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Barclays’ performance defies harsh trading conditions

Barclays Bank of Botswana this week released its 2017 financial year report which indicates that the company has outperformed expectations considering unfavourable trading circumstances such as lacklustre economic conditions, interest rates reductions and closure of some major corporate clientele in 2016.

Figures contained in the annual report indicate that the company collected profit before tax of P558 million, which reflects a satisfactory 13% increase compared to that of 2016.  Financial highlights also mirror an increase in net fee and commission income of 9%, a 14% increase in loans and advance while credit impairments dropped by a respectable 45% year-on-year .Cost-to-income ratio remained controlled at 52%. The bank has delivered a steady return on equity of 22% and declared a stellar dividend growth of 12%.  

Chairman of Barclays Board, Oduetse A. Motshidisi observed that 2017 was a difficult trading period for the banking sector due to slow economic growth. “This phenomenon was present not just in Botswana, but in the region and to some extent even globally,” he said, also noting that interest rate reductions in October 2017, following on another in August 2016 resulted in margin compression and impacted the bank’s earnings negatively. Motshidisi also noted that the liquidation of one of Barclay’s major clients reduced the bank’s Corporate and Investment Banking asset balance sheet by P1 billion in the previous year. “This unexpected shortfall had to be filled in 2017.”

The Board Chairman also reiterated that the retail banking sector realized suppressed personal incomes since several years back, resulting in a number of businesses forced to close their operations in 2016 and 2017, which constrained people’s ability to access banking facilities. “The effects of this situation were felt in the 2017 financial year.”

Motshidisi however underscored that Barclays Bank of Botswana’s strategy, in the context of the current conditions, has been a broad-based one, and entailed extracting as much return as possible out of its Retail and Business Banking as well as Corporate and Investment Banking divisions. “The Bank has managed to significantly grow profit before tax, contain costs and nearly halved credit impairments, delivering sound return on equity.”

The Chief Executive Officer of Barclays Botswana Reinnet Van der Merwe highlights in the report that the company’s total income remained flat mainly due to low economic growth as well as margin compression caused by interest rate cuts in August 2016 and October 2017. “Our trading activities were also negatively affected by reduced overall corporate margins, which were competitor-driven.”

Van der Merwe noted that the reduction of credit impairments by 45% from the 2017 figures was commendable. She explained that it was largely driven by the bank’s revised collections model and enhanced collections strategies. “Our costs remained well contained registering a 4% year-on-year growth. This was in line with our continued focus on managing costs through various control programmes and rationalization activities.”

Mumba Kalifungwa, Finance Director at Barclays deliberated further on the finical performance of the company for the period under review  saying the full-year results demonstrate  Barclays’  commitment to delivering on the  five-year strategy, as well as contribution to various economic sectors through credit extension and the provision of a variety of payment solutions. “Our performance continues to be driven by positive momentum in our key business segments, which all achieved positive results, the competitive environment in which we operate remains challenging due to slow economic growth. The banking sector as a whole continues to be faced with challenges such as financially stressed consumers and the closure of companies, in the process impacting impairments,” he said

He further added that net interest income was impacted severely by the two interest rate cuts and therefore remained fairly flat, showing a decrease of 1% year-on-year. “Nevertheless, we continued to show resilience as a business and drove credit growth in our chosen segments of operation.”

Barclays Bank Executive observe that growing non-interest income remains critical to the company strategy, reiterating that the bank will continue to focus in that area in a bid to expand its income base. “We will also continue to control costs and manage impairments in 2018, through selective credit processes and collections strategy. Our balance sheet remains solid, albeit largely flat, at P15 billion, with strong liquidity and capital levels.”

The Bank Chief Finance Executive added that Barclay’s regulatory liquid asset ratio remains well above the requirement of 10%, at 15.49%. The annual report states that the Bank’s balance sheet was driven by customer assets and liabilities, with a 14% year-on-year growth in loans, mainly in corporate business while the company liabilities decreased by 2% to P10.98 billion.

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New study reveals why youth entrepreneurs are failing

21st July 2022

The recent study on youth entrepreneurship in Botswana has identified difficult access to funding, land, machinery, lack of entrepreneurial mindset and proper training as serious challenges that continue to hamper youth entrepreneurship development in this country.

