The Botswana Development Corporation (BDC) has announced that Moody's Investors Service (Moody's) has in June 2017, assigned first-time Baa2/Prime-2 Issuer ratings to the Corporation, with a stable outlook on the Baa2 long-term ratings.
The ratings have been assigned in accordance with Moody's government-related issuers (GRI) rating methodology. Moody’s has noted that a successful execution of BDC's new growth strategy will likely lead to a more resilient earnings profile and stronger asset quality.”
Moody's assigned issuer ratings reflect BDC's standalone credit profile of b1, supported by its strong solvency and liquidity position; in addition to Botswana's A2 (stable) issuer rating acting as the "anchor" for potential support; and Moody's assessment of a high probability of government support, in case of need, reflecting BDC's sole government ownership. The ratings have been assigned in accordance with Moody's government-related issuers (GRI) rating methodology, reads a statement from Moody’s.
Established in 1970, BDC is Botswana's leading development finance institution. The government, through the Ministry of Trade and Industry, owns 100% of its shares. According to Moody’s the stable outlook reflects both the stable outlook on Botswana's A2 sovereign rating and Moody's expectations that BDC's financial metrics – specifically its capital and liquidity buffers will remain solid.
The high probability of support from the government of Botswana particularly influenced the rationale for the assigned ratings. “BDC's Baa2 issuer rating is underpinned by Moody's assessment of a high probability of government support given the government's 100% ownership, BDC's public policy mandate, and the government's track record of providing support.” Specifically, Moody’s noted that the government guarantees part of BDC's debt obligations and commits not to allow BDC to enter into liquidation.
“Although BDC is independently managed, the government has two members on the company's board (the permanent secretaries of the Ministry of Trade and Industry and the Ministry of Finance), while BDC's mandate, strategy and focus are aligned with Botswana's development targets and strategic priorities,” reads the Moody’s statement.
According to Moody's, BDC's b1 standalone credit profile balances its currently strong solvency and liquidity position against its high exposure to a small number of large equity investments, and legacy issues that have led to weak asset quality metrics and volatile profitability.
Strong solvency, funding and liquidity position
Moody’s is of the view that the BDC has a very strong funding and liquidity position, with limited leverage on its balance sheet. Moody's expect its capital, funding and liquidity position to remain strong, despite the company targeting higher leverage as part of its growth strategy. Accordingly, Moody's expects BDC's equity-to-assets ratio to drop to a still strong 40%-50% over the next three years, from an unconsolidated 73% as of June 2016.
“BDC also maintains strong liquidity metrics, with the June 2016 24-month coverage ratio standing at 98% (measured as the percentage of cash, cash equivalent and committed, unsecured bank lines available to cover maturing debt over the next 24 months). While liquidity metrics may drop slightly, this will partly be countered by BDC raising long-term funding, from both development finance institutions and through a tenured note programme and locally issued bonds,” says Moody’s.
However, Moody’s observes that the BDC's legacy high-risk investment strategy had a poor track record, particularly between 2007 and 2012, resulting in a number of investments being written-off or significantly impaired, and leading to earnings volatility and weighing on asset quality metrics.
It says the BDC has historically invested primarily in equity stakes, including majority stakes in unlisted greenfield and start-up investments. This has led to significant investment concentrations, with the net value of the top five investments standing at 78% of total net investments (95% of equity) as of June 2016. However, Moody's acknowledges the progress made in addressing these legacy issues, with adequate provisions held against non-performing exposures and the strengthened processes and practices supporting investment decisions going forward.
It notes that since October 2013, BDC has implemented a major transformation (business remodelling) programme, including a management overhaul to strengthen its venture capital, risk management and finance capabilities both domestically and regionally. “As part of its new strategy, BDC also intends to reduce equity exposures and increase debt (loans and preference shares) exposure to around 75% of total investments. . A successful execution of BDC's new growth strategy will likely lead to a more resilient earnings profile and stronger asset quality.”
According to Moody’s a positive rating pressure will be exerted if BDC successfully executes its new business strategy, including a rebalancing of the portfolio and reduction of associated investment concentrations, leading to a more resilient earnings profile and improved asset quality metrics, while maintaining strong capital buffers. A potential upgrade of Botswana's A2 (stable) sovereign rating would also put upward pressure on BDC's issuer ratings.
