When the national broadcaster Botswana Television (Btv) opened its doors in 2000 they roped in one of Africa’s top talents, Chris Bishop as head of Current Affairs. A year later his unceremonious departure at Mass Media Complex engineered at the country’s top office exposed Botswana’s dosage of harsh treatment of Journalists.
But what was Bishop’s offence? His decision to air the controversial murder trial that caught the attention of the international media. The trial featured a white woman, Marietta Bosch who was prosecuted for the murder of her love rival. The Office of the President then had attempted to stop the airing of the Bishop produced content. A believer in press freedom, Bishop had no choice but to press ahead with his decision but it cost him his job. Sharing with an audience at the Avani Hotel on Tuesday, Bishop said the decision to terminate his contract left him broken, unemployed, broke and desperate
He recalls the events prior to his ‘firing’ as if it all happened yesterday. Packed at a gas station in the early hours of the morning in Gaborone, Bishop’s curiosity could not escape the large stacks of newspaper bundles that were delivered at the quick shop. He noticed that almost everyone who went into the shop grabbed a copy, the copies all finished in the blink of an eye. The top story that made headlines was the controversial murder trial of South African white woman, Marietta Bosch who was facing the death sentence.
It was at this instance that Bishop developed more interest in the story and the thought of broadcasting on Btv occurred to his mind. For the first time since working in Botswana, Bishop was headed for a whitecap; this was a story that will change the dynamics of Btv news anchoring. Bishop pursued the story, conducted interviews and chased follow up stories on the eve of Marietta Bosch’s execution. But before he could go on and air his story, his manoeuvrings leaked and he was summoned to the President’s office.
A directive was then impressed on him not to go on with the story; however Bishop would still stand his ground and run the story. He was more than determined to broadcast the reel that carried the landmark trial in the country. When his efforts were shot down, he had no option but to unwillingly opt out marking the end of an era. He penned down his resignation with immediate effect before re- uniting with his family in Johannesburg.
Speaking in Gaborone this week Bishop said he will always have a soft spot for Botswana. After leaving Botswana he worked for different media houses in South Africa before he was roped in to become the founding Editor of Forbes Africa Magazine, a post he resigned six months ago after a very successful tenure. He is currently working on his book which he says will touch on the Botswana story, where he will name drop the top officials who orchestrated his exit at Mass Media Complex.
The controversial story of Marietta Bosch
The Story of Mariette Bosch is about the first white woman sentenced to hang in Botswana for murdering her rival in love; Maria Wolmarans in 1996 using a gun that she had travelled to South Africa, her country of origin, to collect and illegally bring into Botswana. Mariette Bosch was 50 years at the time of her sentencing by the Court of Appeal at the end of January 2012. In sentencing Marietta Bosch, Justice Timothy Aguda, the Nigerian lawyer acting as president of the panel, said: "She was a wicked and despicable woman. The murder had been planned over a long period, no doubt as a result of jealousy and infatuation."
This is a story that touches on the controversial aspects of race relations and expectations on race relations and the views of the legal system when it comes to race relations. The story moves on to encompass in other formats the views of the ordinary man of how apartheid remains a huge part of the society yet so the society, especially our neighbouring South Africans remain in denial.
It is a story that to some degree did test the independent mind of the then President of the Republic of Botswana, Festus Gontebanye Mogae, a self-confessed retributionist. He was being petitioned by institutions locally, by Mariette Bosch Lawyers, by Mariette Bosch herself, by foreign governments who were all condemning the death sentence. But there were many others who supported the death penalty.
Capital punishment UK was quoted saying whether or not Mariette deserved death for this murder is a matter of personal opinion – but let us not forget Ria Wolmerans, did she deserve to be deceived and abandoned by her husband and to die by shooting because she was a bar to Mariette's and Tienie's relationship? She too had human rights.
After the controversial killing of Marietta Bosch many individuals from other countries started to fear Botswana for its notorious death sentence. But in the case of Botswana they never realised that they are dealing with a case of a white person until foreign media and human rights groups started talking and pilling more pressure. For Botswana it was a murder case involving a woman who murdered another out of jealousy and justice took its course.
Who is Chris Bishop?
Chris Bishop is an award – winning journalist who has been reporting from across Africa for 23 years of his thirty six years in the profession. He has interviewed numerous heads of state in Africa, among them Jacob Zuma, Robert Mugabe, Kenneth Kaunda, Joaquim Chissano, Bakili Muluzi and Yoweri Museveni.
Bishop has worked for the BBC in London, CNBC Africa and became the founding editor of Forbes Africa in 2011. He won the Sanlam Award for excellence in financial journalism (broadcast) in 2011 and the Editor of the year at the Pica Awards in 2013. His first award came in 1987 for his story on the uncovering of a plot to assassinate the Queen on a royal visit to New Zealand. He is a dreamer and optimist when it comes to business in Africa.
Former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Member of Parliament for Gaborone North, Haskins Nkaigwa has confirmed his departure from opposition fold to re-join the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Nkaigwa said opposition is extremely divided and the leadership not in talking terms. “They are planning evil against each other. Nothing much will be achieved,” Nkaigwa told WeekendPost.
“I believe my time in the opposition has come to an end. It’s time to be of value to rebuilding our nation and economy of the country. Remember the BDP is where I started my political journey. It is home,” he said.
“Despite all challenges currently facing the world, President Masisi will be far with his promises to Batswana. A leader always have the interest of the people at heart despite how some decisions may look to be unpopular with the people.
