President Lt Gen Ian Khama, who is also paramount chief of Bangwato has been dragged into the chieftainship feuds in the Bamangwato territory after various sections expressed displeasure with Regent Sediegeng Kgamane’s decisions.
There is an ongoing impasse surrounding the chieftainship in two villages of Mmadinare and Nata, which are within the jurisdiction of Bamangwato. Bangwato regent, Kgamane, who is the appointing authority for chiefs designated to these villages, is accused of pushing his own agendas by the sections of the villages. This has forced them to seek redress from President Khama to douse the fires. In Nata the villagers want the appointing authority to give Kgosi Rebagamang Rancholo the throne.
Last week Kgamane and his lieutenants cancelled a meeting on the eleventh hour despite residents of Nata having already convened at the kgotla. No reason, according to sources, was put forth. The residents want the appointment of the Kgosi to be done through elections in which Rancholo appears the most likely to win as he originates from the village. On the other hand highly placed sources say the Bangwato regent is considering a certain Letsogo Kgaswa. This would have irked the residents hence the meeting was called off.
The dispute according to village leadership will be addressed by President Khama on Thursday during his visit to the Nata-Gweta constituency. “It is on the agenda, the President will be briefed about the marathon dispute and we are hopeful that from there the decision will be taken. Besides we are optimistic the royals from Serowe will also be here to hear our cry and listen to our recommendations,” a source said. Nata is dominated by the Basarwa community and they are somehow clear that only Mosarwa should lead them.
There are reports doing rounds in the village that Kgamane would want to impose a different person and the villagers are resolute that they will block any move to appoint an ‘illegitimate’ person to the throne. The vacancy of a senior tribal authority was created following the retirement of Mokgwathi Makgesi from public service in September 2015 and a delegation sent by Kgamane then addressed the villagers and announced that they should choose a person of their choice. Villagers had wanted the position to be filled by Makgesi’s immediate junior, Rebagamang Rancholo only for the delegation to state that the two junior chiefs, Rancholo and Kgaswa were not eligible for the position since they were already employed.
When villagers were busy searching for a suitable name to send for consideration, Kgamane handpicked Kgaswa for the position but the nomination angered villagers. In response Kgamane leaned on section 18 of Bogosi Act. “A Kgosi shall have power, after consultation with the tribe or any section thereof in accordance with customary law, to facilitate the integration of persons wishing to settle within the tribe,” but he failed to make it known to residents.
And the Mmadinare Chieftainship crisis deepens
Efforts by Kgamane and his lieutenants to mediate in the persisting Mmadinare chieftainship feud hit buffers as members of morafe insist they will deploy any tactic at their disposal to block the coronation of any kgosi they deem illegitimate. The residents are contemplating to report Kgamane who is overseeing Mmadinare Chieftainship to President Khama for maintaining his stance of bringing back Seeletso to lead them. It was almost a consensus from Morafe within the village that Kgosi Phokontsi Seeletso should not be reinstated. They believe that with heir to the throne still pursuing his studies there are other legitimate people who can hold the fort for him than Phokontsi, to be specific Maureen Mphoeng.
Contention from Morafe is simple- they want a Mmadinare native to lead them. Further they believe Seeletso has not been working well with them hence the need to be led by someone who well understands the village and its dwellers. The Bogosi conflict in the village exacerbated subsequent to the death of the father of Mphoeng Mphoeng. Mphoeng has now been considered succeeding his father but he is still pushing his academics until next year. Kgosi Mokhutshwane Sekgoma who was standing in for Kgamane however highlighted that consultation was done by the royal family in Serowe and they decided Seeletso is the perfect shepherd to lead Mmadinare.
On the other hand livid residents quote Bogosi act that they should be consulted. “A Kgosi may, after consultation with the people of the area at a kgotla in the customary manner and with the approval of the Minister, recognize any person designated by his or her tribe as Kgosana in respect of the area of his or her tribal territory or tribal area and may in like manner withdraw the recognition,” article 22 (a) read Bogosi act in which Bangwato principals are leaning on. the appointment of the person proposed by the Kgosi as his or her Moemela Kgosi would not be in the interests of the people of the area, make such appointment as he or she considers appropriate after consultation with the tribe; or
However the residents believe the recognition of a Kgosana has been made without due consideration of the wishes and interests of the people of the tribal territory or tribal area hence the need to cancel the recognition of such Kgosi Seeletso. “I was among the delegation that went to Serowe. We were not allowed to say even a word and we were not happy that we left without any of our voices heard. We made it clear that we are against the decision because it was not consultation, but a decision imposed on us. We strongly object to the decision on Seeletso and I am wondering how he will work with such an angry community,” Kgosi Thatayaone Marumo lamented about consultation.
Former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Member of Parliament for Gaborone North, Haskins Nkaigwa has confirmed his departure from opposition fold to re-join the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Nkaigwa said opposition is extremely divided and the leadership not in talking terms. “They are planning evil against each other. Nothing much will be achieved,” Nkaigwa told WeekendPost.
“I believe my time in the opposition has come to an end. It’s time to be of value to rebuilding our nation and economy of the country. Remember the BDP is where I started my political journey. It is home,” he said.
“Despite all challenges currently facing the world, President Masisi will be far with his promises to Batswana. A leader always have the interest of the people at heart despite how some decisions may look to be unpopular with the people.
“I have faith and full confidence in President Dr Masisi leadership. We shall overcome as party and nation the current challenges bedevilling nations. BDP will emerge stronger. President Masisi will always have my backing.”
