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Botswana Diamonds in huge Vutomi payout

Botswana Diamonds (BOD) PLC is projecting a good year ahead – the company’s interim results suggest.


The Diamond company which closed its half year in December 2017 with a total intangible assets amounting to  £ 8155 million explained that it has had to pay  Vutomi Mining Pty Ltd and Razorbill Properties 12 Pty Ltd (collectively known as ‘Vutomi’) a total of £ 942 million in cash, of which £ 581 million will be used to fund exploration activities. On 6 February 2017 the Group entered into an Option and Earn-In Agreement with Vutomi Mining.

Botswana Diamonds explained the Vutomi payout to have an exclusivity and option fee of £122 million with £61 million paid in cash and £61 million paid in the company’s ordinary Shares at a price of P1.9. The shares are reported to have been issued on April 2017. Upon completion of this payment Phase 1 of the earn-in commenced.

In addition, the Company notes that it will issue 100 million ordinary shares of 0.25 each to Vutomi shareholders. The Agreement will be executed in three Phases after which the Company will own 72 percent of Vutomi. The remaining 28 percent will continue being held by Vutomi’s Black Economic Empowerment (‘BEE’) partners.

All the exploration phases have been estimated to last for at least 3 years. Phase 1 which is projected to last for 12 months, will during the period have the Company subject to available funding. Even so, Botswana Diamonds explains that it has the option to pay Vutomi £ 215 million to fund exploration activities with an opportunity to earn an initial 15 percent of Vutomi. During Phase 1, Vutomi will grant the Company the sole and exclusive right to fund exploration activities the Board explains. This, they explain, will be done under the Vutomi Prospecting Rights Area in order to prepare a conceptual mining and development plan. The said required mining permits are reported to be in place.

Phase 2 is projected to last for a further 12 months, during which period the Company will, subject to available funding, have the option to pay Vutomi £ 366 million to fund exploration activities to earn an additional 25 percent of Vutomi. Phase 3 will commence within 90 days of the successful completion of Phase 2. Pursuant to the Agreement, the Company will have the option to issue the outstanding balance of 96.8 million Ordinary Shares, priced at Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP), to Vutomi and, subject to available funding, settle Vutomi’s shareholders loan accounts of approximately £ 300 million in cash to earn a further portion of Vutomi.

John Teeling, the Chairman explains that exploration and evaluation assets relate to expenditure incurred in exploration for diamonds in Botswana and South Africa. He notes that the directors are aware that by its nature there is an inherent uncertainty in exploration and evaluation assets and therefore there is a case of inherent uncertainty relating to the carrying value of capitalized exploration and evaluation assets. In Botswana, the Company continues to actively explore in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR) as part of the Sunland Minerals joint venture with Alrosa.

Teeling noted that the objective of the work is to follow-up on fifteen previously identified priority geophysical targets. “Ground magnetics will be used to supplement the airborne gravity and airborne magnetic data obtained in earlier work.” A soil sample programme will operate in conjunction with the magnetic surveys he added. He further explains that Botswana Diamonds has made it an objective to turn geophysical targets into drill targets. The net proceeds of the placing will fund ongoing diamond exploration in South Africa and Botswana and will also provide the Company with additional working capital.
 

A review of the joint venture is underway in order to progress the impasse on the Maibwe Diamond joint venture which was in the past a joint venture owned by the liquidated BCL mine at 50 percent, Future minerals at 20 percent and 29 percent by Siseko which is 51 percent BOD property.  Following the liquidation of joint venture partner BCL, several corporate options have been proposed to BCL’s liquidator. Botswana Diamond PLC explains that liquidator has decided to produce a prospectus on the licenses to encourage outside investor interest.

This is due to be completed by mid-2018 they highlighted. Early this year, 2018, the Company reports to have raised £500 million before to fund the work outlined above. Apart from ongoing exploration activity on four projects and active involvement in bringing the Maibwe Diamond situation toward a conclusion, management and directors are examining certain proposals which have been presented to the Board he noted.

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P230 million Phikwe revival project kicks off

19th October 2020
industrial hub

Marcian Concepts have been contracted by Selibe Phikwe Economic Unit (SPEDU) in a P230 million project to raise the town from its ghost status.  The project is in the design and building phase of building an industrial hub for Phikwe; putting together an infrastructure in Bolelanoto and Senwelo industrial sites.

This project comes as a life-raft for Selibe Phikwe, a town which was turned into a ghost town when the area’s economic mainstay, BCL mine, closed four years ago.  In that catastrophe, 5000 people lost their livelihoods as the town’s life sunk into a gloomy horizon. Businesses were closed and some migrated to better places as industrial places and malls became almost empty.

However, SPEDU has now started plans to breathe life into the town. Information reaching this publication is that Marcian Concepts is now on the ground at Bolelanoto and Senwelo and works have commenced.  Marcian as a contractor already promises to hire Phikwe locals only, even subcontract only companies from the area as a way to empower the place’s economy.

The procurement method for the tender is Open Domestic bidding which means Joint Ventures with foreign companies is not allowed. According to Marcian Concepts General Manager, Andre Strydom, in an interview with this publication, the project will come with 150 to 200 jobs. The project is expected to take 15 months at a tune of P230 531 402. 76. Marcian will put together construction of roadworks, storm-water drains, water reticulation, street lighting and telecommunication infrastructure. This tender was flouted last year August, but was awarded in June this year. This project is seen as the beginning of Phikwe’s revival and investors will be targeted to the area after the town has worn the ghost city status for almost half a decade.

