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Basarwa oppose Nkate’s Ngamiland business

Three years after government awarded it the tender for management of Tsaro Lodge, Kgori Safaris, a company jointly owned by Botswana Democratic Party politician Jacob Nkate has failed to get an operating license from the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Conservation and Tourism.

In an interview Nkate said: “yes I can confirm that three years down the line we have still not been granted a license for Tsaro Lodge.  We are still negotiating with the ministry. I will not comment more on the issue for fear of prejudicing our negotiations with the ministry.” Minister Environment and Natural Resources, Conservation and Tourism, Tshekedi Khama recently told Weekend Post that there has been a delay in the issuance of a license for Tsaro as the lodge’s previous owners, Khwai Development Trust have a case before the courts relating to the lodge. “KDT has gone to court. But I want to make it clear that one of the directors of Kgori is a Motswana,” he said at the time.

Basarwa community oppose Kgori Safaris

Under the Community Based Natural Resources Programme, KDT was granted exclusive rights holder of Wildlife Management Areas of NG 18 and 19 for the purpose of development of tourist activities and management of natural resources for the general benefit of and improvement of the Basarwa community of Khwai village. Under this programme KDT was issued with a lease agreement by Tawana Land Board of Tsaro lodge, a lodge located on a five hectares piece of land in NG 19. However in 2014, NG 18 and 19 were transferred to the controversial tourism land bank that communities say is illegal.

The ownership of the lodge is embroiled in controversy with KDT claiming its award to Kgori was fraudulent.  The spokesperson of the Basarwa community, Baefesia Sango, told WeekendPost in an interview that their belief as the community is that Kgori did not meet requirements to be awarded the lodge.  He said the assessment process conducted by Botswana Tourism Organisation that chose Kgori among the companies that bid for it was shrouded in secrecy.

In the award letter dated 15 October 2014, then Permanent Secretary in the then Ministry of Environment, Wildlife and Tourism, Neil Fitt awarded Kgori Safaris the tender to operate the lodge. The letter read in part that “we are pleased to inform you that your bid for Tourism Utilization and Management of Tsaro Lodge (Tender Number: 1.09/10314/NG 19 (2) has been successful”. Sango and the community’s argument is that the PS did not have powers to award the tender.

The award was subject to the following: that Kgori provide proof of consent for funds from both directors of the company, as well as to provide certified supporting documents from financial institutions providing funding for the project. Further, Kgori was asked to provide a revised Social Corporate Responsibility (CSR) plan with concrete timelines and deliverables for the duration of the lease to be awarded. Fitt lastly asked Kgori to provide details on staff ablutions as this was not captured in the company proposal. In 2016, Kgori Managing Director Jim Van Ransburg told this journalist that Kgori was looking to invest handsomely on employment creation and education opportunities for the about 600 Khwai residents.

However, Sango said in 2007, “Government refused to give KDT a license to operate the lodge saying they used permanent building materials to build it contrary to building requirements in the Okavango Delta that say only temporary materials should be used.” He further said government advised that the trust must put the lodge up for tender so that the company that wins it will bear the costs for demolishing it and building a new lodge. “But in 2014, Kgori was allowed to operate the lodge under its current brick status while we were denied. Why?” Sango asked rhetorically.

He said because they had heeded government’s advice to put the lodge up for a tendering process  in 2014, KDT approached BTO in 2014 to help them look for a partner to operate the lodge.  Sango said BTO then prepared terms of reference for the tender which he said stipulated that KDT was the one that will choose the company to award the lodge tender to.  “BTO’s mandate was to shortlist three companies and recommend those companies to us to choose from.”

Three months after the process commenced they learnt that Kgori had been awarded the tender.    “We just heard on the streets that it had been awarded without our consent,” Sango said, adding that the trust has since incurred lots of costs on the lodge saying in 2005, KDT received P 2, 5 Million funding from GEF to maintain the lodge. Sango revealed that the terms of reference clearly stipulated that the successful bidder will be required to enter in to a formal lease agreement with the KDT under facilitation by BTO as per the draft lease agreement forming part of the tender documents.

