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Bank sector profitability improved in 2016

The Bank of Botswana has said banking sector’s profitability improved in 2016, with income after-tax increasing by 29.3 percent from P1.1 billion in 2015 to P1.4 billion in December 2016.

As a result, Return on Average Total Assets (ROAA) and Return on Equity (ROE) also increased from 1.5 percent and 13.3 percent to 1.8 percent and 14.4 percent, respectively. Overall, the banking sector complied with the minimum prudential and statutory thresholds as expected. According to the Banking Supervision Annual Report 2016 released this week, the banking sector’s total assets increased by 5.3 percent from P76.6 billion in December 2015 to P80.6 billion. Loans and advances grew by 6.2 percent to P51.3 billion in December 2016, compared to growth of 7.1 percent in 2015.

“The Liquid Assets to Total Assets Ratio rose from 15.4 percent (2015) to 16.7 percent (2016), following an increase in liquid assets. Similarly, the ratio of NPLs to Total Loans and Advances increased from 3.9 percent in December 2015 to 4.9 percent in December 2016. The household sector accounted for 59 percent of total NPLs. The ratio of aggregate Large Exposures to Unimpaired Capital was much lower than the 800 percent maximum prudential limit set for banks in Botswana, implying satisfactory management of credit concentration risk,” reads the report.
 

In 2016, total customer deposits grew by 4.2 percent to P62.4 billion, the report further states. It recognizes that customer deposits constituted the largest proportion of liabilities at 77.4 percent and, as expected, the primary source of funding for the banking assets. “Interbank balances and credit from institutions increased by 20.4 percent from P3.3 billion in 2015 to P4 billion in 2016, as banks accessed alternative sources of funding for asset growth. As a result, the Financial Intermediation Ratio (the ratio of Loans and Advances to Deposits) increased from 80.6 percent to 82.2 percent.”

The Banking Supervision report notes that the banking sector was adequately capitalised and met the new regulatory capital requirements, with all banks reporting Capital Adequacy and Common Equity Tier 1 Capital Ratios in excess of the minimum prudential requirements of 15 percent and 4.5 percent, respectively. The banking industry’s capital adequacy ratio was 19.6 percent in December 2016 (December 2015: 20.1 percent).

Access to banking services, as measured by the ratio of Bank Accounts to Adult1 Population, improved from 75.9 percent in 2015 to 76.5 percent in 2016. Notwithstanding the fact that an individual can have multiple accounts, the ratio of Bank Accounts to Adult Population provides a rough indicator of access to banking services. The aggregate number of bank accounts grew by 3 percent from 1.13 million in 2015 to 1.17 million in 2016, while the number of accounts held by the adult population grew by 2.7 percent from 1.49 million to 1.53 million.

The Banking Supervision Annual report states that the employment levels in the banking sector for 2015 and 2016 increased by 0.5 percent from 5 030 in 2015 to 5 055 in 2016. The increase in employment levels was due to branch expansion. However, it further records that five banks recorded declines in their employment levels during the year under review due to branch rationalisation and automation.

The report indicates that Banks continued to innovate and introduce new products and services, including Credit Default Swaps (CDS)2 for institutional investors. CDS is an agreement where the buyer of the CDS makes a series of payments (the CDS “fee” or “spread”) to the seller and, in exchange, receives a payoff if the loan defaults. Various savings accounts, such as target savings and offshore accounts, were also introduced.

To further enhance the existing service delivery channels, some banks upgraded the intelligent ATMs, among others, improving functionality with respect to cash and cheque deposits, withdrawal of foreign currency (e.g., South African rand (ZAR)), bill payments, and cardless services. Point of Sale (PoS) functionalities were also upgraded to permit acceptance of Union Pay International cards3, as well as allowing local merchants and customers to pay in any currency of their choice, where feasible.

Furthermore, PoS machines were enhanced to allow payment using earned cash-back points. In addition, the online banking platforms for small and medium enterprises were extended to include services such as payments to other bank accounts held in Botswana, bulk file payments for multiple beneficiaries and segregation of duties in the platform, according to an individual client’s needs.

FINANCIAL POSITION OF BANKS

According to the Banking Supervision Annual report, the banking sector’s total assets increased by 5.3 percent in 2016 (December 2015: 12.7 percent) from P76.6 billion in December 2015 to P80.6 billion; mainly reflecting a 6.2 percent increase in gross loans and advances to P51.3 billion in December 2016. Net loans and advances constituted a larger proportion of total banking sector assets (62 percent), followed by investment and trading securities (14 percent).

