long-term growth plans in Botswana.
“Our vision is that Motheo will form the centre of a new, long-life copper production hub in in the central portion of the world-class Kalahari Copper Belt, where we hold an extensive ground-holding spanning Botswana and Namibia,” he said.