Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) stalwart Daniel Kwelagobe, has urged new president, Mokgweetsi Masisi to institute a Commission of Inquiry that will result in a comprehensive review of the country’s constitution.
Kwelagobe, the longest serving BDP secretary general, who spent 27 years at the helm as the party’s chief administrator indicated that a review of the constitution should be one of the mainstay objectives of the country’s new president. “I advise him to institute a commission of inquiry on constitutional review, with the view of a comprehensive review of the constitution. He should do this because our constitution needs a serious re-look into it to see whether it is still relevant or not,” he told WeekendPost.
“When the current constitution was adopted in 1966, there were less than 10 graduates in the whole country. The public never had the opportunity to understand it as well as to make enlightened input on it.” Kwelagobe, who once commanded unrivalled influence in the BDP, is of the view that, the current population deserves to be given the opportunity to have an input in the constitution and to see if indeed it speaks to the needs of modern democracy.
“People should look at oversight institutions such as Auditor General, Ombudsman and see if they are as independent as desired,” said Kwelagobe. The constitution of Botswana was adopted in 1966, when Botswana gained independence from the British government. The constitution has remained in place with few changes being brought in over the years.
In 1997, under the presidency of Sir Ketumile Masire parliament made some amendments, which brought provisions such as a 10 year presidential term limit, automatic succession as well as lowering the voting age to 18. Despite the 1997 reforms, Kwelagobe still thinks more needs to be done. “Those reforms were only relating to the issues of the presidency and elections. What is needed is a comprehensive review that will encompass a lot of things,” he said.
“In setting-up a commission of an inquiry, the committee may decide in the recommendations; whether there is need to review the constitution or not. I am not saying he should do this in a hurry, but it is something that he should strive for.” Kwelagobe spent 45 years as Member of Parliament, becoming the longest serving member of parliament in the process.
ON WOMEN IN POLITICS
Kwelagobe said the constitution should also look at representation of women in leadership positions in the country’s polity. He said it is evident that the status quo has an environment which discourages women from being in leadership positions. “We always say women are the pillars of the nation, but when it comes to leadership positions, it is men who dominate. Even when there is an opportunity to bring more women to leadership positions such as Specially Elected [Members of Parliament and Councillors], we still elect men to those positions,” argued Kwelagobe.
DK, as he is affectionately known in political circles, said during his tenure as MP parliament adopted a motion which called for comprehensive review, but government has not acted on it to ensure that the process takes place. The latest Global Gender Gap Index ranked Botswana 122nd out of 144 countries, owing to its overly male dominated parliament. Botswana currently has only five female MPs in a 63 seat parliament.
The situation will soon be exacerbated by the imminent departure of three women legislators; Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi, Botlogile Tshireletso and Dr Unity Dow, who will not be returning to parliament after the 2019 general elections. Venson-Moitoi and Tshireletso are retiring from active politics, while Dow’s term as Specially Elected MP would have elapsed.
REFORMING THE BDP
Kwelagobe said during his party leadership, Masisi should also re-look the BDP constitution to see if it indeed is democratic or not. “BDP needs revival — its constitution needs review to promote inter-party democracy. People always complain that they are not allowed to speak their mind during party gatherings. We should look at how the party can strengthen itself,” contended DK. Kwelagobe has however given a thumbs up to Masisi’s choice for Vice President in Slumber Tsogwane.
“He has been in government for a very long time, he knows how government works and he has been a good member of the party,” said Kwelagobe of Tsogwane. Tsogwane was endorsed by parliament on Wednesday as the country’s 9th Vice President. Prior to his endorsement as Vice President, the BDP Central Committee had taken a decision to vote him as party chairman, replacing Mokgweetsi Masisi.
POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT
The preliminary results of the Botswana Multi Topic Household Survey under Economic Activity released last year showed a decline from 19.9 percent in 2011 to 17.6 percent in unemployment. The survey was carried out during the 2015/2016 period. Statistics Botswana targeted a population of those aged 18 years and above, estimated at 1, 2 million of which 838 002 were economically active and 430 675 were economically inactive. Statics Botswana also indicated that poverty is declining in Botswana.