It states that the proportions of both assets and liabilities for 2015 and 2016 have largely remained unchanged, with minimal variations between the two periods. The report further buttresses that it is evident that the major source of funding for commercial bank assets continues to be customer deposits. In an effort to enhance and strengthen the resilience of the banking sector to economic and financial shocks, the Bank of Botswana says it implemented the Basel II Capital framework which came into effect on January 1, 2016.

“In order to facilitate an orderly transition to the new capital regime, the Bank adopted a gradual approach to Basel II implementation, commencing with Pillar 1 (Simple Approaches) and Pillar 3 disclosure requirements. The implementation of Pillar 2 and the Advanced Approaches has been deferred to a later stage.” According to the report, the commercial banks’ Large Exposures to Unimpaired Capital Ratio increased to 195 percent (2015: 194 percent). This ratio differed considerably among individual banks, ranging from 65.5 percent to 484.1 percent.

“The large exposures increased from P18.2 billion in 2015 to P20 billion in 2016, while unimpaired capital increased to P10.2 billion in 2016 (2015: P9.4 billion). The Large Exposures to Total Loans and Advances Ratio was 38.9 percent (2015: 37.7 percent). All banks maintained Large Exposures to Unimpaired Capital Ratios within the recommended 800 percent prudential limit.” The Banking Supervision Annual report states that the banking sector’s Liquid Assets to Total Deposit Ratio increased from 19.7 percent in 2015 to 21.6 percent in 2016, which was significantly above the 10 percent minimum prudential requirement.

“Similarly, the Liquid Assets to Total Assets Ratio increased from 15.4 percent in 2015, to 16.7 percent in 2016, following an increase in liquid assets. Overall, the total liquid assets held in the banking sector increased to P13.5 billion as at December 31, 2016 (December 2015: P11.8 billion),” it states. The banks’ aggregate cash and balances with the Bank increased by 38.2 percent from P4.6 billion in 2015 to P6.3 billion in 2016. Commercial banks’ placements with other banks and credit institutions increased by 3.9 percent from P10.5 billion in 2015 to P11 billion in 2016.

Chart 2.14 shows Bank of Botswana Certificates (BoBCs) holdings by banks for the period 2012 – 2016. There was a slight decrease in BoBCs holdings to P7.9 billion during 2016 (December 2015: P8.2 billion).  The Report says overall, the liquidity indicators show an improved liquidity condition in 2016.

“The banking industry’s unimpaired capital increased by 9.2 percent from P9.4 billion in 2015 to P10.2 billion in 2016, due to an increase in retained earnings of 4.1 percent (2015: 11.5 percent) and Tier 2 capital instruments (5.8 percent). Four banks voluntarily injected additional Tier 2 capital amounting to P240 million. In addition, increases in banks’ capital levels can also be attributed to increases in RWA, as banks grew their loan books. All banks, with the exception of two banks, which paid out dividends, recorded increases in their unimpaired capital,” reads the report.

The report further shares that the country’s financial depth and development indicators improved marginally, with the ratios of Private Sector Credit and Banking Credit to GDP increasing from 31.6 percent and 32.4 percent in 2015, to 31.8 percent and 32.6 percent in 2016, respectively. However, the M2 to GDP ratio decreased from 45.7 percent in 2015 to 42.8 percent in 2016.

“As was the case in the prior year, five banks dominated the banking sector, accounting for 90 percent of total banking assets. There was a dilution of competitiveness, as measured by the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI), during the year. However, the banking sector remained moderately competitive. The pressure on banks to innovate, develop and improve their products and services, in order to maintain high profitability levels, is expected to enhance competitiveness.”

The Banking Supervision report suggests that there is still room for more players in the banking sector. 

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KBL shut down operations indefinitely

20th January 2021
KBL

Kgalagadi Breweries Limited (KBL) has suspended its operations indefinitely owing to the tough trading conditions occasioned Government decision to ban the sale of alcohol at the beginning of this month.

The brewer announced the decision today (Wednesday). KBL Corporate Affairs Manager Madisa said from the 25th January 2021 only a minimal number of critical roles will continue to be staffed and all other operational activity will stop.

KBL also acknowledged the impact this will have on the overall supply chain and those whose livelihoods depend on the beer industry and requests their understanding.

The current ban is expected to end on 31st January 2021, KBL said should the ban be extended past this date, suspension of its operations will continue.

KBL explained that its Tuesday meeting with suppliers was to align with them that due to the current situation, the brewer will suspend payments as of 6th February 2021, up for review pending the outcome of the current alcohol ban.

“However, it is regrettable that this latest total ban on alcohol sales has resulted in the suspension of KBL’s operations, which will remain in place for as long as the alcohol ban persists. KBL continues its efforts to engage government on this critical issue, which is having an enormous impact on the industry and its extensive value chain,” said Madisa.

