The Leader of Opposition in the Selebi Phikwe Town Council (SPTC), Molefhe Molatlhegi says the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP)’s chairmanship race between Vice President, Mokgweetsi Masisi and Minister of Infrastructure and Housing Development, Nonofo Molefhi has divided the BDP councillors.
He shares that one of the camps has asked for their support to help unseat Leonard Mojuta from the mayoral position in which he is seeking second term. The Botswana Congress Party (BCP) councillor for Botshabelo Central says they have agreed as the opposition to support the ruling BDP councillors who want to dethrone the incumbent mayor whom they believe has failed to protect the integrity of the house.
The SPTC mayoral race is contested by three candidates being the incumbent, Leonard Mojuta and his deputy, Molefi Pilane and nominated councillor and former mayor, Molosiwa Molosiwa. The BCP councillor argues that the fact that more than two people are contesting makes it difficult for the BDP to go for a caucus and nominate one candidate. Factional forces created by the national party chairmanship race is one such strong factor that also make going for a caucus a tough decision to make for the BDP councillors, Molatlhegi has said.
SPTC has 16 councillors, of which 6 are from the BCP while the remaining majority of 10 are from the BDP. The BCP councillor says they have not fielded a candidate for the mayoral positions not because they lack ambition or they are incompetent, but because they do not have the numbers to beat BDP’s majority. However, the 10 BDP members are said to be divided, thanks to Masisi and Molefhi’s battle for party chairmanship.
Molatlhegi points out that Molefhi’s camp has so far seven of the 10 councillors while Sisi Boy’s camp has only three. He explains that Masisi’s camp started off with the larger numbers but the majority of councillors jumped ship to the other side for purposes of thwarting mojuta’s chances of getting second change to the throne.
The outspoken BCL councillor says that they have forged an agreement with the BDP councillors to jointly look through the rubbles of the SPTC to search and pick up anything worth salvaging and put them in the hands of a better leader to protect. He says they were tempted to sleep with the enemy in order to save the SPTC. He believes that plotting a remarkable fall for Mojuta will offer them an opportunity to restore public confidence and make “SPTC great again”.
“Mojuta was in many respects an incapable leader who has proven overtime that he cannot lead. It is necessary to rescue the dipping faith of the people in the SPTC under Mojuta’s leadership,” he charges. While this affair constitute a compromise of the BCP’s political beliefs, Molatlhegi argues that letting the current mayor continue at the helm of the Selebi Phikwe’s local government institution will equally compromise quality leadership that is necessary to uplift the economy of Selebi Phikwe. He hasten to say the affair is not a proposal for a lifelong marriage but a one day fling necessary to unseat the mayor. Once the objective has been achieved, the two parties will go back to their usual opposing ends.
The BCP boycotted the election of the mayor and his deputy in 2014 but Molatlhegi says this time around they want to participate fully. He notes boycotting does not yield any results as the BDP has the majority, which means the election will go on anyway in their absence. He expresses the BCP’s commitment to fully participate in the election so that they are able to unseat Mojuta and continue to influence policy in subsequent council proceedings.
However, Mojuta says the Leader of Opposition’s allegations are unfounded. The mayor of Selebi Phikwe says there are no divisions amongst BDP councillors, pointing out that he is a true democrat at heart who will not collude with the opposition for any sinister agenda. He said they will go for their caucus tomorrow (Sunday 28 May, 2017) to nominate one candidate each for the position mayor and deputy mayor.
Meanwhile, Molatlhegi is worried that the mandate of the current mayor, his deputy and council committees elapsed on May Day but he says when he sought clarity from the Town Clerk why the election has not been conducted, he was told the mandate of the current leadership elapses on May 27, 2017. “Surprisingly the council has called for Full Council on May 30 but the question is who is going to chair the proceedings of the full council when there is no mayor,” he said.
According to Molatlhegi, after the mayoral term ends, a special full council must be convened to elect the mayor and the deputy mayor after which they will start executing their official duties after seven days. In the seven days, Molatlhegi says elected persons will be perusing through reports to make their speeches and may even opt to resign from their positions if they feel they are not ready to take up the positions of leadership they have been elected in.
He says after the mayor has been elected, only then can there be a Full Council meeting which the elected mayor will chair and give his maiden speech derived from the reports from various council committees. The Leader of Opposition says they intend to force the house to turn the scheduled full council meeting to a special full council sitting so that they can elect the leadership of the council prior to convening the full council after seven days.
Mojuta on the other hand quashes Molatlhegi’s claim that a special full council has not been scheduled prior the full council sitting scheduled for May 30, 2017. He says the special full council will convene on May 29, 2017, a day prior to the ordinary full council where the newly elected leadership will address the house. The opposition however says they are not aware of the May 29 special full council.
Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.
These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.
The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”
The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.
“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”
Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.
The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.
The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.
Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.
One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.
But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.
One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.
Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.
In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.
Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.
Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.
United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.
According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.
“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.
A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.
Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.
In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”
While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.
Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility. Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.
For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies. European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.
It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.
According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.
The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.
“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”
“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.” The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”