Nkaigwa served as opposition legislator between 2014-2019 representing Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) under UDC banner. He joined BMD in 2011 at the height public servant strike whilst Gaborone City Deputy Mayor. He eventually rose to become the mayor same year, after BDP lost majority in the GCC.
Nkaigwa had been a member of Botswana National Front (BNF), having joined from Alliance for Progressives (AP) in 2019.
Botswana has received assistance worth over P100 million from Japanese government since 2019, making the latter of the largest donors to Botswana in recent years.
The assistance include relatively large-scale grant aid programmes such as the COVID-19 programme (to provide medical equipment; P34 million), the digital terrestrial television programme (to distribute receivers to the underprivileged, P17 million), the agriculture promotion programme (to provide agricultural machinery and equipment, P53million).
“As 2020 was a particularly difficult year, where COVID-19 hit Botswana’s economy and society hard, Japan felt the need to assist Botswana as our friend,” said Japan’s new Ambassador to Botswana, Hoshiyama Takashi.
“It is for this reason that grants of over P100 million were awarded to Botswana for the above mentioned projects.”
Japan is now the world’s fourth highest ranking donor country in terms of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
From 1991 to 2000, Japan continued as the top donor country in the world and contributed to Asia’s miracle economic development.
From 1993 onwards, the TICAD process commenced through Japan’s initiative as stated earlier. Japan’s main contribution has been in the form of Yen Loans, which are at a concessional rate, to suit large scale infrastructure construction.
“In Botswana, only a few projects have been implemented using the Yen Loan such as the Morupule “A” Power Station Rehabilitation and Pollution Abatement in 1986, the Railway Rolling Stock Increase Project in 1987, the Trans-Kalahari Road Construction Project in 1991, the North-South Carrier Water Project in 1995 and the Kazungula Bridge Construction Project in 2012,” said Ambassador Hoshiyama.
“In terms of grant aid and technical assistance, Japan has various aid schemes including development survey and master planning, expert dispatch to recipient countries, expert training in Japan, scholarships, small scale grass-roots program, culture-related assistance, aid through international organizations and so on.”
In 1993, Japan launched Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) to promote Africa’s development, peace and security, through the strengthening of relations in multilateral cooperation and partnership.
TICAD discuss development issues across Africa and, at the same time, present “aid menus” to African countries provided by Japan and the main aid-related international organizations, United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank.
“As TICAD provides vision and guidance, it is up to each African country to take ownership and to implement her own development following TICAD polices and make use of the programmes shown in the aid menus,” Ambassordor Hoshiyama noted.
“This would include using ODA loans for quality infrastructure, suited to the country’s own nation-building needs. It is my fervent hope that Botswana will take full advantage of the TICAD process.”
Since then, seven conferences where held, the latest, TICAD 7 being in 2019 at Yokohama. TICAD 7’s agenda on African development focused on three pillars, among them the first pillar being “Accelerating economic transformation and improving business environment through innovation and private sector engagement”.
“Yes, private investment is very important, while public investment through ODA (Official Development Assistance) still plays an indispensable role in development,” the Japanese Ambassador said.
“For further economic development in Africa, Japan recognizes that strengthening regional connectivity and integration through investment in quality infrastructure is key.”
Japan has emphasized the following; effective implementation of economic corridors such as the East Africa Northern Corridor, Nacala Corridor and West Africa Growth Ring; Quality infrastructure investment in line with the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment should be promoted by co-financing or cooperation through the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Japan.
Japan also emphasized the establishment of mechanisms to encourage private investment and to improve the business environment.
According to the statistics issued by Japan’s Finance Ministry, Japan invested approximately 10 billion US dollars in Africa after TICAD 7 (2019) to year end 2020, but Japanese investment through third countries are not included in this figure.
“With the other points factored in, the figure isn’t established yet,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
The next conference, TICAD 8 will be held in Tunisia in 2022. This will be the second TICAD summit to be held on the African continent after TICAD 6 which was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2016.
According to Ambassador Hoshiyama, in preparation for TICAD 8, the TICAD ministerial meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. The agenda to be discussed during TICAD 8 has not yet been fully deliberated on amongst TICAD Co-organizers (Japan, UN, UNDP, the World Bank and AU).
“Though not officially concluded, given the world situation caused by COVID-19, I believe that TICAD 8 will highlight health and medical issues including the promotion of a Universal Health Coverage (UHC),” said Hoshiyama.
“As the African economy has seriously taken a knock by COVID-19, economic issues, including debt, could be an item for serious discussion.”
The promotion of business is expected to be one of the most important topics. Japan and its partners, together with the business sector, will work closely to help revitalize private investment in Africa.
“All in all, the follow-up of the various programs that were committed by the Co-Organizers during the Yokohama Plan of Actions 2019 will also be reviewed as an important item of the agenda,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
“I believe that this TICAD follow-up mechanism has secured transparency and accountability as well as effective implementation of agreed actions by all parties. The guiding principle of TICAD is African ownership and international partnership.”
Directorate on Intelligence Services (DIS) Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi is said to be hell-bent and pushing President Mokgweetsi Masisi to reshuffle his cabinet as a matter of urgency since a number of his ministers are conflicted.
The request by Magosi comes at a time when time is ticking on his contract which is awaiting renewal from Masisi.
This publication learns that Magosi is unshaken by the development and continues to wield power despite uncertainty hovering around his contractual renewal.