Despite the decline noted by Statistics Botswana, Kwelagobe believes unemployment and poverty will remain the biggest challenge facing Masisi’s administration. The former Presidential Affairs and Public Administration minister said unemployment has mostly affected young people, despite a lot of them being in possession of high qualifications. He said poverty in villages is extreme, something which Masisi should fight against.
In a classic and shocking case of disgrace and dishonour to this country, the law enforcement agencies are currently struggling to cover up a damaging and humiliating scandal of having conspired to forge the signature of a Palapye Chief Magistrate, Rebecca Motsamai in an unlawful acquisition of the much-publicised 2019 warrant of arrest against Isaac Kgosi, the former director of the Directorate of Intelligence Services (DIS).
The cloak-and-dagger arrest was led by the DIS director, Brigadier Peter Magosi supported by the Botswana Police, Botswana Defence Force (BDF), with the Botswana Unified Revenue Services (BURS) which accused Kgosi of tax evasion, in the backseat.
Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) constituent members are struggling to reach an agreement over the allocation of wards for the imminent ward by-elections across the country.
Despite a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC), Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF) and Alliance for Progressives (AP) are said to be active, but the nitty-gritties are far from being settled.
The eight bye-elections will be a precursor of a somewhat delayed finalisation of the brittle MoU. The three parties want to draw a plan on how and who will contest in each of the available wards.
This publication has gathered that the negotiations will not be a run off the mill because there is already an impasse between the Botswana Congress Party (BCP) which is a UDC constituent and AP (currently negotiating to join umbrella).
The by-elections joint committee met last week at Cresta President Hotel in a bid to finalise allocation but nothing tangible came out of the gathering, sources say.
The cause of the stalemate according to those close to events, is the Metsimotlhabe Ward which the two parties have set their eyes on.
In 2019, he ward was won by Botswana Democratic Party’s (BDP) Andrew Sebobi who unfortunately died in a tragic accident in February last year.
Sebobi had convincingly won by 1 109 votes in the last elections; and was trailed by Sephuthi Thelo of the UDC trailed him with 631 votes; while Alliance for Progressives’ Innocent Moamogwe got 371 votes.
Thelo is a BCP candidate and as per UDC norm, incumbency prevails meaning that the BCP will contest since they were runners up. On the other hand, AP has also raised its hand for the same.
“AP asked for it on the basis that they have a good candidate but BCP did not agree to that request also arguing they have a better contestant,” one UDC member confided to this publication.
Notwithstanding Metsimotlhabe Ward squabble, it is said the by-election talks are almost a done deal, with Botswana National Front (BNF) tipped to take Boseja South ward in Mochudi East constituency. Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF) will be awarded Tamasane Ward in Lerala/Maunatlala constituency, sources say.
“But the agreement has to be closed by National Executive Committee (NEC),” emphasized the informant.
The NEC is said to have been cautioned not to back the wrong horse but rather rate with reason and facts.
UDC President, Duma Boko has told this publication that, “allocation is complete with two wards already awarded but with only one yet to be finalized,” he could not dwell into much details as to which party got what and the reasons for the delay in finalisation.
Chairperson of the by-elections committee, Dr. Phenyo Butale responded to this publication regarding the matter: “As AP we contested and as you may be aware we signed the MoU with UDC and BPF to collaborate on bye-elections. The opposition candidate for all bye-elections will be agreed by these parties and that process is still ongoing,” he said when asked if AP is interested on the ward and how far with the talks on bye-elections.
Butale, a former Gaborone Central Member of Parliament, who is also AP Secretary General continued to say, “As the chairperson of the bye-elections committee we are still seized with that matter. We should also do some consultations with the local structures. Once the process is complete we will issue a notice for now we cannot talk about the other two while the other is still pending the other one”.
Butale further clarified: “There is no such thing as AP and BCP not in agreement. It is an issue of signatories discussing and determining the opposition candidates across the three wards.”
Apart from the three wards, there are five more council wards that UDC is yet to allocate to cooperating partners.
FROM PALAPYE MEET: BPP CAUTION NEC MEMBERS
With the UDC cheerful from last weekend’s meeting in Palapye, the meeting however was very tense on the side of both BCP and BNF, with only BPP flexing its muscle and even lashing out.
