Brite Star Aviation, an aircraft company purportedly from the United States which is expected to assist Botswana government to resuscitate Selibe Phikwe, a town reeling from the aftermath of a shutdown of BCL copper and nickel mine – has lately attracted some attention pertaining to its authenticity.
The company, whose owners originate from Hungary, recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with six partners in Botswana being Selibe Phikwe Economic Diversification Unit (SPEDU), Civil Aviation Authority of Botswana (CAAB), Botswana Investment and Trade Centre (BITC), Botswana University of Science and Technology (BIUST), Selibe Phikwe Town Council and Ngwato Land Board.
Based in Fredericksburg, Texas, the company will construct a manufacturing and assembly plant in Selibe Phikwe which has a population of 50 000 people where last year more than 6000 people lost their jobs –at the BCL mine. The plant will cost a whooping 1.5 billion pula and it is understood that Brite Star will solicit funds both in Botswana and abroad in order to design and build the plant, which will be coupled with a tourism centre, a hotel, restaurants, a conference centre and a pilot academy and maintenance area.
“At the end of the plant, when the plant is done, Brite Star Aviation would have invested close to 1.5 billion,” an immaculate source closer to the deal told WeekendPost this week. He continued to state that it is still not clear whether the company is genuine and has good intentions to develop the desperate Selibe Phikwe with the Botswana government. Some key people at the town are skeptical.
“I wish to caution government and its agencies such as CEDA, BDC and SPEDU to be cautious about flyby night investors who will take advantage of our desperation to revitalize the economy of our town,” a Member of Parliament for Selibe Phikwe West Dithapelo Keorapetse told WeekendPost about the company which “raises eyebrows”. He said although the people of Phikwe appreciate efforts by SPEDU, Ministry of Trade Investment as well as other agencies towards diversification of the town economy all they ask for is that the public’s money be protected and used prudently by avoiding flyby night investors who want to steal from them.
He said he hopes that Brite Star Aviation is not a scam to swindle government as the company doesn't appear in the databases of the US Federal Aviation Administration as aircraft parts manufacturers. He said Botswana should have learnt a lesson from the Palapye Glass Project. It is understood that the company name is also nowhere in the list of approved manufacturers in China or Hungary where it claims to have presence. “This would obviously raise questions about the company's alleged manufacturing experience. We hope all is well.”
The law maker highlighted that “all approved flying schools in US are also found in FAA database and Brite Star isn't there. It is also not there in other countries Aviation, a regulatory authority as pilot trainers. Why? But the company seeks to train pilots in Phikwe.” “Nothing in International aviation authority suggests the company does aircraft maintenance,” he added. According to the legislator, the company's website is also vague and highly suspicious and the Director’s business cards raise red flags and the “in Mail” profiles are suspicious.
Dithapelo asserted that Brite Star Aviation is not a multinational corporation specializing in aircraft parts manufacturing and maintenance and pilot training. “I hope this not a company trying their luck in the aviation industry through the help of Botswana government. Aircraft manufacturing maintenance is no child's play, it takes many years of research and development, innovation and huge investment, this track record is unclear for Brite Star.”
Due diligence, according to the MP, must be done to the fullest before the government injects money and gets robbed like in Pula Steel and the Palapye Glass Project. The law maker said it is easy to trace aviation industry players because of the transparency of the industry regulatory authorities. “Why all this information eludes our own CAAB, Government, SPEDU and other players, beats me.”Dithapelo wondered while adding that “I warned about Pula Steel and today I'm warning about Brite Star.”
In an email conversation with this publication upon inquiries, Mbaki Ngaiti, an Aircraft Maintenance Engineer with Air Namibia, said the competence of Brite Star is unclear. In a previously released statement titled “The curious case of Brite Star Aviation”, Ngaiti wrote: “While this sounds very exciting in terms of the positive socio economic impact such a huge investment would bring to the struggling mining town, it would be very naïve not to scrutinise Brite Star Aviation to determine if indeed their promises will come to fruition.”
