The domestic economy increased by 1.2 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to an increase of 6.9 percent recorded in the same quarter of 2016. The increase was attributed to real value added of Water & Electricity, Finance & Business Services, Transport & Communications and Mining industries which increased by 15.7, 4.8, 4.5 and 4.4 percent respectively.
The estimated GDP at current prices for the third quarter of 2017 was P43, 067.9 million compared to P43, 146.6 million registered in the second quarter of 2017. The estimated GDP at constant 2006 prices for the third quarter of 2017 was P22, 689.2 million compared to P22, 884.4 million recorded in the second quarter of 2017.
All other industries recorded positive growths of more than 2.0 percent with the exception of Trade, Hotels and Restaurants which decreased by 9.3 percent (See table 4). Water and Electricity value added at constant 2006 prices for the third quarter of 2017 was P98.3 million compared to P84.9 million registered in the same quarter of 2016, recording an increase of 15.7 percent. In the third quarter of 2017, Electricity recorded a negative value added of P103.2 million compared to a negative value added of P117.8 million registered in the same quarter of 2016 recording an increase of 12.4 percent.
The improvement in the Electricity real value added is attributed to an increase in local electricity production by 10.7 percent and a decrease of 62.1 percent in electricity imports. Water sector recorded a positive value added of P202.9 million compared to P209.0 million registered in the same quarter of the previous year amounting to a decrease of 2.9 percent. Water consumption in kilolitres went down by 10.9 percent during the quarter under review.
The increase of 4.8 percent in the real value added of the Finance and Business Services industry was mainly due to the rise in the value added of Banks, Real Estate and Business Services by 6.4, 5.9 and 5.4 percent respectively. Transport and Communications growth of 4.5 percent was attributed to the increase in real value added of Air transport, Road transport and Post & Communications by 7.2, 5.1 and 5.0 percent respectively.
The increase in the real mining value added of 4.4 percent was mainly driven by Diamond and Other Mining value added which increased significantly by 32.9 and 37.4 percent respectively. Other Mining comprises of Gold Mine and quarrying activities. Diamonds production in carats increased by 33.0 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to an increase of 9.3 percent recorded in the same quarter of 2016. Gold production in kilograms increased by 52.6 percent.
In the quarter under review, Orapa diamond mine production increased by 60 percent mainly driven by the upgrading of Plant 1, which was previously on partial care and maintenance in response to trading conditions in late 2015. Jwaneng diamond production increased by 23.0 percent as a result of planned increases in feed to plant. Mining sector growth without Copper/Nickel stood at 29.7 percent. The year on year growth compares the third quarter of 2016 value added which has copper contribution and the current period without copper value added.
Copper/nickel production was zero due to the provisional liquidation of the BCL mine in October 2016. Trade, Hotels and Restaurants real value added decreased by 9.3 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to an increase of 16.3 percent registered in the same quarter of the previous year. The negative growth is attributed to the decrease in real value added of wholesale sub sector by 79.3 percent. Wholesale value added decreased because downstream diamond industries contributed negatively to the industry during the quarter under review.
Non-mining GDP increased by 0.9 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to 5.6 percent registered in the same quarter of the previous year. On quarterly basis, Trade, Hotels and Restaurants remained the major contributor to GDP by 17.0 percent followed by Mining at 15.9 percent while General Government came third at 15.3 percent. Trade, Hotels and Restaurants contribution increased because of inclusion of diamond aggregation processes under wholesale sub sector.
Components of GDP by Type of Expenditure
Total final consumption expenditure recorded an increase of 5.2 percent in the third quarter of 2017, whereas in the same quarter of the previous year it rose by 2.6 percent. Household final consumption increased by 6.1 percent, Government final consumption increased by 3.2 percent and Fixed capital formation decreased by 8.0 percent in the quarter under review. Imports of machinery & equipment and transport & equipment also decreased by 16.2 and 35.4 percent respectively.