Sango said when they queried why the lodge was given to Kgori without their consent they were told that NG 19, the land where Tsaro is located, has been transferred to the tourism land bank and therefore as the community they ceased to have powers over the award of the tourism concessions. They were further told that under the land bank, the tenderer chosen, Kgori Safaris, will enter in to agreement with government through Botswana Tourism not the trust as it used to be the case.

According to Sango, however in January 17, 2017, KDT’s lease for Tsaro lodge expired and when they applied for a new lease from Tawana Land Board the land board turned them down. He said through their lawyers, Dingake Law partners they are challenging Tawana Land Board’s refusal to grant them the lease extension.

Sango said as KDT they are calling on government to stop BTO from meddling in affairs of community trusts and concentrate on marketing Botswana. He further posited that government must scrap off the tourism land bank saying its illegal as only the land board has powers over the tribal land.

Ngamiland Communities want the land bank scrapped off

Meanwhile the Ngamiland Council of Non-Governmental Organisations (NCONGO) has called on government to get rid of the tourism land bank and revert to the former system of tourism concessions allocation. Advocating against the land bank, NCONGO tourism says lands should be issued to the   respective Trust and not government through the BTO.

A statement said NCONGO watched as the Government, through its Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources and Conservation and Tourism, grabbed land from the communities in Ngamiland District with the sole intention of leasing such community concessions to investors. It said through the Land Bank policy, which has never been availed to Ngamiland Community Trusts, tribal leadership, and the community at large, the concessions in Tribal Land are and have been transferred to the Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources Conservation and Tourism for purposes of ease of doing business for the tourism sector.

NCONGO said it is of a position that leasing concessions to community trusts is the best model because the local communities are guaranteed 90% of employment in the companies that enter into partnership with the Trust, therefore reducing poaching and taking of other resources. It says the second benefit is the skills brought by investors who train local communities in various trades.

The statement stated that NCONGO is in support of investors coming to Botswana, however where the land already has Leasehold, Private Public Partnership should be employed and or the investors should be encouraged to enter into Joint Venture Partnership with the local business people or the community trust.

The statement followed the saga relating to the firing of four Tawana land board members by former Minister of Land Management, Water and Sanitation Services, Prince Maele.  The four were allegedly fired for refusing to approve a land award to British billionaire, Sir Richard Branson. In the statement NCONGO appreciated ‘the bravery of the four Tawana Land Board- Board Members who were dismissed from work in regard to their stance pertaining issuance of land to one of the rich investors without following proper channels’.

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Jackdish Shah loses interest in BDP

17th May 2022
Jackdish

As the preparations for the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) congress are about to kick off, reports on the ground suggest that the party’s Deputy Treasurer Jackdish Shah will not defend the position in August as he contemplates relocation.

According to sources, the businessman who joined the BDP Central Committee in 2015 at the 36th Congress held in Mmadinare is ready to leave the party’s politburo. It is said he long made up his mind not to defend the position last year. A prominent businessman, Shah, when he won the position to assist Satar Dada in 2015 was expected to improve the party’s financial vibrancy. By then the party was under the leadership of Ian Khama.

According to close sources, Shah long decided not to contest because he has fallen out of favour with the party leadership. It is said he took the decision after some prominent businessmen who are BDP members and part of football syndicate decided to push him out and they used their proximity to President Mokgweetsi Masisi to badmouth him hence the decision.

“The fight at the Botswana Football Association (BFA) and Botswana Football League (BFL) has left him alone in the desert and some faces there used their close access to the President to isolate him,” said a source. Media reports say, Shah does not see eye to eye with BFA President MacLean Letshwiti who is also Masisi’s buddy hence the decision.

BFL Chairman Nicholas Zackhem is said to be not in good terms with Shah, who at one point Chaired the then Botswana Premier League (BPL). “He is seriously considering quitting because of what is unfolding at the team (Township Rollers) which is slowly not making financial gains and might be relegated and he wants to sell while it is still worth the investment,” said a highly placed source.

