Motswedi Securities’ has released a thorough assessment of the Botswana Telecommunications Corporation Limited (BTCL) issuing a Long Term Buy recommendation on BTCL at the current price.
The Research team at Motswedi Securities notes that the BTCL growth strategy is centred on leveraging its fixed, mobile and convergent products and services potential. He says the strategy is intended to leverage BTCL’s unique market position as the only fixed and mobile network operator in Botswana by creating competitive advantages for the company through the provision of traditional fixed and mobile broadband, information and content capabilities. It is interesting to note that BTCL is trading at a 35% discount to its NAV. (Current price – P1.47).
“With a PE of 6.8x against the market average of 16.9x and a PBv of 0.8, we still maintain a LONG TERM BUY recommendation on BTCL at the current price.”
WHERE IS THE GROWTH STORY?
According to the report BTCL has copper access network making it the only operator with the capacity to offer ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line Service). ADSL is a data communication service that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone services than convectional voice and modem can provide. BTCL could leverage on this competitive advantage by offering this ADSL product through its copper network, thereby increasing data sales.
Further the Motswedi Securities team notes that the Wider Network footprint and report that BTCL through its BeMobile unit has the widest mobile coverage particularly in remote areas because of its extensive mobile coverage. No other operator has assets deployed as widely across both fixed and mobile services space as BTCL. The mobile network can leverage on this extensive coverage to grow its market share. The researchers also recognize BTCL’s Strong brand recognition and perception, especially in the fixed line business.
The company’s Increased Market Share also speaks to the growth story. According to the report, the BeMobile business is less than 9 years old but already it has gained a notable market share of around 17% which is commendable in this environment dominated by two other giants.
“BTCL is the sole provider of fixed telephony, with this segment being the second driver of revenue, contributing 32%. It is interesting to note that the fixed telephony segment has shown a slight but constant growth over the years in terms of revenue and is expected to continue holding its ground in the short to midterm mainly due to increased usage from the corporate and the government. Having said this, we are equally aware of the decline of this business on a global scale on the long term.”
The Motswedi Securities team is convinced that the BTCL runs a highly profitable business with a strong dividend distribution. It notes that BTCL bounced backed into profitability with all the profitability ratios growing exponentially. The positive numbers are expected to continue going into the future. Further, the researchers point out that Product innovation is expected to continue improving due to the partnership with Vodafone, one of the world’s leading communications services providers. Another plus for BTCL is the fact that the government remains the majority shareholder with a 51% stake in BTCL:
“The government may consider reducing its stake in BTCL to inject both liquidity, innovation and management skills that would better serve the country, investors, the entity and all its stakeholders. This would allow the company the swiftness it needs to remain competitive and profitable. The government can have both control and strategic influence in order to effect social and public policy, while maintaining a minority shareholding, with special voting rights (class A shares). This also promotes better price discovery, improved market liquidity, strategic alliances and partnership, improved competition and a diversified shareholder base and all these will feed positively into BTCL bottom line.”
THE POSSIBLE CHALLENGES
The Motswedi Securities research team has not ignored the possible challenges to the BTCL beautiful story. They acknowledge that BTCL operates in a highly competitive and mature market with intense price competition. Tele density level is above 171% and the only way for BeMobile to expand its market share from the current 17% is to take away subscribers from other networks. This might be a tall order given that the other two giant mobile networks will certainly do anything to protect their territories.
Another factor is the increased competition in the telecoms sector within the country as a result of market liberalisation and this has led in some instances BTCL losing some of its key clients to competitors. The researchers further indicate that Liquid Telecom will also be launching a new telecoms network provider with extensive reach across Botswana soon.
“The business is a high volume business with profitability very sensitive to variation in margins. This is because, BoFinet determines the margins available to network operators and in some cases BTCL may not be able to pass on to the retailer any margin compression enforced by BoFinet and this will eat on margins and profitability,” write in the BTCL assessment report.
Expected decline in Fixed Telephone revenue in the future could also add to the downside of BTCL, they say. According to the Motswedi Securities researchers, the Regulatory risk still remain elevated. BOCRA has started implementing a Pricing Framework which seeks to align to cost, retail prices for mobile voice and mobile broadband.
