The cry has been heard. The sounds of students in pain, anguish and sustained uncertainty has reached the corridors of power. The Botswana Qualifications Authority (BQA) has revealed during a press briefing this past week that those who seek to make profits by hoaxing tertiary students will face the music.
This comes after several institutions were discovered to be providing courses and programmes that have not been accredited by the body responsible for such, being BQA. The Department of Tertiary Education and Financing has not been spared the rod as it was accused to have in certain instances colluded with some tertiary institutions. This scenario saw some tertiary students, such as those at Botho University College demonstrating in riots that ended up in brutal and sometimes bloody encounters with the Botswana Police Service.
BQA has responded by developing a ‘Learner Protection Policy’ which is an instrument designed purely to protect the current learner in the vent that the course and or programme that he and or she has been enrolled in “for whatever reason is discontinued”. The Chief Executive Officer of BQA, Mr. Abel Modungwa further revealed that the ‘Learner Protection Policy’ will also protect a potential student who has not yet registered with an accredited institution. Modungwa stated that “such a potential student will be protected in the event that the programme he and or she enrolls for is discontinued for whatever reason”.
This will either be a refund or being enrolled for a course similar to the one previously enrolled for. Under the past scenario, students were at the mercy of institutions as they were expected to sign conditions of study and training and there was nowhere in those documents were the students were protected against abuse, hoax behaviours and whatever form of fraud from institutions. some institutions had to discontinue their courses after it was revealed that such courses were being taught by ‘fake’ lectures.
Business Botswana has also entered the fray to ensure that the business community, particularly in the education sector, are compliant with the BQA regulations as the new law demands. Mr. Setume of Business Botswana confirmed this development. He noted that, they have as Business Botswana together with other appropriate and relevant stakeholders joined the BQA in a nation wide tour that began this past week at planet lodge in block 3 where the main and primary objective is to encourage education institutions to apply for accreditation and comply with the set standards. The deadline for this applications under the new regulations is end of this year.
Mr. Setume in positing the importance of Business Botswana in this BQA national tour emphasised that “we are as Business Botswana are quite clear of the implications on the new law and hence our inspiration to go out there and engage our members in the education business to apply and comply, otherwise they will no longer be in business.” He continued that though they occasionally consult with their counter parts in the public education system, Business Botswana operates as the voice of reason of the private sector, and they are thus a part of this BQA national tour primarily in the interest of private institutions in the education sector.
To engage the students and ensure that the popular saying of ‘nothing for us without us’ is a reality, the student representatives will through their Student Representatives Councils be the ‘ears and the eyes’ of the student community. This is to ensure that the students get value for money and that the courses are taught as advertised and packaged.
The CEO of BQA noted that this development of ensuring that the battle to restore, grow and sustain growth of quality education needs participation of all stakeholders and further emphasised that “we cannot win this battle alone, BQA cannot be everywhere at the same time, it is upon all of us to do that.” This notion was also noted by the Business Botswana official as he posited that “we can assure Batswana that they will have value for money from their investments in school fees”. Setume further added that the private sector is not foreign to quality assurance and that quality is not a linear process but rather a continuous improvement process that calls for more interventions amongst relevant stakeholders.
One of the developments is that after the 01st of January 2017, BQA will issue through the media and other public forums a list of all accredited institutions and programmes so that students applying to any tertiary institution and for any programme, is able to know immediately if such a programme and course as desired is accredited and not just a hoax as has been reported in the past with some courses not accredited and in other instances programmes being taught by ‘fake’ lectures.
PART IV on the Registration of Existing Tertiary Institutions state that ‘the council shall prepare and publish by notice in the Government Gazette a register of all tertiary institutions to which section 21 applies and in respect of which details have been received, and shall in that publication, indicate in respect of each such tertiary institution whether all particulars set out in the application under section 21 have been supplied”.
The new regulations are a result of the changes to the effect that as the new act prescribes; the Authority known as the Botswana Training Authority (BOTA) established under section 3 of the repealed Act, is hereby continued under the new name of the Botswana Qualifications Authority, and shall continue to exist as if established under this Act. The new regulations amongst others do not give institutions an option to apply as it is now an obligation. Under the old laws institutions had the option of ‘may’ apply, as opposed to the new regulations which stipulates that institutions ‘shall’ apply for accreditation, and this application shall go through rigorous checks and consideration. BQA is responsible for all qualifications from early childhood to tertiary level.
Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.
These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.
The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”
The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.
“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”
Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.
The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.
The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.
Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.
One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.
But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.
One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.
Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.
In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.
Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.
Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.
United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.
According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.
“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.
A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.
Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.
In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”
While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.
Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility. Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.
For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies. European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.
It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.
According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.
The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.
“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”
“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.” The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”