The former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) nominee for Gaborone Central constituency, Gape Motswaledi has addressed new twists in the power struggle roiling the Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD).
BMD, the newest political formation in the country, is on the brink of an ill-timed split which imperils the integrity of the opposition coalition, on the last mile to the 2019 general election. BMD has two presidents and factions which are claiming legitimacy, one led by Advocate Sidney Pilane and the other by Ndaba Gaolathe. Gape is the younger brother to the late BMD president Gomolemo Motswaledi, who died in a freak auto accident in 2014. His name was put forward as a possible candidate of UDC after the passing of his brother, alongside trade unionist Andrew Motsamai, cleric Thuso Tiego, lawyer Uyapo Ndadi and the now area parliamentarian, Phenyo Butale.
Motswaledi told this publication in an exclusive interview this week that it is his opinion that both factions should part ways before relations take any further sharp twist and also for the interest of time: “I think quite expeditiously that UDC and the two camps should ascertain whether they can continue with the marriage. Can they mix together? They should ask themselves one question. Do you stay together when you have forsaken each other? (Do you stay together) when you are emotionally detached? Or do you separate while you still have mutual respect and you can work together as separate entities.”
He further said that even in matrimony, there comes a time when a couple has to ruminate over fact that it has become emotionally detached. “You rather not share space and care about each other that not caring about each other and sharing space. It doesn’t safeguard the expectations of Batswana that their destiny is delayed. You don’t expect your aspirations to be realised during the lifetime of your great grandchildren.” He also said that while he is not in the BMD, he has observed that it has come to a point where the levels of mutual trust have tanked to lowermost depths; a prospect which will undermine genuine reconciliation.
Motswaledi, who is also a firm believer of scripture, expressed hope that regime change might still be possible in the 2019 general election, stating that, God willing, a lot of things can still take place in the interim. To buttress a point that working relations have become irretrievable between the two camps, he said it is impossible to imagine former sworn archenemies working together under a single roof.
“As a Motswana, I was observing when Mr Pilane wanted to be readmitted into the party and others were circumspect. If he leads, will he forget that at some point he was looked upon with distrust? If Mr Ndaba (Gaolathe) leads, will he forget that these people at some point didn’t want me? That thing delays the journey. The two camps will spend their time closely eyeballing each other with distrust. I think one of the workable options is when others say, let’s secede and we will work together in a different arrangement. Other suggestions are but ordinary human yearnings that will not be feasible.”
Motswaledi further voiced his disagreement with the prolonged silence of UDC with regards to informing the nation on the progress of the report compiled on the death of his elder brother. He further said that his family never solicited any report or further investigation because it was resigned to the fact that it would not bring back their loved one. He also revealed that the Motswaledi family would have allowed any other political formation or organized body to execute a deeper investigation for national closure if it came in sincerity.
“What worries me is that when you take a long time without apprising the public, they develop their own perceptions and their perceptions become their truth. If an individual believes that the funds were pooled for other reasons than the report; that is their truth. One thing that neutralizes such speculation is when you bring forward facts on your progress, even if the job is not complete.”
He also appeared to take a swipe at Adv Pilane: “The other day I read in a newspaper that someone promised to produce the report. But you see, that individual in a way is peddling a perception that the report is neither nigh nor is there. That it is in someone’s pocket and at his behest it can be produced. It’s a perception that this person is creating and it is very dangerous. It tarnishes the credibility of a movement that came to us in sincerity. That kind of character, that person gets the power to do that because he is filling in the space that is left by those who were supposed to report duly to the nation,” he said.
Motswaledi also said that his father is not interested when it comes to the frivolity of politics “He is not concerned. He can only worry if someone claims that they can produce the report, as if he goes around carrying it in their pocket.” Furthermore he revealed that UDC has also not submitted the report to the family noting that they will receive it like other Batswana when it is finalised. “We are fine with it, but if they take their power and forfeit it to people who might tarnish their name by peddling a perception that this report is something you just pull out of a drawer, it will be a lapse of judgement on their side.”
Motswaledi who is also a chorister and educator, also told this publication that in the period preceding his death, Gomolemo had done something he had never done before in his political life. “I said at the funeral that he invited all the relatives to the launch of his candidature in Gaborone Central. He requested that I mobilise all the relatives. This was the first time that he had wanted his close relatives involved in his political expeditions because normally he kept them at bay from such.”
