Brite Star Aviation, an aircraft company purportedly from the United States which is expected to assist Botswana government to resuscitate Selibe Phikwe, a town reeling from the aftermath of a shutdown of BCL copper and nickel mine – has lately attracted some attention pertaining to its authenticity.
The company, whose owners originate from Hungary, recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with six partners in Botswana being Selibe Phikwe Economic Diversification Unit (SPEDU), Civil Aviation Authority of Botswana (CAAB), Botswana Investment and Trade Centre (BITC), Botswana University of Science and Technology (BIUST), Selibe Phikwe Town Council and Ngwato Land Board.
Based in Fredericksburg, Texas, the company will construct a manufacturing and assembly plant in Selibe Phikwe which has a population of 50 000 people where last year more than 6000 people lost their jobs –at the BCL mine.
The plant will cost a whooping 1.5 billion pula and it is understood that Brite Star will solicit funds both in Botswana and abroad in order to design and build the plant, which will be coupled with a tourism centre, a hotel, restaurants, a conference centre and a pilot academy and maintenance area.
“At the end of the plant, when the plant is done, Brite Star Aviation would have invested close to 1.5 billion,” an immaculate source closer to the deal told WeekendPost this week. He continued to state that it is still not clear whether the company is genuine and has good intentions to develop the desperate Selibe Phikwe with the Botswana government. Some key people at the town are skeptical.
“I wish to caution government and its agencies such as CEDA, BDC and SPEDU to be cautious about flyby night investors who will take advantage of our desperation to revitalize the economy of our town,” a Member of Parliament for Selibe Phikwe West Dithapelo Keorapetse told WeekendPost about the company which “raises eyebrows”. He said although the people of Phikwe appreciate efforts by SPEDU, Ministry of Trade Investment as well as other agencies towards diversification of the town economy all they ask for is that the public’s money be protected and used prudently by avoiding flyby night investors who want to steal from them.
He said he hopes that Brite Star Aviation is not a scam to swindle government as the company doesn't appear in the databases of the US Federal Aviation Administration as aircraft parts manufacturers. He said Botswana should have learnt a lesson from the Palapye Glass Project. It is understood that the company name is also nowhere in the list of approved manufacturers in China or Hungary where it claims to have presence. “This would obviously raise questions about the company's alleged manufacturing experience. We hope all is well.”
The law maker highlighted that “all approved flying schools in US are also found in FAA database and Brite Star isn't there. It is also not there in other countries Aviation, a regulatory authority as pilot trainers. Why? But the company seeks to train pilots in Phikwe.” “Nothing in International aviation authority suggests the company does aircraft maintenance,” he added. According to the legislator, the company's website is also vague and highly suspicious and the Director’s business cards raise red flags and the “in Mail” profiles are suspicious.
Dithapelo asserted that Brite Star Aviation is not a multinational corporation specializing in aircraft parts manufacturing and maintenance and pilot training. “I hope this not a company trying their luck in the aviation industry through the help of Botswana government. Aircraft manufacturing maintenance is no child's play, it takes many years of research and development, innovation and huge investment, this track record is unclear for Brite Star.”
Due diligence, according to the MP, must be done to the fullest before the government injects money and gets robbed like in Pula Steel and the Palapye Glass Project. The law maker said it is easy to trace aviation industry players because of the transparency of the industry regulatory authorities. “Why all this information eludes our own CAAB, Government, SPEDU and other players, beats me.”Dithapelo wondered while adding that “I warned about Pula Steel and today I'm warning about Brite Star.”
In an email conversation with this publication upon inquiries, Mbaki Ngaiti, an Aircraft Maintenance Engineer with Air Namibia, said the competence of Brite Star is unclear. In a previously released statement titled “The curious case of Brite Star Aviation”, Ngaiti wrote: “While this sounds very exciting in terms of the positive socio economic impact such a huge investment would bring to the struggling mining town, it would be very naïve not to scrutinise Brite Star Aviation to determine if indeed their promises will come to fruition.”