Shah is a renowned businessman who runs internet providing company Zebra net, H &G, game farm in Kasane, cattle farm in Ghanzi region and lot of properties in Gaborone. He also has two hotels in USA, his advisors have given him thumbs up on the possible decision of relocating provided he does not sell some of the investments that are doing well.

Asked about whether he will be contesting Shah could not confirm nor deny the reports. It is said for now it is too early as a public decision will have to be taken after the national council meeting and prior to the national congress. “As a BDP Central Committee member he cannot make that announcement now,” a BDP source said.

BDP is expected to assemble for the National Council during the July holidays while the National Congress is billed for August. It is then that the party will elect a new CC members. The last time BDP held elective congress was at Kang in 2019. The party is yet to issue writ.

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Govt ignores own agreements to improve public service

17th May 2022
Govt

The government has failed to implement some commitments and agreements that it had entered into with unions to improve conditions of public servants.

Three years after the government and public made commitments aimed at improving conditions of work and services it has emerged that the government has ignored and failed to implement all commitments on conditions of service emanating from the 2019 round of negotiations.

In its position paper that saw public service salaries being increased by 5%, the government the government has also signalled its intention to renege on some of the commitments it had made.
“Government aspires to look into all outstanding issues contained in the Labour Agreement signed between the Employer and recognised Trade Union on the 27th August 2019 and that it be reviewed, revised and delinked by both Parties with a view to agree on those whose implementation that can be realistically executed during the financial years 2022/23, 2023/24 and 2024/25 respectively,” the government said.

Furthermore, in addition to reviewing, revising and de-linking of the outstanding issues contained in the Collective Labour Agreement alluded to above and taking on a progressive proposal, government desires to review revise, develop and implement human resource policies as listed below during the financial year 2022/23,2023/24,2024/25

They include selection and appointment policy, learning and development policy, transfer guidelines, conditions of service, permanent and pensionable, temporary and part time, Foreign Service, expatriate and disciplinary procedures.

In their proposal paper, the unions which had proposed an 11 percent salary increase but eventually settled for 5% percent indicated that the government has not, and without explanation, acted on some of the key commitments from the 2019/2020 and 2021/22 round of negotiations.  The essential elements of these commitments include among others the remuneration Policy for the Public Service.

The paper states that a Remuneration Policy will be developed to inform decision making on remuneration in the Public Service. It is envisaged that consultations between the government and relevant key stakeholders on the policy was to start on 1st September 2019, and the development of the policy should be concluded by 30th June 2020.

The public sector unions said the Remuneration Policy is yet to be developed. The Cooperating Unions suggested that the process should commence without delay and that it should be as participatory as it was originally conceived. Another agreement relate to Medical Aid Contribution for employees on salary Grades A and B.

The employer contribution towards medical aid for employees on salary Grades A and B will be increased from 50% to 80% for the Standard Option of the Botswana Public
“Officers’ Medical Aid Scheme effective 1st October 2019; the cooperating unions insist that, in fulfilling this commitment, there should be no discrimination between those on the high benefit and those on the medium benefit plan,” the unions proposal paper says.

Another agreement involves the standardisation of gratuities across the Public Service. “Gratuities for all employees on fixed term contracts of 12 months but not exceeding 5 years, including former Industrial class employees be standardized at 30% across the Public Service in order to remove the existing inequalities and secure long-term financial security for Public Service Employees at lower grades with immediate effect,” the paper states.

The other agreement signed by the public sector unions and the government was the development of fan-shaped Salary Structure. The paper says the Public Service will adopt a best practice fan-shaped and overlapping structure, with modification to suit the Botswana context. The Parties (government and unions) to this agreement will jointly agree on the ranges of salary grades to allow for employees’ progression without a promotion to the available position on the next management level.

“The fan-shaped structure is envisaged to be in place by 1st June 2020, to enable factoring into the budgetary cycle for the financial year 2021/22,” the unions’ proposal paper states. It says the following steps are critical, capacity building of key stakeholders (September – December 2019), commission remuneration market survey (3 months from September to November 2019), design of the fan-shaped structure (2 to 3 months from January to March2020) and consultations with all key stakeholders (March to April 2020).

