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81% of Q1 first registrations were used vehicles

A Transport and Infrastructure brief for first quarter of 2017 has noted that motor vehicle registrations have increased significantly during the past 10 years. From 2007 to 2016, a total of 382,914 vehicles have been registered and 265,951 of these vehicles were Passenger Cars, which is 69.5 percent of the total registered vehicles since 2007. First registrations have been increasing at an annual rate of 7.4 percent.

A revealing statistic from the Brief is in regard to new registrations of vehicles as 81% are used cars. According to the Transport & Infrastructure Statistics for Q1 2017 Brief released by Statistics Botswana recently, the highest number of registrations were of vehicles from Japan, which was 70.9 percent of the total first registrations. Out of these vehicles, 99.2 percent were used, with only 0.7 percent and 0.1 percent being brand new and re-built respectively.

Japan was followed by South Africa with 19.4 percent, while imports from Singapore made 3.9 percent. Most of the vehicles from South Africa (81.2 percent) were brand new, which was 84.0 percent of the total brand new vehicles registered this quarter. The Q1 2017 Transport and Infrastructure Brief notes in regard to Motor Vehicle First Registration by Vehicle Type that most of the first registrations done in Q1 2017 were used vehicles, which was 81.0 percent of the total first registrations. Only 0.2 percent were re-built and 18.8 percent brand new. Passenger cars contributed 84.4 percent of the used vehicles.

According to the Statistics Botswana document, Gaborone registered 4,723 first registrations which is 43.3 percent of total first registrations. Mogoditshane followed with 28.8 percent of the vehicle registered for the first time. Compared to the previous quarter, Q4 2016, Statistics Botswana notes that both stations registered a decrease in the number of first registrations. “For Gaborone, this was a decline of 24.9 percent while for Mogoditshane it was a decrease of 29.8 percent. As with the last quarter, no vehicles were registered in Hukuntsi and Tsabong.”

First registrations that were done in Shakawe and Gumare were of passenger cars only. In Gaborone, 70.8 percent of the vehicles registered were passenger cars and motor cycles contributed the least number of vehicles, 0.3 percent, of the total registrations done in Gaborone, says the Brief. The Q1 Transport and infrastructure Brief indicates that Toyota, like in previous years proved to be a popular make and during this quarter, it contributed 42.7 percent of the total first registrations. Honda was the second favorite make with 13.0 percent.

“For Daewoo, vehicles of this make were not registered just like in the previous quarter. Massey Ferguson was the favorite make of tractors contributing 41.2 percent of the total tractors registered for the first time during this quarter. The majority of the trailers that were registered this quarter were home-made, this was 43.8 percent of the total registered trailers.”

During the quarter under review, Q1 2017, most of the first registration were done during the month of March, contributing 41.9 percent of the total registrations. It states that the months of February and January contributed 34.5 and 23.6 percent respectively. Meanwhile the month of March contributed 43.0 percent of the total passenger cars which was 76.7 percent of the total vehicles registered that month. Further analysis indicate that in comparison to the months of the same quarter in Q1 2016, the month of January decreased by 17.0 percent. February and March increased by 9.7 and 15.8 percent respectively.

Motor vehicle renewals by quarter & vehicle type

Statistics Botswana observes in the 2017 Q1 Brief that renewals have continued to grow over the years, this is because every year authorities are registering new vehicles. In 2016 renewals increased by 6.3 percent when compared to 2015. “Comparing Q1 2017, to the same quarter of the previous year, Q1 2016, renewals increased by 7.4 percent. The increase was realized by all the vehicle types except motor cycles which decreased by 3.6 percent and tankers/ horses retained the previous number of 573 vehicles.

Tractors recorded the highest increase of 9.9 percent, followed by passenger cars with 9.5 percent. The lowest increase was recorded for vans, which increased by 2.6 percent. Compared to the previous quarter Q4 2016, all vehicle types declined but the vehicle type that went down most was the tractor with 50.3 percent. The only vehicle type that increased was ’’others’’ with 18.6 percent.”

In addition, during the quarter under review, Statistics Botswana notes that Cities and Towns contributed 54.3 percent to total renewals. It further states that they were followed by the Central District which contributed 13.4 percent, while Kweneng District contributed 12.8 percent to total renewals. Most of the renewals done in Cities and Towns were done in Gaborone (66.4 percent). Francistown followed with 16.2 percent.