On Tuesday afternoon, KBL conducted an ‘emergency meeting’ with its suppliers addressing some business decisions the company has made amid the current alcohol ban. Botswana has several alcohol bans since the first lockdown of March.

Mostly alcohol has been banned as a measure of curtailing the spread of Covid-19 and government then lived with putting stringiest operating hours for alcohol sales and distribution for a long time. Next week Monday KBL will be shutting down its operations, after a two weeks ban on liquor.

Sources say ever since the 4th of January 2021 when the December curfew regulations were extended, KBL has been brewing stacks of liquor for stockpiling. This is solely the reason why the brewer decided to close shop and stop manufacturing alcohol, because KBL’s depots no longer needed supply. On Tuesday suppliers were told to stop supplying KBL as next week the plant will be closing.

Air of uncertainty was hovering in the KBL plant premises on Tuesday as many workers feared mostly for their jobs. No one knows when alcohol ban will be lifted or if Botswana is going for a hard lockdown following the recent surge of Covid-19 infections. Botswana has 18,630 coronavirus cases, with 88 deaths and 14,624 recoveries.

KBL owner Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) listed Sechaba Holdings came into contact with response to Covid-19 in March when Botswana recorded its first cases and that was the time when the company was doing well for years since the shedding of alcohol levy.

Sechaba associates, KBL and Coca Cola Beverages Botswana (CCBB), that time according to the holding company in its abridged financial results for the year ended 31 December 2019, continued to forecast growth in 2020 notwithstanding the challenges related to COVID-19.

Sechaba that time saw the business environment has been generally positive including relationship with stakeholders and the associates continue to manage the performance and business continuity risks.

Ten months ago the brewer underestimated the damage that can come with the pandemic and expected Covid-19 disruptions to be “temporary and the business will survive.”

That time Sechaba’s sole associate, KBL operates traditional beer breweries, alcoholic fruit beverages and a clear beer brewery.

In the period that just ended in December 2019, KBL contributed 72 percent to Sechaba’s revenues while CCBB contributed 28 percent. KBL also performed high in contribution to profit after tax with a share of 74 percent while CCBB contributed 26 percent.

Sechaba holds 49.9 percent in the local headline alcohol brewer KBL and 49.9 percent in the non-alcoholic drinks associate, CCBB. Sechaba holds 60 percent of the shares of KBL while SABMiller Botswana B.V. holds 40 percent. SABMiller Plc has management control in the operating company. The Botswana Development Corporation has a 25.6 percent shareholding in Sechaba Breweries Holdings Limited.

The glitter on the glass of KBL or Sechaba, is of December 2019 financial results which was downplayed and turned into a bearish affair in the financial results for the half year ended 30 June 2020. For those results, there was a spill in profit by Sechaba cash cow KBL by 72 percent while CCBB recorded a decline in profit by 15 percent, both and respectively in correspondence with the same period in 2019. All this downfall comes down to a loss of 60 percent of profit by the parent company. That was more than the 60 percent fall expected before the release of results.

In September during the release of the June 2020 results, Sechaba admitted that the intervention put by government since April, to fight the Covid-19 pandemic, negatively impacted its business performance and its associates, KBL and CCBB bore the full brunt. Revenue collected for KBL was lower by 37 percent while for its sister associate; CCBB, the numbers were down by 7.1 percent. This is the time when sale of alcohol was banned and manufacturing of soft drinks was not part of essential services.

Sechaba Chairman, Bafana Molomo last year said even though Covid-19 interventions would have an impact on the associates, this impact is expected to be temporary and the businesses will survive.

“However, it is advised that the situation is changing constantly and that it will be monitored closely. The Group’s associates continue to forecast growth in 2020 notwithstanding the challenges relating to Covid-19. The business environment has been generally positive, and the Group continues to enhance relationships with all stakeholders. The associates continue to manage the performance and business continuity risks,” he said.

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South Afrincan 501. V2 curfew blinds 2021 prospects

20th January 2021
Machines

Lockdown is back, but now with less stringent measure of curfew restrictions, and will affect the economy whose bounce back was expected to be this year.

Economic projections saw 2021 with glimmer of hope, where all the past Covid-19 ruins will be offset by things going back to normal. An anomaly of curfew has since come to this country’s shores after the discovery of a new Covid-19 variant.

Some Botswana’s trade partners are on complete lockdown ever since the beginning of the festive season when the new variant was reported to be spreading rapidly and uncontrollably.