He said Brites Star Aviation is just a group of aviation hobbyists and enthusiasts, operating a lodge in a hangar in Fredericksburg. “They have obviously been invited by a well-connected Motswana to try and explore how they could make themselves money, while using them (Brite Star aviation) to convince our desperate government that they know what they are doing,” he pointed out. In return, the Namibian based engineer added that the Botswana government will craft a honey laced package to entice the so called investor, things like fast tracked land allocation, tax breaks, provision of utilities, assistance with access to finance from lenders etc. come to mind.
The Aircraft maintenance Engineer said in reality Brites Star aviation are looking to break into the big leagues of aviation with the aid of Botswana government. He emphasised that “while I wish their plans materialize for the sake of Selibe Phikwe, I also hope we avoid another Fengyue Glass project by picking up obvious inconsistencies in the character of our so called investor.” He continued to state that: “starting up aircraft parts manufacturing entity from the ground is no small task, you need to prove to aircraft manufacturers that indeed your manufacturing process comply with industry regulations, and also gain approval of authorities such as FAA.”
According to Ngaiti, this takes years of research and development and all this would be eliminated if Brite Star aviation where who they really claim to be (as it would mean they already have approvals from certain aircraft manufacturers and civil aviation regulatory authorities), and this would hasten their intervention in Selibe Phikwe.
He said a search on the FAA’ database brings up nothing on Brite Star aviation. During the MOU singing one Imre Katona (CEO) said that they have operations in Hungary and China. However, it appears the Chinese and Hungarian civil aviation regulatory authorities also have no record of an approved aircraft parts manufacturer by the name of Brite Star aviation. He also pointed out that the company fails to identify which components they manufacture and for which aircraft manufacturers.
In addition, an Information Technology expert who preferred anonymity said the website of the company does not appear to be authentic. “For website to be authentic, the Unified Resource Locater (URL) has to start with ‘https://www’ then followed by the name of the website. However with Brites Star Aviation it is not the case – which questions its authenticity,” he highlighted. He added that however we cannot base whether the company is authentic or not only on its website.
According to the company website Brite Star Aviation has seven areas of operation; Production, Research and Development, Pilot Academy, Maintenance and Operation, Accommodation, Eco and Travel, Aircraft Leasing. However in an email enquiry sent to Brite Star Sea Group Managing Director, Nazrul Amri Bin Mohamad Salleh, WeekendPost was advised to contact someone referred to as Mme Simon in their office in Botswana. She however, upon inquiries stated that: “kindly direct all your questions to the Vice President of Brite Star Aviation Advocate Efan Khan. He is currently in Hungary.”
This publication went on to contact Advocate Khan who is said to be the Legal Advisor for the company Brites Star Aviation. ‚Ä®In his response he said “Brite Star Aviation is a joint venture set up for the proposed Botswana and other operations. It will incorporate a local Botswana company in the event it proceeds to invest in Botswana.”‚Ä®‚Ä®He also said the entity has not entered into any partnership or joint venture with the Botswana Government.
Meanwhile a contact number, supposedly for their headquarters in Texas found on their website that WeekendPost tried to call did not go through. However a source at SPEDU who spoke to this publication anonymously however said there was a delegation from their organisation and BITC that went to Texas and they have seen the plant and the aircrafts being produced and the output. “We have seen the planes being done by those people. So how can we say the company is a fly by night when they are busy operating. As SPEDU we did our due diligence.”
He said on October 20, Brite Star Aviation will be flying into the country with their engineers and other people to do designs of the plant at Selibe Phikwe. “Their shareholders approved funding. They will show us the money in Botswana and millions will be deposited. They would have put necessary funds in their Botswana account. Already they have opened an office in Gaborone. We will give them the benefit of the doubt.” Unlike the Arabs who ditched the Botswana government at the eleventh hour, at least for now, he said, they can trust Brite Star Aviation.
The newly elected Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) Executive Committee led by Pastor Reverend Thuso Tiego has declared their disapproval of homosexuality saying it is anti-Christianity and Botswana culture.
Speaking at a Media Briefing this past week, BMD President Tiego said Botswana has been a country that respects culture hence endorsing homosexuality will be catastrophic.
‚ÄúOur young generation grew up being taught about types of families, if homosexuality is passed, at what age will our children be introduced to homosexuality?‚ÄĚ he rhetorically asked.
