Botswana Congress Party (BCP)’s impeding court case against Attorney General (AG) over the use of Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) is affecting preparations for the 2019 General Elections, the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) has revealed.
The Deputy Secretary for the IEC, Doreen Serumola told councillors in Selebi Phikwe on Wednesday that BCP VS AGC and another similar court case lodged by the National Amalgamated Local and Central Government and Parastatal Workers Union (NALCGPWU) and Johnson Motshwarakgole are together affecting the commission’s preparations for next year’s General Elections.
Serumola noted that the union and Motshwarakgole’s case has the possibility of delaying the disposal of the matter further. The BCP vs. AGC court case in which BCP approached the courts contesting the constitutionality of the Electoral Amendment Act of 2016 with an amendment to provide for the use of EVM in the next General Elections is still before Francistown High Court. Serumola made this revelation when presenting on IEC’s state of preparedness for the 2019 General Election at a full council meeting in Selebi Phikwe.
The Commission’s Deputy Secretary explained that following the 2014 General Elections, the commission conducted a National Stakeholder Evaluation Exercise which resulted in recommendations aimed at enhancing the electoral process, hence the proposed use of EVM. “These recommendations were submitted to the executive for consideration and the process led to the Electoral (Amendment) Act of 2016. The Electoral Act of 2016 however has no commencement date as yet but the IEC continues to sensitise stakeholders and the general electorate on the amendments,” said Serumola.
Serumola said following the sensitisation on the electoral reforms and out of the initiative of the Commission, a proposal was made to the executive which gave rise to the Electoral Amendment Bill of 2017. The Bill, Serumola explained, took into consideration suggestions to include a paper trail for verification. This Bill has therefore included the Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) as a component of the EVM and the Bill awaits to be tabled before parliament during the winter session.
BCP’s Spokesperson, Dithapelo Keorapetse who was present during the presentation says that as the BCP, their intention is to ensure that EVM will not be used in the General Elections. The Selebi Phikwe West legislator noted that the Electoral Amendment Bill of 2017 has been gazetted and as the BCP they intend to propose further amendments.
VOTER REGISTRATION FOR 2019
Serumola said that because Botswana uses a periodic voters’ roll which means voters are registered afresh for every General Elections, the Commission has set the 3rd September to 11th November 2018 as the period for general voter registration. She explained that despite the impeding court cases, registration has to go on. She further explained that the registration period has been lengthened to provide enough window for registration in case the amended Electoral Act of 2016 comes into effect. The 2016 Electoral Amendment Act has abolished the provision for supplementary registration period.
She also stated that the Commission is going to engage out-of-school youth in their respective localities as Registration Clerks and Supervisors. The recruitment process has commenced and is facilitated by the 25 IEC offices across the country. Serumola also said that appointment of registration officers for diaspora registration for Batswana living in foreign countries to register to vote has also commenced.
VIOLATION OF ELECTORAL ACT BY JOURNALISTS
Serumola also shared the Commission’s concerns over violations of Section 149 of the Electoral Act which talks of the need to maintain secrecy of what is happening in polling stations or counting centres. The IEC official said live broadcast or communicating of counting updates on various media platforms is illegal as per Section 149 of the Act. “Journalists and the general public at counting centres communicate counting updates on various platforms and this is illegal,” she said. The offence if convicted, one is liable to a fine not exceeding P1000 or six month jail term or both.
The same Section is also violated by Polling Agents who give out names of voters who have voted in order to determine those who have not voted. Serumola also said that voters similarly violate this particular Section by taking photographs of their marked ballot papers and publish them on Social Media.
She also revealed that they have observed in by-elections that candidates and their agents kept the voters’ registration cards and National Identity cards until election day as way of ensuring that they turn up to vote. She warned that this is also illegal as it contravenes Section 141 of Electoral Act. The offence, she said it carries a fine not exceeding P1000 or six months jail term or both. The Commission says they have also observed in recent by-elections that voter turnout has been low compared to that of 2014 General Elections.
The Commission’s Deputy Secretary emphasised the need for robust efforts from both the IEC and political parties to promote participation. She gave an example of five by-elections all which recorded a low turnout as compared to 2014. Sekoma by-election recorded voter turnout of 83.1% compared to 90.6% in 2014, Goodhope-Mabule recorded 69.4 % as opposed to 85.9% voter turnout in 2014. Rasesa by-election had a turnout of 63.3% compared to 86.4% in 2014, Mochudi East recorded low turnout of 39% as compared 86.1% recorded in 2014. Ralekgetho and Moselewapula by-elections had a voter turnout of 68% and 43.2% as compared to 86.6% and 76.4% respectively at the 2014 General Elections.
