National mindset change has been touted as an important factor in Botswana’s journey to realizing its dream of being an investor friendly destination of choice.
This came to light at the 5th Botswana Investment & Trade Conference held in the sidelines of the 2017 Global Expo in Gaborone on Tuesday where international experts, academics and experienced business people in the area of trade, finance, economic and investment shared their thoughts and expertise on Botswana’s current Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) attraction agenda and action plan, challenges and mitigation thereof.
Leading the plenary session titled “What paradigm shift is needed in order to position Botswana as a destination of Choice for FDI?” renowned international investment specialist & Managing Director of Quantum Global Research Lab, Switzerland Professor Mthuli Ncube said Botswana’s ranking in the African Investment Index is attractive to investors until they come to Botswana and get pushed away by a number of issues in the local business environment.
He said Botswana needed to package itself as a Southern African Investment Hub arguing that a country cannot remain a middle income state for decades whereas it has one of the best coal deposits in the world, has livestock population more than that of human population, stable political conditions and low interest rates as well as low exchange rate risks. Ncube said these factors and many others that distinguish Botswana from other African continents were more than enough to position Botswana as the best FDI destination globally.
Botswana has over 200 billion tonnes of coal deposits reserves. The former Investec Botswana Chief Executive Officer said Botswana must invest in its Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) capacity to have a readymade and easily interpreted framework on the concept of PPPs. He asserted that progressing middle income countries like Chile, Taiwan have explored the PPPs as an investment mechanism and it bore fruits.
Ncube further grilled Botswana on lack of skilled personnel for industrial investment undertakings like manufacturing, packaging and agro processing. “If an investor comes here and finds no job ready labour, looks next door in Namibia and finds the former they will take their money to the latter,” he said underscoring that Botswana needed to invest in rigorous skills development if it is to attract foreign investors.
“Government needs to take deliberate actions in resourcing and equipping the vocational & technical institutions, you cannot continue investing money in academic institutions that produce graduates that are unskilled and not job ready,” he said. He highlighted that progressive economies have invested billions in human capital and are training their young citizens to acquire trades and vocational technical knowhow not degrees and theoretical certificates.
He further wondered why Botswana, a country with over 3 million cattle and over 30 years multibillion pula beef industry continues to be behind countries like Ethiopia, Brazil and Namibia in the area of diversified livestock and beef industry value chains. “Why is Botswana lacking behind in exploring the leather business even up to date after so many years?” Why is Botswana not using this natural advantage?’’ he asked. According to the shrewd and learned investment expert Botswana has various initiatives at its disposal, such as the AGOA and USAID of which other African countries were already by far making use of.
He commented on the ease of doing business in Botswana saying there was still a lot more that needed to be done. “Together with neighbouring countries Botswana needs to look further into the issues of inter-border trade and advocate for one stop border as it actually reduces time and makes business easy.”
Botswana was also advised not to abandon the services sector, as a peaceful and political stable country the expert asserted that apart from wildlife and environmental events tourism, Botswana could look into the area of education and Health tourism to attract investors. He cited advanced economies like Dubai, noting that getting into private public partnerships to develop world-class health facilities and academic institutions can actually lead to an economic revolution.
Consulting Director, Public Sector & Government Consulting, at Frost & Sullivan (Singapore), Abhinnet Kaul observed that generally a mindset paradigm shift was pivotal. He shared the experience of Asian tigers observing that the major change in the quest to attract foreign investors was change of mindset by natives and the citizenry “everyone has to be at the party and actually understand what is at stake and actually move with the national course,’’ said Kaul.
He highlighted issues such as lifestyle and safety saying investors can be so fragile that they can look elsewhere when they find the way of life of people in one country so different to their own lifestyle urging that Batswana‘s lifestyle needed to be accommodative. “The issue of mindset paradigm shift speaks to changes such as the local citizenry knowing how to relate with investors in a business cultivating manner, some investors I consult would tell me how they can’t put their money in a certain country because the people are lazy thinkers and are not entrepreneurial and business spirited, so we need to make sure this culture of foreign investors attraction is also cultivated amongst the general population,” Kaul explained.
Mr Xavier Furtado, Country Representative of the World Bank Group warned about the wealth and income equality that continues to rise. He observed that as per what happens in other countries especially in Africa when the gap between the rich and the poor widens poses risks of waking up to political instabilities and civil unrests. Furtado asserted that around 30 % of Botswana population had no access to business, wealth cultivation and income generating opportunities, saying that for a population of 2 million people -that was a worrying figure. He said Botswana needed to look with utmost caution the area of education because their research indicated that Botswana was not getting return of investment from billion of pulas pumped into the education sector.
