Financial results released by Bank of Botswana and presented before President Mokgweetsi Masisi and his cabinet last week revealed that the Central Bank’s total assets declined by P3.3 billion for the twelve months period ended 31st December 2017.
In the financial year ended December 2016 BOB‘s total assets were sitting at P77.6 billion, while by the end of December 2017 the bank’s asset had degraded to P74.3 billion. This includes the foreign exchange reserves which were registered as P73.7 billion by December 2017 compared to P76.8 billion in December 2016.
However in United States dollar terms, the level of reserves increased by 4.2 percent from USD7.2 to USD7.5 billion, while the SDR amount remained unchanged at SDR5.3 billion. Bank of Botswana executives told journalists on Friday that the reserves were equivalent to 18 months of import cover of goods and services. BOB Head of Finance, Daniel Loeto explained that the decrease in foreign exchange reserves in Pula terms reflects the net foreign exchange outflows and net foreign currency revaluation losses, mainly arising from the appreciation of the Pula against the US dollar.
Another notable decline was in the Bank’s net income of which over half a billion contraction was registered. In the period under review the BoB realized net income of 739.5 million pula compared to P1.4 billion in 2016, mirroring a massive depreciation of 660.5 million pula. The BoB Finance Chief deliberated that a total of 1.1 billion pula was transferred from the Currency Revaluation Reserve to cover the distributable currency revaluation losses. “After this transfer the distributable net income for 2017 was P1.9 billion in comparison to the P3.6 billion in 2016,” he said
BoB also explained that the monetary policy was implemented through Open Market Operations (OMO) to absorb excess liquidity in turn ensuring that levels of interest rates remain consistent with the policy stance. In that regard, the Bank introduced measures to improve market efficiency and effectiveness of monetary operations, in particular to better align market interest rates to the policy stance. Two of the key measures were the relaxation on the amount of Bank of Botswana Certificates used to mop up excess liquidity, which helped to alleviate downward pressure on short-term interest rates and correct the misalignment with the policy stance.
In addition, the range of securities eligible for use by commercial banks as collateral when accessing the Bank’s credit facility were broadened to include all government securities, regardless of maturity and Pula denominated bonds issued by the International Finance Corporation in the Botswana market. Commercial banks were, therefore, able to manage liquid assets more efficiently, with less reliance on BoBCs for collateral purposes.
According to the BoB Finance Head, this is viewed as a good move to potentially reduce the cost of monetary policy implementation. Further, financial figures from BOB state that outstanding value of Bank of Botswana Certificates (BoBCs) also realized a decline in the period ended December 2017.
As of December 2016 outstanding value of BoBCs was sitting at P7.9 billion while P6.3 billion was registered in the same period ended December 2017. Loeto explained that Repurchase Agreements (repos) and reverse repos were used during the year to manage liquidity between auctions, and P54 million worth of reverse repos was outstanding at the end of 2017 compared to P1.3 billion in December 2016. “There were no outstanding repos as at the end of 2017,” he said.
Following the measures that were implemented to improve on the efficiency and effectiveness of monetary operations, the 14-day BoBC weighted average yield increased from 0.84 percent in December 2016 to 1.45 percent in December 2017, while the yield on the 91-day BoBC increased from 1.01 percent to 1.41 percent in the same period. In line with the Bank’s commitment to encouraging savings, commercial banks continued to offer and advertise the 91-day deposit facility or equivalent deposit product which pays an interest rate that, at a minimum, is the prevailing Bank Rate less 3.5 percentage points, 2 with higher interest rates for longer-dated deposits.
BoB also reports that the P15 billion Government Bond Programme remains in place, with a focus on the development of the capital market, as well as providing an alternative source of government funding. Outstanding bonds of various maturities and Treasury Bills increased from P9.3 billion at the end of 2016 to P10.2 billion in December 2017. Primary Dealers and their customers held P3.9 billion,37.7% and P6.3 billion 62.1 %, respectively, of the government securities outstanding at the end of 2017, while, the Bank held P20 million (0.2 percent) of the total outstanding securities for possible repo transactions.
During 2017, Bank of Botswana also embarked on the design of a new polymer P10 banknote, which was subsequently launched in February 2018. Polymer banknotes generally last longer than the conventional cotton-based banknotes, are not easy to counterfeit and are more resistant to dirt and moisture.
On Friday BoB revealed that its administration and operations expenses registered a 15 million pula hike due to reprinting and reproduction of some bank notes. In the period under review the annual rate of growth of banknotes in circulation increased from 6.2 percent in 2016 to 10 percent in 2017. “Notably, the rate of increase in net issuance of the P20 banknote denomination increased from 5.1 percent in 2016 to 18.6 percent in 2017, while for the P10 banknotes, the rate of increase fell from 6.5 percent to 1.3 percent in the same period.”
BoB also highlighted that the increase in the net issuance of P20 banknotes during the period under review was largely driven by the need to compensate for the reduced demand for both the P50 and P10 banknotes. The P200 denomination continued to have the highest share of total issuance and quantity of banknotes at 29.6 percent in 2017.
