The domestic economy increased by 1.2 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to an increase of 6.9 percent recorded in the same quarter of 2016. The increase was attributed to real value added of Water & Electricity, Finance & Business Services, Transport & Communications and Mining industries which increased by 15.7, 4.8, 4.5 and 4.4 percent respectively.
The estimated GDP at current prices for the third quarter of 2017 was P43, 067.9 million compared to P43, 146.6 million registered in the second quarter of 2017. The estimated GDP at constant 2006 prices for the third quarter of 2017 was P22, 689.2 million compared to P22, 884.4 million recorded in the second quarter of 2017.
All other industries recorded positive growths of more than 2.0 percent with the exception of Trade, Hotels and Restaurants which decreased by 9.3 percent (See table 4). Water and Electricity value added at constant 2006 prices for the third quarter of 2017 was P98.3 million compared to P84.9 million registered in the same quarter of 2016, recording an increase of 15.7 percent. In the third quarter of 2017, Electricity recorded a negative value added of P103.2 million compared to a negative value added of P117.8 million registered in the same quarter of 2016 recording an increase of 12.4 percent.
The improvement in the Electricity real value added is attributed to an increase in local electricity production by 10.7 percent and a decrease of 62.1 percent in electricity imports. Water sector recorded a positive value added of P202.9 million compared to P209.0 million registered in the same quarter of the previous year amounting to a decrease of 2.9 percent. Water consumption in kilolitres went down by 10.9 percent during the quarter under review.
The increase of 4.8 percent in the real value added of the Finance and Business Services industry was mainly due to the rise in the value added of Banks, Real Estate and Business Services by 6.4, 5.9 and 5.4 percent respectively. Transport and Communications growth of 4.5 percent was attributed to the increase in real value added of Air transport, Road transport and Post & Communications by 7.2, 5.1 and 5.0 percent respectively.
The increase in the real mining value added of 4.4 percent was mainly driven by Diamond and Other Mining value added which increased significantly by 32.9 and 37.4 percent respectively. Other Mining comprises of Gold Mine and quarrying activities. Diamonds production in carats increased by 33.0 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to an increase of 9.3 percent recorded in the same quarter of 2016. Gold production in kilograms increased by 52.6 percent.
In the quarter under review, Orapa diamond mine production increased by 60 percent mainly driven by the upgrading of Plant 1, which was previously on partial care and maintenance in response to trading conditions in late 2015. Jwaneng diamond production increased by 23.0 percent as a result of planned increases in feed to plant. Mining sector growth without Copper/Nickel stood at 29.7 percent. The year on year growth compares the third quarter of 2016 value added which has copper contribution and the current period without copper value added.
Copper/nickel production was zero due to the provisional liquidation of the BCL mine in October 2016. Trade, Hotels and Restaurants real value added decreased by 9.3 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to an increase of 16.3 percent registered in the same quarter of the previous year. The negative growth is attributed to the decrease in real value added of wholesale sub sector by 79.3 percent. Wholesale value added decreased because downstream diamond industries contributed negatively to the industry during the quarter under review.
Non-mining GDP increased by 0.9 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to 5.6 percent registered in the same quarter of the previous year. On quarterly basis, Trade, Hotels and Restaurants remained the major contributor to GDP by 17.0 percent followed by Mining at 15.9 percent while General Government came third at 15.3 percent. Trade, Hotels and Restaurants contribution increased because of inclusion of diamond aggregation processes under wholesale sub sector.
Components of GDP by Type of Expenditure
Total final consumption expenditure recorded an increase of 5.2 percent in the third quarter of 2017, whereas in the same quarter of the previous year it rose by 2.6 percent. Household final consumption increased by 6.1 percent, Government final consumption increased by 3.2 percent and Fixed capital formation decreased by 8.0 percent in the quarter under review. Imports of machinery & equipment and transport & equipment also decreased by 16.2 and 35.4 percent respectively.
In the case of foreign trade, real exports of goods and services decreased by 14.1 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to an increase of 50.6 percent realized in the same quarter of 2016. Diamond is the major export commodity. Exports of diamonds in Pula decreased by 5.6 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to a decrease of 18.7 percent registered in the same quarter of 2016. Imports of goods and services recorded a decrease of 16.3 percent during the quarter under review, compared to 9.0 percent decline realized in the same quarter of the previous year.