Another renowned pan African investment expert Gift Simwaka, former regional manager for Southern Africa at the African Export Import Bank, now Regional Manager Client Relations with Afrexim Bank in Egypt said that Botswana was a case study for African economic revolution. He noted that despite the demographic variable of being a small population, Botswana was well positioned in the SACU free trade region, housing SADC headquarters and being stable like other speakers asserted, needed to use these advantages to look beyond its borders for market. He underscored that Botswana needed to identify sectors that it had competitive advantage on and run with those for rigorous economic transformation.
Meanwhile, Botswana’s very own shrewd business revolutionary, and one of the most celebrated young executives Bashi Gaetsaloe, Managing Director of Botswana Development Corporation (BDC) highlighted that Botswana needed to use its attributes for investment attraction. He said the fact that Botswana was a small country can be viewed from an angle of saying Botswana was small enough to do everything effectively and easily. “We need to package ourselves as manageable to attract investors and actually walk the talk’’.
The government investment and industrialization arm boss also shared that Botswana can transform Gaborone into Africa‘s first green city. “We need to take deliberate actions in order to actually distinguish us from other attractive investment destination like Kenya, Rwanda and Namibia, why can’t we have free broadband internet for everyone, why can’t we have free visa for every genuine investor at airport entrance?”
Joint venture between De Beers and Government of Republic of Namibia announces new plan, supporting economic, commercial, employment and community benefit, following receipt of royalty relief Namdeb Diamond Corporation (Proprietary) Limited (‘Namdeb’), a 50:50 joint venture between De Beers Group and the Government of the Republic of Namibia, today announced the approval of a new long-term business plan that will extend the current life of mine for Namibia’s land-based operations as far as 2042.
Under the previous business plan, the land-based Namdeb operations would have come to the end of their life at the end of 2022 due to unsustainable economics. However, a series of positive engagements between the Namdeb management team and the Government of the Republic of Namibia has enabled the creation of a mutually beneficial new business plan that extends the life of mine by up to 20 years, delivering positive outcomes for the Namibian economy, the Namdeb business, employees, community partners and the wider diamond industry.
As part of the plan, the Government of the Republic of Namibia has offered Namdeb royalty relief from 2021 to 2025, with the royalty rate during this period reducing from 10% to 5%. This royalty relief has in turn underpinned an economically sustainable future for Namdeb via a life of mine extension that, through the additional taxes, dividends and royalties from the extended life of mine, is forecast to generate an additional fiscal contribution for Namibia of approximately N$40 billion. Meanwhile, the life of mine extension will also deliver ongoing employment for Namdeb’s existing employees, the creation of 600 additional jobs, ongoing benefits for community partners and approximately eight million carats of additional high value production.
Bruce Cleaver, CEO, De Beers Group, said: “Namdeb, a shining example of partnership, has a proud and unique place in Namibia’s economic history. This new business plan, forged by Namdeb management and enabled by the willingness of Government to find a solution in the best interest of Namibia, means that Namdeb’s future is now secure and the company is positioned to continue making a significant contribution to the Namibian economy, the socio-economic development of the Oranjemund community and the lives of Namdeb employees.” Hon. Tom Alweendo, Minister of Mines and Energy for the Government of the Republic of Namibia, said: “Mining remains the backbone of our economy and is one of the largest employment sectors within our country.
Government understood the fundamental impact of what the Namdeb mine closure at the end of 2022 would have had on Namibia. Therefore, it was imperative to safeguard this operation for the benefit of sustaining the life of mine for both the national economy as well as preserving employment for our people and the livelihoods of families that depend on it.”
Riaan Burger, CEO, Namdeb Diamond Corporation, said: “After more than a century of production, these operations were approaching the end of their life, but the creation of this new business plan means we can continue to deliver for Namibia for many years into the future. This is great news for the hardworking women and men of Namdeb, as well as for all our community partners who we are proud to have worked with over the years. We now look forward to starting a new chapter in Namdeb’s proud history.”
Botswana has recorded its first trade surplus for 2021 since the only one for the year in January.
The country’s exports for the month of July surpassed the value of imports, Statistics Botswana’s July International Merchandise Trade data reveals.
