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Seretse woos Swedish companies

The Minister of Trade Investment and Industry, Vincent Seretse has revealed that that several Swedish companies have over the years invested a total of U$57.3 million in Botswana, with corresponding employment levels of 269 people.

Speaking during President Lt Gen Ian Khama’s visit to Sweden this week, Seretse said Botswana is encouraged by the increasing level of interest by Swedish companies to invest in Botswana. “I would like to take a moment to openly invite other Swedish businesses to consider utilizing Botswana as an effective launch pad for your investment interests in Africa,” he said pushing his government’s foreign direct investment initiative.

Seretse observed that the existence of a Double Taxation Avoidance Treaty between Botswana and Sweden, which came into effect on the 1st July 1993, should have facilitated more investment by Swedish companies into Botswana than what has been currently recorded. He said the low investment levels may be a sign that the two countries did not effectively expose each other to the abundant investment opportunities that exist between the two countries.

The minister said Botswana has long devised appropriate policies and frameworks aimed at utilizing the country’s desirable attributes of peace and stability. “Our location advantage in SADC, prudent economic management, skills availability, and investment grade sovereign credit ratings, to position the country as an investment gateway for Africa, and we are here to share with you some of these policies,” he said.

According to Minister Seretse, despite the long standing bilateral relations between the two countries, trade between Botswana and Sweden has remained negligible with the balance of trade in favour of Sweden. He shared that Sweden exports to Botswana increased from US$3.7 million to US$5.2 million between 2015 and 2016.

In addition, Seretse said export products mainly include products of HS Chapter 85, and notably telephone sets. He observed that there is an opportunity to increase trade flows between Botswana and Sweden, especially through the recently signed SADC EU Economic Partnership Agreement.

The Minister said the Botswana Government is also keen to explore the Open Trade Gate Sweden, to assist Botswana companies with market entry information and strategies to effectively export to Sweden. “Botswana’s long-standing management of her economy, attests to her readiness to effectively host sophisticated global, multinational companies.

My Ministry is accelerating the implementation of reforms to improve the ease of Doing Business in Botswana. We are in the process of drafting a Business Facilitation Law, that will cause consequential amendments to many of the current laws that impact the ease of doing business in Botswana,” said Seretse.

Botswana has also been working with the World Bank Group formulate a Doing Business Reforms Roadmap, which brings many other compelling administrative reforms to ensure quality service standards, and quick turnaround times in facilitating investors, Seretse said. He added that all this is done with a strong aspiration to advance Botswana’s position as a leading Business and Investment destination in Africa. “I believe that through this networking lunch, we will interact and share more with you on why you should choose Botswana as you expand your business footprint in Africa.”

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Botswana on high red alert as AML joins Covid-19 to plague mankind

21st September 2020

This century is always looking at improving new super high speed technology to make life easier. On the other hand, beckoning as an emerging fierce reversal force to equally match or dominate this life enhancing super new tech, comes swift human adversaries which seem to have come to make living on earth even more difficult.

The recent discovery of a pandemic, Covid-19, which moves at a pace of unimaginable and unpredictable proportions; locking people inside homes and barring human interactions with its dreaded death threat, is currently being felt.

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Finance Committee cautions Gov’t against imprudent raising of debt levels

21st September 2020
Finance Committe Chairman: Thapelo Letsholo

Member of Parliament for Kanye North, Thapelo Letsholo has cautioned Government against excessive borrowing and poorly managed debt levels.

He was speaking in  Parliament on Tuesday delivering  Parliament’s Finance Committee report after assessing a  motion that sought to raise Government Bond program ceiling to P30 billion, a big jump from the initial P15 Billion.

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Gov’t Investment Account drying up fast!  

21st September 2020
Dr Matsheka

Government Investment Account (GIA) which forms part of the Pula fund has been significantly drawn down to finance Botswana’s budget deficits since 2008/09 Global financial crises.