“In the Southern District most of the renewals were done in Kanye (63.4 percent). In the Kgatleng district Mochudi contributed 82.2 percent to the renewals done in the district, The North East District contributed 0.8 percent to total renewals. Most of the renewals done in the district were recorded in Masunga (65.9 percent). In the Kgalagadi District most of the renewals were recorded in Tsabong (55.0 percent). Kgalagadi District contributed 1.3 percent to total renewals,” reads the Brief from Statistics Botswana.

In the Central District, 19.6 percent of renewals were done in Serowe, while Palapye and Letlhakane recorded 22.4 percent and 11.7 percent respectively. Maun recorded the bulk of the renewals done in the North West District, it contributed 81.3 percent of the renewals, the Brief states.

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New study reveals why youth entrepreneurs are failing

21st July 2022

The recent study on youth entrepreneurship in Botswana has identified difficult access to funding, land, machinery, lack of entrepreneurial mindset and proper training as serious challenges that continue to hamper youth entrepreneurship development in this country.

The study conducted by Alliance for African Partnership (AAP) in collaboration with University of Botswana has confirmed that despite the government and private sector multi-billion pula entrepreneurship development initiatives, many young people in Botswana continue to fail to grow their businesses into sustainable and successful companies that can help reduce unemployment.

University of Botswana researchers Gaofetege Ganamotse and Rudolph Boy who compiled findings in the 2022 study report for Botswana stated that as part of the study interviews were conducted with successful youth entrepreneurs to understand their critical success factors.

According to the researchers other participants were community leaders, business mentors, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Youth, Gender, Sport and Culture, financial institutions, higher education institutions, non-governmental institutions, policymakers, private organizations, and support structures such as legal and technical experts and accountants who were interviewed to understand how they facilitate successful youth entrepreneurship.

The researchers said they found that although Botswana government is perceived as the most supportive to businesses when compared to other governments in sub-Saharan Africa, youth entrepreneurs still face challenges when accessing government funding. “Several finance-related challenges were identified by youth entrepreneurs. Some respondents lamented the lack of access to start-up finance, whereas others mentioned lack of access to infrastructure.”

The researchers stated that in Botswana entrepreneurship is not yet perceived as a field or career of choice by many youth “Participants in the study emphasized that the many youth are more of necessity entrepreneurs, seeing business venturing as a “fall back. Other facilitators mentioned that some youth do not display creativity, mind-blowing innovative solutions, and business management skills. Some youth entrepreneurs like to take shortcuts like selling sweets or muffins.”

According to the researchers, some of the youth do not display perseverance when they are faced with adversity in business. “Young people lack of an entrepreneurial mindset is a common challenge among youth in business. Some have a mindset focused on free services, handouts, and rapid gains. They want overnight success. As such, they give up easily when faced with challenges. On the other hand, some participants argue that they may opt for quick wins because they do not have access to any land, machinery, offices, and vehicles.”

The researchers stated that most youth involved in business ventures do not have the necessary training or skills to maintain a business. “Poor financial management has also been cited as one of the challenges for youth entrepreneurs, such as using profit for personal reasons rather than investing in the business. Also some are not being able to separate their livelihood from their businesses.

Lastly, youth entrepreneurs reported a lack of experience as one of the challenges. For example, the experience of running a business with projections, sticking to the projections, having an accounting system, maintaining a clean and clear billing system, and sound administration system.”

According to the researchers, the participants in the study emphasized that there is fragmentation within the entrepreneurial ecosystem, whereby there is replication of business activities without any differentiation. “There is no integration of the ecosystem players. As such, they end up with duplicate programs targeting the same objectives. The financial sector recommended that there is a need for an intermediary body that will bring all the ecosystem actors together and serve as a “one-stop shop” for entrepreneurs and build mentorship programs that accommodate the business lifecycle from inception to growth.”

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BHC yearend financial results impressive

18th July 2022

Botswana Housing Corporation (BHC) is said to have recorded an operating surplus of P61 Million, an improvement compared to the previous year. The housing, office and other building needs giant met with stakeholders recently to share how the business has been.

The P61 million is a significant increase against the P6 million operating loss realized in the prior year. Profit before income tax also increased significantly from P2 million in the prior year to P72 million which resulted in an overall increase in surplus after tax from P1 million prior year to P64 million for the year under review.

Chief of Finance Officer, Diratsagae Kgamanyane disclosed; “This growth in surplus was driven mainly by rental revenue that increased by 15% from P209 million to P240 million and reduction in expenditure from P272 million to P214 million on the back of cost containment.”
He further stated that sales of high margin investment properties also contributed significantly to the growth in surplus as well as impairment reversals on receivables amounting to P25 million.