Bank of Botswana Governor Moses Pelaelo observed that during the period under review Botswana continued to attain good ratings from international finance & economic organization as well as global fiscal policy analysis bodies. Both Moody’s Investors Service and S&P Global Ratings retained Botswana’s investment grade credit ratings of A2 and A-, respectively.
Pelaelo explained that the ratings affirmed Botswana Government’s strong financial position as underpinned by well-established prudent macroeconomic policies, the net external creditor position, low public debt and a well-managed economy. “The rating agencies also recognize the existence of robust institutional frameworks that facilitate prudent policy making and continuing political stability,” he said. Pelaelo however underscored that both rating agencies reiterated the concerns about the country’s narrow economic base, specifically heavy reliance on the diamond industry and the slow pace of economic diversification.
Newly established wholly indigenous citizen owned retail chain Payless Retail (PTY) Ltd is set to partake in the first session of Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE)’s Tshipidi Mentorship Program (TMP) on Monday June 29th.
The TMP aims to train and capacitate SMEs so they can operate as corporates and eventually list on the local bourse. According to local bourse, BSE, the program aims to provide practical training to potential issuers through a comprehensive and interactive program that covers the key themes necessary to position a company to list on the BSE.
Payless Retail is a newly established supermarket chain whose mission is to become a convenient one-stop shopping destination as it is one of the Botswana oldest retailing brands. It started off as Corner Supermarket in January 1976, and to date boasts of nine stores in, among others, Gaborone, Mochudi, Molepolole and Tlokweng. Payless was recently acquired by Ellis Retail Group, which is led by businessman Elliot Moshoke.
The takeover catapulted Ellis Retail to the envious position of being the first wholly indigenous owned major retail chain. “We jumped at this opportunity because it gave us a chance to prove to Batswana that the retail business is open and lucrative.”
The objective is to create a proudly Botswana retail chain that fully supports our national Vision, economic development and citizen economic empowerment ambitions,” Moshoke told BusinessPost.
He further emphasized that Batswana are capable and able to run large scale businesses hence they need to accept invite foreign investors who will come in to support us not take the business. “Our win as Payless in the Fast Moving Consumer goods (FMCG) industry is a win for Batswana. We need their support in this difficult and challenging journey.
As you are aware, Payless is the only retail chain in the hands of Batswana ba Sekei. We need to take advantage of this to generate employment and create small businesses in retail and Agri businesses,” he explained.
The retailer has also partnered with Botswana Investment & Trade Center (BITC) on their #PushaBW campaign with a view to initiating earnest engagement with local producers to iron out bottlenecks and ensure seamless trading.
“Local producers have to be part of the phenomenal growth of the Payless brand. This will in turn facilitate employment creation and economic growth. We did this because we have the utmost respect for local manufacturers and producers,” he mentioned.
Payless is currently restocking all of its stores; a development that Moshoke says is testament to the retailer’s commitment to growing the brand and ensuring continuity of business. He further revealed that renowned retail suppliers like PST and CA Sales have reignited their trust in Payless, opening their doors for Payless as they have faith in the retailer’s new owners.
The takeover has reportedly saved more than 200 jobs and gave a new lease of life to the previously fledging Payless brand. According to a press release from the management team, the Payless work forces are also extremely excited about what the future holds. The TMP is a comprehensive and interactive program that covers the key themes necessary to position a company to list on the BSE.
The program is administered by experts within the listing ecosystem and seeks to bring the potential issuers closer to the listings advisers, investors and leaders of already listed companies. “As a strategic initiative, the BSE decided to set up this mentorship program in a bid to assist SMEs to strategize, corporatize and acclimatize in order to list to access equity finance and expand operations,” said the BSE.
The TMP will avail to SMEs practical insights, knowledge and feedback from institutional investors, increased awareness of the BSE listing requirements as well as an intimate network of advisors and CEOs of listed companies. After training, Payless will graduate with improve governance structures and better knowledge of articulating its business strategy. The retailer will also gain increased visibility through BSE marketing platforms.
Despite Covid-19 interrupting trade worldwide, exporting companies in Botswana which benefited from the Botswana Investment and Trade Centre (BITC) services realised P2.96 billion in export earnings during the period from April 2020 to March 2021.
In the preceding financial year, the sale of locally manufactured products in foreign markets had registered export revenue of P2, 427 billion against a target of P3, 211 billion BITC, which celebrates 10 years since establishment, continues to carry out several initiatives targeted towards expanding the Botswana export base in line with Botswana’s desire to be an export led economy, underpinned by a robust export promotion programme in line with the National Export Strategy.
The main products exported were swamp cruiser boats, pvc tanks and pvc pipes, ignition wiring sets, semi-precious stones, veterinary medicines, hair braids, coal, textiles (towels and t-shirts) and automobile batteries. These goods were destined mainly for South Africa, Zimbabwe, Austria, Germany, and Namibia.
With Covid-19 still a problem, BITC continues to roll out targeted virtual trade promotion missions across the SADC region with a view to seeking long-lasting market opportunities for locally manufactured products.