GDP at current prices stood at P170, 588.9 million in 2016 compared to a revised level of P146, 065.8 million in 2015, recording an increase of 16.4 percent. Real GDP increased by 4.3 percent in 2016 compared to 1.7 percent decrease in 2015. The increase in real GDP was mainly attributed to Water & Electricity, Trade, Hotels & Restaurants and Transport & communications industries which recorded an increase in value added of 95.2, 13.5, and 6.6 percent respectively.
Water and Electricity value added at constant 2006 prices for the year 2016 was P623.5 million compared to P319.4 million registered in the previous year, recording an increase of 95.2 percent. The sector recorded the highest growth but it is the lowest in terms of contributions to Gross Domestic Product. In 2016, Electricity recorded a negative value added of P183.1 million compared to a negative value added of P195.5 million registered in the previous year, recording an increase of 6.3 percent.
The improvement in the Electricity real value added is attributed to an increase in local electricity production by 8.4 percent and a decrease of 0.7 percent in electricity imports in 2016. In 2016, the water sector registered a highest growth of 57.4 percent because water consumption in kilolitres January 2016, Water Utilities Corporation introduced dual billing system. Consumers were charged for both portable water and waste water.Trade, Hotels & Restaurants increase in real value added of 13.5 percent is attributed to the increase realized in the downstream diamond industries.
In 2016, their value added increased by 74.1 percent compared to 48.7 percent decline registered in 2015. During 2016, diamond prices remained relatively stable and therefore the diamond industry had not been significantly impacted by the commodity pricedownturn. A decrease of 3.5 percent in the real value added of the Mining sector was mainly due to Copper and Coal value added which declined by 21.2 and 9.4 percent respectively.
Copper/Nickel production decreased by 22.4 percent in 2016. BCL copper mine was placed under provisional liquidation in October 2016. Coal production went down by 9.4 percent in the year under review. Diamond production increased slightly by 0.3 percent in 2016. Contribution to GDP by industry is shown in table 2. In 2016, Mining and Trade, Hotels & Restaurants remained major contributors to GDP, their contributions stood at 20.5 percent and 18.2 percent respectively.
The Bulb World Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and entrepreneur, Ketshephaone Jacob has been selected as a 2021 Top 50 Africa’s Business Hero.
Jacob was chosen from a pool of 12,000 applicants – many of whom are highly-skilled and accomplished entrepreneurs.
Africa’s Business Hero, sponsored by technology entrepreneur, Jack Ma, aims to identify, support and inspire the next generation of African entrepreneurs who are making a difference in their local communities, working to solve the most pressing problems, and building a more sustainable and inclusive economy for the future.
The initiative is as inclusive as possible and applications were open in English and French to entrepreneurs from all African countries, all sectors, and all ages who operate businesses formally registered and headquartered in an African country, and that have a 3 year-track record.
Every year, finalists are selected to compete in the ABH finale pitch competition and participate in a TV Show that will be broadcast online and across the continent.
The finalists will compete for a share of US $1.5 million in grant money.
The Bulb World, is home grown LED light manufacturing company, which was partly funded by Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency (CEDA) at the tune of P4 million, to manufacture LED lighting bulbs for both commercial and residential use in 2017.
The Bulb World operate from the Special Economic Zone of Selibe Phikwe. Early this year, The BulB World announced its expansion to South Africa, setting in motion its ambitious Africa expansion plan.
During the first quarter of 2021, production in Botswana’s economic nucleus- the mining sector contracted by 12 percent. This is according to Mining Production Index released by Statistics Botswana this week.
The country’s central data body revealed that Index of Mining production stood at 74.4 during the first quarter of 2021, showing a negative year on-year growth of 12.0 percent, from 84.6 registered during the first quarter of 2020.
The main contributor to the decline in mining production came from the Diamonds sector, which contributed negative 11.7 percentage points. Soda Ash was the only positive contributor in the mining production, contributing 0.1 of a percentage point. However Soda Ash’s contribution was insignificant to offset the negative contribution made by Diamonds.
