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Sharing of constituencies issue closed Boko

The Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) and the Botswana National Front (BNF) president, Duma Boko has highlighted that the issue of constituencies have long been closed up. He said, it therefore not subject for re-opening for further discussions.

This comes after there are uncertainties as to who will assume the occupation of constituencies allocated to one of the UDC affiliates, Botswana Movement of Democracy (BMD) following the departure of six of its incumbent lawmakers and a myriad of Councilors and ordinary members. The group led by soft spoken Ndaba Gaolathe this week officially announced exit from BMD to form a new political home – with signature purple colours – named Alliance for Progressives (AP). The new party will be launched in October.

This means there will be no chance for AP to negotiate to re-enter the UDC before 2019 General Elections as all constituencies have been dully allocated to existing contracting partners. The battle lines therefore are drawn between three political parties being the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP), the UDC and the new entrant AP. When commenting on the new party and clarifying the constituency matter during their debut public event at Civic Centre in Gaborone since Ndaba and companions’ departure, Boko informed the UDC followers at the hall that there is no how the party can re-open the constituency issue, despite the circumstances that the BMD finds itself in.

In fact he said the pronouncement is now old song. The leader whose leadership mantle is currently being tested said this was an accord made between him (Boko) in capacity as UDC leader, and another UDC affiliate Botswana Congress Party (BCP)’s president Dumelang Saleshando during the party’ s meeting at Francistown earlier this year. At the meeting the then BMD President Gaolathe and preceding UDC affiliate Botswana Peoples Party (BPP) he said were also present. “At Francistown meeting the controversial issue of constituencies, it was agreed that it cannot be re-opened as it is very contentious,” Boko, who is also leader of opposition in parliament pointed out.

However he added that what was said can only be entertained are bilateral talks between the affiliate members of the opposition umbrella if there is a will amongst them. He continued to stress that therefore the constituency issue cannot be touched as they have “learned a lesson” and “learned it the hard way.” “You know I have to tell you this; the easiest thing that we had to agree with and agreed during opposition talks was the policies. In terms of the policies, the BPP, BCP, BMD and BNF were all in agreement with no objections. We only had a big problem when it came to the allocation of constituencies for member parties,” Boko highlighted.   

In terms of the allocation of constituency as approved, for UDC, it was announced last year that opposition BNF be awarded 22 constituencies. Then followed by its 1998 break away party, the BCP, which bagged in 17 constituencies. The ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP)’s splinter party, BMD would come third with 14 constituencies while the oldest party BPP got a paltry 4. In terms of the 14 pocketed by BMD, it would seem that subsequent to the departure of Gaolathe’s faction to form AP, the elected President at the Matshekge Junior School, Bobonong which was said to be a constitutional place for the event – Sidney Pilane has the last laugh.

Pilane, although the BMD deadlock is not yet over per se and its end not officially announced, he will preside over the 14 constituencies allocated to BMD of the UDC as a president residual from the BMD impasse.  At the moment 5 incumbent BMD MP’s Butale, Gaolathe representing Bonnington South, legislator for Mogoditshane Sedirwa Kgoroba, Mmankgodi Manyana lawmaker Pius Mokgware, Francistown West’s Wynter Mmolotsi as well as Nkaigwa from Gaborone North are expected to join the new party AP.

Only 2 Members of Parliament will remain at the BMD being Gilbert Mangole from Mochudi West and Tlamelo Mmatli standing in for Molepolole South. Both also serve in BMD NEC. It will be a marvel to watch who will be fielded in the constituencies following the exodus. Amongst areas of interest would be Gaborone Central where UDC’s Saleshando may stand against the incumbent MP Phenyo Butale of AP.

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ENVIRONMENT ISSUES: Masisi asks Virginia for help

24th March 2023

President Mokgweetsi Masisi says the issue of sustainable natural resources management has always been an important part of Botswana’s national development agenda.

Masisi was speaking this week on the occasion of a public lecture at Virginia Polytechnic, under theme, “Merging Conservation, Democracy and Sustainable Development in Botswana.”

Botswana, according to Masisi, holds the view that the environment is fragile and as such, must be managed and given the utmost protection to enable the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

“It is necessary that we engage one another in the interchange of ideas, perspectives, visualizations of social futures, and considerations of possible strategies and courses of action for sustainable development,” said Masisi.

On the other hand, dialogue, in the form of rigorous democratic discourse among stakeholders presents another basis for reconfiguring how people act on their environments, with a view to conserving its resources that “we require to meet our socio-economic development needs on a sustainable basis,” Masisi told attendees at the public lecture.

He said government has a keen interest in understanding the epidemiology and ecology of diseases of both domestic and wild animals. “It is our national interest to forestall the dire consequences of animal diseases on our communities livelihoods.”

President Masisi hoped that both Botswana and Virginia could help each other in curbing contagious diseases of wildlife.

“We believe that Virginia Tech can reasonably share their experiences, research insights and advances in veterinary sciences and medicines, to help us build capacity for knowledge creation and improve efforts of managing and containing contagious diseases of wildlife. The ground is fertile for entering into such a mutually beneficial partnership.”

When explaining environmental issues further, Masisi said efforts of conservation and sustainable development might at times be hampered by the emergence and recurrence of diseases when pathogens mutate and take host of more than one species.

“Water pollution also kills aquatic life, such as fish, which is one of humanity’s much deserved sources of food. In this regard, One Health Approach imposes ecological responsibility upon all of us to care for the environment and the bio-diversity therein.”