The 2009 global economic recession triggered the collapse of financial markets in the United States, sending waves of shock across world economies, eroding business sentiment, and causing financiers of trade to excise heightened caution and hold onto their cash.

The ripple effects of this economic catastrophe were mostly felt by low to middle income resource based economies, amplifying their vulnerability to external shocks. The diamond industry which forms the gist of Botswana’s economic make up collapsed to zero trade levels across the entire value chain.

The Upstream, where Botswana gathers much of its diamond revenue was adversely impacted by muted demand in the Midstream. The situation was exacerbated by zero appetite of polished goods by jewelry manufacturers and retail outlets due to lowered tail end consumer demand.

This resulted in sharp decline of Government revenue, ballooned budget deficits and suspension of some developmental projects. To finance the deficit and some prioritized national development projects, government had to dip into cash balances, foreign reserves and borrow both externally and locally.

Much of drawing was from Government Investment Account as opposed to drawing from foreign reserve component of the Pula Fund; the latter was spared as a fiscal buffer for the worst rainy days.

Consequently this resulted in significant decline in funds held in the Government Investment Account (GIA). The account serves as Government’s main savings depository and fund for national policy objectives.

However as the world emerged from the 2009 recession government revenue graph picked up to pre recession levels before going down again around 2016/17 owing to challenges in the diamond industry.

Due to a number of budget surpluses from 2012/13 financial year the Government Investment Account started expanding back to P30 billion levels before a series of budget deficits in the National Development Plan 11 pushed it back to decline a decline wave.

When the National Development Plan 11 commenced three (3) financial years ago, government announced that the first half of the NDP would run at budget deficits.

This  as explained by Minister of Finance in 2017 would be occasioned by decline in diamond revenue mainly due to government forfeiting some of its dividend from Debswana to fund mine expansion projects.

Cumulatively since 2017/18 to 2019/20 financial year the budget deficit totaled to over P16 billion, of which was financed by both external and domestic borrowing and drawing down from government cash balances. Drawing down from government cash balances meant significant withdrawals from the Government Investment Account.

The Government Investment Account (GIA) was established in accordance with Section 35 of the Bank of Botswana Act Cap. 55:01. The Account represents Government’s share of the Botswana‘s foreign exchange reserves, its investment and management strategies are aligned to the Bank of Botswana’s foreign exchange reserves management and investment guidelines.

Government Investment Account, comprises of Pula denominated deposits at the Bank of Botswana and held in the Pula Fund, which is the long-term investment tranche of the foreign exchange reserves.

In June 2017 while answering a question from Bogolo Kenewendo, the then Minister of Finance & Economic Development Kenneth Mathambo told parliament that as of June 30, 2017, the total assets in the Pula Fund was P56.818 billion, of which the balance in the GIA was P30.832 billion.

Kenewendo was still a back bench specially elected Member of Parliament before ascending to cabinet post in 2018. Last week Minister of Finance & Economic Development, Dr Thapelo Matsheka, when presenting a motion to raise government local borrowing ceiling from P15 billion to P30 Billion told parliament that as of December 2019 Government Investment Account amounted to P18.3 billion.

Dr Matsheka further told parliament that prior to financial crisis of 2008/9 the account amounted to P30.5 billion (41 % of GDP) in December of 2008 while as at December 2019 it stood at P18.3 billion (only 9 % of GDP) mirroring a total decline by P11 billion in the entire 11 years.

Back in 2017 Parliament was also told that the Government Investment Account may be drawn-down or added to, in line with actuations in the Government’s expenditure and revenue outturns. “This is intended to provide the Government with appropriate funds to execute its functions and responsibilities effectively and efficiently” said Mathambo, then Minister of Finance.

Acknowledging the need to draw down from GIA no more, current Minister of Finance   Dr Matsheka said “It is under this background that it would be advisable to avoid excessive draw down from this account to preserve it as a financial buffer”

He further cautioned “The danger with substantially reduced financial buffers is that when an economic shock occurs or a disaster descends upon us and adversely affects our economy it becomes very difficult for the country to manage such a shock”

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