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Isaac Kgosi not going alone

Former Directorate on Intelligence and Security Services (DISS) Director, Isaac Kgosi will not be the only casualty in the new President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s ‘clean up’ campaign. Many more are bound to face the axe as the mission takes shape, WeekendPost can reveal.

In an ambush style, President Masisi removed Kgosi from office on Wednesday, appointing Brigadier Peter Magosi as the new director. Masisi did not even meet Kgosi; Permanent Secretary to the President (PSP), Carter Morupisi was the bearer of the “bad news”.
Impeccable sources within the presidential circle say President Masisi’s axe is yet to accomplish its mission as he still wants to send home a number of people in the Office of the President, with a large number coming from the Intelligence department. This publication is aware of at least four names that are to join Kgosi.

“President Masisi says while he cannot fire everyone, he wants to do a lot of cleaning as possible as he can. A lot of people are on the list to follow Kgosi. And no one is aware of their exit just like Kgosi was caught off guard,” narrated the source. She stated that Kgosi never had a thought that he could be shown the door. Even when he was called to the office of PSP, Morupisi, Kgosi never had an idea that Morupisi would hit him with the bad news. Morupisi had kept the communication a top secret just as the President had asked him to do – probably this is the reason why Morupisi had won loyalty to most of his seniors – he is good at keeping the elders’ secrets safe.

“Had Kgosi sensed his eminent departure beforehand, things could not have been as smooth. But, the idea worked because he was caught off guard in a lot of things in his office.” WeekendPost is also alive to the allegations that President Masisi wants Kgosi to face the wrath of the law just like any other person, if there is any wrong he has committed. “After all is put together as there appears to be a lot of allegations besides what is already in the public domain, President Masisi could allow for Kgosi’s possible prosecution.”

In a modus operandi that smacks of poor governance, Kgosi is said to have been jacking almost all the departments in the Intelligence office alone. Other senior people were just there doing nothing and getting salaries at the end of every month. It is said that President Masisi’s man of choice, Brigadier Magosi is expected to bring a totally new perspective to the intelligence office. “He is expected to work hand in hand with his subordinates and empower them as it is procedural.”

In an interview on Thursday, Magosi said he was not in a position to talk to the media as he had just assumed office. On allegations that former President Lt General Ian Khama gave Kgosi a contract of 10 years just before leaving office in April, the PSP, Morupisi stated that, “Kgosi was not working on contract. He was permanent and pensionable. And he is going to get his terminal benefits like any other civil servant. And I will not discuss reasons for his dismissal as they are personal.”

“He was permanent and pensionable while under the Botswana Defence Force (BDF), and he was just enrolled in the intelligence security just like that. Usually people opt whether they want to work on a contractual agreement or on permanent basis,” added Morupisi, who also dismissed allegations that Kgosi was going to be given the position of Ambassador.

When asked to remark on the comments trending on social media, that he should be the next to be shown the exit door, Morupisi said, “People can say whatever they want to say about me, but the bottom line is they do not determine whether I should stay or not. Nna I am working, and I am still going to work,” he said confidently.

WHAT BROKE THE CAMEL BACK?

Observers are of the view that Kgosi’s recent performance before the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) which is investigating alleged maladministration at the National Petroleum Fund (NPF) could have been the final straw that broke the camel’s back, President Masisi has had enough. The axed DIS boss had declared that he does not account to anyone.  


At the PAC hearing Kgosi refused to divulge vital information relating to the DISS involvement in the P250 million NPF scandal citing reasons that the information was classified. Kgosi was adamant that the Act that established DISS protected him for not revealing the information to the committee. Following a stalemate that ensued in the PAC proceedings, PAC wrote to the Speaker of the National Assembly, Gladys Kokorwe seeking the permission to invoke section 13 of the Powers and Privileges Act.  


The Act itself grants the speaker the power to use his or her own discretion in ruling on whether the person appearing before a parliamentary committee can be compelled to answer as required by the committee or not.  The sitting president too, Masisi has the power, as per the Powers and Privileges Act to recuse Kgosi from answering the probing PAC.

Kgosi had last year requested P250 from NPF for building of fuel storage reserves in strategic places but he later diverted the funds requesting for a variance at the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Mineral Resources. So far only three people; Bakang Seretse, Botho Leburu and Kenneth Kerekang have been charged in relation to the said sum while Kgosi has been instructed to return the same funds by taking it from this year’s financial year.

MASISI HEAD ON WITH KHAMA

However, more drama is expected between the trio of Lt Khama, President Masisi and the ousted Kgosi. While he was still in power, Lt Gen Khama forced Brigadier Magosi into early retirement. In his dismissal letter, Magosi was never made aware of reasons for his dismissal albeit he was paid his terminal benefits.

