More contestants are continually expressing interest in filling the shoes of Member of Parliament (MP) for Moshupa/Manyana Mokgweetsi Masisi.
As the country’s Vice President Masisi is expected to step down as MP following his ascension to the presidency in April, as per automatic succession. Masisi who is also the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) chairman will on the 1st of April 2018 succeed President Lt. Gen. Seretse Khama Ian Khama as his 10 year term prescribed by the constitution elapses. As the date draws nearer, his successors are in the wings.
One of the hopefuls to succeed him, Karabo Gare, seen as Masisi’s blue eyed boy highlighted to this publication exclusively in a recent interview that he was ready to contest, should there be need. This publication quoted him as saying: “I can confirm that should constituents find the need to send me to parliament to represent them at the by election expected soon, I can avail myself. I am more than ready to take up the assignment but only when the VP steps down from the role of the Member of Parliament (MP).”
Gare is not only the aspirant who has “hinted” on his imminent candidature, another contender is Lentswe Mosanako, a former two time councillor at Moshupa East. Speaking to WeekendPost in a separate exclusive interview this week, Mosanako confirmed that: “yes it is true I have high interest and yes I mean really high interest in contesting in Moshupa/Manyana constituency.”
The former BDP Southern Regional Chairman went on to state that it has always been his plans to stand for the MP position in the next General Election. He highlighted that “even if the VP was not stepping down from the MP seat to become the president, I was still going to contest in 2019.”
“I was intending to go and stand against him (Masisi). He has always said anyone can and should feel free to stand against him in party primaries. Whoever qualifies should stand if they so wish. It was not even about the by election,” he asserted. However Mosanako pointed out that Gare whom he mentioned as a political novice, took him by surprise. “Who thought Gare would stand?” he asked rhetorically.
In terms of whether Gare is a threat, he maintained that, the latter “is a political novice. He is just a normal BDP member. I don’t know him in political circles. He is a new comer. But he qualifies to stand. And I am not in any way implying that he cannot be a crowd puller at the rallies and pull a surprise.” Although Gare is seen as a favourite and more closer to Masisi who may have influence in who succeeds him, Mosanako maintained that the VP should not take sides.
“You see I don’t have any problem with VP Masisi. I support him to be president. He is my leader. But he should not make a mistake that I hear doing rounds in the village. I hear rumours that he may be having a favourite candidate amongst us, being Gare to be specific,” the outspoken ex-Councillor warned.
He maintained that the party chairman should not pronounce on his preferred candidate to succeed him and as a party leader he should instead wait for whoever is elected at the primary elections either Gare, Mosanako or whoever will emerge victorious – and support them.
Trying to be careful on the issues to avoid chances of being vetted out before Primary Elections, he explained that as a former soldier he is more disciplined and to avoid raffling some feathers he emphasised that they should be equally respected as fellow party members.
On Gare’s alleged association with the VP, Mosanako stated that the BDP constitution does not make mention that as candidates you inform anyone, besides the party, to give you a leeway to stand for elections. “It is not binding to inform an incumbent or anyone that I would like to contest,” he said. “Only when the writ of elections is out, that every party member in good standing should be free to throw in their names in the ring signalling their intention to contest and to campaign freely.”
On whether he is not at a disadvantage in the face of reports and strong speculation on the ground that Masisi supports his competitor, Mosanako said it would rather put him (Mosanako) on the advantage. “Yes it’s an advantage,” before adding that “but I do not believe the VP can do that because he is preaching unity. If he does that he will be tearing the constituency apart.”
The BDP activist explained that all the candidates that are contesting in the constituency must know that they should not expect anyone from a high office to endorse them against other opponents. “We do not want leaders who divide us and we must not let elections divide us as well. We must know that whoever will emerge victorious, won due to a free and fair campaign with no any other justification.”
When you stand for elections, Mosanako said electorates must assess you on your own merit and no candidate should therefore campaign on the notion that a predecessor supports them as it brings division in the party and at the end it may be seen as not reflecting the will of the people.
He stated: “it should be fair and square, with integrity and credibility. The losers should not find any excuse like a leader has a preferred candidate, or there were no membership cards given to their followers to vote at the party primaries and the like. Voters roll must be clear, done procedurally and appropriately without bias to registration of names.” Mosanako, who lost the Council Primary Elections in 2013, also said “since am always home, and closer to the community, I hear residents’ concerns about the party, government and their social lives. We must know the problems faced by the constituents.”