In the case of foreign trade, real exports of goods and services decreased by 14.1 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to an increase of 50.6 percent realized in the same quarter of 2016. Diamond is the major export commodity. Exports of diamonds in Pula decreased by 5.6 percent in the third quarter of 2017 compared to a decrease of 18.7 percent registered in the same quarter of 2016. Imports of goods and services recorded a decrease of 16.3 percent during the quarter under review, compared to 9.0 percent decline realized in the same quarter of the previous year.
GDP at current prices stood at P170, 588.9 million in 2016 compared to a revised level of P146, 065.8 million in 2015, recording an increase of 16.4 percent. Real GDP increased by 4.3 percent in 2016 compared to 1.7 percent decrease in 2015. The increase in real GDP was mainly attributed to Water & Electricity, Trade, Hotels & Restaurants and Transport & communications industries which recorded an increase in value added of 95.2, 13.5, and 6.6 percent respectively.
Water and Electricity value added at constant 2006 prices for the year 2016 was P623.5 million compared to P319.4 million registered in the previous year, recording an increase of 95.2 percent. The sector recorded the highest growth but it is the lowest in terms of contributions to Gross Domestic Product. In 2016, Electricity recorded a negative value added of P183.1 million compared to a negative value added of P195.5 million registered in the previous year, recording an increase of 6.3 percent.
The improvement in the Electricity real value added is attributed to an increase in local electricity production by 8.4 percent and a decrease of 0.7 percent in electricity imports in 2016. In 2016, the water sector registered a highest growth of 57.4 percent because water consumption in kilolitres January 2016, Water Utilities Corporation introduced dual billing system. Consumers were charged for both portable water and waste water.Trade, Hotels & Restaurants increase in real value added of 13.5 percent is attributed to the increase realized in the downstream diamond industries.
In 2016, their value added increased by 74.1 percent compared to 48.7 percent decline registered in 2015. During 2016, diamond prices remained relatively stable and therefore the diamond industry had not been significantly impacted by the commodity pricedownturn. A decrease of 3.5 percent in the real value added of the Mining sector was mainly due to Copper and Coal value added which declined by 21.2 and 9.4 percent respectively.
Copper/Nickel production decreased by 22.4 percent in 2016. BCL copper mine was placed under provisional liquidation in October 2016. Coal production went down by 9.4 percent in the year under review. Diamond production increased slightly by 0.3 percent in 2016. Contribution to GDP by industry is shown in table 2. In 2016, Mining and Trade, Hotels & Restaurants remained major contributors to GDP, their contributions stood at 20.5 percent and 18.2 percent respectively.
Botswana has recorded its first trade surplus for 2021 since the only one for the year in January.
The country’s exports for the month of July surpassed the value of imports, Statistics Botswana’s July International Merchandise Trade data reveals.
Released last Friday, the monthly trade digest reports a positive jump in the trade balance graph against the backdrop of a series of trade deficits in the preceding months since January this year.
According to the country’s significant data body, imports for the month were valued at P7.232 billion, reflecting a decline of 6.6 percent from the revised June 2021 value of P7.739 billion.
Total exports during the same month amounted to P7.605 billion, showing an increase of 6.1 percent over the revised June 2021 value of P7.170 billion.
A trade surplus of P373.2 million was recorded in July 2021. This follows a revised trade deficit of P568.7 million for June 2021.
For the total exports value of P7.605 billion, the Diamonds group accounted for 91.2 percent (P6.936 billion), followed by Machinery & Electrical Equipment and Salt & Soda Ash with 2.2 percent (P169.7 million) and 1.3 percent (P100.9 million) respectively.
Asia was the leading destination for Botswana exports, receiving 65.2 percent (P4.96 billion) of total exports during July 2021.
These exports mostly went to the UAE and India, having received 26.3 percent (P1. 99 billion) and 18.7 percent (P1.422 billion) of total exports, respectively. The top most exported commodity to the regional block was Diamonds.
Exports destined to the European Union amounted to P1.64 billion, accounting for 21.6 percent of total exports.
Belgium received almost all exports destined to the regional union, acquiring 21.5 percent (P1.6337 billion) of total exports during the reporting period.