The unions and government had also signed an agreement on performance management and development: A rigorous performance management and reward system based on a 5-point rating system will be adopted as an integral part of the operationalization of the new Remuneration System.

Performance Management and Development (PMD) will be used to reward workers based on performance. The review of the Performance Management System was to be undertaken in order to close the gaps identified by PEMANDU and other previous reports on PMS between 1st September 2019 and 30th June 2020 as follows; internal process to update and revise the current Performance Management System by January 2020.

A job evaluation exercise in the Public Service will also be undertaken to among others establish internal equity, and will also cover the grading of all supervisory positions within the Public Service.
Another agreement included overtime Management. The Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM) was to facilitate the conclusion of consultations on management of overtime, including consideration of the Overtime Management Task Team’s report on the same by 30th November 2019.

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Health Expert rejects ‘death rates’ links to low population growth

17th May 2022
Health-Expert

A public health expert, Dr Edward Maganu who is also the former Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health has said that unlike many who are expressing shock at the population census growth decline results, he is not, because the 2022 results represents his expectations.

He rushed to dismiss the position by Statistics Botswana in which thy partly attributes the low growth rates to mortality rates for the past ten years. “I don’t think there is any undercounting. I also don’t think death rates have much to do with it since the excessive deaths from HIV/AIDS have been controlled by ARVs and our life expectancy isn’t lower than it was in the 1990s,” he said in an interview with this publication post the release of the results.

Preliminary results released by Statistics Botswana this week indicated that Botswana’s population is now estimated to be 2,346,179 – a figure that the state owned data agency expressed worry over saying it’s below their projected growth. The general decline in the population growth rate is attributed to ‘fertility’ and ‘mortality’ rates that the country registered on the past ten years since the last census in 2011.

Maganu explained that with an enlightened or educated society and the country’s total fertility rate, there was no way the country’s population census was going to match the previous growth rates.
“The results of the census make sense and is exactly what I expected. Our Total Fertility Rate ( the average number of children born to a woman) is now around 2.

This is what happens as society develops and educates its women. The enlightened women don’t want to bear many children, they want to work and earn a living, have free time, and give their few children good care. So, there is no under- counting. Census procedures are standard so that results are comparable between countries.

That is why the UN is involved through UNFPA, the UN Agency responsible for population matters,” said Maganu who is also the former adviser to the World Health Organisation. Maganu ruled out undercounting concerns, “I see a lot of Batswana are worried about the census results. Above is what I have always stated.”

Given the disadvantages that accompany low population for countries, some have suggested that perhaps a time has come for the government to consider population growth policies or incentives, suggestions Maganu deems ineffective.

“It has never worked anywhere. The number of children born to a woman are a very private decision of the woman and the husband in an enlightened society. And as I indicated, the more the women of a society get educated, the higher the tendency to have fewer children. All developed countries have a problem of zero population growth or even negative growth.

The replacement level is regarded as 2 children per woman; once the fertility level falls below that, then the population stops growing. That’s why developed countries are depending so much on immigration,” he said.

According to him, a lot of developing countries that are educating their women are heading there, including ourselves-Botswana. “Countries that have had a policy of encouraging women to have more children have failed dismally. A good example is some countries of Eastern Europe (Romania is a good example) that wanted to grow their populations by rewarding women who had more children. It didn’t work. The number of children is a very private matter,” said Maganu

For those who may be worried about the impact of problems associated with low growth rate, Maganu said: “The challenge is to develop society so that it can take care of its dependency ratio, the children and the aged. In developed countries the ratio of people over 60 years is now more than 20%, ours is still less than 10%.”

The preliminary results show that Mogoditshane with (88,098) is now the biggest village in the country with Maun coming second (85,293) and Molepolole at third position with 74,719. Population growth is associated with many economic advantages because more people leads to greater human capital, higher economic growth, economies of scale, the efficiency of higher population density and the improved demographic structure of society, among many others.

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