Gaborone High Court Judge Omphemetse Motumise has dismissed with costs Chief Executive Officer of Capital Management Botswana (CMB) Rapula Okaile and further slapped him with another charge of contempt of court on Friday.
Okaile and his wife Neo had approached the court on urgent basis, seeking an order for the release of their eight motor vehicles impounded by the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) last month. The applicants’ contention was that their vehicles have been seized without the due process of law such as a warrant or lawful authorization.
Delivering the ruling, Motumise stated that, “I find that the applicants have failed to meet the requirements of urgency. Furthermore, although the application was lodged two days after the vehicles were seized, the applicants have failed to prove that they will not be granted an adequate alternative remedy in due course. They have also failed to establish that the balance of convenience favours them.”
The judge stated that where the impounded vehicles were wrongly seized by the state, the owners thereof have a suite of remedies at their disposal, including among others, restitution; general damages, special damages or the applicants could during the course of investigates simply prove that the vehicles were not proceeds of crime, in which event, they will be released without the need for litigation. “But the applicants do not say why all these remedies will not be available to them in due course or why they are not suitable remedies.”
He said the purpose for which the impounded vehicles have been seized was to conduct investigations: an assessment of the balance of convenience requires a balancing exercise between the rights and interests of law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute crime and the right of individuals to enjoy the ownership and possession of their property.
“If the vehicles are released before the conclusion of investigations, this could constitute a severe, if not a fatal blow to the investigations. The questions whether the vehicles were acquired through proceeds of crime would not thereafter be properly or effectively investigated. The respondents will have no guarantee that the vehicles will remain available for investigative purposes, and on the other hand the applicants will have recourse to damages,” ruled the judge, adding that the case favours the
“To express my revulsion and opprobrium at the applicants’ disregard of the order of this court and especially Rapula, I will order punitive costs against them. But this is not enough to send a strong message to the applicants that they need to obey the law and court orders.” It was then that the judge dealt with the issue concerning the motor vehicle registered under CMB. The DCEC had submitted that none of the applicants has the authority to claim it since CMB is presently under statutory management pending a judgement due next week. The court had in the previous mention in a matter concerning the appointment of Mr Peter Collins as statutory manager, ruled that Collins’s appointment shall remain effective pending the finalization of the matter.
In law, in view of the said order, the statutory manager is, the only person entitled to institute proceedings on behalf of CMB and not any of the applicants. The applicants however, sought to deflect the point by suggesting that statutory management is not the same as judicial management. Their contention was that the statutory manager deals with the day to day operations of the company while its directors can deal with other matters such as litigation.
Judge Motumise however ruled that, “In the face of the order of this court and the provision, the applicant’s position is disingenuous and I reject it. The applicants have, by openly purporting to act for, or on behalf of CMB, notwithstanding their knowledge of the order of this court, committed an act of contempt of court. Those actions deserve severe and effective censure from this court.” “I express my displeasure at the applicant’s contemptuous conduct and I find them liable, especially Rapula to be cited for contempt of court.”
The DCEC had on their arguments, urged the court to dismiss the application on the basis that leaving the vehicles at the disposal of the applicants has the inherit danger of the vehicles being disposed of, thus defeating the effectiveness of any criminal or civil forfeiture order that the courts may order later.
An officer of the DCEC, Goitseone Esely stated on a replying affidavit that the DCEC was presently investigating the Botswana Opportunity Partnership (BOP) into which a commitment of P500m was made by Botswana Public Officers Pension Fund (BPOPF) on the inception of the contract between it and CMB in 2014.
CMB is the general manager of BOP where BPOPF is a limited partner and has contributed the sum of P477m to be invested and managed by CMB. There is a reasonable suspicion that some of the funds were diverted to CMB accounts and in turn ended up financing the vehicles owned by WARENTEBO Investment. She stated that the impounded vehicles might have been acquired through proceeds of crime, and that they were seized in the course of lawful investigations under the DCEC Act.
The United States (US) will on the 3rd of November 2020 chose between incumbent Donald Trump of the Republicans and former Vice President Joe Biden of the Democrats amid the coronavirus pandemics, which has affected how voting is conducted in the world’s biggest economy.