The Diamonds group was the leading commodity group exported to the EU. The SACU region received exports valued at P790.7 million, representing 10.4 percent of total exports.
Diamonds and Salt & Soda Ash commodity groups accounted for 37.8 percent (P298.6 million) and 6.2 percent (P48.7 million) of total exports to the customs union.
South Africa received 9.8 percent (P745.0 million) of total exports during the month under review. The Diamonds group contributed 39.9 percent (P297.4 million) to all goods destined for the country.
In terms of imports, the SACU region contributed 62.7 percent (P4.534 billion) to total imports during July.
The topmost imported commodity groups from the SACU region were Fuel; Food, Beverages & Tobacco, and Machinery & Electrical Equipment with contributions of 33.3 percent (P1.510 billion), 17.4 percent (P789.4 million) and 12.7 percent (P576.7 million) to total imports from the region, respectively.
South Africa contributed 60.1 percent (P4.3497 billion) to total imports during July 2021.
Fuel accounted for 32.1 percent (P1.394 billion) of imports from that country. Food, Beverages & Tobacco contributed 17.7 percent (P772.0 million) to imports from South Africa.
Namibia contributed 2.0 percent (P141.1 million) to the overall imports during the period under review. Fuel was the main commodity imported from that country at 82.1 percent (P115.8 million).
During the months, imports representing 63.5 percent (P4.5904 billion) were transported into the country by Road.
Transportation of imports by Rail and Air accounted for 22.7 percent (P1.645 billion) and 13.8 percent (P996.2 million), respectively.
During the month, goods exported by Air amounted to P6, 999.2 million, accounting for 92.0 percent of total exports, while those leaving the country by Road were valued at P594.2 million (7.8 percent).
Founders from twenty companies have been accepted into the program from Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa
The 4th Cohort of the Stanford Seed Transformation Program – Southern Africa (STP), a collaboration between Stanford Graduate School of Business and De Beers Group commenced classes on 20 September 2021. According to Otsile Mabeo, Vice President Corporate Affairs, De Beers Global Sightholder Sales: “We are excited to confirm that 20 companies have been accepted into the 4th Seed Transformation Programme from Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. The STP is an important part of the De Beers Group Building Forever sustainability strategy and demonstrates our commitment to the ‘Partnering for Thriving Communities’ pillar that aims at enhancing enterprise development in countries where we operate in the Southern African region”. Jeffrey Prickett, Global Director of Stanford Seed: “Business owners and their key management team members undertake a 12-month intensive leadership program that includes sessions on strategy and finance, business ethics, and design thinking, all taught by world-renowned Stanford faculty and local business practitioners. The program is exclusively for business owners and teams of for-profit companies or for-profit social enterprises with annual company revenues of US$300,000 – US$15million.” The programme will be delivered fully virtually to comply with COVID 19 protocols. Out of the 20 companies, 6 are from Botswana, 1 Namibia, and 13 South Africa. Since the partnership’s inception, De Beers Group and Stanford Seed have supported 74 companies, 89 founders/CEOs, and approximately 750 senior-level managers to undertake the program in Southern Africa.
Minergy, the coal mining and trading company with the Masama coal mine, this week released results for the year ended 30 June 2021. The company achieved revenue of P193 million (2020: P81 million) with significant improvement in sales volumes surpassing 415 000 tonnes sold for the year.
The performance was divided into two distinct periods with very different operating environments. The first eight-month period (July 2020 – February 2021), was negatively impacted by delayed funding, COVID-19 impacts and excessive rain; and the last four-month period (March – June 2021), was a more stable production environment moving toward nameplate capacity.
According to Minergy CEO, Morné du Plessis, production and sales initially recovered in July and August 2020 with the easing of COVID-19 restrictions and recoveries were further bolstered by the successful launch of the rail siding. Delays experienced in concluding the funding contributed to contractors limiting operations to manage arrears.