It is said that the Corporation recorded a total revenue of P702 million, an 8% decrease when compared to the P760 million recorded in the prior year. “Sales revenue which is one of the major revenue streams returned impressive margins, contributing to the overall growth in the gross margin,” added Kgamanyane.

He further stated professional fees revenue line declined significantly by 64% to P5 million from P14 million in the prior year which attributed to suspension of planned projects by their clients due to Covid-19 pandemic. “Facilities Management revenue decreased by P 24 million from P69 million recorded in prior year to P45 million due to reduction in projects,” Kgamanyane said.

The Corporation’s strength is on its investment properties portfolio that stood at P1.4 billion at the end of the reporting period. “The Corporation continues its strategy to diversify revenue streams despite both facilities management income and professional fees being challenged by the prevailing economic conditions that have seen its major clients curtailing spending,” added the CEO.

On the one hand, the Corporation’s Strategic Performance which intended to build 12 300 houses by 2023 has so far managed to build 4 830 houses under their SHHA funding scheme, 1 240 houses for commercial or external use which includes use by government and 1 970 houses to rent to individuals.

BHC Acting CEO Pascaline Sefawe noted that; BHC’s planned projects are said to include building 336 flat units in Gaborone Block 7 at approximately P224 million, 100 units in Maun at approximately P78 million, 13 units in Phakalane at approximately P26 million, 212 units in Kazungula at approximately P160 million, 96 units at approximately P42 million in Francistown and 84 units at approximately P61 million in Letlhakane. Emphasing; “People tend to accuse us of only building houses in Gaborone, so here we are, including other areas in our planned projects.”

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Commercial banks to cash big on high interest rates on loans

18th July 2022

Researchers from some government owned regulatory institutions in the financial sector have projected that the banking sector’s profitability could increase, following Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee recent decision to increase monetary policy rate.

In its bid to manage inflation, Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee last month increased monetary policy rate by 0.50 percent from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent, a development which resulted with commercial banking sector increasing interest rate in lending to household and companies. As a result of BoB adjustment of Monetary Policy Rate, from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent commercial banks increased prime lending rate from 5.76 percent to 6.26 percent.

Researchers from Bank of Botswana, the Non-Bank Financial Institutions Regulatory Authority, the Financial Intelligence Agency and the Botswana Stock Exchange indicated that due to prospects of high inflation during the second half of 2022, there is a possibility that the Monetary Policy Committee could further increase monetary policy rate in the next meeting in August 25 2022.

Inflation rose from 9.6 percent in April 2022 to 11.9 percent in May 2022, remaining above the Bank of Botswana medium-term objective range of 3 – 6 percent. According to the researchers inflation could increase further and remain high due to factors that include: the potential increase in international commodity prices beyond current forecasts, logistical constraints due to lags in production, the economic and price effects of the ongoing Russia- Ukraine conflict, uncertain COVID-19 profile, domestic risk factors relating to possible regular annual administered price adjustments, short-term unintended consequences of import restrictions resulting with shortages in supplies leading to price increases, as well as second-round effects of the recent increases in administered prices “Furthermore, the likelihood of further increases in domestic fuel prices in response to persistent high international oil prices could add upward pressure to inflation,” said the researchers.

The researchers indicated that Bank of Botswana could be forced to further increase monetary policy rate from the current 2.15 percent if inflation rises persistently. “Should inflation rise persistently this could necessitate an upward adjustment in the policy rate. It is against this background that the interest rate scenario assumes a 1.5 percentage points (moderate scenario) and 2.25 percentage points (severe scenario) upward adjustment in the policy rate,” said the researchers.

The researchers indicated that while any upward adjustment on BoB monetary policy rate and commercial banks prime lending rate result with increase in the cost of borrowing for household and compnies, it increase profitability for the banking sector. “Increases in the policy rate are associated with an overall increase in bank profitability, with resultant increases in the capital adequacy ratio of 0.1 percentage points and 0.2 percentage points for the moderate and severe scenarios, respectively,” said the researchers who added that upward adjustment in monetary policy rate would raise extra capital for the banking sector.

“The increase in profit generally reflects the banking industry’s positive interest rate gap, where interest earning assets exceed interest earning liabilities maturing in the next twelve months. Therefore, an increase of 1.5 percentage points in the policy rate would result in industry gains of P71.7 million (4.1 percent increase), while a 2.25 percentage points increase would lead to a gain of P173.9 million (6.1 percent increase), dominated by large banks,” said the researchers.

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