There has been 13 by-elections conducted since 2014. Two of these by-elections were for parliamentary seat while 11 were for Local Government. Two more by-elections are pending, being Moshupa-Manyana to fill a vacancy left by the promotion of former area Member of Parliament and Vice President, Mokgweetsi Masisi who ascended to the presidency while the other one is for Local Government in Ramokgwebana which awaits the issuance of the election writ. Moshupa-Manyana by-election is scheduled for June 16, 2018.
Serumola also spoke of the need for more sensitisation about safekeeping and relevance of the voter registration card which she explained it remains valid for the whole electoral cycle or for five years and therefore must be kept safe until the next registration for a new electoral cycle.
While there is no hard-and-fast rule in politics, former Molepolole North Member of Parliament, Mohamed Khan says populism acts in the body politic have forced him to quit active partisan politics. He brands this ancient ascription of politics as fake and says it lowers the moral compass of the society.
Khan who finally tasted political victory in the 2014 elections after numerous failed attempts, has decided to leave the ‘dirty game’, and on his way out he characteristically lashed at the current political leaders; including his own party president, Advocate Duma Boko. “I arrived at this decision because I have noticed that there are no genuine politics and politicians. The current leaders, Boko and President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi are fake politicians who are just practicing populist politics to feed their egos,” he said.
Former Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) parliamentary hopeful, Lawrence Ookeditse has rejected the idea of taking up a crucial role in the Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF) Central Committee following his arrival in the party this week. According to sources close to development, BPF power brokers are coaxing Ookeditse to take up the secretary general position, left vacant by death of Roseline Panzirah-Matshome in November 2020.
Ookeditse’s arrival at BPF is projected to cause conflicts, as some believe they are being overlooked, in favour of a new arrival. The former ruling party strategist has however ruled out the possibility of serving in the party central committee as secretary general, and committed that he will turn down the overture if availed to him by party leadership.
Ookeditse, nevertheless, has indicated that if offered another opportunity to serve in a different capacity, he will gladly accept. “I still need to learn the party, how it functions and all its structures; I must be guided, but given any responsibility I will serve the party as long as it is not the SG position.”
“I joined the BPF with a clear conscious, to further advance my voice and the interests of the constituents of Nata/Gweta which I believe the BDP is no longer capable to execute.” Ookeditse speaks of abject poverty in his constituency and prevalent unemployment among the youth, issues he hopes his new home will prioritise.
He dismissed further allegations that he resigned from the BDP because he was not rewarded for his efforts towards the 2019 general elections. After losing in the BDP primaries in 2018, Ookeditse said, he was offered a job in government but declined to take the post due to his political ambitions. Ookeditse stated that he rejected the offer because, working for government clashed with his political journey.
He insists there are many activists who are more deserving than him; he could have chosen to take up the opportunity that was before him but his conscious for the entire populace’s wellbeing held him back. Ookeditse said there many people in the party who also contributed towards party success, asserting that he only left the BDP because he was concerned about the greater good of the majority not individualism purposes.
According to observers, Ookeditse has been enticed by the prospects of contesting Nata/Gweta constituency in the 2024 general election, following the party’s impressive performance in the last general elections. Nata/Gweta which is a traditional BDP stronghold saw its numbers shrinking to a margin of 1568. BDP represented by Polson Majaga garnered 4754, while BPF which had fielded Joe Linga received 3186 with UDC coming a distant with 1442 votes.
There are reports that Linga will pave way for Ookeditse to contest the constituency in 2024 and the latter is upbeat about the prospects of being elected to parliament. Despite Ookeditse dismissing reports that he is eying the secretary general position, insiders argue that the position will be availed to him nevertheless.
Alternative favourite for the position is Vuyo Notha who is the party Deputy Secretary General. Notha has since assumed duties of the secretariat office on the interim basis. BPF politburo is expected to meet on 25th of January 2020, where the vacancy will be filled.
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) big wigs have decided to cancel a retreat with the party legislators this weekend owing to increasing numbers of Covid-19 cases. The meeting was billed for this weekend at a place that was to be confirmed, however a communique from the party this past Tuesday reversed the highly anticipated meeting.
“We received a communication this week that the meeting will not go as planned because of rapid spread of Covid-19,” one member of the party Central Committee confirmed to this publication. The gathering was to follow the first of its kind held late last year at party Treasurer Satar Dada’s place.