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Augustine rips into toothless Ombudsman

With just a year into the office, Ombudsman Augustine Makgonatsotlhe is already firing shots at his office and calling for rigorous transformation.

In an exclusive interview with WeekendPost this week the Ombudsman fired from the hip, saying that the office was in dire need of transformation; has to be given more powers; more resources and most importantly it should be given space to be totally independent.

 

“In an ideal situation, an institution of this nature (Ombudsman) should be completely independent; and that means legally independent, operationally independent, and even in terms of budgets, it should be divorced from the executive; so that at the end of the day they get the budget from parliament and also report directly to parliament with no connections to the executive,” Makgonatsotlhe pointed out.

He continued: “you know at the moment we are not completely independent. We are only independent in as far as operations or investigations of cases are concerned. Otherwise we rely on public service for everything including personnel, resources so to the extent that in other peoples’ eyes we are completely not independent,” the Ombudsman told WeekendPost. He also pointed out that the country is still confined to the “classical ombudsman” model which only makes recommendations which are not binding.

“I make recommendations in terms of our Ombudsman Act and that is not binding unlike in other countries like South Africa where it is very clear in their constitution that the decisions of the Public Protector are binding.” He added that in that case you cannot ignore them; it is either you comply or when you are dissatisfied with the decision you have to go to court and ask for judicial review.  “That’s why in Botswana people say the ombudsman is a toothless bulldog,” he lashed out.

The distinguished qualified legal practitioner also highlighted that the office of the Ombudsman being directly linked with the executive takes away its credibility. He said the office can therefore not be accredited to other international respected bodies like the United Nations body for human rights. A number of countries he said have adopted the modern model of the office of Ombudsman being South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Kenya, Tanzania, and Ghana.

 

The modern model gives the ombudsman more powers and multiple mandates that are not only confined to maladministration like it is in Botswana. “Personally, my belief is that we should go that route. But I am not the one to change the law. It is parliament with its wisdom to decide to change the law. They can move to that.”

Makgonatsotlhe met Thuli Madonsela to benchmark

Makgonatsotlhe is left with only three years of the four year contract awarded him by President Lt. Gen. Seretse Khama Ian Khama. He says he is still settling in the office and part of that being him visiting South Africa’s ex Public Protector, Thuli Madonsela.
“I had the opportunity to go to her office and see how they do their investigations. They are not terribly different from the way we are doing our investigations because the Ombudsman and the Public Protector are similar in a way, even though in South Africa they have a bigger mandate than we have in Botswana.”

He said he also managed to see how they interact with other governance institutions like human rights commission as all these institutions are established under chapter 9 of South African constitution. The institutions, he said, are specifically mandated to strengthen the constitutional democracy of South Africa. Makgonatsotlhe said that in South Africa, the Public Protector just investigate maladministration but also investigates corruption and issues of unethical conduct of leadership under the Executive Members Ethics Act which empowers him/her to investigate any unethical conduct done by any member of the executive.

“The thing with them is that they don’t have a Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) like we have in Botswana; they only deal with a Public Protector.” While he said Botswana has a human rights commission housed under the office of the ombudsman, Makgonatsotlhe cautioned that in an ideal situation a human rights commission has to be a standalone, like in South Africa. “This has created problems in many countries because if you have many mandates its highly likely that one will suffer.”

The issue of his recommendation of Btv biasness

In relation to the report he recently released after carrying out investigations on behalf of Botswana National Front Vice President Prince Dibeela, he says he believes he carried the matter fairly and professionally in terms of the law. He justified his recommendation which stated that Btv was biased against opposition parties in favour of ruling Botswana Democratic Party saying his office investigates all complaints as long as the ombudsman has a jurisdiction on them.  “And we do that with no fear or favour. That is the job. I mean it must be done appropriately as we have been assigned to do.”

When asked if it is not likely that the political leadership may feel hard done by his recommendations, and maybe have a problem with it he said “then it is not our problem. It doesn’t bother me at all. For as long as my conscience is clear on the matter. I would have done what I was supposed to do.” The long serving Public Servants also emphasized that it gives logic that decisions or recommendations of the ombudsman should be binding so that the body is taken seriously.

 

“We should ensure that when it has taken the decision, those decisions are complied with; if it doesn’t it will be as if those decisions were never made. The office should be strengthened to have more meaning to Batswana and make an impact in the governance and administration of the country.”


He added: “The authorities can decide to comply or not as it stands. Like what I said before that’s where really the problem is, they are not forced to comply by the law.”

However he still believes that the ombudsman has moral authority. So for the fact that they have created the office, it is logical also that whatever the decision it comes with should be complied with or else that will have a negative effect on the governance of the country. He continued: “Notwithstanding, if there is no compliance, what should happen is that, the ombudsman should do a special report on that same matter which he has to submit to parliament to tell them I have done this, I came to this conclusion and I made this recommendations but there has been no compliance. Then it will be up to parliament to see what to do.”  