“Downward pressure on BDC's ratings could develop if the company significantly increases its leverage, reduces its capital metrics beyond Moody's current expectations, and fails to improve its investment performance track record, which will in turn weigh on asset quality and profitability. Ratings will also be under pressure if Moody's considers that there is a lower probability that the government would support BDC, in case of need and/or if the Botswana government bond rating is downgraded signaling a weakened capacity of the authorities to provide support in case of need,” reads the Moody’s statement.
The methodologies used in these ratings were Finance Companies published in December 2016, and Government-Related Issuers published in October 2014. Please see the Rating Methodologies page on www.moodys.com for a copy of these methodologies.
The recent study on youth entrepreneurship in Botswana has identified difficult access to funding, land, machinery, lack of entrepreneurial mindset and proper training as serious challenges that continue to hamper youth entrepreneurship development in this country.
The study conducted by Alliance for African Partnership (AAP) in collaboration with University of Botswana has confirmed that despite the government and private sector multi-billion pula entrepreneurship development initiatives, many young people in Botswana continue to fail to grow their businesses into sustainable and successful companies that can help reduce unemployment.
University of Botswana researchers Gaofetege Ganamotse and Rudolph Boy who compiled findings in the 2022 study report for Botswana stated that as part of the study interviews were conducted with successful youth entrepreneurs to understand their critical success factors.
According to the researchers other participants were community leaders, business mentors, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Youth, Gender, Sport and Culture, financial institutions, higher education institutions, non-governmental institutions, policymakers, private organizations, and support structures such as legal and technical experts and accountants who were interviewed to understand how they facilitate successful youth entrepreneurship.
The researchers said they found that although Botswana government is perceived as the most supportive to businesses when compared to other governments in sub-Saharan Africa, youth entrepreneurs still face challenges when accessing government funding. “Several finance-related challenges were identified by youth entrepreneurs. Some respondents lamented the lack of access to start-up finance, whereas others mentioned lack of access to infrastructure.”
The researchers stated that in Botswana entrepreneurship is not yet perceived as a field or career of choice by many youth “Participants in the study emphasized that the many youth are more of necessity entrepreneurs, seeing business venturing as a “fall back. Other facilitators mentioned that some youth do not display creativity, mind-blowing innovative solutions, and business management skills. Some youth entrepreneurs like to take shortcuts like selling sweets or muffins.”
According to the researchers, some of the youth do not display perseverance when they are faced with adversity in business. “Young people lack of an entrepreneurial mindset is a common challenge among youth in business. Some have a mindset focused on free services, handouts, and rapid gains. They want overnight success. As such, they give up easily when faced with challenges. On the other hand, some participants argue that they may opt for quick wins because they do not have access to any land, machinery, offices, and vehicles.”
The researchers stated that most youth involved in business ventures do not have the necessary training or skills to maintain a business. “Poor financial management has also been cited as one of the challenges for youth entrepreneurs, such as using profit for personal reasons rather than investing in the business. Also some are not being able to separate their livelihood from their businesses.
Lastly, youth entrepreneurs reported a lack of experience as one of the challenges. For example, the experience of running a business with projections, sticking to the projections, having an accounting system, maintaining a clean and clear billing system, and sound administration system.”
According to the researchers, the participants in the study emphasized that there is fragmentation within the entrepreneurial ecosystem, whereby there is replication of business activities without any differentiation. “There is no integration of the ecosystem players. As such, they end up with duplicate programs targeting the same objectives. The financial sector recommended that there is a need for an intermediary body that will bring all the ecosystem actors together and serve as a “one-stop shop” for entrepreneurs and build mentorship programs that accommodate the business lifecycle from inception to growth.”
Botswana Housing Corporation (BHC) is said to have recorded an operating surplus of P61 Million, an improvement compared to the previous year. The housing, office and other building needs giant met with stakeholders recently to share how the business has been.
The P61 million is a significant increase against the P6 million operating loss realized in the prior year. Profit before income tax also increased significantly from P2 million in the prior year to P72 million which resulted in an overall increase in surplus after tax from P1 million prior year to P64 million for the year under review.
Chief of Finance Officer, Diratsagae Kgamanyane disclosed; “This growth in surplus was driven mainly by rental revenue that increased by 15% from P209 million to P240 million and reduction in expenditure from P272 million to P214 million on the back of cost containment.” He further stated that sales of high margin investment properties also contributed significantly to the growth in surplus as well as impairment reversals on receivables amounting to P25 million.