The study conducted by Alliance for African Partnership (AAP) in collaboration with University of Botswana has confirmed that despite the government and private sector multi-billion pula entrepreneurship development initiatives, many young people in Botswana continue to fail to grow their businesses into sustainable and successful companies that can help reduce unemployment.

University of Botswana researchers Gaofetege Ganamotse and Rudolph Boy who compiled findings in the 2022 study report for Botswana stated that as part of the study interviews were conducted with successful youth entrepreneurs to understand their critical success factors.

According to the researchers other participants were community leaders, business mentors, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Youth, Gender, Sport and Culture, financial institutions, higher education institutions, non-governmental institutions, policymakers, private organizations, and support structures such as legal and technical experts and accountants who were interviewed to understand how they facilitate successful youth entrepreneurship.

The researchers said they found that although Botswana government is perceived as the most supportive to businesses when compared to other governments in sub-Saharan Africa, youth entrepreneurs still face challenges when accessing government funding. “Several finance-related challenges were identified by youth entrepreneurs. Some respondents lamented the lack of access to start-up finance, whereas others mentioned lack of access to infrastructure.”

The researchers stated that in Botswana entrepreneurship is not yet perceived as a field or career of choice by many youth “Participants in the study emphasized that the many youth are more of necessity entrepreneurs, seeing business venturing as a “fall back. Other facilitators mentioned that some youth do not display creativity, mind-blowing innovative solutions, and business management skills. Some youth entrepreneurs like to take shortcuts like selling sweets or muffins.”

According to the researchers, some of the youth do not display perseverance when they are faced with adversity in business. “Young people lack of an entrepreneurial mindset is a common challenge among youth in business. Some have a mindset focused on free services, handouts, and rapid gains. They want overnight success. As such, they give up easily when faced with challenges. On the other hand, some participants argue that they may opt for quick wins because they do not have access to any land, machinery, offices, and vehicles.”

The researchers stated that most youth involved in business ventures do not have the necessary training or skills to maintain a business. “Poor financial management has also been cited as one of the challenges for youth entrepreneurs, such as using profit for personal reasons rather than investing in the business. Also some are not being able to separate their livelihood from their businesses.

Lastly, youth entrepreneurs reported a lack of experience as one of the challenges. For example, the experience of running a business with projections, sticking to the projections, having an accounting system, maintaining a clean and clear billing system, and sound administration system.”

According to the researchers, the participants in the study emphasized that there is fragmentation within the entrepreneurial ecosystem, whereby there is replication of business activities without any differentiation. “There is no integration of the ecosystem players. As such, they end up with duplicate programs targeting the same objectives. The financial sector recommended that there is a need for an intermediary body that will bring all the ecosystem actors together and serve as a “one-stop shop” for entrepreneurs and build mentorship programs that accommodate the business lifecycle from inception to growth.”

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BHC yearend financial results impressive

18th July 2022

Botswana Housing Corporation (BHC) is said to have recorded an operating surplus of P61 Million, an improvement compared to the previous year. The housing, office and other building needs giant met with stakeholders recently to share how the business has been.

The P61 million is a significant increase against the P6 million operating loss realized in the prior year. Profit before income tax also increased significantly from P2 million in the prior year to P72 million which resulted in an overall increase in surplus after tax from P1 million prior year to P64 million for the year under review.

Chief of Finance Officer, Diratsagae Kgamanyane disclosed; “This growth in surplus was driven mainly by rental revenue that increased by 15% from P209 million to P240 million and reduction in expenditure from P272 million to P214 million on the back of cost containment.”
He further stated that sales of high margin investment properties also contributed significantly to the growth in surplus as well as impairment reversals on receivables amounting to P25 million.

It is said that the Corporation recorded a total revenue of P702 million, an 8% decrease when compared to the P760 million recorded in the prior year. “Sales revenue which is one of the major revenue streams returned impressive margins, contributing to the overall growth in the gross margin,” added Kgamanyane.