He continued: ‚ÄúIf we are going to allow homosexuality then the next day, another person will come and say he wants to practice bestiality. What are we going to do because we have already allowed for this one (homosexuality) and at the end it will be a total mess.‚ÄĚ Bestiality is sexual relations between a human being and an animal
This according to Tiego will give those people an opportunity thus disrupting known Botswana beliefs. He however dismissed any notion that the decision to condemn homosexuality should not be linked to the top two of the committee who are men of cloth. ‚ÄúThis is a decision by the whole committee which respects the culture of Botswana and it should not be perceived that because we are clergymen we are influencing them, but even if we do, politics and religion are inter-related.‚ÄĚ
Of late the church and the human rights organization have been up in arms because of the high court decision to allow for same sex marriages. Ministries ganged up, petitioned parliament and threatened to vote out any legislator who will support the idea. The ruling party, BDP which was to table the amendment in the constitution, ended up deferring it.
BMD President further revealed that he is aware of what really led to the split of the party and he is on course to transform as they approach 2024 elections.
‚ÄúThere are so many factors that led to split of party amongst others being leadership disputes, personal egos and ambitions, toxic factionalism and ideological difference just to mention a few, but we are transforming the party and I am confident that we will do well in the coming elections.
In addition, Tiego is hopeful that they will take the government as they feel it is time to rebrand Botswana politics and bring in fresh blood of leaders.
He further hinted that they are coming with positive transformation as they eye to better the lives of Batswana.
‚ÄúWhen we assume government, we promise to be transparent, free and fair electoral processes and encourage pluralism as way of getting back to our roots of being a democratic country as it seems like the current government has forgotten about that important aspect,‚ÄĚ Tiego explained.
Reeling under the increasing barrage of stinging international sanctions, the isolated North Korean regime is reportedly up to its old trickery, this time in a more complicated web of murky operations that have got the authorities of five southern African countries at sixes and sevens as they desperately try to tighten their dragnet around Pyongyang‚Äôs spectral network of illicit ivory and rhino horn trade.
It is an intricate network of poaching for elephant tusks and rhino horns that spans Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe, with the main sources of the contraband being Botswana and South Africa.
The syndicate running the illegal trafficking of the poached contraband is suspected to be controlled by two shadowy North Korean government operatives with close links to one Han Tae-song, a disgraced North Korean career diplomat who, while serving as the second secretary at his country‚Äôs embassy in Harare, Zimbabwe, was expelled in 1992 after he was fingered as the mastermind behind a similar illegal ring that was busted by the country‚Äôs authorities.
This disturbing tale of malfeasance by North Korean state actors is as real as it gets.
Recent reports indicate that authorities in the source countries are jointly battling to plug holes created by the shadowy syndicate which allegedly has on its payroll, park rangers, border officials and cross-border truck drivers.
Even more disturbing are allegations that some wildlife officials are conniving in misrepresenting numbers of retrieved rhino horns and ivory from poachers and getting kickbacks for their involvement in the pilfering of ivory and rhino horns from government stockpiles especially in South Africa.
In a shocking and well-orchestrated movie-style heist in South Africa, thieves in June this year made off with 51 rhino horns after breaking into a very secure government stockpile facility of the North West Parks Board (NWPB).
While some suspects from South Africa and Malawi were nabbed in a government sting operation, none of the rhino horns – 14 of which were very large specimens that can fetch serious money on the black market ‚Äď were recovered.
A report of the heist said the police were lethargic by eight hours in responding to an emergency alert of the robbery which was described by North West police spokesperson Brigadier Sabata Mokgwabone as ‚Äú‚Ä¶ a case of business robbery‚Ä¶‚ÄĚ
Thabang Moko, a security analyst in Pretoria says the military precision in the burglary, delays in police response, and failure to recover the stolen rhino horns is dubious. ‚ÄúThis development lends credence to suspicions that some government officials could be part of a shadowy syndicate run by foreign buyers of rhino horns and ivory,‚ÄĚ Moko says.