He continued to state that in retrospect his elder brother might have had witnessed a grand familial gathering in his sub-consciousness which he might have not wholly discerned. “In the spirit, he must have noticed relatives and friends converging at the launch of his candidacy, but he didn't know that it was a spiritual launch into heaven.” He also shed light for the first time why he turned down contesting with the UDC ticket in Gaborone Central noting that he wanted to independently make his own mark and realise his own individual potential, without a slight assistance from his sibling.
“I resisted inheriting anything from him for so long. I resisted at KTM (Choir) which he had founded and where I was based for some time, before I proceeded to join BTU (Botswana Teachers Union) choir because I was also into trade unionism.” He also said that besides seeking to chart his own paths, he nevertheless had to acquaint himself with the especially broken political terrain of 2014 before making his leap. “I couldn't just step in because of him. I had to ask myself, do I know the needs of residents of that constituency?”
But above all, Motswaledi said that Gomolemo had already groomed Young Turks who were at the time equally refined to take up the assignment. He further noted that had he been one of them, he would have been happy to step up to the test. “He was a destiny bearer, but he didn't finish his mandate. He had to hand over the baton but it was only appropriate to do that to his mentees. If I was one of them, I would have accepted. Stepping up to the political challenge is not just assuming a position of power, there is much more to it,” he explained.
Stanbic Bank Botswana Quarterly Economic Review indicates that Botswana will fail to meet some of its Vision 2036 targets, particularly unemployment reduction and reaching high-income status.
The report says this is mainly due to the slow economic growth that the country is currently experiencing. This Quarterly Economic Review focuses on the 2020 Budget Speech.
The first paper reviews the entire budget with its key observations being that this budget is prepared as prescribed by the Public Finance Management Act; the priorities it seeks to address are drawn from Vision 2036 and the eleventh
The 2020 budget Speech, which was the maiden speech by the Minister of Finance and Economic Development, Dr. Thapelo Matsheka, and the first after the 2019 general elections, was delivered to Parliament on the 4th of February 2020.
It has been well received by the labour unions, business community, and the public at large as well as international organisations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
It mainly derived its support from key facets including, emphasis on changing the business-as-usual approach to development; outlining the transformation agenda; fiscal reform that minimizes the negative impact on economic development and human welfare, competiveness and the decision to implement the 2019 negotiated and agreed public sector.
The budget’s progress review shows that economic growth was consistent with the NDP 11 projections, with growth of around 4 percent. At this growth rate, the country would neither ascend to a high-income status nor reduce unemployment towards the Vision 2036 target of a single digit.
Simple calculations of this review confirm that the economy will need to grow the Vision 2036’s target of 6 percent over the next 16 years for per capita income to increase from around USD 8,000.00 to above USD 12,000.00 in current prices.
Further, the population is anticipated to grow by only 2 percent per annum.
For this reason, the focal areas for the forthcoming FY’s budget include measures to increase economic growth towards an average of 6 percent per annum.
Economic diversification is reportedly progressing fairly well. The report says, the share of the non-mining private sector in value added has risen to 66 percent in 2018 from to 63 percent in 2015.
The sectoral pattern of growth showed that the performance of services sector (particularly transport & communications, trade, hotels & restaurants, and finance & business services) has been the silver lining and that of mining sector was subdued whilst the utility sector disappointed.
The drive towards the service sector of the economy, especially to low-productivity activities (tourism, public administration, wholesaling and retailing) does not bode well for the country’s development aspirations.
In the previous versions of this Quarterly Review, it was noted that there is need for the rethinking of economic diversification. Since the country’s domestic market is small, it is inevitable that economic diversification not only focus on broadening the product mix, but also the composition of exports and markets.
This understanding of economic diversification has not been embraced by this year’s budget. Consequently, Botswana’s exports are still overwhelmingly diamonds, which means that the rest of economic sectors are still highly dependent on foreign-exchange earnings from diamonds. Thus, “the transformation programme requires a review of the country’s entire ecosystem”.
The budget review of the economic context also depicts that an economy with positive medium-term prospects, with growth expected to recover to 4.4 percent in 2020 from the expected growth of 36 percent in 2019 largely due to faster growth of services sectors and, thereafter, to slow-down to 4 percent in 2021.