Released last Friday, the monthly trade digest reports a positive jump in the trade balance graph against the backdrop of a series of trade deficits in the preceding months since January this year.
According to the country’s significant data body, imports for the month were valued at P7.232 billion, reflecting a decline of 6.6 percent from the revised June 2021 value of P7.739 billion.
Total exports during the same month amounted to P7.605 billion, showing an increase of 6.1 percent over the revised June 2021 value of P7.170 billion.
A trade surplus of P373.2 million was recorded in July 2021. This follows a revised trade deficit of P568.7 million for June 2021.
For the total exports value of P7.605 billion, the Diamonds group accounted for 91.2 percent (P6.936 billion), followed by Machinery & Electrical Equipment and Salt & Soda Ash with 2.2 percent (P169.7 million) and 1.3 percent (P100.9 million) respectively.
Asia was the leading destination for Botswana exports, receiving 65.2 percent (P4.96 billion) of total exports during July 2021.
These exports mostly went to the UAE and India, having received 26.3 percent (P1. 99 billion) and 18.7 percent (P1.422 billion) of total exports, respectively. The top most exported commodity to the regional block was Diamonds.
Exports destined to the European Union amounted to P1.64 billion, accounting for 21.6 percent of total exports.
Belgium received almost all exports destined to the regional union, acquiring 21.5 percent (P1.6337 billion) of total exports during the reporting period.
The Diamonds group was the leading commodity group exported to the EU. The SACU region received exports valued at P790.7 million, representing 10.4 percent of total exports.
Diamonds and Salt & Soda Ash commodity groups accounted for 37.8 percent (P298.6 million) and 6.2 percent (P48.7 million) of total exports to the customs union.
South Africa received 9.8 percent (P745.0 million) of total exports during the month under review. The Diamonds group contributed 39.9 percent (P297.4 million) to all goods destined for the country.
In terms of imports, the SACU region contributed 62.7 percent (P4.534 billion) to total imports during July.
The topmost imported commodity groups from the SACU region were Fuel; Food, Beverages & Tobacco, and Machinery & Electrical Equipment with contributions of 33.3 percent (P1.510 billion), 17.4 percent (P789.4 million) and 12.7 percent (P576.7 million) to total imports from the region, respectively.
South Africa contributed 60.1 percent (P4.3497 billion) to total imports during July 2021.
Fuel accounted for 32.1 percent (P1.394 billion) of imports from that country. Food, Beverages & Tobacco contributed 17.7 percent (P772.0 million) to imports from South Africa.
Namibia contributed 2.0 percent (P141.1 million) to the overall imports during the period under review. Fuel was the main commodity imported from that country at 82.1 percent (P115.8 million).
During the months, imports representing 63.5 percent (P4.5904 billion) were transported into the country by Road.
Transportation of imports by Rail and Air accounted for 22.7 percent (P1.645 billion) and 13.8 percent (P996.2 million), respectively.
During the month, goods exported by Air amounted to P6, 999.2 million, accounting for 92.0 percent of total exports, while those leaving the country by Road were valued at P594.2 million (7.8 percent).
Founders from twenty companies have been accepted into the program from Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa
The 4th Cohort of the Stanford Seed Transformation Program – Southern Africa (STP), a collaboration between Stanford Graduate School of Business and De Beers Group commenced classes on 20 September 2021. According to Otsile Mabeo, Vice President Corporate Affairs, De Beers Global Sightholder Sales: “We are excited to confirm that 20 companies have been accepted into the 4th Seed Transformation Programme from Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. The STP is an important part of the De Beers Group Building Forever sustainability strategy and demonstrates our commitment to the ‘Partnering for Thriving Communities’ pillar that aims at enhancing enterprise development in countries where we operate in the Southern African region”. Jeffrey Prickett, Global Director of Stanford Seed: “Business owners and their key management team members undertake a 12-month intensive leadership program that includes sessions on strategy and finance, business ethics, and design thinking, all taught by world-renowned Stanford faculty and local business practitioners. The program is exclusively for business owners and teams of for-profit companies or for-profit social enterprises with annual company revenues of US$300,000 – US$15million.” The programme will be delivered fully virtually to comply with COVID 19 protocols. Out of the 20 companies, 6 are from Botswana, 1 Namibia, and 13 South Africa. Since the partnership’s inception, De Beers Group and Stanford Seed have supported 74 companies, 89 founders/CEOs, and approximately 750 senior-level managers to undertake the program in Southern Africa.