He said the production and use of animal vaccines is an important space and tool for conservation, particularly to deal with trans-border animal diseases.

“In Botswana, our 43-year-old national premier pharmaceutical institution called Botswana Vaccine Institute has played its role well. Through its successful production of highly efficacious Foot and Mouth vaccines, the country is able to contain this disease as well as supply vaccines to other countries in the sub-region.:

He has however declared that there is need for more help, saying “We need more capacitation to deal with and contain other types of microbial that affect both animals and human health.”

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Masisi saddened by deaths of elephant attacks

24th March 2023

President Mokgweetsi Masisi has expressed a strong worry over elephants killing people in Botswana. When speaking in Virginia this week, Masisi said it is unfortunate that Batswana have paid a price with their own blood through being attacked by elephants.

“Communities also suffer unimaginable economic losses yearly when their crops are eaten by the elephants. In spite of such incidents of human-elephant conflict, our people embrace living together with the animals. They fully understand wildlife conservation and its economic benefits in tourism.”

In 2018, Nthobogang Samokwase’s father was attacked by an elephant when travelling from the fields, where he stayed during the cropping season.

It was reported that the man couldn’t run because of his age. He was found trampled by the elephant and was pronounced dead upon arrival at the hospital.

In the same year, in Maun, a 57-year-old British woman was attacked by an elephant at Boro and died upon arrival at the hospital. The woman was with her Motswana partner, and were walking dogs in the evening.

Last month, a Durban woman named Carly Marshall survived an elephant attack while on holiday in the bush in Botswana. She was stabbed by one of the elephant’s tucks through the chest and was left with bruises. Marshall also suffered several fractured ribs from the ordeal.

President Masisi Botswana has the largest population of African elephants in the world, totaling more than 130 000. “This has been possible due to progressive conservation policies, partnerships with the communities, and investment in wildlife management programmes.”

In order to benefit further from wildlife, Masisi indicated that government has re-introduced controlled hunting in 2019 after a four-year pause. “The re-introduction of hunting was done in an open, transparent and democratic way, giving the communities an opportunity to air their views. The funds from the sale of hunting quota goes towards community development and elephant conservation.”

He stressed that for conservation to succeed, the local people must be involved and derive benefits from the natural resources within their localities.

“There must be open and transparent consultations which involve all sectors of the society. It is against this backdrop that as a country, we lead the continent on merging conservation, democracy and sustainable development.”

Masisi stated that Botswana is open to collaborative opportunities, “particularly with identifiable partners such as Virginia Tech, in other essential areas such as conservation, and the study of the interplay among the ecology of diseases of wild animals and plants, and their effects on human health and socio-economic development.”

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Gov’t commit to injecting more funds in fighting HIV

24th March 2023

Minister for State President Kabo Morwaeng says government will continue to make resources available in terms of financial allocations and human capital to ensure that Botswana achieves the ideal of eradicating HIV and AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.

Morwaeng was speaking this morning in Gaborone at the High-Level Advocacy event to accelerate HIV Prevention in Botswana. He said the National AIDS and Health Promotion Agency (NAPHA), in partnership with UNAIDS, UN agencies, the Global Fund and PEPFAR, have started a process of developing transition readiness plan for sustainability of HIV prevention and treatment programmes.

“It is important for us, as a country that has had a fair share of donor support in the response to an epidemic such as HIV and AIDS, to look beyond the period when the level of assistance would have reduced, or ceased, thus calling for domestic financing for all areas which were on donor support.”

Morwaeng said this is important as the such a plan will guarantee that all the gains accrued from the response with donor support will be sustained until the end when “we reach the elimination of HIV and AIDS as a public health threat by 20230,” he said.

“I commit to continue support efforts towards strengthened HIV prevention, accentuating HIV primary prevention and treatment as prevention towards Zero New Infections, Zero Stigma, Discrimination and Zero AIDS related death, to end AIDS in Botswana.”

He reiterated that government commits to tackle legislative, policy and programming challenges that act as barriers to the achievement of the goal of ending AIDS as a public health threat.

In the financial year 2022/2023, a total of 119 Civil Society Organizations, including Faith Based Organizations, were contracted with an amount of P100 million to implement HIV and NCDs prevention activities throughout the country, and the money was drawn from the Consolidated Fund.

Through an upcoming HIV Prevention Symposium, technical stakeholders will use outcomes to develop the Botswana HIV Prevention Acceleration Road Map for 2023-2025.

Morwaeng stated that government will support and ensure that Botswana plays its part achieving the road map. He said there is need to put hands on the deck to ensure that Botswana sustains progress made so far in the fight against HIV and AIDS.

“There are tremendous achievements thus far to, reach and surpass the UNAIDS fast track targets of 95%- 95%- 95% by the year 2025. As reflected by the BAIS preliminary results of 2021, we now stand at 95- 98- 98 against the set targets.”

“These achievements challenge us to now shift our gears and strive to know who are the remaining 5% for those aware of their HIV status, 2% of enrolment on treatment by those aware of their status and 2% of viral suppression by those on treatment.”

Explaining this further, Morwaeng said shift in gears should extend to coming up with robust strategies of determining where these remaining people are as well as how they will be reached with the necessary services.

“These are just some of the many variables that are required to ensure that as a country, we are well positioned to reaching the last mile of our country’s response to the HIV and AIDS pandemic.”

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