The Bank of Botswana (BOB) has no contingency planning and crisis preparedness system in place, and this presents a dangerous status quo – Specially Elected Member of Parliament (SEMP), Bogolo Kenewendo has observed.
Kenewendo who has been screening the national treasury and its operations lately wanted Finance Minister, Kenneth Matambo to share with lawmakers whether the bank has a contingency planning and crisis preparedness system, and if so what its highlights are. Kenewendo who is a shrewd Economist also requested the Minister of Finance & Economic Development to brief Members of Parliament on the Bank of Botswana’s Financial Stability Unit functionality and also state its current assessment of the financial system.
When responding to Kenewendo, Matambo indicated that the Bank of Botswana Financial Stability Unit was functional. According to the Minister it was established in 2010 with technical assistance from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). “The bank has since 2012 incorporated the macro-prudential assessments in its Monetary Policy technical analysis,” he said.
Matambo added that the BoB continues to refine the scope, institutional design, policies and macro-prudential tools for an effective financial stability assessment. Further lecturing legislators on operations and financial position of the county’s central bank Matambo who is also a SEMP highlighted that based on the banking sector performance indicators, which include levels of capital, liquidity, profitability and default ratios, financial system was assessed to be sound and stable. “In particular, the aggregate ratio of non-performing loans to total loans has been consistently low by international standards and stood at only 5.5 per cent in March 2017,” he revealed.
However on a low note, Minister Matambo told legislators that the BoB does not have a contingency planning and crisis preparedness system. Contingency plans are very critical for financial service providers especially those of magnitude and national importance as a central bank, they are devised for an outcome other than in the usual. A contingency plan is often used for risk management when an exceptional risk that, though unlikely, would have catastrophic consequences. Each financial sector participant has an independent responsibility for reducing the risk in its own operations.
This responsibility includes developing stable operating solutions, proper backup and preparedness procedures and systems and a robust financial infrastructure. Most banks’ system preparedness work is closely tied to its responsibility for promoting an efficient payment system and ensuring financial stability. This applies internally to, for instance, the central bank’s own systems, including settlement system as well as externally to financial sector infrastructure, including the power to authorize and oversee interbank systems.
Matambo told lawmakers that plans were underway to put a BoB contingency planning and crisis preparedness system in place based on the International Monetary Fund Technical Assistance Mission which was engaged to align the banking safety nets, bank resolution mechanisms and crisis management framework in Botswana with the best international practices. Matambo revealed that the International Monetary Fund Mission identified lack of legal power as an impediment to a well-functioning crisis resolution mechanism and has recommended amendments of the Bank of Botswana Act and the Banking Act. “I am happy to indicate that both of these Acts are currently being reviewed in order to address the identified deficiencies.”
Kenewendo said that the BoB needed to move with speed to put in place such system in order to be ready for any unforeseen circumstances, risks and crush within the financial banking spaces especially due to possible global economic shocks. Kenewendo said BOB can learn and use assistance also from World Bank Group to complement International Monetary Fund (IMF) support .The World Bank offers support to financial sector authorities to help deal with emerging problems in financial institutions and financial markets, and to mitigate the risk of systemic crisis. The Bank provides technical assistance to strengthen authorities’ contingency plans for dealing with distress, and to test the authorities’ preparedness through the use of simulation exercises.
Mitigating lack of data and information at local level On other issues, Bogolo Kenewendo also asked the Matambo to state his ministry’s efforts towards mitigating the challenge of lack of data and information that has been collected in a consistent and systematic way especially at local level which she says has been cited as one of the key challenges of monitoring and evaluation and also what new surveys should be expected from these efforts.
In response, Minister Matambo said efforts continue to be made to avail relevant and timely information in the required format and disaggregation for planning purposes at all levels. He said to this end, a key effort towards enhancing the availability of data and information at the local level was on the roll out by Statistics Botswana under the Botswana Strategy for the Development of Statistics. “The strategy seeks to promote data collection and production of statistical reports, following internationally approved methods and standards,” he said. Matambo also revealed that new surveys which will provide some of the data and information at the local level which were almost at roll out stage included the Botswana Demographic Survey, the Multi-Topic Survey, which survey includes labour, poverty, literacy, health and nutrition statistics and the Botswana Aids Impact Survey.
