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BMD’s breakpoint P100 000 congress

There is no doubt that Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) is going for its elective congress in Bobonong next week. What remains uncertain is the events that will unfold at the congress following the expulsion of party president, Ndaba Gaolathe, his deputy, Wynter Mmolotsi and four others.
 

But party chairman, Nehemiah Modubule has assured the BMD faithful that the congress is on and there will be “adequate” security to ensure smooth operations. The chairman told this publication on Thursday that 740 delegates will grace the congress at Matshekge JSS in Bobonong. The delegates will comprise of 18 members of the National Executive Committee (NEC), since six have been expelled from the party; 16 members of the Youth League; 16 members of the Women’s League; and 10 delegates from each of the 57 constituencies. In addition all Members of Parliament, all Councillors, chairpersons and secretaries of branches and regions also attend the congress.
 

However Modubule emphasized that the Youth League that was elected in Ramotswa is not recognized by the party, it was an illegal gathering, he says. He also indicates that expelled members are not welcome into the delegates’ congress. “But those who wish to travel to Bobonong are free to do so. Botswana is a free country hence we cannot bar anyone from travelling to destinations of their choice.” 
 

Matshekge School has billed BMD P24 538 for the usage of school facilities during the congress. He said the party has also budgeted P30 000 for food to be served to delegates at the congress. The other expenses at the congress will go towards production of ballot papers and identification tags for delegates. “We are seriously preparing for this congress and there is no secret plan to postpone it. There are no reasons what so ever to postpone this congress,” says Modubule.
 

According to the BMD chairman, Batswana must be assured that BMD is going for congress next week. “Our hope is that there will not be any disruptions as we have heard some declaring war in Bobonong. We are not going for a fight, we are not a boxing club but a political party. We are aware that some of our members express fear over security issues. We urge those who are intimidating other party members to stop doing that.”
 

 Modubule says he is certain that BMD will elect leaders without a fuss come next week because the committee has ensured that it provides necessary security. He said since this is a delegates’ congress, only delegates will be allowed into the hall. According to Modubule there will be a roll call to ensure that people who enter the hall at Matshekge are delegates. “We will not take anything to chance, the BMD is bigger than all of us,” he says.
 

On allegations that they intend to postpone the congress, Modubule says: “We can’t postpone congress just because we do not have money. Each constituency has agreed to pay P500 as registration for congress. So far all constituencies have paid this money and this is part of the money that we will use to organize the Bobonong congress. In addition members of the party are also pledging beasts to be slaughtered at the congress to feed delegates.”
 

On the issue of parallel delegates, Modubule says that will not be possible because all delegates will be according to process at the venue. “We can’t afford not to have a congress because of some rogue individuals out there. We assure our members that there is adequate security to deal with any possible disruptions,” he said.
 

Modubule continues: “We expect a lot of competition as usual. We have not heard of any lobby list. Personally I do not support lobbyists because they are breeding ground for factions. Lobby groups never die, they continue to an extent that the losing group pushes its agenda against the elected group,” said Modubule.
 

He explains that party members who are not delegates but have interest in contesting certain positions are aware that they can be nominated from the floor or could express their wish by giving their delegates written expression of interest and it would read at the congress.
 

Expulsions and their implications
 

Modubule confirmed that the BMD Disciplinary Committee has reached a decision to expel six party members including party President Ndaba Gaolathe and his deputy, Wynter Mmolotsi. As a consequence the expelled six will not be admissible at the BMD congress. 
 

He said the decision was arrived at after the six members failed to appear before the Disciplinary Committee chaired by Mr Njubo Ofentse of Bobonong on two occasions. Modubule says the suspended members failed to appear for the hearing on the 11th of June and they were given a second chance on the 18th June.
 

According to the BMD chairman the DC called witnesses on the 18th and the NEC presented its case and verdict was delivered on the 21st of June and was announced publicly as per the dictates of the constitution. “The Disciplinary committee has the power to reprimand, suspend, or expel,” explained Modubule.  
 

Modubule further shares that the expelled members would find it almost impossible to appeal at the congress because they have failed to honour the recognized structures of the party. “They should have appeared at the Disciplinary Hearing to state their case, depending on the outcome, appeal to the next level if they are aggrieved. It is like someone waking up in the morning and lodging a case with the Court of Appeal without having gone through the High Court or lower courts,” observes Modubule.
 