As they would say, what comes around goes around, barely two months after Lt Gen Khama left the office of the president; President Masisi has moved swiftly to remove his predecessor’s favourite civil servant, Isaac Kgosi.  In fact, Masisi has dismissed Lt Gen Khama’s favourite and replaced him with his rival.  As things stand, Kgosi will get his terminal benefits.

TSHEKEDI AND MASISI?

After he was discarded by the Khama administration Magosi found favour on the side of Former President Khama’s brother, Minister of Wildlife and Tourism (MEWT), Tshekedi Khama who has never been a favourite of Isaac Kgosi. In the aftermath of Magosi’s sacking, Tshekedi volunteered to give him a position in his ministry as the head of intelligence for the Department of Wildlife.

The move left many tongues wagging as people said it could signal a fall out between the two brothers. However, WeekendPost can confirm that Magosi never joined the Wildlife Department full time. He spent most of his time at the cattle post and was only called in during tough situations to assist in anti-poaching missions.

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Understanding the US Electoral College and key election issues 

28th October 2020
Mark J Rozell

The United States (US) will on the 3rd of November 2020 chose between incumbent Donald Trump of the Republicans and former Vice President Joe Biden of the Democrats amid the coronavirus pandemics, which has affected how voting is conducted in the world’s biggest economy.

Trump (74) seeks re-election after trouncing Hillary Clinton in 2016, while Biden (77) is going for his first shot as Democratic nominee after previous unsuccessful spells.

US Presidents mostly succeed in their re-election bid, but there have been nine individuals who failed to garner a second term mandate, the latest being George W H. Bush, a Republican who served as the 41st US President between 1989 and 1993.

Dr Mark Rozell, a Dean of  the School of Policy and Government at George Mason University  in  Arlington, Virginia describes the complex US electoral system that will deliver the winner at the 3rd November elections.

“The founders of our Republic de-centralised  authority  significantly  in  creating  our  constitutional  system,  which  means that  they  gave  an  enormous  amount  of  independent  power  and  authority  to  State  and  local governments,” Dr Rozell told international media on Elections 2020 Virtual Reporting Tour.

Unlike  parliamentary  democracies, like Botswana the  United  States  does  not  have  all  of  the  national government elected in one year. They do not have what is commonly called mandate elections where  the  entire  federal  government  is  elected  all  in  one  election  cycle  giving  a  “mandate”  to  a particular political party to lead, and instead US have what are called staggered elections, elections over time.

The two house Congress, members of the House of Representatives have two-year long terms of office. Every two years the entire House of Representatives is up for re-election, but senators  serve  for  six  years  and  one  third  of  the  Senate is elected every  two  years.

For this election cycle, US citizens will be electing the President and Vice

President, the entire House of Representatives and one third of the open or contested seats in the Senate, whereas two thirds are still fulfilling the remainder of their terms beyond this year.

An  important  facet  of  US electoral  system  to  understand  given  the  federalism  nature  of  the republic, the US elect presidents State by State, therefore they do not have a national popular vote for the presidency.

“We have a national popular vote total that says that Hillary Clinton got three million more votes than Donald Trump or in Year 2000 that Al Gore got a half million more votes than George W. Bush, but we have what is called a State by State winner takes all system where each State  is  assigned  a  number  of  electors  to  our  Electoral  College  and  the  candidate  who  wins  the popular vote within each State takes 100 percent of the electors to the Electoral College,” explained Dr Rozell.

“And that is why mathematically, it is possible for someone to win the popular vote but lose the presidency.”

Dr Rozell indicated that in 2016, Hillary Clinton won very large popular majorities in some big population States like California, but the system allows a candidate to only have to  win  a  State  by  one  vote  to  win  a  100 percent of  its  electors,  the  margin  does  not  matter.

“Donald  Trump  won  many  more  States  by  smaller  margins,  hence  he  got  an  Electoral  College majority.”

Another interesting features by the way of US constitutional system, according to Dr Rozell, but extremely rare, is what is called the faithless elector.

“That’s the elector to the Electoral College who says, ‘I’m not going to vote the popular vote in my State, I think my State made a bad decision and I’m going  to  break  with  the  popular  vote,’’ Dr Rozell said.

“That’s constitutionally a very complicated matter in our federalism system because although the federal constitution says electors may exercise discretion, most States have passed State laws making it illegal for any elector to the Electoral College to break faith with the popular vote of that State, it is a criminal act that can be penalized if one is to do that. And we just had an important Supreme Court case that upheld the right of the states to impose and to enforce this restriction”

There are 538 electors at the Electoral College, 270 is the magic number, the candidate who gets 270 or more becomes President of the United States.

If however there are more candidates, and  this  happens  extremely  rarely,  and  a  third  candidate  got  some electors  to  the  Electoral  College  denying  the  two  major  party  candidates,  either  one  getting  a majority, nobody gets 270 or more, then the election goes to the House of Representatives and the House of Representatives votes among the top three vote getters as to who should be the next President.