Makgonatsotlhe on DCEC, IEC, Auditor General, Parliament

Makgonatsotlhe also says he wants to see the strengthening of all governance institutions particularly Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC), Independent Electoral Commission (IEC), the Auditor General and Parliament.
He said these are institutions that to him are very critical to strengthening democracy and governance. “When we have those institutions in a way that spill off when things are not running properly the economy will grow because investors will come and they will be sure of their investments. The rule of law will flourish when proper governance is there. The investors want to go to a place which is very safe and properly run and they are sure that they are protected and their investments are also protected that is my parting shot,” he said.

Meanwhile Leader of opposition and Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) President Duma Boko has repeatedly criticized the Ombudsman together with DCEC, IEC, Directorate on Intelligence and Security Services (DISS) saying in their current form they are useless and therefore call for totally disbanding and overhauling that may be effected when his party takes office.

 

The office of the Ombudsman came into existence around December 1997 after the law establishing the office was promulgated in 1995 and later assented by the then President Sir Ketumile Masire who is now late. The late Lethebe Amos Maine was the country’s first ombudsman and the second was Ofentse Lepodise (also late) while the third was Festinah Bakwena, being the incumbent, Makgonatsotlhe is the fourth.

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Botswana still weighing in on Maseko’s assassination

27th January 2023

The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Lemogang Kwape says Botswana has not taken any position regarding the killing of a renowned human rights lawyer, Thulani Maseko, who was gunned down at his house in Mbabane, Eswatini.

In a brief interview with WeekendPost, Dr Kwape said Botswana has not yet taken any position regarding his death. He said the purported incident should be thoroughly probed before Botswana can form an opinion based on the findings of the inquiries.

“Botswana generally condemns any killing of human life by all means,” says Dr. Kwape. He wouldn’t want to be dragged on whether Botswana will support the suspension of Eswatini from SADC.

“We will be guided by SADC organ Troika if they can be an emergency meeting. I am not sure when the meeting will be called by Namibian president,“ he said.

However, the Namibian president Hage Geingob notes with deep concern reports coming out of Eswatini about the killing of Mr. Maseko. In a statement, he called upon the “Government of the Kingdom of Eswatini to ensure that the killing of Maseko is swiftly, transparently and comprehensively investigated, and that any or all persons suspected of committing this heinous crime are brought to justice.”

Maseko was chairperson of the Multi-Stakeholder Forum which was established as a coalition of non-State actors to advocate for a process of national political dialogue aimed at resolving the security and political challenges confronting the Kingdom.

“SADC expresses its deepest and heartfelt condolences to the family of Mr. Maseko, his friends, colleagues, and to the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini for the loss of Mr. Maseko. In this context, SADC further calls upon the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini to remain calm, exercise due care and consideration whilst the appropriate structures conduct the investigations and bring the matter to completion,” the statement says.

Geingob reiterated the need for peaceful resolution of the political and security challenges affecting the country.

Meanwhile political activists are calling on SADC to suspend Eswatini from the block including the African Union as well.

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Kopong Murder: Accused interferes with witnesses again!

27th January 2023

State prosecutor, Seeletso Ookeditse revealed before the Broadhurst Magistrate Jobbie Moilatshimo that the third accused involved in the murder of Barulaganye Aston, has interfered with the State witnesses again.

The second and third accused (Lefty Kosie and Outlwile Aston) were previously accused of interference when they were caught in possession of cellphones in prison. They were further accused of planning to kill the deceased’s brother, who is currently the guardian to the children of the deceased.

Ookeditse indicated that Outlwile had earlier went to challenge the magistrate’s decision of denying him bail at the High Court before Judge Michael Motlhabi.

“The third accused approached the High Court and made a bail application, which was dismissed on the same day,” Ookeditse said.

However, even after the High Court verdict on their bail application, the duo (Kosie and Aston) has once again applied for bail this week.

Ookeditse plead with the court to stop the accused from abusing the court process.

“Yesterday, Directorate of Public Prosecutions (DPP) received papers of his bail application filed before the Broadhurst Magistrates Court. However, the papers do not speak to changed circumstances, therefore this back and forth about bail must be put to a stop,” said the State prosecutor.

While giving evidence before court, the Investigations Officer, Detective Inspector Quite Zhalamonto, said his investigations have proved that there is interference continuing regarding the accused trio.

He told the court that on the 12th of January 2023, he received a report from Thato Aston, who is the son of the accused and the deceased. The son had alleged to the Investigation Officer that he received a call from one Phillip Molwantwa.

According to Zhalamonto, Thato revealed that Molwatwa indicated that he was from prison on a visit to the Outlwile Aston and went on to ask where he was staying and where his siblings (Aston’s children) are staying.