These projected growth rates are comparable to those of the IMF staff’s baseline scenario of 4.2 percent in 2020 and 4 percent in 2021. Thus, the business-as-usual scenario produces growth rates that are still too low to achieve Botswana’s development objectives and create enough jobs to absorb the new entrants into the labour market.
Trade tensions between the two major markets for diamond exports, viz., the United States of America and China, is one of the factors that are cited as contributing to, indeed, undermining not only the domestic growth, but also the fiscal position.
Another notable downside risk to both global and domestic growth is outbreak of the coronavirus in China around January 2020. This has been declared as a global health emergency. In an attempt to contain the spread of the novel coronavirus pneumonia, the Chinese authorities have ordered city lockdowns and extended holidays, of course, at the expense of near- term economic growth, according to the new Stanbic Bank Botswana report.
According to Nomura Holdings Inc., fewer migrant workers returned for work than in previous years and business activities have been slow to pick up. The havoc wreaked by the virus on the world’s second largest economy is likely to spill over to the global economy. In fact, it has resulted in a glut in crude oil and, thereby placed oil markets into a contango, i.e., a market structure where near-term prices trade at a discount to future contracts.
It also presents significant risks one of Botswana’s main drivers of economic growth, diversification and foreign exchange earnings. According to the Financial Times (February 13, 2020), Chinese tourists spent $130 billion overseas in 2018. Regardless of whether the growth materializes, the projected domestic growth rate would not transform the economy to a high-income one.
Progress towards reduction of unemployment, to a target of single digit, and poverty and achieving inclusive growth has also been relatively slow, the Stanbic Bank Botswana Review says.
Ministry of Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration (MOPAGPA) has through the Office of the President (OP) proposed to avail Orapa House for use by private training institutions as well as research institutions involved in the area of technology development.
For a very long time the monumental building located in the heart of the city has been a white elephant, despite government purchasing it for nearly P80 million from De Beers in 2012.
However, government has now identified a productive use for the iconic building. “The overall vision is for the building to be transformed into a hub for digital technology research and development to be carried-out by institutions, such as; Limkokwing University, BIUST, BITRI and other relevant stakeholders.”
The decision was taken as government traverse a new path of transforming the economy from a mineral led economy to a knowledge based economy through the promotion of research and innovation. However, the facility will need major maintenance to be carried-out in order to meet the requirements of the proposed change in use.
“The work will include provision of laboratories, work stations, production areas and seminar rooms; audio visual centre, high speed internet connectivity, exhibition areas and offices,” reads the proposal note for the development.
These developments will be done through the refurbishment and maintenance of the main building, workshop, and ablution block, gate house, parking area, grounds, and access control and security service.
“There will be minimal modifications to the structure as it stands. The project is estimated to cost approximately P50, 000, 000,” says the report. In this regard, it is said, the initial scope of the OP facility will be modified to accommodate the envisaged digital technology research and development hub.
With funds needed to improve the building, OP has requested that; “the 2020/21 annual budget provision for Orapa House will need to be increased by P37,500,000 from P2,500,000 to P40,000,000 to kick start the maintenance works.” Funds will be sourced from the projects that have been delayed due to Covid-19 protocols during the 2020/21 financial year.
The building has been a thorny issue for government for years. Initially, OP was expected to move there but the move never materialised. At one point it was a question of whether the Office of the President and the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development were planning to override a decision by Parliament which rejected the proposal to buy Orapa House under the belief that government may be buying its own property. The building was to be bought at a negotiated cost of P79 million.
Again in 2012, Government had wanted to buy Orapa House for a negotiated P79m but the Finance and Estimates Committee of Parliament had rejected the request because of the inconsistencies realised in the supporting documents of the proposed procurement. The valuation of the building was put at P74 million.
The Ministry of Lands and Housing had initially offered De Beers P73, 000,000 as the purchase price. However, De Beers countered with P85, 000,000. On negotiation and converging of the minds, the selling price was finally agreed at P79, 000,000.
Auditor General, Pulane Letebele, has expressed discontentment at the worrying and deteriorating state of brigades in the country.
In an audit inspection which was carried out at Tshwaragano Brigade in Gabane, a number of observations showed weaknesses and shortcomings in the conduct of the financial affairs of the institution.