Mosanako said he remains cautious that other candidates may enter the race as the day of the by elections draws closer by the day. When quizzed on chances of BDP retaining the seat, he said “in my observation, the Moshupa/Manyana constituency is marginal. There is no party that can claim stronghold.”
So, he added, whoever wins the BDP primary elections must work hard and know that bloodthirsty opponents await them. “It will not be easy to retain the seat; we will have to launch our entire arsenal,” he highlighted. Meanwhile the BDP branch Chairman in Moshupa Manyana constituency Bushi Tshiping, said until the Vice President becomes president in April 1st, making the MP portfolio in the area vacant then the party Central Committee will authorize instigation of campaign.
“Masisi has not bid us farewell yet. He has not yet said we should look for a replacement,” Tshiping said. In the last elections (2014), Masisi triumphed by a convincing 6831 lead against Ngaka Monageng of the Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) who got 3231 votes while Benny Stegling of Botswana Congress Party (BCP) got 2557 votes.
In 2009 Masisi had again emerged victorious by 6374 votes while BCP attained 1519, the BNF 1219 and an Independent candidate 60 votes while another Independent candidate managed 72 votes. The by election will be held approximately 6 months after Masisi is inaugurated as president – before end of this year.
Botswana has made improvements on preventing and ending arbitrary deprivation of liberty, but significant challenges remain in further developing and implementing a legal framework, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention said at the end of a visit recently.
Head of the delegation, Elina Steinerte, appreciated the transparency of Botswana for opening her doors to them. Having had full and unimpeded access and visited 19 places of deprivation of liberty and confidentiality interviewing over 100 persons deprived of their liberty.
She mentioned “We commend Botswana for its openness in inviting the Working Group to conduct this visit which is the first visit of the Working Group to the Southern African region in over a decade. This is a further extension of the commitment to uphold international human rights obligations undertaken by Botswana through its ratification of international human rights treaties.”
Another good act Botswana has been praised for is the remission of sentences. Steinerte echoed that the Prisons Act grants remission of one third of the sentence to anyone who has been imprisoned for more than one month unless the person has been sentenced to life imprisonment or detained at the President’s Pleasure or if the remission would result in the discharge of any prisoner before serving a term of imprisonment of one month.
On the other side; The Group received testimonies about the police using excessive force, including beatings, electrocution, and suffocation of suspects to extract confessions. Of which when the suspects raised the matter with the magistrates, medical examinations would be ordered but often not carried out and the consideration of cases would proceed.
“The Group recall that any such treatment may amount to torture and ill-treatment absolutely prohibited in international law and also lead to arbitrary detention. Judicial authorities must ensure that the Government has met its obligation of demonstrating that confessions were given without coercion, including through any direct or indirect physical or undue psychological pressure. Judges should consider inadmissible any statement obtained through torture or ill-treatment and should order prompt and effective investigations into such allegations,” said Steinerte.
One of the group’s main concern was the DIS held suspects for over 48 hours for interviews. Established under the Intelligence and Security Service Act, the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS) has powers to arrest with or without a warrant.
The group said the “DIS usually requests individuals to come in for an interview and has no powers to detain anyone beyond 48 hours; any overnight detention would take place in regular police stations.”
The Group was able to visit the DIS facilities in Sebele and received numerous testimonies from persons who have been taken there for interviewing, making it evident that individuals can be detained in the facility even if the detention does not last more than few hours.
Moreover, while arrest without a warrant is permissible only when there is a reasonable suspicion of a crime being committed, the evidence received indicates that arrests without a warrant are a rule rather than an exception, in contravention to article 9 of the Covenant.
Even short periods of detention constitute deprivation of liberty when a person is not free to leave at will and in all those instances when safeguards against arbitrary detention are violated, also such short periods may amount to arbitrary deprivation of liberty.
The group also learned of instances when persons were taken to DIS for interviewing without being given the possibility to notify their next of kin and that while individuals are allowed to consult their lawyers prior to being interviewed, lawyers are not allowed to be present during the interviews.
The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention mentioned they will continue engaging in the constructive dialogue with the Government of Botswana over the following months while they determine their final conclusions in relation to the country visit.