Homegrown LED light manufacturing company, The Bulb World, has kick started operations in South Africa, setting in motion the company’s ambitious continental expansion plans.
The Bulb World, which was partly funded by Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency (CEDA) at the tune of P4 million, to manufacture LED lighting bulbs for both commercial and residential use in 2017, announced last year that it will enter the South African market in the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) of North West province under the auspices of North West Development Corporation (NWDC).
The company has already secured a deal with South Africa authorities which entails production factory shells and tax incentives arrangements.
The company founder and Chief Executive Officer, Ketshephaone Jacob has also previously stated that the company is looking for just under P50 million to finance its expansion strategy and is reaching out to institutional investors such as Botswana Public Officers Pensioners Fund (BPOPF) and government investment arm, Botswana Development Corporation (BDC).
However, Jacob told WeekendPost that instead of sitting and waiting for expansion funding the company has started hitting the ground running.
“We have decided to get in the streets of SA, start selling lights from door to door, ” said Jacob who is in currently in Rusternburg to oversee the introduction of The Bulb World products in the market.
Jacob explained more brand activations will be undertaken in South Africa. “The plan is to do it the whole of North West and Limpopo province, through hawkers, we give the hawkers the lights to sell at a factory price and they put a mark up and make a living,” he said.
The Bulb World operates from Selibe Phikwe, it currently employees 65 young people, 80 % of which are Phikwe youth. The company plans to add 100 jobs this year alone as it forges ahead with its regional and continental expansion plans.
In July this year Bulb World products will hit South African Shelves: Pick n Pay, Checkers and Africa’s largest retailer Shoprite.
The Bulb World has been registered as a company in South Africa; the company will start producing lights from Mogwasa after striking a special economic zones deal with North West Development Corporation in North West Province South Africa.
“Over the next 10 years we are looking to create over 5,000 jobs in Africa. Through our expansion into all of Africa we will be able to create employment for various individuals in different sectors namely; manufacturing, distribution electronics and retail,” Jacob told this publication earlier this year.
Jacob said if all goes well, the plan is to have taken over Africa or rather penetrated, and have prevalent presence in the African market.
“We are gunning to have at least 30 percent market share by then. According to a 2016 Market Survey, the total valuation of sales for LED Lighting was 57BN, a portion of which we plan to have taken over by then,” he said.
While the company has set its eyes on Africa, Jacob said, the company has not fully exploited its local growth, indicating that there could be strategic factories built to supply neighbouring countries of Angola and Zimbabwe.
“There is potential for further local expansion as well to other areas of Botswana if things run smoothly as anticipated. Hopefully in the long-term if our fellow Africans and all these markets receive us well we are planning to build another factory,” he said.
“We are looking to build another factory in the Chobe/Ngamiland Area that will give priority to markets in Zimbabwe and Angola,” he said
The Maun based Okavango Research Institute (ORI) has downplayed the impacts of oil and gas exploration in part of Okavango delta arguing that given the distance proposed the likelihoods of negative impacts drilling these exploration wells on the surface water systems is likely to be negligible.
The Institution released a position paper titled ‘Proposed Petroleum (Oil and Gas) Exploration Operations in the Petroleum Exploration License (PEL) No. 73,’ with findings stating that, in the event of discovery of economically viable hydrocarbon deposits, much more careful consideration of the impacts and economic benefits of development of the resource will be needed.
For example, the fracking process for gas and oil extraction is known to require large volumes of underground water.
It further argues that increased extraction of the underground water is likely to affect the water table level and further affect the overall water availability in the river-basin.
“The effect on water availability and use may become worse if surface water is reticulated or sourced by any means from the Kavango River. Should the exploration and fracking for oil and gas expand to Block 1720, 1721 and 1821, the impact on water availability and quality will be significant, especially if the wastewater is not well managed,” said the paper.
The research unit recommends close communication between the relevant Basin State Ministries (Mineral Resources, Environment) and the Permanent Commission on the Okavango River Basin, OKACOM, and other stakeholders must be facilitated.