The quarter-on-quarter analysis by Statistics Botswana experts shows an increase of 16.3 percent from the index of 64.0 during the fourth quarter of 2020 to 74.4 observed during the period under review.
Diamond production decreased by 12.1 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. The decrease was as a result of planned strategy to align production with weaker trading conditions mostly linked to Covid-19 protocols restrictions.
Botswana’s diamond sector is underpinned by Debswana, the country’s flagship rough producer- a 50-50 joint venture between government and global mining giant De Beers Group. The other producer is Canadian based Lucara Diamond Corp through its wholly owned Karowe Mine which is a relatively small but significant production that has made a name for itself worldwide with rare diamond recoveries of unprecedented carat size.
On the other hand, quarter-on quarter analysis shows that production has improved, registering a positive growth of 17.5 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the preceding quarter – 2020 Q4.
Though production was significantly lower in the first quarter, the two producers ended Q2 with rare diamond recoveries. Debswana early last month found the world’s third largest gem diamond – weighing 1098 carat at Jwaneng Mine, its flagship gem quality diamonds producer, also regarded the world’s richest diamond mine.
A week later Lucara announced its second biggest recovery, the 1174 carat clivage near-gem dug from its Karowe Mine. The diamond is the world third in carat size after the plus-3000 carat Cullinan found in South Africa back in 1905 and the 1758 carat Sewelo unearthed at its Karowe mine in 2019. Debswana and Lucara are investing billions of pulas in underground mining projects to extend the life of its mines, Jwaneng & Karowe respectively.
In terms of Gold which is produced at Mupani mine near Botswana’s second city of Francistown output decreased by 17.9 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
Similarly, quarter-on-quarter analysis reflects that production decreased by 21.4 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the preceding quarter. The decrease was as a result of the deteriorating lifespan of the mine as well as the impact of COVID-19 which slowed down the mining activities.
Soda Ash production increased by 11.1 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. In terms of quarter-on-quarter Soda Ash production also showed an increase, picking up by 2.1 percent during the period under review. The increase in production is attributable to the effectiveness of the plant following refurbishment which occurred in the third quarter of 2020.
Salt production decreased by 34.0 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the same quarter of the previous year. Similarly, the quarter-on-quarter analysis shows that salt production registered a decrease of 32.9 percent during the period under review. Both salt and Sodash are produced by partly government owned Botswana Ash (BotsAsh) operating from Sowa town near Makgadikgadi pans.
Coal production decreased by 11.2 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the corresponding quarter of the previous year. The decrease was attributed to the reduced demand from Morupule B Power Station following the remedial works being undertaken, as one boiler was in operation during the period under review.
Although production fell, Statistics Botswana says there was no shortfall in supply of coal due to stockpiling. On the other hand, the quarter-on-quarter comparison shows that coal production increased by 20.4 percent compared to the preceding quarter.
Botswana’s flagship coal producer is Morupule Coal Mine; a wholly state owned mining company located in Palapye producing primarily for Botswana Power Corporation (BPC)’s power generation plants Morupule A & B.
The other coal producer is Botswana Stock Exchange listed Minergy which operates a 390 MT Coal Resource mine in Masama near Media in the southwestern edge of the Mmamabula Coalfields.
Department of Mines in the Ministry of Mineral Resources, Green Technology & Energy Security has awarded mining licence to Tshukudu Metals-a subsidiary of Aussie firm Sandfire Resources ,giving the company a green light to start piecing the ground at its Motheo Copper Project near Gantsi.
Lefoko Moagi, minister in charge of mineral resources in Botswana confirmed to weekendpost on Tuesday. Minister Moagi revealed that “the licence has been approved , but Sandfire Resources as a listed company will report to its shareholders and investors then make an official public statement” he said.
Based on a forecast copper price of US$3.16/lb (reflecting current long-term consensus pricing) the Base Case 3.2Mtpa – Ghantsi copper project is forecast to generate US$664 million (over P7 billion) in pre-tax free cash-flow and US$987 million (over P10 billion) in EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortisation), at a forecast all-in sustaining cost of US$1.76/lb over its first 10 years of operations.