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IMF projects deeper recession for 2020, slow recovery for 2021

19th October 2020

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has slashed its outlook the world economy projecting a significantly deeper recession and slower recovery than it anticipated just two months ago.

On Wednesday when delivering its World Economic Outlook report titled “A long difficult Ascent” the Washington Based global lender said it now expects global gross domestic product to shrink 4.9% this year, more than the 3% predicted in April.  For 2021, IMF experts have projected growth of 5.4%, down from 5.8%. “We are projecting a somewhat less severe though still deep recession in 2020, relative to our June forecast,” said Gita Gopinath Economic Counsellor and Director of Research.

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Botswana partly closed economy a further blow of 4.2 fall in revenue

19th October 2020

The struggle of humanity is now how to dribble past the ‘Great Pandemic’ in order to salvage a lean economic score. Botswana is already working on dwindling fiscal accounts, budget deficit, threatened foreign reserves and the GDP data that is screaming recession.

Latest data by think tank and renowned rating agency, Moody’s Investor Service, is that Botswana’s fiscal status is on the red and it is mostly because of its mineral-dependency garment and tourism-related taxation. Botswana decided to close borders as one of the containment measures of Covid-19; trade and travellers have been locked out of the country. Moody’s also acknowledges that closing borders by countries like Botswana results in the collapse of tourism which will also indirectly weigh on revenue through lower import duties, VAT receipts and other taxes.

Latest economic data shows that Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the second quarter of 2020 with a decrease of 27 percent. One of the factors that led to contraction of the local economy is the suspension of air travel occasioned by COVID-19 containment measures impacted on the number of tourists entering through the country’s borders and hence affecting the output of the hotels and restaurants industry. This will also be weighed down by, according to Moody’s, emerging markets which will see government losing average revenue worth 2.1 percentage points (pps) of GDP in 2020, exceeding the 1.0 pps loss in advanced economies (AEs).

“Fiscal revenue in emerging markets is particularly vulnerable to this current crisis because of concentrated revenue structures and less sophisticated tax administrations than those in AEs. Oil exporters will see the largest falls but revenue volatility is a common feature of their credit profiles historically,” says Moody’s. The domino effects of containment measures could be seen cracking all sectors of the local economy as taxes from outside were locked out by the closure of borders hence dwindling tax revenue.

Moody’s has placed Botswana among oil importers, small, tourism-reliant economies which will see the largest fall in revenue. Botswana is in the top 10 of that pecking order where Moody’s pointed out recently that other resource-rich countries like Botswana (A2 negative) will also face a large drop in fiscal revenue.

This situation of countries’ revenue on the red is going to stay stubborn for a long run. Moody’s predicts that the spending pressures faced by governments across the globe are unlikely to ease in the short term, particularly because this crisis has emphasized the social role governments perform in areas like healthcare and labour markets.

For countries like Botswana, these spending pressures are generally exacerbated by a range of other factors like a higher interest burden, infrastructure deficiencies, weaker broader public sector, higher subsidies, lower incomes and more precarious employment. As a result, most of the burden for any fiscal consolidation is likely to fall on the revenue side, says Moody’s.

Moody’s then moves to the revenue spin of taxation. The rating agency looked at the likelihood and probability of sovereigns to raise up revenue by increasing tax to offset what was lost in mineral revenue and tourism-related tax revenue. Moody’s said the capacity to raise tax revenue distinguishes governments from other debt issuers.  “In theory, governments can change a given tax system as they wish, subject to the relevant legislative process and within the constraints of international law. In practice, however, there are material constraints,” says Moody’s.

‘‘The coronavirus crisis will lead to long-lasting revenue losses for emerging market sovereigns because their ability to implement and enforce effective revenue-raising measures in response will be an important credit driver over the next few years because of their sizeable spending pressures and the subdued recovery in the global economy we expect next year.’’

According to Moody’s, together with a rise in stimulus and healthcare spending related to the crisis, the think tank expects this drop in revenue will trigger a sizeable fiscal deterioration across emerging market sovereigns. Most countries, including Botswana, are under pressure of widening their tax bases, Moody’s says that this will be challenging. “Even if governments reversed or do not extend tax-easing measures implemented in 2020 to support the economy through the coronavirus shock, which would be politically challenging, this would only provide a modest boost to revenue, especially as these measures were relatively modest in most emerging markets,” says Moody’s.

Botswana has been seen internationally as a ‘tax ease’ country and its taxes are seen as lower when compared to its regional counterparts. This country’s name has also been mentioned in various international investigative journalism tax evasion reports. In recent years there was a division of opinions over whether this country can stretch its tax base. But like other sovereigns who have tried but struggled to increase or even maintain their tax intake before the crisis, Botswana will face additional challenges, according to Moody’s.

“Additional measures to reduce tax evasion and cutting tax expenditure should support the recovery in government revenue, albeit from low levels,” advised Moody’s. Botswana’s tax revenue to the percentage of the GDP was 27 percent in 2008, dropped to 23 percent in 2010 to 23 percent before rising to 27 percent again in 2012. In years 2013 and 2014 the percentage went to 25 percent before it took a slip to decline in respective years of 2015 up to now where it is at 19.8 percent.

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