It is understood that in light of the rhino horns heist in North West, South Africa‚Äôs Minister of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Barbara Creecy on 1 August, shared her concerns to her counterparts in Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique calling for greater regional cooperation to combat the illegal wildlife trafficking which she believes is being masterminded by the Far East‚Äôs buyers of the ill-gotten horns and ivory.
It is believed that foreign kingpins involved in perpetuating the illegal trade are mainly North Koreans vying against Vietnamese and Cambodian buyers in the quest for dominance of the illicit trade in rhino horns and ivory sourced from southern Africa.
Creecy‚Äôs concerns, which she also shared to South Africa‚Äôs state-run broadcaster SABC, echoed Moko‚Äôs worries that the North West heist may have been an inside job.
According to Creecy, there was a need for the International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol)‚Äôs greater involvement in joint investigations by affected countries as there were indications of ‚Äėlocal knowledge‚Äô of the North West job and that syndicates, ‚ÄúHigher up the value chain actually recruit park rangers to the illegal ivory trade network.‚ÄĚ
Botswana‚Äôs Environment and Tourism Minister Philda Kereng is on national record admitting that poaching was a source of headaches to her government, especially considering that the daring poachers were making successful incursions into secure areas protected by the Botswana Defence Force (BDF).
This came after poachers gunned down two white rhinos at the BDF-protected Khama Rhino Sanctuary in August 2022 despite Kereng putting the time frame of the killings between October and November 2022.
Kereng hinted at the existence of Asian controlled syndicates and acknowledged that the surge in poaching in Botswana is driven by the ‚Äúincreased demand¬†for rhino horn on the international market‚ÄĚ where in Asia rhino horns are believed to be potent in traditional medicines and for their imagined therapeutic properties.
Botswana has in the past recorded an incident of a group of an all-Asian reconnaissance advance team teams being nabbed by the country‚Äôs intelligence service in the Khama Rhino Sanctuary.
Masquerading as tourists, the group, with suspected links to North Korea and China, was discovered to be collecting crucial data for poachers.
Also according to reliable information at hand, an undisclosed number of wildlife parks rangers were arrested between September 2022 and January this year, after information surfaced that they connived in the smuggling of rhino horns and ivory from Botswana.
One of the rangers reportedly admitted getting paid to falsify information on recovered horns and ivory which were smuggled out of the country through its vast and porous eastern border with South Africa, and making their way to their final destination in Mozambique via back roads and farmlands in South Africa and Zimbabwe.
‚ÄúWe are aware that in the past year, some rhino horns and ivory illegally obtained from Botswana through poaching activities and shady deals by some elements within our wildlife and national parks department, have found their way out of the country and end up in Mozambique‚Äôs coastal ports for shipment to the Far East,‚ÄĚ a Department of Wildlife and National Parks (DWNP) source says.
Independent investigations reveal that two North Korean buyers, one of them only identified as Yi Kang-dae [confirmed to be an intelligence official in the country‚Äôs state security apparatus], acting on behalf of the disgraced Han Tae-song, financed the entire operation on two occasions between 2022 and 2023, to move at least 18 rhino horns and 19 elephant tusks from Botswana, including pay-offs – mostly to border patrol and customs officials for safe passage – along the knotty conduit across South Africa‚Äôs north western lands, then across south-eastern Zimbabwe into Mozambique.
According to a trusted cross-border transport operator in Zimbabwe, the rhino horns and elephant tusks were illegally handed over to smugglers in Mozambique at an obscure illegal crossing point 15km north of Zimbabwe‚Äôs Forbes Border Post in November 2022 and February this year.
The end buyers in Mozambique? ‚ÄúIt is quite an embarrassment for us, but we have solid evidence that two North Korean buyers, one of them who is linked to a former notorious diplomat from that country who has been in the past involved in such illegal activities in Zimbabwe, oversaw the loading of rhino horns and ivory onto a China-bound ship from one of our ports,‚ÄĚ a top government source in Maputo said before declining to divulge more information citing ongoing investigations.
Yi Kang-dae and his accomplice‚Äôs whereabouts are presently unclear to Mozambican authorities whose dragnet reportedly recently netted some key actors of the network. Han Tae-song currently serves as North Korea‚Äôs ambassador to the United Nations in Switzerland.