Standard Chartered Bank Botswana (SCBB) has informed the government that it will not be accepting new loan applications for the Government Employees Motor Vehicle and Residential Property Advance Scheme (GEMVAS and LAMVAS) facility.
This emerges in a correspondence between Acting Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance Boniface Mphetlhe and some government departments. In a letter he wrote recently to government departments informing them of the decision, Mphetlhe indicated that the Ministry received a request from the Bank to consider reviewing GEMVAS and LAMVAS agreement.
He said: “In summary SCBB requested the following; Government should consider reviewing GEMVAS and LAMVAS interest rate from prime plus 0.5% to prime plus 2%.” The Bank indicated that the review should be both for existing GEMVAS and LAMVAS clients and potential customers going forward.
Mphetlhe said the Bank informed the Ministry that the current GEMVAS and LAMVAS interest rate structure results into them making losses, “as the cost of loa disbursements is higher that their end collections.”
He said it also requested that the loan tenure for the residential property loans to be increased from 20 to 25 years and the loan tenure for new motor vehicles loans to be increased from 60 months to 72 months.
Mphetlhe indicated that the Bank’s request has been duly forwarded to the Directorate of Public Service Management for consideration, since GEMVAS and LAMVAS is a Condition of Service Scheme. He saidthe Bank did also inform the Ministry that if the matter is not resolved by the 6th June, 2022, they would cease receipt of new GEMVAS and LAMVAS loan applications.
“A follow up virtual meeting was held to discuss their resolution and SCB did confirm that they will not be accepting any new loans from GEMVAS and LAMVAS. The decision includes top-up advances,” said Mphetlhe. He advised civil servants to consider applying for loans from other banks.
In a letter addressed to the Ministry, SCBB Chief Executive Officer Mpho Masupe informed theministry that, “Reference is made to your letter dated 18th March 2022 wherein the Ministry had indicated that feedback to our proposal on the above subject is being sought.”
In thesame letter dated 10 May 2022, Masupe stated that the Bank was requesting for an update on the Ministry’s engagements with the relevant stakeholder (Directorate of Public Service Management) and provide an indicative timeline for conclusion.
He said the “SCBB informs the Ministry of its intention to cease issuance of new loans to applicants from 6th June 2022 in absence of any feedback on the matter and closure of the discussions between the two parties.” Previously, Masupe had also had requested the Ministry to consider a review of clause 3 of the agreement which speaks to the interest rate charged on the facilities.
Masupe indicated in the letter dated 21 December 2021 that although all the Banks in the market had signed a similar agreement, subject to amendments that each may have requested. “We would like to suggest that our review be considered individually as opposed to being an industry position as we are cognisant of the requirements of section 25 of the Competition Act of 2018 which discourages fixing of pricing set for consumers,” he said.
He added that,“In this way,clients would still have the opportunity to shop around for more favourable pricing and the other Banks, may if they wish to, similarly, individually approach your office for a review of their pricing to the extent that they deem suitable for their respective organisations.”
Masupe also stated that: “On the issue of our request for the revision of the Interest Rate, we kindly request for an increase from the current rate of prime plus 0.5% to prime plus 2%, with no other increases during the loan period.” The Bank CEO said the rationale for the request to review pricing is due to the current construct of the GEMVAS scheme which is currently structured in a way that is resulting in the Bank making a loss.
“The greater part of the GEMVAS portfolio is the mortgage boo which constitutes 40% of the Bank’s total mortgage portfolio,” said Masupe. He saidthe losses that the Bank is incurring are as a result of the legacy pricing of prime plus 0% as the 1995 agreement which a slight increase in the August 2018 agreement to prime plus 0.5%.
“With this pricing, the GEMVAS portfolio has not been profitable to the Bank, causing distress and impeding its ability to continue to support government employees to buy houses and cars. The portfolio is currently priced at 5.25%,” he said. Masupe said the performance of both the GEMVAS home loan and auto loan portfolios in terms of profitability have become unsustainable for the Bank.
Healso said, when the agreement was signed in August 2018, the prime lending rate was 6.75% which made the pricing in effect at the time sufficient from a profitable perspective. “It has since dropped by a total 1.5%. The funds that are loaned to customers are sourced at a high rate, which now leaves the Bank with marginal profits on the portfolio before factoring in other operational expenses associated with administration of the scheme and after sales care of the portfolio,” said the CEO.