BCP going into the meeting, had promised to ask difficult questions to the UDC NEC.
BCP VP and also acting Secretary General, Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, presented their qualms which were addressed by UDC Chairperson Motlatsi Molapisi, informants say.
It is said Molapisi is fed up and concerned by some UDC members especially those in the NEC who ‘wash party’s dirty linen in public’.
Insiders say the veteran politician cautioned the NEC members that they “will not expel any party but individuals who tarnish the image of the UDC.”
It is not the first time BPP play a paternalistic role as it once expressed its discontent with BCP in 2020, saying it should never wash UDC linen in public.
At first it is said, BPP, the oldest political formation in Botswana, claims disappointment on BCP stance that UDC should be democratised especially by sharing their stand with the media. Again, BPP was not happy with BCP leader Dumelang Saleshando’s decision to air his personal views on social media regarding the merger of UDC party.
Botswana Police Service (BPS) Commissioner, Keabetswe Makgophe, has of late been dousing raging fires from various quarters of society following the infiltration of the police fingerprint system by the Directorate on Intelligence and Security (DIS), WeekendPost has learnt.
Fresh information gleaned from a number of impeccable sources, points to a pitiable working relationship between the two state organs. Cause of concern is the DIS continuous big brother role to an extent that it is now interfering with other institutions’ established mandates.
BPS which works closely with the DIS has been left exasperated by the works of the institution formed in 2008. It is said, the DIS through its Information Technology (IT) experts in collusion with some at BPS forensics department managed to infiltrate the Fingerprint system.
The infiltration, according to those in the know, was for the DIS to “teach a lesson” to some who are on their radar. It is said the DIS is playing and fighting dirty to win the fights they have lost before.
By managing to hack the police finger print system, a number of renowned businessmen and other politically exposed persons found their fingers in the system. What surprised the victims is the fact that they have never been charged of any wrongdoing by the police and they were left reeling in shock to learn that their fingers are on the data-base of criminals.
In fact, some of those who their fingerprints were falsely included in the records of those on the wrong side of law learnt later when other errands demanded their fingerprints.
“We learnt later when we had to submit and buy some documents and we were very shocked,” one politician who is also a businessman confided to this publication this week.
“We then learn that there are some fabricated criminality recorded for us, as to when did we commit those remained secret to the police, but then we had to engage our lawyers on the matter and that is when we were cleared,” said the politician-cum- tenderpreneur.
The lawyers have confirmed engaging the police and that the matters were settled in a gentlemen’s agreement and concluded.
All these happened behind the scenes with the police top brass oblivious only to be confronted by the irked lot, police sources also add. The victimized group who most of them have been fighting lengthy battles with the DIS read malice and did not blink when it was revealed that these were done by the DIS.
“And it was clear that they (DIS) are the ones in this dirty war which we don’t understand. Remember when we sue, it will be the Police at the courts not the DIS and that is why we agreed to a ceasefire more so they also requested that be kept under carpet,” said the victim.
Nonetheless, the Police through its spokesperson Assistant Commissioner, Dipheko Motube, briefly said: “we do not have any system that has been hacked.” On the other hand DIS mouthpiece Edward Robert was not in office this week to comment on the matter.
Reports however say DIS boss, Peter Magosi, who most of the victims accuse of the job, is said to have met his police counterpart Makgophe to put the matter to bed.
COVID-19 RAVAGES POLICE
As frontline workers, Police have not escaped the wrath of Covid-19. Already the numbers of those infected has reached the highest of high and they suggest that they be priorities on vaccine rollout.
“Our job is complicated, firstly we arrest including those who are non-compliant to Covid protocols and we go to accidents and many more. These put us at risk and it seems our superiors are not bothered,” said one police officer this week.
The cops further complain about that working spaces are small, as such expose them to contact the virus.
“Some tests positive and go for quarantine while the rest of the unit will be left without even test carried out. If at all the bosses are serious all the police officers should every now and then be subjected to testing or else we will be no more because of the virus,” added another officer based in Gaborone.
The government has since placed teachers on the priority list for the vaccines, it remains to be seen whether the police, who also man road blocks, will be considered.
“But our bosses should convince the country leadership about this, if not then we are doomed,” concluded a more senior officer.