“Implementation of the Framework has been phased over three years and has already began. The implementation has started with the removal of mobile Termination Rates and differences in prices between the off-net premiums (between networks) and on-net rates. This may impact negatively on revenue from the sector at large and by extension BTCL,” reads the report.
Meanwhile trading of the stock is currently restricted to citizens or wholly owned citizens companies. The Motswedi Securities team argue that this may impact on liquidity and price discovery. Further, they say, the government may consider Market Liberalisation and opening up the market to international investors so as to give BTCL a wider brand exposure and investor base.
STRONG FINANCIAL RESULTS
BTCL FY Financial results for the year ended 31 March 2017 showed a 9% growth in sales driven by growth in fixed, mobile and data sales. Mobile revenues increased by 5% and is the biggest contributor to total revenue at 37%, followed by Fixed Telephony Revenues at 32% and Data services revenue at 29%. “We expect the contribution of Fixed telephony to gradually decline in the future in preference of mobile phones which offers more convenience,” the Motswedi Securities researchers observe.
GP margins improved to 58% from 51%. Total cost were trimmed by 26%, while no impairment were recognised for the year following an impairment assessment exercise carried out at year end. EBITDA grew strongly by 40% to P369mn (FY16: P263mn) with EBITDA margin improving to 23% from 18%. PAT bounced back strongly into the positive territory at P237mn from a loss of P371mn the previous year and this also pushed the net profit margin to 15% from -25%.
“BTCL growth strategy is centred on leveraging its fixed, mobile and convergent products and services potential. The strategy is intended to leverage on BTCL’s unique market position as the only fixed and mobile network operator in Botswana by creating competitive advantages through the provision of traditional fixed and mobile broadband, information and content capabilities. It is interesting to note that BTCL is trading at a 35% discount to its NAV. (Current price – P1.47). With a PE of 6.8x against the market average of 16.9x and a PBv of 0.8, we still maintain a LONG TERM BUY recommendation on BTCL.”
TELECOMMUNICATION MARKET OVERVIEW
The telecommunications market is dominated by the three operators which operate under Public Telecommunications Operator (PTO) licence; namely: BTCL, Mascom and Orange Botswana. The other major player in the market is Botswana Fibre Networks (BoFiNet), which was issued with an interim licence to provide wholesale services beginning 1 April 2013. BoFiNet started offering services in October 2013.
In addition, Private Telecommunications Network Licences (PTNL) have been issued to entities to build private networks for internal business use. Although the PTO licence allows the operators to offer both mobile and fixed telephony services and products, the industry still has 3 players with Mascom and Orange offering mobile telephony services only including mobile Internet and value add services, while BTCL provides both the fixed and mobile telephony services. This includes data network services, providing access and connectivity.
The Bulb World Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and entrepreneur, Ketshephaone Jacob has been selected as a 2021 Top 50 Africa’s Business Hero.
Jacob was chosen from a pool of 12,000 applicants – many of whom are highly-skilled and accomplished entrepreneurs.
Africa’s Business Hero, sponsored by technology entrepreneur, Jack Ma, aims to identify, support and inspire the next generation of African entrepreneurs who are making a difference in their local communities, working to solve the most pressing problems, and building a more sustainable and inclusive economy for the future.
The initiative is as inclusive as possible and applications were open in English and French to entrepreneurs from all African countries, all sectors, and all ages who operate businesses formally registered and headquartered in an African country, and that have a 3 year-track record.
Every year, finalists are selected to compete in the ABH finale pitch competition and participate in a TV Show that will be broadcast online and across the continent.
The finalists will compete for a share of US $1.5 million in grant money.
The Bulb World, is home grown LED light manufacturing company, which was partly funded by Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency (CEDA) at the tune of P4 million, to manufacture LED lighting bulbs for both commercial and residential use in 2017.
The Bulb World operate from the Special Economic Zone of Selibe Phikwe. Early this year, The BulB World announced its expansion to South Africa, setting in motion its ambitious Africa expansion plan.
During the first quarter of 2021, production in Botswana’s economic nucleus- the mining sector contracted by 12 percent. This is according to Mining Production Index released by Statistics Botswana this week.
The country’s central data body revealed that Index of Mining production stood at 74.4 during the first quarter of 2021, showing a negative year on-year growth of 12.0 percent, from 84.6 registered during the first quarter of 2020.