Recently, the Centre facilitated participation for Botswana companies at the Eastern Cape Development Council (ECDC) Virtual Export Symposium, the Botswana-Zimbabwe Virtual Trade Mission, the Botswana-Zambia Virtual Trade Mission, Botswana-South Africa Virtual Buyer/Seller Mission as well as the Botswana-Namibia Virtual Trade Mission.
BITC has introduced an e-Exporting programme aimed at assisting Botswana exporters to conduct business on several recommended e-commerce platforms. Due to the advent of COVID-19, BITC is currently promoting e-trade among companies through the establishment of e-commerce platforms and is assisting local companies to embrace digitisation by adopting e-commerce platforms to reach export markets as well as assisting local e-commerce platform developers to scale up their online marketplaces.
During the 2019/2020 financial year, BITC embarked on several initiatives targeted at growing exports in the country; facilitation of participation of local companies in international trade platforms in order to enhance export sales of local products and services into external markets.
BITC also helped in capacity development of local companies to compete in global markets and the nurturing of export awareness and culture among local manufacturers in order to enhance their skills and knowledge of export processes; and in development and implementation of trade facilitation tools that look to improve the overall ease of doing business in Botswana.
As part of building export capacity in 2019/20, six (6) companies were selected to initiate a process to be Organic and Fair Trade Certified. These companies are; Blue Pride (Pty) Ltd, Motlopi Beverages, Moringa Technology Industries (Pty) Ltd, Sleek Foods, Maungo Craft and Divine Morula.
In 2019 seven companies which were enrolled in the Botswana Exporter Development Programme were capacitated with attaining BOBS ISO 9001: 2015 certification. Three (3) companies successfully attained BOBS ISO 9001:2015 certification. These were Lithoflex (Pty) Ltd, General Packaging Industries and Power Engineering.
BITC’s annual flagship exhibition, Global Expo Botswana (GEB) to create opportunities for trade and strategic synergies between local and international companies. The Global Expo Botswana) is a premier business to business exposition that attracts FDI, expansion of domestic investment, promotion of exports of locally produced goods and services and promotion of trade between Botswana and other countries.
The portal also provides information on; measures, legal documents, and forms and procedures needed by Botswana companies that intend on doing business abroad. BITC continues to assist both potential and existing local manufacturing and service entities to realise their export ambitions. This assistance is pursued through the ambit of the Botswana Exporter Development Programme (BEDP) and the Trade Promotion Programme.
BEDP was revised in 2020 in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) with a vision to developing a diversified export-based economy. The programme focuses mostly on capacitating companies to reach export readiness status.
Prices for goods and services in this country continue to increase, with the latest figures from Statistics Botswana showing that in May 2022, inflation rate rose to 11.9 percent from 9.6 percent recorded in April 2022.
According to Statistics Botswana update released this week, the largest upward contributions to the annual inflation rate in May 2022 came from increase in the cost of transport (7.2 percent), housing, water, electricity, gas & other Fuels (1.4 percent), food & non-alcoholic beverages (1.1 percent) and miscellaneous goods & services (0.8 percent).
With regard to regional inflation rates between April and May 2022, the Rural Villages inflation rate went up by 2.5 percentage points, from 9.6 percent in April to 12.1 percent in May 2022, according to the government owned statistics entity.
In the monthly update the entity stated that the Urban Villages inflation rate stood at 11.8 percent in May 2022, a rise of 2.4 percentage points from the April rate of 9.4 percent, whereas the Cities & Towns inflation rate recorded an increase of 1.9 percentage points, from 9.9 percent in April to 11.8 percent in May.
Commenting on the national Consumer Price Index, the entity stated that it went up by 2.6 percent, from 120.1 in April to 123.2 in May 2022. Statisticians from the entity noted that the transport group index registered an increase of 7.3 percent, from 134.5 in April to 144.2 in May, mainly due to the rise in retail pump prices for petrol and diesel by P1.54 and P2.74 per litre respectively, which effected on the 13th of May 2022.
The food & non-alcoholic beverages group index rose by 2.6 percent, from 118.6 in April 2022 to 121.6 in May 2022 and this came as a result of increase in prices of oils & fats, vegetables, bread & cereal, mineral waters, soft drinks, fruits & vegetables juices, fish (Fresh, Chilled & Frozen) and meat (Fresh, Chilled & Frozen), according to the Statisticians.
The Statisticians said the furnishing, household equipment & routine maintenance group index rose by 1.0 percent, from 111.6 in April 2022 to 112.7 in May 2022 and this was attributed to a general increase in prices of household appliances, glassware, tableware & household utensils and goods & services for household maintenance.
The prices for clothing & footwear group index moved from 109.4 to 110.4, registering a rise of 0.9 percent during the period under review. Bank of Botswana has projected higher inflation in the short term, associated with the likelihood of further increases in domestic fuel prices in response to persistent high international oil prices and added that the possible increase in public service salaries could add also upward pressure to inflation in this country.