“Thato revealed that Phillip went on to ask if he or his siblings saw their father murdering their mother, and he was referring to the crime scene. Thato told me that he, however, refused to answer the questions as he was afraid especially because he was asked about where him and his siblings stay,” said Zhalamonto.

Zhalamonto alluded to the court that he then went to Orange to confirm the communication between Thato and Molwantwa where he found the case.

“I have arrested Philip yesterday and when I interviewed him, he did not deny that he knows Aston and that he has indeed called Thato and asked questions as to where him and his siblings resides even though he failed to give reasons for asking such questions,” Zhalamonto told the court.

He further revealed that Molwantwa indicated that he had received a call from an unknown man who refused to reveal himself.

“Phillip told me that the unknown man said he was sent by the accused (Aston), and that Aston had instructed him to tell me to check if there was still some money in his bank accounts, and he also wanted to know where the kids were residing, the unknown man even asked him to meet at Main Mall” the Investigation Officer told the court.

He further informed the court that he is working tirelessly to identify the “unknown caller” and the route of the cell number.

Furthermore, the fourth accused, Kebaleboge Ntsebe, has revealed to the court through a letter that she was abused and tortured by the Botswana Police Services. She wrote in her letter that she suffered miscarriage as a result of being beaten by the police.

Ntsebe is on bail, while a bail ruling for Aston and Kosie will be delivered on the 6th of next month

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Ngamiland Cattle Farmers Gain Green Zone Revenue

27th January 2023

Cattle farmers from Eretsha and Habu in the Ngamiland district, supported by the Community Based Trade (CBT) project, recently generated over P300 000.00 for sales of 42 cattle to the Botswana Meat Commission (BMC) in Maun. This milestone was achieved through support from various stakeholders in conservation, commodity-based trade and the government, in collaboration with farmers. Ordinarily, these farmers would not have made this direct sale since the area is a designated Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) Red Zone.

Traditional livestock farming contributes toward livelihoods and formal employment in the North-West District (Ngamiland) of Botswana. However, primarily due to the increase in FMD outbreaks over the past two decades and predation by wildlife, the viability of livestock agriculture as a source of income has declined in the region. This has led to a greater risk of poverty and food insecurity. Access across the Okavango River (prior to the construction of a bridge) restricted access for farmers in Eretsha. This lack of access hampered sales of cattle beyond Shakawe, further discouraging farmers from investing in proper livestock management practices. This resulted in negative environmental impacts, poor livestock health and productivity.

To address this challenge, farmers are working with a consortium led by Conservation International (CI), with funding secured from the European Union (EU) to pilot a CBT beef project. The project focuses on supporting and enabling communal farmers to comply with standards and regulations that will improve their chances to access markets. An opportunity to earn higher income from cattle sales could incentivize the adoption of restorative rangelands management practices by farmers.

These collaborative efforts being piloted in Habu and Eretsha villages also include the Pro-Nature Enterprises Project for the People of Southern Africa, funded by Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and Le Fonds français pour l’environnement mondial (FFEM). This complementary funding from AFD and FFEM supports the implementation of the Herding4Health (H4H) model and Rangeland Stewardship Agreements across four rangeland sites in Southern Africa, including Habu and Eretsha, to incentivize best practices that could offer sustainability in the long term for livelihoods, conservation and human-wildlife coexistence.

“We spend a lot of money getting our cattle to Makalamabedi quarantine site, the herder spends on average two months taking care of the cattle before they are taken into quarantine – that needs money. All these costs lead to us getting less money from BMC,” said one of the farmers in the programme, Mr Monnaleso Mosanga.

Farmers that participate in the project agree for their cattle to be herded and kraaled communally by fulltime professional herders (eco-rangers). At the core of this pilot is the use of predator-proof bomas (cattle kraals), planned grazing systems and mobile quarantine bomas (electrified enclosures) for the cattle, facilitated in support with the Department of Veterinary Services. The first successful exit from the mobile quarantine bomas in the Habu and Eretsha villages, in December 2022, saw cattle quarantined on-site and directly transported to BMC in Maun. Farmers received almost double the average sales within this region, as costs including transportation to quarantine sites, herder’s fees and other associated costs incurred before qualifying for BMC sales were no longer included.

“This pilot mobile quarantine is leveraging the techniques and protocols we are using at our current permanent quarantine sites, and we are still observing the results of the project. The outcome of this pilot will be presented to the World Organisation of Animal Health to assess its effectiveness and potentially be approved to be used elsewhere,” said Dr Odireleng Thololwane, the Principal Veterinary Officer (Maun).

Through co-financing of almost P1 billion from the Botswana government and Green Climate Fund, these interventions will be replicated, through The Ecosystem Based Adaptation and Mitigation in Botswana’s Communal Rangelands project, across the country. Both projects aim to improve the economic benefits of cattle owners and multitudes of Batswana households, while contributing to land restoration and climate change efforts by the Botswana government

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