This will facilitate sharing of the correct information on the desired intentions of the basin states and compromises sought for the sustainability of the ecosystems in the downstream of the Cubango-Okavango river Basin, states the position paper.
ORI as a key stakeholder with scientific information says it is positioned to provide scientific advice and guidance to decision-makers on the potential impacts of both exploration and development and operation activities.
It also recommends that while the impacts might be minimal at the exploration stage, environmental impacts during the development and extraction process are significant.
Findings also state that the SADC Protocol places a mandatory duty to make a notification of planned measures undertaken in any riparian state in cases where such measures hold the potential to cause ‘significant adverse effects.’
It further states that where the planned development is trivial and not expected to cause any significant harm, the development state is not under duty to notify other riparian states.
Given that the drilling in the Kavango Region in Nambia is merely for exploratory purpose and the possibility of harm is minor, it is therefore not surprising that the Namibian government did not inform Botswana.
However, should it be found that the oil can be profitably or economically exploited, the Namibian government would be under a duty to notify both Angola and Botswana.
The institution further states that to ensure sustainable development in the Okavango Delta the following in the context of exploration for and potential development of hydrocarbon deposits within the Cubango-Okavango River Basin, it must be considered that the Okavango Delta is a World Heritage Site listed in 2014 by UNESCO and one of the binding requirements of the listing is the non-permissible commercial mining of any mineral, gas or oil within the World Heritage Site.
It states that the Okavango Delta is also a RAMSAR site in which mining is not allowed.
Should the exploration for minerals, oil and gas be allowed, there is a high chance that a mineral, oil or gas may be found given that the Delta is sitting on karoo sediments and shale rocks which in other parts of the world have been found to be sources of oil and gas deposits. Should oil or gas be discovered, there will be a strong socio-economic pressure to mine oil or gas and create jobs for the masses.
Manufactured in Turkey, Pakmaya Instant Dry Yeast can be used in the production of various fermented products, as it is suited for both traditional and industrial baking processes. All kinds of breads, buns and fermented pastry products are typical examples of applications.
Pakmaya Africa Sales Manager Cem Perdar says Pakmaya has 4 plants in across the world, further indicating that all of the plants have the highest standards of quality certificates and approvals. Regarding raw material, molasses is the main ingredient for yeast. Concerning production activities, yeast manufacturing requires high know-how and capability. Pakmaya has all those capabilities and aspects more than 45 years.
According to Perdar, Pakmaya has been existent in African markets since 30 years. From South to North, Central to East and West, a consumer can find Pakmaya in nearly every part of Africa continent.
“With its high quality, rich product selection and good service, our brand has become the favorite yeast of many Africans. On the other hand, our distributors in African countries are working very hardly and loyally in order to promote our products in their markets. After some time, we are becoming like families with our exclusive distributors in Africa and this enables both parts to work harder and keeps our product sustainable in market,” he said in an interview this week.
The yeast manufacturing giant made its way to Botswana market. The company has been smoothly working with Kamoso Distribution, a local distribution company. Perdar told BusinessPostthat two entities have been working hard to earn is market locally.
“At the moment we have a good market share with them in Botswana market. I’m sure during 2021 long, we will be increasing our sales and market position. Soon we are going to start a marketing campaign in Botswana, so that means Batswana will see and recognize Pakmaya more and more. Pakmaya wants to be the best friend of bakers in bakeries and ladies at homes in Botswana.”
As per global COVID-19 regulations to curb the spread of the COVID-19, Botswana just like other country closed borders. Providentially, the restrictions did not affect the company destructively.
Perdar says “Kamoso Africa is a very important and strong partner in Botswana territory. With Kamoso’s hard work and strict measurements, we have done a very good job. So as Pakmaya, we have not suffered any distribution problem. Our partner is doing the needful at the reaching our products to end users.”
He further said “We are doing well in Botswana market and hoping to make much more. Our aim is to enter every single corner in Botswana territory. With our new marketing campaigns, we are planning to be the most preferred yeast in Botswana market.”