In December 2020, the Board of Sandfire Resources approved the commercial development of the Motheo Copper Mine located in the Kalahari Copper Belt in Botswana, marking a key step in its transformation into a global, diversified, and sustainable mining company.
Tshukudu Metals Botswana (Pty) Limited (Tshukudu) a 100% owned subsidiary will be the owner and operator of the Motheo Copper Mine which is scheduled to produce up to 30,000 tonnes per annum of copper in concentrate over a 12 year mine life.TMB is targeting development of its Motheo Copper Mine in 2021 and 2022, with its first production in 2023.
GOVERNMENT NOT TAKING UP 15 % STAKE ON OFFER
Beginning of this year presentations were made to the Department of Mines as part of the Mining Licence approval process and to the Ghanzi Regional Council, additional information was requested by Department of Mines in April and was duly supplied by the company.
As part of the Mining Licence approval process, the Government of Botswana has a right to acquire up to a 15% fully contributing interest in all mining projects locally. Quizzed on whether government through Mineral Development Corporation Botswana (MDCB) would be taking up stake in the project Minister Moagi said, “No consideration is being made on that regard”.
“Government is not considering taking up a stake in the Ghantsi Copper Mine project, every opportunity is assessed on all risks, but Government makes money all the while from leases, taxes and royalties, remember if you take stake you are liable for liabilities of the project as well,” Moagi said.
Last month Sandfire announced that it has awarded over P5 billion worth mining contract to African Mining Services (AMS), a subsidiary of Perenti, to deliver the open cast operation.
The contract, which has an estimated value of US$496 million (over 5 billion), is the largest single operational contract for the new Motheo Project covering a period of 7 years and 3 months, with provision for a one-year extension.
The contract according to Sandfire Resources was awarded following a competitive 3-stage tender process which saw a number of key factors taken into consideration when selecting the preferred contractor.
These included Citizen Economic Empowerment, safety culture, equipment suitability and availability, commercial terms and identified improvement opportunities. Under the terms of the contract, AMS has agreed to form a 70:30 Joint Venture with a suitable local Botswana partner or partners.
The JV is expected to be finalized ahead of commencement of mining in early 2022. African Mining Services has been operating in Africa for over 30 years. AMS’ parent company, ASX listed diversified mining services group Perenti, already has a presence in Botswana through Barminco, their underground mining division, at the large-scale Khoemacau Copper Mine located 200km north-east of Motheo.
Last month Sandfire executives said the award of the open pit mining contract represents another key milestone in advancing the Motheo Project towards production, with all components of the contract in line with the key parameters outlined in the December 2020 Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS).
The company said full-scale construction of the US$279 million (over P 3 billion ) mine development is expected to commence immediately upon receipt of the Mining Licence, with mining scheduled to commence in early 2022 ahead of first production in early 2023. This week Sandfire Resources advertised over 10 positions in calling on applications from geologists, mining engineers and geotechnical engineers.
The Motheo mine has an initial mine life of 12.5 years based on production from the T3 pit. The initial development is expected to generate approximately 1,000 jobs during the construction phase and 600 direct full-time jobs during operations, with at least 95% of the total mine workforce expected to be made of up of Botswana citizens.
Later in the week Sandfire Resources announced in the company website that it has received the licence. Sandfire’s Managing Director and CEO, Mr Karl Simich, said the award of the Mining Licence represented a major milestone that would see a significant increase in construction and development activities on site.
“We are absolutely delighted to now be in a position to move to full-scale construction at Motheo, with our construction crews expected to mobilise to site over the next few days. I would like to thank the Government of Botswana for their support throughout the approvals process, which will see Motheo come on-stream in 2023 as one of very few new copper mines commencing production globally.”
Simich said the project is expected to generate approximately 1,000 jobs during construction and 600 full-time jobs during operations, and represents the foundation for Sandfire’s long-term growth plans in Botswana.
“Our vision is that Motheo will form the centre of a new, long-life copper production hub in in the central portion of the world-class Kalahari Copper Belt, where we hold an extensive ground-holding spanning Botswana and Namibia,” he said.