“However, the heavy rains we experienced from December 2020 through February 2021 flooded the mine pit making access difficult and impacting both production and sales. Fortunately, the rain subsided in March 2021, and we entered a more stable environment, with a positive impact on operations. Good recoveries in production and sales were experienced during the last four-month period of the year, with the mine moving closer toward a breakeven position.”
“Despite these operational constraints, including the effects of COVID-19 on logistics and manning of shifts, we expect to reach consistent nameplate capacity in the 2022 financial year,” du Plessis added.
In addition to the revenue reported above, the company incurred costs of sales of P256 million (2020: P150 million) with operating costs of P23 million (2020: P31 million). This effectively resulted in an operating loss of P86 million (2020: P100 million). Finance costs of P51 million (2020: P17 million) were incurred, bringing the net loss before taxation to P136 million (2020: P117 million).
Du Plessis explains that the adverse conditions in the first eight-month period contributed to 86% of the gross loss, while the more stable four-month period alone contributed to 50% of total sales value, helping to decrease monthly gross losses, albeit below breakeven levels.
The company benefited from a strengthening in the South African Rand (“ZAR”) supporting higher back-on- mine sales prices.
“As announced, we’re pleased to have secured P125 million of additional convertible debt funding through the Minerals Development Company Botswana (Proprietary) Limited (“MDCB”). Minergy remains grateful for this support.”
He added that the first tranche of additional funding provided by the MDCB had been received in December 2020, which allowed Minergy to settle the majority of the contractor’s arrears and allowed their teams to be remobilised. The second and final tranche was paid post the financial year-end and will allow the business to reach nameplate capacity in the new financial year.”
COAL SALES AND MINE PERFORMANCE
Sales volumes increased by 110%, supported by increased sales in Botswana and internationally in South Africa and Namibia. Sales for June 2021 exceeded 56 000 tonnes, a record since the inception of the mine, with pricing increasing late in the financial year on the back of buoyant international prices and a strengthening ZAR.
Minergy also concluded a further 12-month off-take agreement to the existing off-take agreement, with a further agreement finalised post year end.
Overburden moved during the reporting period increased by 86% and extracted coal by 50%. Coal mined in June 2021 alone exceeded 100 000 tonnes. “This is a good performance considering the challenges faced such as sacrificing pre-stripping activities for a period to manage arrears, excessive rain and COVID-19,” du Plessis indicated.
“The wash plant was initially starved of coal due to the factors noted already. Despite this, overall plant throughput performance was 37% higher than 2020. Consistent output was supported by the completion of the Stage 2 rigid crushing section as well as the water saving dewatering screen with filter press contributing to a reduction in water usage of 60% per tonne of coal. A record throughput of more than 84 000 tonnes was achieved in March 2021 and this consistency has been maintained.”
According to du Plessis, the completion of Stage 4 of the Processing Plant, the rigid screening and stock handling section, remains a key optimisation step, which has associated benefits. “The completion was unfortunately delayed by a southern African wide shortage of structural steel but was commissioned post year-end.”
Minergy expects the positive momentum in international coal pricing for southern African coal to remain in place. Higher coal prices have resulted in coal being withdrawn from the inland market in favour of lucrative international markets. Du Plessis added that the regional market is currently under- supplied with sized coal, which supports higher pricing and new customer opportunities for Minergy.
“Our objective for the 2022 financial year is to achieve nameplate capacity by completing final ramp-up of operations. This will enable the company to generate sufficient cash flow to stabilise the business at breakeven or better. The bullish coal market is also providing support. COVID-19 will still be closely managed, and we look forward to the lifting of the State of Emergency, as announced, and trust that vaccination programmes will achieve herd immunity in Botswana during the next 12 months.”
Du Plessis expressed his excitement on prospects stating that, “The Eskom due diligence process is continuing, and we are hopeful of receiving feedback during the current financial year. In addition to this opportunity, Minergy is also investigating participation in the request by the Government of Botswana to provide a 300MW power station for which the company has been shortlisted.”
The approved process to issue shares for cash is showing positive leads and he concluded by saying that a listing in London is still being investigated.