On the same note, Modubule indicated that the expelled members who are currently serving in Parliament “may continue as if nothing” happened because they were elected under the Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) ticket. He says they continue with their normal duties, “but they are no longer BMD members now.” 
 

But why the fracas in the BMD
 

Modubule is adamant that they are being used as scapegoats by those who appear to be against them. He says he is aware that the other group is unhappy with the arrangement of the UDC where Saleshando was made second Vice President. He says they are hurt that the Botswana Congress Party (BCP) has been admitted into the Umbrella. 
 

According to the BMD chairman, “how can we be enemies of unity when we negotiated and accepted the terms of the BMD participation in the UDC. We know that the other group is of the view that there should be a re-negotiation of constituencies and other terms of the cooperation package under the UDC. We are happy with the terms of the UDC because we are pro-unity. Some of us have been in the opposition for too long and we want to see the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) defeated,” he says.
 

Modubule is further convinced that the UDC will remain intact and says, “The BMD will remain in the UDC even after the congress.”  He says he is afraid that some people are beneficiaries of the BDP regime and they have no moral right to want to place him and others at the centre of a BDP conspiracy theory. “I think they are fearful of how far the UDC will go with investigations should it attain power in 2019. I personally propose that the investigations should stretch way beyond 2008. All wealth accumulated in a shady manner should be repossessed,” he adds.


Some people are beneficiaries of the BDP regime and they have no moral right to want to place him and others at the centre of a BDP conspiracy theory. “I think they are fearful of how far the UDC will go with investigations should it attain power in 2019

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DIS blasted for cruelty – UN report

26th July 2022
DIS BOSS: Magosi

Botswana has made improvements on preventing and ending arbitrary deprivation of liberty, but significant challenges remain in further developing and implementing a legal framework, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention said at the end of a visit recently.

Head of the delegation, Elina Steinerte, appreciated the transparency of Botswana for opening her doors to them. Having had full and unimpeded access and visited 19 places of deprivation of liberty and confidentiality interviewing over 100 persons deprived of their liberty.

She mentioned “We commend Botswana for its openness in inviting the Working Group to conduct this visit which is the first visit of the Working Group to the Southern African region in over a decade. This is a further extension of the commitment to uphold international human rights obligations undertaken by Botswana through its ratification of international human rights treaties.”

Another good act Botswana has been praised for is the remission of sentences. Steinerte echoed that the Prisons Act grants remission of one third of the sentence to anyone who has been imprisoned for more than one month unless the person has been sentenced to life imprisonment or detained at the President’s Pleasure or if the remission would result in the discharge of any prisoner before serving a term of imprisonment of one month.

On the other side; The Group received testimonies about the police using excessive force, including beatings, electrocution, and suffocation of suspects to extract confessions. Of which when the suspects raised the matter with the magistrates, medical examinations would be ordered but often not carried out and the consideration of cases would proceed.

“The Group recall that any such treatment may amount to torture and ill-treatment absolutely prohibited in international law and also lead to arbitrary detention. Judicial authorities must ensure that the Government has met its obligation of demonstrating that confessions were given without coercion, including through any direct or indirect physical or undue psychological pressure. Judges should consider inadmissible any statement obtained through torture or ill-treatment and should order prompt and effective investigations into such allegations,” said Steinerte.

One of the group’s main concern was the DIS held suspects for over 48 hours for interviews. Established under the Intelligence and Security Service Act, the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS) has powers to arrest with or without a warrant.

The group said the “DIS usually requests individuals to come in for an interview and has no powers to detain anyone beyond 48 hours; any overnight detention would take place in regular police stations.”

The Group was able to visit the DIS facilities in Sebele and received numerous testimonies from persons who have been taken there for interviewing, making it evident that individuals can be detained in the facility even if the detention does not last more than few hours.

Moreover, while arrest without a warrant is permissible only when there is a reasonable suspicion of a crime being committed, the evidence received indicates that arrests without a warrant are a rule rather than an exception, in contravention to article 9 of the Covenant.

Even short periods of detention constitute deprivation of liberty when a person is not free to leave at will and in all those instances when safeguards against arbitrary detention are violated, also such short periods may amount to arbitrary deprivation of liberty.

The group also learned of instances when persons were taken to DIS for interviewing without being given the possibility to notify their next of kin and that while individuals are allowed to consult their lawyers prior to being interviewed, lawyers are not allowed to be present during the interviews.