Measures were since put in place to tame the new high spreading and uncontrollable coronavirus variant called South African 501. V2 which was discovered in Botswana’s neighbor South Africa and the similar variant also known as E484K discovered in the UK.

After South Africa put in a curfew restriction following a response to a second wave of infections driven by a new Covid-19 variant, also called 20C/501Y.V2

President Mokgweetsi Masisi announced on national television Botswana’s first restrictions which was a curfew from 7pm to 4am from 24 December 2020 to 4 January 2021.

This month curfew regulations were extended from 8pm to 4am until end of January and many business operations were either stopped or closed earlier, hence slowing of economic activity in Botswana.

Latest data showing how business operations are being affected is not yet available. But many businesses are already crying foul and showing frustrations.

Lining of economic data with Covid-19 measures shows that at a time when there were lockdowns the economy slumped by 24 percent.

The GDP data of the second quarter of 2020, a time when Botswana got into its first lockdown amid national panic, shows that the real Gross Domestic Product contracted by 24 percent “due to the impact of measures that were put in place to combat the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic.”

But Botswana expected a 7.7 percent rebound and growth in 2021 from the 8.9 percent contraction forecast of last year.

This was pinned on expected improved sentiment in the global diamond industry and overall improved economic activity when the domestic economy goes back to normal.

Bank of Botswana’s Monetary Policy Committee in December last year also projected that inflation will go back to within the objective range in the second quarter of 2021.

Initially, in October last year, the central bank projected that inflation will be within 3-6 percent by the third quarter of 2021.

Two months later Bank of Botswana projections changed with the reversion to the objective range now expected to come earlier than the previous forecast as the domestic and the international economies were opening.

“Overall, risks to the inflation outlook are assessed to be balanced. Upside risks relate to the potential increase in international commodity prices beyond current forecasts, aggressive action by governments and major central banks to bolster demand, as well as possible supply constraints due to travel restrictions and lockdowns, though abating,” said Bank of Botswana last month.

When the meeting of Monetary Policy Committee which was held on 3 December 2020 decided to maintain the Bank Rate at 3.75 percent inflation had increased from 1.8 percent in September to 2.2 percent in October 2020 and remained below the lower bound of the Bank’s objective range of 3 – 6percent.

With the curfew which is place this whole month, spending or economic activity is expected to slow down and inflation will remain below the lower bound of the Bank’s objective range.

According to the last Monetary Policy Statement, the real GDP contracted by 4.2 percent in the 12 months to June 2020 compared to a growth of 3.9 percent in the corresponding period in 2019.

Mining and non-mining sectors registered a steep decline in output and this is blamed on Covid-19 containment measures.

The curfew regulation, despite being of a lesser sting than total lockdown, will have a slight or nominal impact on the domestic economy which is also affected by lockdowns in some of Botswana‘s trading partners.

Uncertainty looms on Botswana as reports continue that the 501. V2 seems to be uncontrollable and is spreading quickly in Botswana population.

While the country is on curfew restrictions, a possible lockdown looms if the disease continue to spread with this much prevalence, according to sources at government enclave.

This means the economic recovery, a rebound or leap in 2021, could remain a big pipeline dream.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) had forecast the domestic economy to contract by 9.6 percent in 2020 compared to 5.4 percent in the April 2020 World Economic Outlook.

While the domestic eyes projected the economic to rebound to a growth of 7.7 percent, IMF had higher lenses of a growth of 8.6 percent in 2021. But the expected growth is set to be offset by the new elephant in the room, South African 501. V2.

The central bank and other international bodies have not ruled any chances of the pandemic remaining resilient or standing stubborn against countries, meaning possibility of future containment measures remains.

Now in Botswana a stubborn variant of the pandemic has caused panic and curfew regulations.

In December 2020, Monetary Policy Committee said: “Even with recovery in 2021, the contraction in 2020 equates, approximately, to a two-year loss of growth in output. The disparity in forecasts attest to the challenges of making forward projections when there is uncertainty about the duration of constrained economic activity, the resultant adverse impact on productive capacity, as well as the speed of resumption of production and pace of recovery in demand.”

Q3:2020 GDP decrease eases, but still remains in the negatives

The data for Q4: 2020 is yet to be released. Economic data available is the recent Q3:2020 released last month showing that real GDP for the third quarter of 2020 decreased by 6.0 percent compared to a deep contraction of 24.0 percent registered in the previous quarter.

As mentioned by Bank of Botswana in the last Monetary Policy Committee meeting of 2020 which was held in December just few weeks before the release of the Q3:2020 GDP data, the economy was expected to have performed better in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the second quarter given the gradual easing of COVID-19.