He said Brites Star Aviation is just a group of aviation hobbyists and enthusiasts, operating a lodge in a hangar in Fredericksburg. “They have obviously been invited by a well-connected Motswana to try and explore how they could make themselves money, while using them (Brite Star aviation) to convince our desperate government that they know what they are doing,” he pointed out. In return, the Namibian based engineer added that the Botswana government will craft a honey laced package to entice the so called investor, things like fast tracked land allocation, tax breaks, provision of utilities, assistance with access to finance from lenders etc. come to mind.
The Aircraft maintenance Engineer said in reality Brites Star aviation are looking to break into the big leagues of aviation with the aid of Botswana government. He emphasised that “while I wish their plans materialize for the sake of Selibe Phikwe, I also hope we avoid another Fengyue Glass project by picking up obvious inconsistencies in the character of our so called investor.” He continued to state that: “starting up aircraft parts manufacturing entity from the ground is no small task, you need to prove to aircraft manufacturers that indeed your manufacturing process comply with industry regulations, and also gain approval of authorities such as FAA.”
According to Ngaiti, this takes years of research and development and all this would be eliminated if Brite Star aviation where who they really claim to be (as it would mean they already have approvals from certain aircraft manufacturers and civil aviation regulatory authorities), and this would hasten their intervention in Selibe Phikwe.
He said a search on the FAA’ database brings up nothing on Brite Star aviation. During the MOU singing one Imre Katona (CEO) said that they have operations in Hungary and China. However, it appears the Chinese and Hungarian civil aviation regulatory authorities also have no record of an approved aircraft parts manufacturer by the name of Brite Star aviation. He also pointed out that the company fails to identify which components they manufacture and for which aircraft manufacturers.
In addition, an Information Technology expert who preferred anonymity said the website of the company does not appear to be authentic. “For website to be authentic, the Unified Resource Locater (URL) has to start with ‘https://www’ then followed by the name of the website. However with Brites Star Aviation it is not the case – which questions its authenticity,” he highlighted. He added that however we cannot base whether the company is authentic or not only on its website.
According to the company website Brite Star Aviation has seven areas of operation; Production, Research and Development, Pilot Academy, Maintenance and Operation, Accommodation, Eco and Travel, Aircraft Leasing. However in an email enquiry sent to Brite Star Sea Group Managing Director, Nazrul Amri Bin Mohamad Salleh, WeekendPost was advised to contact someone referred to as Mme Simon in their office in Botswana. She however, upon inquiries stated that: “kindly direct all your questions to the Vice President of Brite Star Aviation Advocate Efan Khan. He is currently in Hungary.”
This publication went on to contact Advocate Khan who is said to be the Legal Advisor for the company Brites Star Aviation. â€¨In his response he said “Brite Star Aviation is a joint venture set up for the proposed Botswana and other operations. It will incorporate a local Botswana company in the event it proceeds to invest in Botswana.”â€¨â€¨He also said the entity has not entered into any partnership or joint venture with the Botswana Government.
Meanwhile a contact number, supposedly for their headquarters in Texas found on their website that WeekendPost tried to call did not go through. However a source at SPEDU who spoke to this publication anonymously however said there was a delegation from their organisation and BITC that went to Texas and they have seen the plant and the aircrafts being produced and the output. “We have seen the planes being done by those people. So how can we say the company is a fly by night when they are busy operating. As SPEDU we did our due diligence.”
He said on October 20, Brite Star Aviation will be flying into the country with their engineers and other people to do designs of the plant at Selibe Phikwe. “Their shareholders approved funding. They will show us the money in Botswana and millions will be deposited. They would have put necessary funds in their Botswana account. Already they have opened an office in Gaborone. We will give them the benefit of the doubt.” Unlike the Arabs who ditched the Botswana government at the eleventh hour, at least for now, he said, they can trust Brite Star Aviation.
An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.
In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.
In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.
Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.
More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.
At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.
The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).
Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).
International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.
In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”
The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”
According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.
In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.
The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.
LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.
“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.
Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.
CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”
Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.
About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.
For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.