The Global Gender Gap Index, a report published by the World Economic Forum annually, has indicated that Botswana is among countries that fare badly when it comes to representation of women in legislative bodies.
The latest Global Gender Gap Index, published last week, benchmarks the current state and evolution of gender parity across four key dimensions (Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment). It is the longest-standing index which tracks progress towards closing these gaps over time since its inception in 2006.
This year, the Global Gender Gap Index benchmarked 146 countries. Of these, a subset of 102 countries have been represented in every edition of the index since 2006, further providing a large constant sample for time series analysis.
Botswana ranks number 66 overall (out of 146 countries), with good rankings in most of the pillars. Botswana ranks 1st in Health and Survival, 7th in the Economic Participation and Opportunity, 22nd in Educational Attainment, and 129th in Political Empowerment.
The Global Gender Gap Index measures scores on a 0 to 100 scale and scores can be interpreted as the distance covered towards parity (i.e. the percentage of the gender gap that has been closed). The cross-country comparisons aim to support the identification of the most effective policies to close gender gaps.
The Economic Participation and Opportunity sub-index contains three concepts: the participation gap, the remuneration gap and the advancement gap. The participation gap is captured using the difference between women and men in labour-force participation rates. The remuneration gap is captured through a hard data indicator (ratio of estimated female-to-male earned income) and a qualitative indicator gathered through the World Economic Forum’s annual Executive Opinion Survey (wage equality for similar work).
Finally, the gap between the advancement of women and men is captured through two hard data statistics (the ratio of women to men among legislators, senior officials and managers, and the ratio of women to men among technical and professional workers).
The Educational Attainment sub-index captures the gap between women’s and men’s current access to education through the enrolment ratios of women to men in primary-, secondary- and tertiary-level education. A longer-term view of the country’s ability to educate women and men in equal numbers is captured through the ratio of women’s literacy rate to men’s literacy rate.
Health and Survival sub-index provides an overview of the differences between women’s and men’s health using two indicators. The first is the sex ratio at birth, which aims specifically to capture the phenomenon of “missing women”, prevalent in countries with a strong son preference. Second, the index uses the gap between women’s and men’s healthy life expectancy.
This measure provides an estimate of the number of years that women and men can expect to live in good health by accounting for the years lost to violence, disease, malnutrition and other factors. Political Empowerment sub-index measures the gap between men and women at the highest level of political decision-making through the ratio of women to men in ministerial positions and the ratio of women to men in parliamentary positions. In addition, the reported included the ratio of women to men in terms of years in executive office (prime minister or president) for the last 50 years.
In the last general elections, only three women won elections, compared to 54 males. The three women are; Nnaniki Makwinja (Lentsweletau-Mmopane), Talita Monnakgotla (Kgalagadi North), and Anna Mokgethi (Gaborone Bonnington North). Four women were elected through Specially Elected dispensation; Peggy Serame, Dr Unity Dow, Phildah Kereng and Beauty Manake. All female MPs — save Dow, who resigned — are members of the executive.
Overall, Botswana has 63 seats, all 57 elected by the electorates, and six elected by parliament. Early this year, Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) secretary general and Gaborone North MP, Mpho Balopi, successfully moved a motion in parliament calling for increment of elective seats from 57 to 61. Balopi contented that population growth demands the country respond by increasing the number of MPs.
In Africa, Botswana play second fiddle to countries like Rwanda, Namibia, South Africa, Burundi, and Zimbabwe who have better representation of women, with Rwanda being the only country with more than 50 percent of women in parliament.
The low number of women in parliament is attributed to Botswana’s current, electoral system, First-Past-the-Post. During the 9th parliament, then MP for Mahalapye East tabled a motion in parliament in which she sort to increase the number of Specially Elected MPs in parliament to augment female representation in the National Assembly.
The motion was opposed famously, by then Specially Elected MP, Botsalo Ntuane, who said the citizens were not in favour of such a move since it dilute democracy, instead suggesting the Botswana should switch to Proportional-Representation-System. Botswana is currently undergoing Constitutional Review process, with the commission, appointed in December, expected to deliver the report to President Mokgweetsi Masisi by September this year.