According to Letebele’s report, former students of the brigade had been engaged to carry out maintenance works on the school premises, comprising of painting, tiling, plumbing and electrical works, which covered the period from July 2017 to June 2018.
Although the agreed maintenance period had elapsed, the works had not been completed because of unavailability of funds and this situation had persisted up till the time of inspection in November 2019.
Auditor General says arrangements should have been made in time for funds to be available to complete these relatively minor works even before the works commenced.
Various contractors had been engaged for clearing the bush and for the supply of concrete stones, pit and river sand and hiring equipment for digging the trench towards the construction of an auto mechanics workshop, the report said.
It stated that the cost of services and supplies provided totalled P117 949.80. However, despite the services and the supplies having been paid for, the construction works had not commenced for a long period afterwards, resulting in the trench filling back in.
The audit inquiries had not elicited satisfactory responses as both the institution and the Ministry had not accepted the responsibility for the project, although orders for the provision for the supplies had been made. For their part, the Ministry had stated that they had sub warranted funds for the purchase of porta cabins.
Letebele indicated that it is therefore confusing that a project which is critical to the functioning of an institution such as this one would commence without a well-defined plan.
Furthermore, the accounting and maintenance of records for the supplies items were not of the standard prescribed by the Supplies Regulations and Procedures in that the supplies ledger cards, the main accounting records for Government assets, were not properly maintained for the recording of receipts and issues.
This had resulted in significant discrepancies between physical and ledger balances, while in other instances the supplies items had not been recorded at all.
The report says 24 of the 91 new computers found in the computer laboratory at Kumakwane ABC campus were not recorded anywhere, as were the other computers in the storeroom which could not be counted due to the disorderly storage conditions.
The institution had entered into a contract agreement with a security company for the provision of security services at Tshwaragano Brigade, ABC and Horticulture campuses at Kumakwane for a 2-year period which ended in June 2018, WeekendPost learnt.
After the contract expired in June 2018, an extension was granted till the 30th September 2018. Since then, there has been no security service coverage for the institution to-date. According to Auditor General, in the face of prevailing crimes, it is of paramount importance that government properties be protected by provision of security services at all times.
At Tlokweng Brigade, it was noted that the kitchen staff were working under difficult conditions as the kitchen facilities and equipment, such as the cold room, tilting pot, food warmers and solar power for hot water were dysfunctional. The kitchen roof was leaking and men’s restrooms was not working. All these need to be brought to a reasonable and functional state of repair.
The kitchen staff should use a purpose-designed Rations Ledger for the recording of receipts and issues of foodstuffs to reflect the usage of those items. As far back as 2014 the Department of Buildings and Engineering Services had found that the house occupied by the bursar was uninhabitable on account of structural defects, the report said.
A site visit during the audit had established that the house was indeed unfit for occupation as there were cracks on the walls, power switches were not working and the roof was leaking. On a sadder note, there were a number of finished items of clothing, such as dresses, shirts, and jackets from students’ practical exercises from the Fashion Design Textiles Workshop.
Auditor General shared her take on this, saying: “I have not been able to ascertain the policy on the disposal of products from these practicals. A trace of 103 green acid-proof overalls which had been purchased in August 2018 had indicated that there was no record of these items having been recorded or issued, nor were they available in stock. I was not able to obtain any explanation for this situation.”
Kgatleng brigade was also audited and inspected by Auditor General who observed that the brigade has 26 institutional houses at Bokaa, both old campus and new campus. Some of these houses are very old and dilapidated, with two declared uninhabitable. The condition of the houses is a clear indication of lack of care and maintenance of these properties.
At the time of the audit, there was no contractor engaged for the provision of security guard services at the new campus, after expiry of the previous one in July 2019. It is hoped that steps would be taken to safeguard the security of the premises and government properties against any acts of hooliganism.
In August 2019, there was a break-in at the electrical and at the plumbing maintenance workshops and a number of high value items, such as drilling machines, bolt cutters, spanners and cables, were stolen. The break-in and theft were reported to the police.
“However, at the time of writing this report I was not aware of the outcome of the police investigation, nor of any loss report submitted in terms of the Supplies Regulations and Procedures,” Letebele said.