The main contributor to the decline in mining production came from the Diamonds sector, which contributed negative 11.7 percentage points. Soda Ash was the only positive contributor in the mining production, contributing 0.1 of a percentage point. However Soda Ash’s contribution was insignificant to offset the negative contribution made by Diamonds.
The quarter-on-quarter analysis by Statistics Botswana experts shows an increase of 16.3 percent from the index of 64.0 during the fourth quarter of 2020 to 74.4 observed during the period under review.
Diamond production decreased by 12.1 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. The decrease was as a result of planned strategy to align production with weaker trading conditions mostly linked to Covid-19 protocols restrictions.
Botswana’s diamond sector is underpinned by Debswana, the country’s flagship rough producer- a 50-50 joint venture between government and global mining giant De Beers Group. The other producer is Canadian based Lucara Diamond Corp through its wholly owned Karowe Mine which is a relatively small but significant production that has made a name for itself worldwide with rare diamond recoveries of unprecedented carat size.
On the other hand, quarter-on quarter analysis shows that production has improved, registering a positive growth of 17.5 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the preceding quarter – 2020 Q4.
Though production was significantly lower in the first quarter, the two producers ended Q2 with rare diamond recoveries. Debswana early last month found the world’s third largest gem diamond – weighing 1098 carat at Jwaneng Mine, its flagship gem quality diamonds producer, also regarded the world’s richest diamond mine.
A week later Lucara announced its second biggest recovery, the 1174 carat clivage near-gem dug from its Karowe Mine. The diamond is the world third in carat size after the plus-3000 carat Cullinan found in South Africa back in 1905 and the 1758 carat Sewelo unearthed at its Karowe mine in 2019. Debswana and Lucara are investing billions of pulas in underground mining projects to extend the life of its mines, Jwaneng & Karowe respectively.
In terms of Gold which is produced at Mupani mine near Botswana’s second city of Francistown output decreased by 17.9 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
Similarly, quarter-on-quarter analysis reflects that production decreased by 21.4 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the preceding quarter. The decrease was as a result of the deteriorating lifespan of the mine as well as the impact of COVID-19 which slowed down the mining activities.
Soda Ash production increased by 11.1 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. In terms of quarter-on-quarter Soda Ash production also showed an increase, picking up by 2.1 percent during the period under review. The increase in production is attributable to the effectiveness of the plant following refurbishment which occurred in the third quarter of 2020.
Salt production decreased by 34.0 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the same quarter of the previous year. Similarly, the quarter-on-quarter analysis shows that salt production registered a decrease of 32.9 percent during the period under review. Both salt and Sodash are produced by partly government owned Botswana Ash (BotsAsh) operating from Sowa town near Makgadikgadi pans.
Coal production decreased by 11.2 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the corresponding quarter of the previous year. The decrease was attributed to the reduced demand from Morupule B Power Station following the remedial works being undertaken, as one boiler was in operation during the period under review.
Although production fell, Statistics Botswana says there was no shortfall in supply of coal due to stockpiling. On the other hand, the quarter-on-quarter comparison shows that coal production increased by 20.4 percent compared to the preceding quarter.
Botswana’s flagship coal producer is Morupule Coal Mine; a wholly state owned mining company located in Palapye producing primarily for Botswana Power Corporation (BPC)’s power generation plants Morupule A & B.
The other coal producer is Botswana Stock Exchange listed Minergy which operates a 390 MT Coal Resource mine in Masama near Media in the southwestern edge of the Mmamabula Coalfields.
Department of Mines in the Ministry of Mineral Resources, Green Technology & Energy Security has awarded mining licence to Tshukudu Metals-a subsidiary of Aussie firm Sandfire Resources ,giving the company a green light to start piecing the ground at its Motheo Copper Project near Gantsi.
Lefoko Moagi, minister in charge of mineral resources in Botswana confirmed to weekendpost on Tuesday. Minister Moagi revealed that “the licence has been approved , but Sandfire Resources as a listed company will report to its shareholders and investors then make an official public statement” he said.
Based on a forecast copper price of US$3.16/lb (reflecting current long-term consensus pricing) the Base Case 3.2Mtpa – Ghantsi copper project is forecast to generate US$664 million (over P7 billion) in pre-tax free cash-flow and US$987 million (over P10 billion) in EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortisation), at a forecast all-in sustaining cost of US$1.76/lb over its first 10 years of operations.