Trump (74) seeks re-election after trouncing Hillary Clinton in 2016, while Biden (77) is going for his first shot as Democratic nominee after previous unsuccessful spells.
US Presidents mostly succeed in their re-election bid, but there have been nine individuals who failed to garner a second term mandate, the latest being George W H. Bush, a Republican who served as the 41st US President between 1989 and 1993.
Dr Mark Rozell, a Dean of the School of Policy and Government at George Mason University in Arlington, Virginia describes the complex US electoral system that will deliver the winner at the 3rd November elections.
“The founders of our Republic de-centralised authority significantly in creating our constitutional system, which means that they gave an enormous amount of independent power and authority to State and local governments,” Dr Rozell told international media on Elections 2020 Virtual Reporting Tour.
Unlike parliamentary democracies, like Botswana the United States does not have all of the national government elected in one year. They do not have what is commonly called mandate elections where the entire federal government is elected all in one election cycle giving a “mandate” to a particular political party to lead, and instead US have what are called staggered elections, elections over time.
The two house Congress, members of the House of Representatives have two-year long terms of office. Every two years the entire House of Representatives is up for re-election, but senators serve for six years and one third of the Senate is elected every two years.
For this election cycle, US citizens will be electing the President and Vice
President, the entire House of Representatives and one third of the open or contested seats in the Senate, whereas two thirds are still fulfilling the remainder of their terms beyond this year.
An important facet of US electoral system to understand given the federalism nature of the republic, the US elect presidents State by State, therefore they do not have a national popular vote for the presidency.
“We have a national popular vote total that says that Hillary Clinton got three million more votes than Donald Trump or in Year 2000 that Al Gore got a half million more votes than George W. Bush, but we have what is called a State by State winner takes all system where each State is assigned a number of electors to our Electoral College and the candidate who wins the popular vote within each State takes 100 percent of the electors to the Electoral College,” explained Dr Rozell.
“And that is why mathematically, it is possible for someone to win the popular vote but lose the presidency.”
Dr Rozell indicated that in 2016, Hillary Clinton won very large popular majorities in some big population States like California, but the system allows a candidate to only have to win a State by one vote to win a 100 percent of its electors, the margin does not matter.
“Donald Trump won many more States by smaller margins, hence he got an Electoral College majority.”
Another interesting features by the way of US constitutional system, according to Dr Rozell, but extremely rare, is what is called the faithless elector.
“That’s the elector to the Electoral College who says, ‘I’m not going to vote the popular vote in my State, I think my State made a bad decision and I’m going to break with the popular vote,’’ Dr Rozell said.
“That’s constitutionally a very complicated matter in our federalism system because although the federal constitution says electors may exercise discretion, most States have passed State laws making it illegal for any elector to the Electoral College to break faith with the popular vote of that State, it is a criminal act that can be penalized if one is to do that. And we just had an important Supreme Court case that upheld the right of the states to impose and to enforce this restriction”
There are 538 electors at the Electoral College, 270 is the magic number, the candidate who gets 270 or more becomes President of the United States.
If however there are more candidates, and this happens extremely rarely, and a third candidate got some electors to the Electoral College denying the two major party candidates, either one getting a majority, nobody gets 270 or more, then the election goes to the House of Representatives and the House of Representatives votes among the top three vote getters as to who should be the next President.
“You’d have to go back to the early 19th century to have such a scenario, and that’s not going to happen this year unless there is a statistical oddity, which would be a perfect statistical tie of 269 to 269 which could happen but you can just imagine how incredibly unlikely that is,” stated Dr Rozell.
BLUE STATES vs RED STATES
Since the 2000 United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.
Many states have populations that are so heavily concentrated in the Democratic party or the Republican party that there is really no competition in those states.
California is a heavily Democratic State, so is New York and Maryland. It is given that Joe Biden will win those states. Meanwhile Texas, Florida and Alabama are republicans. So, the candidates will spent no time campaigning in those states because it is already a given.