The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention mentioned they will continue engaging in the constructive dialogue with the Government of Botswana over the following months while they determine their final conclusions in relation to the country visit.

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Stan Chart halts civil servants property loan facility

26th July 2022
Stan-Chart

Standard Chartered Bank Botswana (SCBB) has informed the government that it will not be accepting new loan applications for the Government Employees Motor Vehicle and Residential Property Advance Scheme (GEMVAS and LAMVAS) facility.

This emerges in a correspondence between Acting Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance Boniface Mphetlhe and some government departments. In a letter he wrote recently to government departments informing them of the decision, Mphetlhe indicated that the Ministry received a request from the Bank to consider reviewing GEMVAS and LAMVAS agreement.

He said: “In summary SCBB requested the following; Government should consider reviewing GEMVAS and LAMVAS interest rate from prime plus 0.5% to prime plus 2%.” The Bank indicated that the review should be both for existing GEMVAS and LAMVAS clients and potential customers going forward.

Mphetlhe said the Bank informed the Ministry that the current GEMVAS and LAMVAS interest rate structure results into them making losses, “as the cost of loa disbursements is higher that their end collections.”

He said it also requested that the loan tenure for the residential property loans to be increased from 20 to 25 years and the loan tenure for new motor vehicles loans to be increased from 60 months to 72 months.

Mphetlhe indicated that the Bank’s request has been duly forwarded to the Directorate of Public Service Management for consideration, since GEMVAS and LAMVAS is a Condition of Service Scheme. He saidthe Bank did also inform the Ministry that if the matter is not resolved by the 6th June, 2022, they would cease receipt of new GEMVAS and LAMVAS loan applications.

“A follow up virtual meeting was held to discuss their resolution and SCB did confirm that they will not be accepting any new loans from GEMVAS and LAMVAS. The decision includes top-up advances,” said Mphetlhe. He advised civil servants to consider applying for loans from other banks.

In a letter addressed to the Ministry, SCBB Chief Executive Officer Mpho Masupe informed theministry that, “Reference is made to your letter dated 18th March 2022 wherein the Ministry had indicated that feedback to our proposal on the above subject is being sought.”

In thesame letter dated 10 May 2022, Masupe stated that the Bank was requesting for an update on the Ministry’s engagements with the relevant stakeholder (Directorate of Public Service Management) and provide an indicative timeline for conclusion.

He said the “SCBB informs the Ministry of its intention to cease issuance of new loans to applicants from 6th June 2022 in absence of any feedback on the matter and closure of the discussions between the two parties.”  Previously, Masupe had also had requested the Ministry to consider a review of clause 3 of the agreement which speaks to the interest rate charged on the facilities.

Masupe indicated in the letter dated 21 December 2021 that although all the Banks in the market had signed a similar agreement, subject to amendments that each may have requested. “We would like to suggest that our review be considered individually as opposed to being an industry position as we are cognisant of the requirements of section 25 of the Competition Act of 2018 which discourages fixing of pricing set for consumers,” he said.

He added that,“In this way,clients would still have the opportunity to shop around for more favourable pricing and the other Banks, may if they wish to, similarly, individually approach your office for a review of their pricing to the extent that they deem suitable for their respective organisations.”

Masupe also stated that: “On the issue of our request for the revision of the Interest Rate, we kindly request for an increase from the current rate of prime plus 0.5% to prime plus 2%, with no other increases during the loan period.” The Bank CEO said the rationale for the request to review pricing is due to the current construct of the GEMVAS scheme which is currently structured in a way that is resulting in the Bank making a loss.

“The greater part of the GEMVAS portfolio is the mortgage boo which constitutes 40% of the Bank’s total mortgage portfolio,” said Masupe. He saidthe losses that the Bank is incurring are as a result of the legacy pricing of prime plus 0% as the 1995 agreement which a slight increase in the August 2018 agreement to prime plus 0.5%.

“With this pricing, the GEMVAS portfolio has not been profitable to the Bank, causing distress and impeding its ability to continue to support government employees to buy houses and cars. The portfolio is currently priced at 5.25%,” he said.  Masupe said the performance of both the GEMVAS home loan and auto loan portfolios in terms of profitability have become unsustainable for the Bank.

Healso said, when the agreement was signed in August 2018, the prime lending rate was 6.75% which made the pricing in effect at the time sufficient from a profitable perspective. “It has since dropped by a total 1.5%. The funds that are loaned to customers are sourced at a high rate, which now leaves the Bank with marginal profits on the portfolio before factoring in other operational expenses associated with administration of the scheme and after sales care of the portfolio,” said the CEO.