In December 2020, the Board of Sandfire Resources approved the commercial development of the Motheo Copper Mine located in the Kalahari Copper Belt in Botswana, marking a key step in its transformation into a global, diversified, and sustainable mining company.
Tshukudu Metals Botswana (Pty) Limited (Tshukudu) a 100% owned subsidiary will be the owner and operator of the Motheo Copper Mine which is scheduled to produce up to 30,000 tonnes per annum of copper in concentrate over a 12 year mine life.TMB is targeting development of its Motheo Copper Mine in 2021 and 2022, with its first production in 2023.
GOVERNMENT NOT TAKING UP 15 % STAKE ON OFFER
Beginning of this year presentations were made to the Department of Mines as part of the Mining Licence approval process and to the Ghanzi Regional Council, additional information was requested by Department of Mines in April and was duly supplied by the company.
As part of the Mining Licence approval process, the Government of Botswana has a right to acquire up to a 15% fully contributing interest in all mining projects locally. Quizzed on whether government through Mineral Development Corporation Botswana (MDCB) would be taking up stake in the project Minister Moagi said, “No consideration is being made on that regard”.
“Government is not considering taking up a stake in the Ghantsi Copper Mine project, every opportunity is assessed on all risks, but Government makes money all the while from leases, taxes and royalties, remember if you take stake you are liable for liabilities of the project as well,” Moagi said.
Last month Sandfire announced that it has awarded over P5 billion worth mining contract to African Mining Services (AMS), a subsidiary of Perenti, to deliver the open cast operation.
The contract, which has an estimated value of US$496 million (over 5 billion), is the largest single operational contract for the new Motheo Project covering a period of 7 years and 3 months, with provision for a one-year extension.
The contract according to Sandfire Resources was awarded following a competitive 3-stage tender process which saw a number of key factors taken into consideration when selecting the preferred contractor.
These included Citizen Economic Empowerment, safety culture, equipment suitability and availability, commercial terms and identified improvement opportunities. Under the terms of the contract, AMS has agreed to form a 70:30 Joint Venture with a suitable local Botswana partner or partners.
The JV is expected to be finalized ahead of commencement of mining in early 2022. African Mining Services has been operating in Africa for over 30 years. AMS’ parent company, ASX listed diversified mining services group Perenti, already has a presence in Botswana through Barminco, their underground mining division, at the large-scale Khoemacau Copper Mine located 200km north-east of Motheo.
Last month Sandfire executives said the award of the open pit mining contract represents another key milestone in advancing the Motheo Project towards production, with all components of the contract in line with the key parameters outlined in the December 2020 Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS).
The company said full-scale construction of the US$279 million (over P 3 billion ) mine development is expected to commence immediately upon receipt of the Mining Licence, with mining scheduled to commence in early 2022 ahead of first production in early 2023. This week Sandfire Resources advertised over 10 positions in calling on applications from geologists, mining engineers and geotechnical engineers.
The Motheo mine has an initial mine life of 12.5 years based on production from the T3 pit. The initial development is expected to generate approximately 1,000 jobs during the construction phase and 600 direct full-time jobs during operations, with at least 95% of the total mine workforce expected to be made of up of Botswana citizens.
Later in the week Sandfire Resources announced in the company website that it has received the licence. Sandfire’s Managing Director and CEO, Mr Karl Simich, said the award of the Mining Licence represented a major milestone that would see a significant increase in construction and development activities on site.
“We are absolutely delighted to now be in a position to move to full-scale construction at Motheo, with our construction crews expected to mobilise to site over the next few days. I would like to thank the Government of Botswana for their support throughout the approvals process, which will see Motheo come on-stream in 2023 as one of very few new copper mines commencing production globally.”
Simich said the project is expected to generate approximately 1,000 jobs during construction and 600 full-time jobs during operations, and represents the foundation for Sandfire’s long-term growth plans in Botswana.
“Our vision is that Motheo will form the centre of a new, long-life copper production hub in in the central portion of the world-class Kalahari Copper Belt, where we hold an extensive ground-holding spanning Botswana and Namibia,” he said.