It is said that the Corporation recorded a total revenue of P702 million, an 8% decrease when compared to the P760 million recorded in the prior year. “Sales revenue which is one of the major revenue streams returned impressive margins, contributing to the overall growth in the gross margin,” added Kgamanyane.
He further stated professional fees revenue line declined significantly by 64% to P5 million from P14 million in the prior year which attributed to suspension of planned projects by their clients due to Covid-19 pandemic. “Facilities Management revenue decreased by P 24 million from P69 million recorded in prior year to P45 million due to reduction in projects,” Kgamanyane said.
The Corporation’s strength is on its investment properties portfolio that stood at P1.4 billion at the end of the reporting period. “The Corporation continues its strategy to diversify revenue streams despite both facilities management income and professional fees being challenged by the prevailing economic conditions that have seen its major clients curtailing spending,” added the CEO.
On the one hand, the Corporation’s Strategic Performance which intended to build 12 300 houses by 2023 has so far managed to build 4 830 houses under their SHHA funding scheme, 1 240 houses for commercial or external use which includes use by government and 1 970 houses to rent to individuals.
BHC Acting CEO Pascaline Sefawe noted that; BHC’s planned projects are said to include building 336 flat units in Gaborone Block 7 at approximately P224 million, 100 units in Maun at approximately P78 million, 13 units in Phakalane at approximately P26 million, 212 units in Kazungula at approximately P160 million, 96 units at approximately P42 million in Francistown and 84 units at approximately P61 million in Letlhakane. Emphasing; “People tend to accuse us of only building houses in Gaborone, so here we are, including other areas in our planned projects.”
Researchers from some government owned regulatory institutions in the financial sector have projected that the banking sector’s profitability could increase, following Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee recent decision to increase monetary policy rate.
In its bid to manage inflation, Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee last month increased monetary policy rate by 0.50 percent from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent, a development which resulted with commercial banking sector increasing interest rate in lending to household and companies. As a result of BoB adjustment of Monetary Policy Rate, from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent commercial banks increased prime lending rate from 5.76 percent to 6.26 percent.
Researchers from Bank of Botswana, the Non-Bank Financial Institutions Regulatory Authority, the Financial Intelligence Agency and the Botswana Stock Exchange indicated that due to prospects of high inflation during the second half of 2022, there is a possibility that the Monetary Policy Committee could further increase monetary policy rate in the next meeting in August 25 2022.
Inflation rose from 9.6 percent in April 2022 to 11.9 percent in May 2022, remaining above the Bank of Botswana medium-term objective range of 3 – 6 percent. According to the researchers inflation could increase further and remain high due to factors that include: the potential increase in international commodity prices beyond current forecasts, logistical constraints due to lags in production, the economic and price effects of the ongoing Russia- Ukraine conflict, uncertain COVID-19 profile, domestic risk factors relating to possible regular annual administered price adjustments, short-term unintended consequences of import restrictions resulting with shortages in supplies leading to price increases, as well as second-round effects of the recent increases in administered prices “Furthermore, the likelihood of further increases in domestic fuel prices in response to persistent high international oil prices could add upward pressure to inflation,” said the researchers.
The researchers indicated that Bank of Botswana could be forced to further increase monetary policy rate from the current 2.15 percent if inflation rises persistently. “Should inflation rise persistently this could necessitate an upward adjustment in the policy rate. It is against this background that the interest rate scenario assumes a 1.5 percentage points (moderate scenario) and 2.25 percentage points (severe scenario) upward adjustment in the policy rate,” said the researchers.
The researchers indicated that while any upward adjustment on BoB monetary policy rate and commercial banks prime lending rate result with increase in the cost of borrowing for household and compnies, it increase profitability for the banking sector. “Increases in the policy rate are associated with an overall increase in bank profitability, with resultant increases in the capital adequacy ratio of 0.1 percentage points and 0.2 percentage points for the moderate and severe scenarios, respectively,” said the researchers who added that upward adjustment in monetary policy rate would raise extra capital for the banking sector.
“The increase in profit generally reflects the banking industry’s positive interest rate gap, where interest earning assets exceed interest earning liabilities maturing in the next twelve months. Therefore, an increase of 1.5 percentage points in the policy rate would result in industry gains of P71.7 million (4.1 percent increase), while a 2.25 percentage points increase would lead to a gain of P173.9 million (6.1 percent increase), dominated by large banks,” said the researchers.