“I have faith and full confidence in President Dr Masisi leadership. We shall overcome as party and nation the current challenges bedevilling nations. BDP will emerge stronger. President Masisi will always have my backing.”
Nkaigwa served as opposition legislator between 2014-2019 representing Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) under UDC banner. He joined BMD in 2011 at the height public servant strike whilst Gaborone City Deputy Mayor. He eventually rose to become the mayor same year, after BDP lost majority in the GCC.
Nkaigwa had been a member of Botswana National Front (BNF), having joined from Alliance for Progressives (AP) in 2019.
Botswana has received assistance worth over P100 million from Japanese government since 2019, making the latter of the largest donors to Botswana in recent years.
The assistance include relatively large-scale grant aid programmes such as the COVID-19 programme (to provide medical equipment; P34 million), the digital terrestrial television programme (to distribute receivers to the underprivileged, P17 million), the agriculture promotion programme (to provide agricultural machinery and equipment, P53million).
“As 2020 was a particularly difficult year, where COVID-19 hit Botswana’s economy and society hard, Japan felt the need to assist Botswana as our friend,” said Japan’s new Ambassador to Botswana, Hoshiyama Takashi.
“It is for this reason that grants of over P100 million were awarded to Botswana for the above mentioned projects.”
Japan is now the world’s fourth highest ranking donor country in terms of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
From 1991 to 2000, Japan continued as the top donor country in the world and contributed to Asia’s miracle economic development.
From 1993 onwards, the TICAD process commenced through Japan’s initiative as stated earlier. Japan’s main contribution has been in the form of Yen Loans, which are at a concessional rate, to suit large scale infrastructure construction.
“In Botswana, only a few projects have been implemented using the Yen Loan such as the Morupule “A” Power Station Rehabilitation and Pollution Abatement in 1986, the Railway Rolling Stock Increase Project in 1987, the Trans-Kalahari Road Construction Project in 1991, the North-South Carrier Water Project in 1995 and the Kazungula Bridge Construction Project in 2012,” said Ambassador Hoshiyama.
“In terms of grant aid and technical assistance, Japan has various aid schemes including development survey and master planning, expert dispatch to recipient countries, expert training in Japan, scholarships, small scale grass-roots program, culture-related assistance, aid through international organizations and so on.”
In 1993, Japan launched Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) to promote Africa’s development, peace and security, through the strengthening of relations in multilateral cooperation and partnership.
TICAD discuss development issues across Africa and, at the same time, present “aid menus” to African countries provided by Japan and the main aid-related international organizations, United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank.
“As TICAD provides vision and guidance, it is up to each African country to take ownership and to implement her own development following TICAD polices and make use of the programmes shown in the aid menus,” Ambassordor Hoshiyama noted.
“This would include using ODA loans for quality infrastructure, suited to the country’s own nation-building needs. It is my fervent hope that Botswana will take full advantage of the TICAD process.”
Since then, seven conferences where held, the latest, TICAD 7 being in 2019 at Yokohama. TICAD 7’s agenda on African development focused on three pillars, among them the first pillar being “Accelerating economic transformation and improving business environment through innovation and private sector engagement”.
“Yes, private investment is very important, while public investment through ODA (Official Development Assistance) still plays an indispensable role in development,” the Japanese Ambassador said.
“For further economic development in Africa, Japan recognizes that strengthening regional connectivity and integration through investment in quality infrastructure is key.”
Japan has emphasized the following; effective implementation of economic corridors such as the East Africa Northern Corridor, Nacala Corridor and West Africa Growth Ring; Quality infrastructure investment in line with the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment should be promoted by co-financing or cooperation through the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Japan.
Japan also emphasized the establishment of mechanisms to encourage private investment and to improve the business environment.
According to the statistics issued by Japan’s Finance Ministry, Japan invested approximately 10 billion US dollars in Africa after TICAD 7 (2019) to year end 2020, but Japanese investment through third countries are not included in this figure.
“With the other points factored in, the figure isn’t established yet,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
The next conference, TICAD 8 will be held in Tunisia in 2022. This will be the second TICAD summit to be held on the African continent after TICAD 6 which was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2016.
According to Ambassador Hoshiyama, in preparation for TICAD 8, the TICAD ministerial meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. The agenda to be discussed during TICAD 8 has not yet been fully deliberated on amongst TICAD Co-organizers (Japan, UN, UNDP, the World Bank and AU).
“Though not officially concluded, given the world situation caused by COVID-19, I believe that TICAD 8 will highlight health and medical issues including the promotion of a Universal Health Coverage (UHC),” said Hoshiyama.
“As the African economy has seriously taken a knock by COVID-19, economic issues, including debt, could be an item for serious discussion.”
The promotion of business is expected to be one of the most important topics. Japan and its partners, together with the business sector, will work closely to help revitalize private investment in Africa.
“All in all, the follow-up of the various programs that were committed by the Co-Organizers during the Yokohama Plan of Actions 2019 will also be reviewed as an important item of the agenda,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
“I believe that this TICAD follow-up mechanism has secured transparency and accountability as well as effective implementation of agreed actions by all parties. The guiding principle of TICAD is African ownership and international partnership.”
Directorate on Intelligence Services (DIS) Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi is said to be hell-bent and pushing President Mokgweetsi Masisi to reshuffle his cabinet as a matter of urgency since a number of his ministers are conflicted.
The request by Magosi comes at a time when time is ticking on his contract which is awaiting renewal from Masisi.
This publication learns that Magosi is unshaken by the development and continues to wield power despite uncertainty hovering around his contractual renewal.