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Botswana ranked 129 in female MPs representation

26th July 2022
Minister of Finance & Economic Development Peggy Serame

The Global Gender Gap Index, a report published by the World Economic Forum annually, has indicated that Botswana is among countries that fare badly when it comes to representation of women in legislative bodies.

The latest Global Gender Gap Index, published last week, benchmarks the current state and evolution of gender parity across four key dimensions (Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment). It is the longest-standing index which tracks progress towards closing these gaps over time since its inception in 2006.

This year, the Global Gender Gap Index benchmarked 146 countries. Of these, a subset of 102 countries have been represented in every edition of the index since 2006, further providing a large constant sample for time series analysis.

Botswana ranks number 66 overall (out of 146 countries), with good rankings in most of the pillars. Botswana ranks 1st in Health and Survival, 7th in the Economic Participation and Opportunity, 22nd in Educational Attainment, and 129th in Political Empowerment.

The Global Gender Gap Index measures scores on a 0 to 100 scale and scores can be interpreted as the distance covered towards parity (i.e. the percentage of the gender gap that has been closed). The cross-country comparisons aim to support the identification of the most effective policies to close gender gaps.

The Economic Participation and Opportunity sub-index contains three concepts: the participation gap, the remuneration gap and the advancement gap. The participation gap is captured using the difference between women and men in labour-force participation rates. The remuneration gap is captured through a hard data indicator (ratio of estimated female-to-male earned income) and a qualitative indicator gathered through the World Economic Forum’s annual Executive Opinion Survey (wage equality for similar work).

Finally, the gap between the advancement of women and men is captured through two hard data statistics (the ratio of women to men among legislators, senior officials and managers, and the ratio of women to men among technical and professional workers).

The Educational Attainment sub-index captures the gap between women’s and men’s current access to education through the enrolment ratios of women to men in primary-, secondary- and tertiary-level education. A longer-term view of the country’s ability to educate women and men in equal numbers is captured through the ratio of women’s literacy rate to men’s literacy rate.

Health and Survival sub-index provides an overview of the differences between women’s and men’s health using two indicators. The first is the sex ratio at birth, which aims specifically to capture the phenomenon of “missing women”, prevalent in countries with a strong son preference. Second, the index uses the gap between women’s and men’s healthy life expectancy.

This measure provides an estimate of the number of years that women and men can expect to live in good health by accounting for the years lost to violence, disease, malnutrition and other factors.
Political Empowerment sub-index measures the gap between men and women at the highest level of political decision-making through the ratio of women to men in ministerial positions and the ratio of women to men in parliamentary positions. In addition, the reported included the ratio of women to men in terms of years in executive office (prime minister or president) for the last 50 years.

In the last general elections, only three women won elections, compared to 54 males. The three women are; Nnaniki Makwinja (Lentsweletau-Mmopane), Talita Monnakgotla (Kgalagadi North), and Anna Mokgethi (Gaborone Bonnington North). Four women were elected through Specially Elected dispensation; Peggy Serame, Dr Unity Dow, Phildah Kereng and Beauty Manake. All female MPs — save Dow, who resigned — are members of the executive.

Overall, Botswana has 63 seats, all 57 elected by the electorates, and six elected by parliament. Early this year, Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) secretary general and Gaborone North MP, Mpho Balopi, successfully moved a motion in parliament calling for increment of elective seats from 57 to 61. Balopi contented that population growth demands the country respond by increasing the number of MPs.

In Africa, Botswana play second fiddle to countries like Rwanda, Namibia, South Africa, Burundi, and Zimbabwe who have better representation of women, with Rwanda being the only country with more than 50 percent of women in parliament.

The low number of women in parliament is attributed to Botswana’s current, electoral system, First-Past-the-Post. During the 9th parliament, then MP for Mahalapye East tabled a motion in parliament in which she sort to increase the number of Specially Elected MPs in parliament to augment female representation in the National Assembly.

The motion was opposed famously, by then Specially Elected MP, Botsalo Ntuane, who said the citizens were not in favour of such a move since it dilute democracy, instead suggesting the Botswana should switch to Proportional-Representation-System. Botswana is currently undergoing Constitutional Review process, with the commission, appointed in December, expected to deliver the report to President Mokgweetsi Masisi by September this year.

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