In Q3:2020 the economy tried to jump up out of the dark hole, but could move up 18 times and still remain in the fringes of economic hell. Many saw this movement as the one towards the recovery of 2021.

According to Statistics Botswana, the improvement in the third quarter GDP reflected continued efforts to reopen businesses and resume activities that were postponed or restricted due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Moody’s already gloomy SSA report not yet infected by 501.V2

20th January 2021
Diamond

The latest report on Sub Sahara Africa (SSA) by rating agency Moody’s was prepared before the global panic of a new coronavirus variant which has already been detected in Botswana following its discovery in South Africa, the country’s major trade partner. 

Latest reports are that the new variant, now christened South African 501.V2 or E484K, was detected from the local tourism hub of Maun, and the Covid-19 task team have borrowed credence from the high rate of infections prior to the festive season as vindication of the new virus mutation being in Botswana.

The local task team is not the only one missing on full scientific data of how this new corona virus variant is in Botswana and its carriers or patients — renowned rating agency released a report on Wednesday with absence of any mention of South African 501.V2.

Moody’s made a study on “2021 outlook negative as debt costs intensify amid limited institutional capacity to adjust post pandemic.”

However, the current affairs suggest that “post pandemic” there are mutations or new variants of the virus which should be dealt with, now forcing countries like Botswana, South Africa and some in Southern Africa into coming up with curfew regulations to curb the new form of Covid-19.

The Great Pandemic seems to be here to stay in the midst of humankind if reports coming from next door South Africa about Covid-19 taking new forms to survive vaccine hence spreading uncontrollably is anything to go by.

Optimism has been brought the vaccine which is currently being rolled out, but scientific theories being conducted suggest that the new variant of Covid-19 might prove to be more resistant to vaccination.

Moody’s released a report this week on the outlook of SSA creditworthiness in 2021 which is deemed to be negative. With the new variant sweeping across Botswana and its influential trade partner South Africa, curfew regulations that are currently in place in the two countries could lead to further economic injury.

That Moody’s expectation for the fundamental conditions that will drive sovereign credit over the next 12-18 months to be severe, could be less far-reaching and short sighted given the lack of the new variant factor on the latest report.

“We expect SSA sovereigns to face severe challenges in grappling with the fallout from the coronavirus shock as lower overall economic growth and revenue coupled with higher government expenditure will lead to wider fiscal deficits and higher debt,” said Moody’s on Wednesday.

Higher debt levels, weaker debt affordability (amid both lower revenue and higher interest payments) and low buffers will challenge SSA sovereigns’ institutional capacity to manage economies, public health, budget positions, financing strategies, reserves and social discontent, thus elevating event risk.”

According to Moody’s latest report on SSA, commodity producers and tourism-dependent countries like Botswana were hit particularly hard.

Currently no tourist can come to Botswana lest they want to brave the ‘new Covid-19’, incidentally borders have been closed save for goods transportation.

The change in outlook on Botswana (A2 negative) was driven by a fall in demand for diamonds, its principal export commodity, said Moody’s. This has affected Botswana’s GDP which on the third quarter of 2020 was -6 percent, moving from -24 percent in the second quarter which mirrored all the hallmarks of an economy down spiraled by Covid-19 negative ripple effects.

Moody’s furthered its report by picking on overall growth in the SSA region to be associated with lasting impact of the economic contraction, which the rating agency said it will be greater in 2021.

“The region’s long-term recovery is more precarious given that SSA sovereigns have little fiscal space to counter the pandemic’s negative impact on economic activity and preserve productive capacity, and given that structural factors are generally less conducive to fostering a rebound in SSA than in other Emerging Markets,” said Moody’s.

Moody’s said although favourable base effects will help the recovery, real GDP growth will remain lower than historical averages in most countries. Botswana was at last given a glimmer of hope by the Moody’s report, optimism was that non-energy exporters like this country will remain the most dynamic economies, with growth driven by domestic demand and high public investment rates, and a rebound in demand for non-energy commodities.

“Public investment that addresses infrastructure gaps can raise growth both over the near and longer term. However, the impact of public investment on boosting long-term growth potential is determined in part by investment efficiency, which is generally weak in the region. Public investment efficiency is constrained by weak institutional quality, which affects project selection, appraisal and monitoring, as well as high rates of corruption, which can lead to rent-seeking and cost overruns,” said the rating agency.

Moody’s projected that Botswana will average economic growth of 6.5 percent in 2021 as a global growth recovery drives greater demand for coffee and diamonds. This is despite much uncertainty wearing on this country’s prospect of a big leap, the discovery of the new coronavirus variant believed to be at large in Botswana’s shores.

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