He further stated professional fees revenue line declined significantly by 64% to P5 million from P14 million in the prior year which attributed to suspension of planned projects by their clients due to Covid-19 pandemic. “Facilities Management revenue decreased by P 24 million from P69 million recorded in prior year to P45 million due to reduction in projects,” Kgamanyane said.

The Corporation’s strength is on its investment properties portfolio that stood at P1.4 billion at the end of the reporting period. “The Corporation continues its strategy to diversify revenue streams despite both facilities management income and professional fees being challenged by the prevailing economic conditions that have seen its major clients curtailing spending,” added the CEO.

On the one hand, the Corporation’s Strategic Performance which intended to build 12 300 houses by 2023 has so far managed to build 4 830 houses under their SHHA funding scheme, 1 240 houses for commercial or external use which includes use by government and 1 970 houses to rent to individuals.

BHC Acting CEO Pascaline Sefawe noted that; BHC’s planned projects are said to include building 336 flat units in Gaborone Block 7 at approximately P224 million, 100 units in Maun at approximately P78 million, 13 units in Phakalane at approximately P26 million, 212 units in Kazungula at approximately P160 million, 96 units at approximately P42 million in Francistown and 84 units at approximately P61 million in Letlhakane. Emphasing; “People tend to accuse us of only building houses in Gaborone, so here we are, including other areas in our planned projects.”

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Commercial banks to cash big on high interest rates on loans

18th July 2022

Researchers from some government owned regulatory institutions in the financial sector have projected that the banking sector’s profitability could increase, following Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee recent decision to increase monetary policy rate.

In its bid to manage inflation, Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee last month increased monetary policy rate by 0.50 percent from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent, a development which resulted with commercial banking sector increasing interest rate in lending to household and companies. As a result of BoB adjustment of Monetary Policy Rate, from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent commercial banks increased prime lending rate from 5.76 percent to 6.26 percent.

Researchers from Bank of Botswana, the Non-Bank Financial Institutions Regulatory Authority, the Financial Intelligence Agency and the Botswana Stock Exchange indicated that due to prospects of high inflation during the second half of 2022, there is a possibility that the Monetary Policy Committee could further increase monetary policy rate in the next meeting in August 25 2022.

Inflation rose from 9.6 percent in April 2022 to 11.9 percent in May 2022, remaining above the Bank of Botswana medium-term objective range of 3 – 6 percent. According to the researchers inflation could increase further and remain high due to factors that include: the potential increase in international commodity prices beyond current forecasts, logistical constraints due to lags in production, the economic and price effects of the ongoing Russia- Ukraine conflict, uncertain COVID-19 profile, domestic risk factors relating to possible regular annual administered price adjustments, short-term unintended consequences of import restrictions resulting with shortages in supplies leading to price increases, as well as second-round effects of the recent increases in administered prices “Furthermore, the likelihood of further increases in domestic fuel prices in response to persistent high international oil prices could add upward pressure to inflation,” said the researchers.

The researchers indicated that Bank of Botswana could be forced to further increase monetary policy rate from the current 2.15 percent if inflation rises persistently. “Should inflation rise persistently this could necessitate an upward adjustment in the policy rate. It is against this background that the interest rate scenario assumes a 1.5 percentage points (moderate scenario) and 2.25 percentage points (severe scenario) upward adjustment in the policy rate,” said the researchers.

The researchers indicated that while any upward adjustment on BoB monetary policy rate and commercial banks prime lending rate result with increase in the cost of borrowing for household and compnies, it increase profitability for the banking sector. “Increases in the policy rate are associated with an overall increase in bank profitability, with resultant increases in the capital adequacy ratio of 0.1 percentage points and 0.2 percentage points for the moderate and severe scenarios, respectively,” said the researchers who added that upward adjustment in monetary policy rate would raise extra capital for the banking sector.

“The increase in profit generally reflects the banking industry’s positive interest rate gap, where interest earning assets exceed interest earning liabilities maturing in the next twelve months. Therefore, an increase of 1.5 percentage points in the policy rate would result in industry gains of P71.7 million (4.1 percent increase), while a 2.25 percentage points increase would lead to a gain of P173.9 million (6.1 percent increase), dominated by large banks,” said the researchers.

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