North Korean diplomats have in the past used Mozambique as a final transit point for the shipment of rhino horns to the Far East.
In May 2015, Mozambican authorities nabbed two North Koreans, one of them a Pretoria-based diplomat and political counsellor identified as Pak Chol-jun after they were caught in possession of 4.5kg of rhino horn pieces and US$100,000 cash.
Pak‚Äôs accomplice, Kim Jong-su, a Taekwondo instructor also based in South Africa, was fingered as a North Korean spy and returned to North Korea under suspicious circumstances on the heels of Pak‚Äôs expulsion from South Africa in November 2016.
A security source in Zimbabwe closely following current developments says there is a big chance that Han Tae-song may have revived the old smuggling network he ran while posted in Zimbabwe in the 90s.
‚ÄúThe biting international sanctions against North Korea in the past decade may have prompted Han to reawaken his network which has been dormant for some time,‚ÄĚ the source says. ‚ÄúThere is no telling if the shady network is dead now given that Han‚Äôs two front men have not been nabbed in Mozambique. More joint vigilance is needed to destroy the operation at the source and at the end of the line.‚ÄĚ
North Korean diplomats have, as early as October 1976, been fingered for engaging in illegal activities ranging from possession of and trade in ivory pieces, trade in diamonds and gold, the manufacture and distribution of counterfeit currencies, pharmaceuticals, and the sale on the black market, of a paraphernalia of drugs, cigarettes, alcohol and other trinkets on the back of protracted and biting international sanctions against the reclusive state for its gross human rights abuses against its own people and flagrant nuclear tests.
These illegal activities, according to a US Congressional Research Service (CRS) report, have raked in at least US$500m annually for the Pyongyang regime. Other global studies estimate that North Korea‚Äôs illegal earnings from the black market are around $1bn annually, and are being channelled towards the country‚Äôs nuclear weapons programme, while ordinary North Koreans continue to die of mass starvation.
In February 2014, Botswana, citing systematic human rights violations, severed ties with North Korea with the former‚Äôs president Mokgweetsi Masisi (then vice president) calling North Korea an ‚Äėevil nation‚Äô on 23 September 2016, at a United Nations General Assembly forum in Washington, USA.
Botswana has¬†close to 132,000¬†elephants, more than any of its four neighbouring countries, namely Angola, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe, according to a 2022 Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA) Elephant Survey.
The rhino population in Botswana has significantly dwindled, with poaching a leading cause of the decimation of the country‚Äôs rhinos. Despite dehorning and relocating its diminishing rhino population from the extensive Okavango Delta to undisclosed sanctuaries, Botswana has since 2018, lost 138 rhinos to poachers.
The sharp spike in rhino poaching in Botswana came after the country‚Äôs government made a controversial decision to disarm park rangers in early 2018.
In a statement delivered in November 2022 to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) CoP-19 in Panama, the Botswana government instead blamed the surge in poaching to a shift of foreign-sponsored organised poaching organisations from South Africa to Botswana.
‚ÄúThis increase in rhino poaching in Botswana coincided with a decline of rhino poaching in South Africa from 2018 to 2020, suggesting a displacement of the poaching syndicates from South Africa to Botswana,‚ÄĚ the statement reads. ‚ÄúThe recent decline in rhino poaching in Botswana (2021 and 2022, relative to 2020) coincides with the increase in rhino poaching in Namibia and South Africa, further suggesting displacement of the poaching syndicates across the sub-region.‚ÄĚ
According to the Botswana government, as of 13 November 2022 the country has secreted its shrinking rhinos (only 285 white rhinos and 23¬†black rhinos) in undisclosed locations within the country‚Äôs borders.
South Africa has close to 15,000 rhinos. Between January and June 2022 alone, poachers killed 260 rhinos in South Africa for their horns. The country is home to the majority of Africa‚Äôs white rhinos, a species whose existence remains under threat of extinction due to poaching.
The major threat posed by foreign state actors including those from North Korea, to southern Africa‚Äôs rhino and elephant population remains grim as the bulk of the rhino horns and elephant tusks reportedly continue finding their way to the Far East, where China is being used as the major distribution centre.