“You’d have to go back to the early 19th century to have such a scenario, and that’s not going to happen this year unless there is a statistical oddity, which would be a perfect statistical tie of 269 to 269 which could happen but you can just imagine how incredibly unlikely that is,” stated Dr Rozell.

BLUE STATES vs RED STATES

Since the 2000 United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.

Many  states  have  populations  that  are  so  heavily  concentrated  in  the  Democratic party or the Republican party that there is really no competition in those states.

California is a heavily Democratic State, so is New York and Maryland. It is given that Joe Biden will win those states. Meanwhile Texas, Florida and Alabama are republicans. So, the candidates will spent no time campaigning in those states because it is already a given.

However there are swing  states, where  there is a competition between about five and 10 states total in each election cycle that make a difference, and that is where the candidates end up spending almost all of their time.

“So  it  ends  up  making  a  national  contest  for  the  presidency  actually  look  like  several  state-wide contests with candidates spending a lot of time talking about State and local issues in those parts of the country,” said Dr Rozell.

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Masisi to make things right with Dangote

26th October 2020

High Commissioner of the Federal Government of Nigeria to Botswana, His Excellency Umar Zainab Salisu, has challenged President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi to move swiftly and lobby Africa’s richest man, Nigerian Billionaire, Aliko Dangote to invest in Botswana.

Speaking during a meeting with President Masisi at Office of President on Thursday Zainab Salisu said Dangote has expressed massive interest in setting up billion dollar industries in Botswana.  “We have a lot of investors who wish to come and invest in Botswana , when we look at Botswana we don’t see Botswana itself , but we are lured by its geographic location , being in the centre of Southern Africa presents a good opportunity for strategic penetration into other markets of the region,” said Salisu.

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Dow wants GBV culprits isolated

26th October 2020
Unity Dow

As murder cases and violent incidents involving couples and or lovers continue to be recorded daily, Specially Elected Member of Parliament, Dr Unity Dow has called for more funding of non-governmental organizations and accelerated action from government to come up with laws that could inhibit would-be perpetrators of crimes related to Gender Based Violence (GBV).

Just after Dr Dow had deposited her views on this subject with this reporter, a young man in Molepolole opened fire on a married woman he was having an affair with; and ended her life instantly. While it is this heinous cases that get projected to the public space, the former minister argues that the secrecy culture is keeping other real GBV cases under wraps in many spaces in the country.

The former Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation said there is GBV all the time in all kinds of places. “We have become accustomed to stories of rapes, marital rapes, defilement of children, beatings and psychological violence and even killings,” she said.

Gender-based violence is a phenomenon deeply rooted in gender inequality, Dow is worried that there is absolutely no social punishment for perpetrators; they will continue to have the same friends, jobs, wives, homes, as before. Yet another factor, she said, is that there is little or no “justice” for victims of GBV.

The renowned activist said justice for GBV victims is not just the jailing of the perpetrator. “Justice for victims means an agile, victim-friendly, accessible (time, money and procedures) and restorative justice system.”

Asked what could be leading to a spike in Gender Based Violence cases or incidents, she observed that there is no one factor to which this spike can be attributed. “The most obvious factor is stress as a result of economic distress and or poverty. Poverty makes one vulnerable and open to compromises that they would otherwise not make. For perpetrators with anger management issues, economic stress leads to lashing out to those closest to them. Another factor is the disintegration of families and family values,” she opined.

According to Dow, no government anywhere in the world is doing enough, period. “We know the places and spaces where women and girls are unsafe. We know the challenges they face in their attempts to exit those spaces and places.” The former Judge of the High Court said GBV undermines the health, dignity, security and autonomy of its victims, yet it remains shrouded in the culture of silence.

Asked what could be done to arrest GBV cases, Dow said it is critical to involve and fund civil society organizations. She observed that much of the progress done in the area of women’s human rights was during the time when Botswana had strong and funded civil society organizations.

“The funding dried up when Botswana was declared a middle-income country but unfortunately external funding was not replaced by local funding,” she acknowledged.

Further Dow said relevant government institutions must be funded and strengthened.

“Thirdly, create a society in which it is not okay to humiliate, rape, beat or kill women. You create this by responding to GBV the same way we have responded to livestock theft. We need to create agile mechanisms that hear cases quickly and allow for the removal of suspected perpetrators from their homes, work places, boards, committees, etc.”

The former Minister said the much anticipated Inter-Ministerial Task Force on Gender Based Violence will have its work cut out for it. According to Dow, GBV is not just a justice issue, it’s not just a gender issue, but rather an issue that cuts across health, education, labour, economic, housing and politics. “As long as any one believes it is someone else’s problem, we will all have the problem,” she said.

In her view, Dow said every work, educational and other place must have a GBV Policy and/or Code of Conduct. “It is important that we acknowledge that the majority of men are law-abiding. The problem is their silence, in the face of injustice,” she observed.

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