However there are swing states, where there is a competition between about five and 10 states total in each election cycle that make a difference, and that is where the candidates end up spending almost all of their time.
“So it ends up making a national contest for the presidency actually look like several state-wide contests with candidates spending a lot of time talking about State and local issues in those parts of the country,” said Dr Rozell.
High Commissioner of the Federal Government of Nigeria to Botswana, His Excellency Umar Zainab Salisu, has challenged President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi to move swiftly and lobby Africa’s richest man, Nigerian Billionaire, Aliko Dangote to invest in Botswana.
Speaking during a meeting with President Masisi at Office of President on Thursday Zainab Salisu said Dangote has expressed massive interest in setting up billion dollar industries in Botswana. “We have a lot of investors who wish to come and invest in Botswana , when we look at Botswana we don’t see Botswana itself , but we are lured by its geographic location , being in the centre of Southern Africa presents a good opportunity for strategic penetration into other markets of the region,” said Salisu.
As murder cases and violent incidents involving couples and or lovers continue to be recorded daily, Specially Elected Member of Parliament, Dr Unity Dow has called for more funding of non-governmental organizations and accelerated action from government to come up with laws that could inhibit would-be perpetrators of crimes related to Gender Based Violence (GBV).
Just after Dr Dow had deposited her views on this subject with this reporter, a young man in Molepolole opened fire on a married woman he was having an affair with; and ended her life instantly. While it is this heinous cases that get projected to the public space, the former minister argues that the secrecy culture is keeping other real GBV cases under wraps in many spaces in the country.
The former Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation said there is GBV all the time in all kinds of places. “We have become accustomed to stories of rapes, marital rapes, defilement of children, beatings and psychological violence and even killings,” she said.
Gender-based violence is a phenomenon deeply rooted in gender inequality, Dow is worried that there is absolutely no social punishment for perpetrators; they will continue to have the same friends, jobs, wives, homes, as before. Yet another factor, she said, is that there is little or no “justice” for victims of GBV.
The renowned activist said justice for GBV victims is not just the jailing of the perpetrator. “Justice for victims means an agile, victim-friendly, accessible (time, money and procedures) and restorative justice system.”
Asked what could be leading to a spike in Gender Based Violence cases or incidents, she observed that there is no one factor to which this spike can be attributed. “The most obvious factor is stress as a result of economic distress and or poverty. Poverty makes one vulnerable and open to compromises that they would otherwise not make. For perpetrators with anger management issues, economic stress leads to lashing out to those closest to them. Another factor is the disintegration of families and family values,” she opined.
According to Dow, no government anywhere in the world is doing enough, period. “We know the places and spaces where women and girls are unsafe. We know the challenges they face in their attempts to exit those spaces and places.” The former Judge of the High Court said GBV undermines the health, dignity, security and autonomy of its victims, yet it remains shrouded in the culture of silence.
Asked what could be done to arrest GBV cases, Dow said it is critical to involve and fund civil society organizations. She observed that much of the progress done in the area of women’s human rights was during the time when Botswana had strong and funded civil society organizations.
“The funding dried up when Botswana was declared a middle-income country but unfortunately external funding was not replaced by local funding,” she acknowledged.
Further Dow said relevant government institutions must be funded and strengthened.
“Thirdly, create a society in which it is not okay to humiliate, rape, beat or kill women. You create this by responding to GBV the same way we have responded to livestock theft. We need to create agile mechanisms that hear cases quickly and allow for the removal of suspected perpetrators from their homes, work places, boards, committees, etc.”
The former Minister said the much anticipated Inter-Ministerial Task Force on Gender Based Violence will have its work cut out for it. According to Dow, GBV is not just a justice issue, it’s not just a gender issue, but rather an issue that cuts across health, education, labour, economic, housing and politics. “As long as any one believes it is someone else’s problem, we will all have the problem,” she said.
In her view, Dow said every work, educational and other place must have a GBV Policy and/or Code of Conduct. “It is important that we acknowledge that the majority of men are law-abiding. The problem is their silence, in the face of injustice,” she observed.