The tax incentives that were designed to attract investors to do business in the SPEDU Region in the four economic sectors of Agriculture, Tourism, Information and Communications Technology (ICT) as well as Manufacturing, have reached a stumbling block that has hampered its implementation.
To this day since being launched, the tax incentives have not been accessed by investors as they have not been approved by the Development Approval Order (DVO) due to legal inconsistencies. This was revealed by the Coordinator of the Selebi Phikwe Economic Revitalisation Programme, Linah Mohohlo on Thursday at the SPEDU Stakeholders Engagement Briefing in Selebi Phikwe.
To address this obstacle, Mohohlo said that the Attorney General’s Chambers have “sharpened their pencils as they iron out identified legal inconsistencies”. She highlighted further that it is possible, therefore, that the incentives will be accessed by qualified businesses in reasonable time but only those that have already established a presence in the Selebi Phikwe Region.
The Former Bank Governor noted that the Ministry of Investment, Trade and Industry(MITI) where she is stationed, is making progress in its fervent intention and commitment to work tirelessly towards job creation in the Region as they endeavour to replace the jobs lost when the BCL Mine was closed. She shared some of the impediments that tend to stand in the way of achieving the intended objective.
“The other impediments to progress include non-availability of serviced land on which warehouses could be built. Again arrangements are in place to improve the situation, such that land servicing can be speeded up and factory warehouses built to specifications of businesses,” she said. She further spoke of a “well-functioning” Botswana One Stop Service Centre (BOSSC), saying that plans are afoot to have it replicated in other areas of the country so that business facilitation can be spurred more evenly across the country in the areas such as company registration and licensing, provision of work and residence permits, land acquisition, quick accessing utilities, tax registration and other areas. BOSSC was launched last year October as a national business facilitation instrument under Botswana Investment and Trade Centre (BITC) to minimise inconveniences and impediments to investors doing business in the country.
Councillor Evelyn Kgodungwe of Thakadiawa Ward challenged Mohohlo on her stay in Gaborone while her presence is not felt in Selebi Phikwe. In her response, Mohohlo who appeared emotionally charged defended her stay in the Capital City, explaining that her role is to coordinate all role players involved in the revitalisation programme of Selebi Phikwe and therefore it is by design that she is stationed at the ministry and not in Selebi Phikwe.
She pointed out that while her main responsibility is to attract foreign and domestic investment to the SPEDU Region, she also takes care of what the SPEDU Company, Botswana Development Corporation (BDC) and Botswana Investment and Trade Centre (BITC) are doing in so far as the mandate of reawakening the economy of the Selebi-Phikwe Region is concerned, hence her role of Coordinator of all matters concerning the revitalisation of the SPEDU Region.
She said all parties should understand each other’s roles and work together to achieve the desired economic recovery of the region. She underscored that diversification of the economy and expanding the economic base is a never ending task whose results have to be long lasting and sustainable job creation and improved living standards for all.
This century is always looking at improving new super high speed technology to make life easier. On the other hand, beckoning as an emerging fierce reversal force to equally match or dominate this life enhancing super new tech, comes swift human adversaries which seem to have come to make living on earth even more difficult.
The recent discovery of a pandemic, Covid-19, which moves at a pace of unimaginable and unpredictable proportions; locking people inside homes and barring human interactions with its dreaded death threat, is currently being felt.
Member of Parliament for Kanye North, Thapelo Letsholo has cautioned Government against excessive borrowing and poorly managed debt levels.
He was speaking in Parliament on Tuesday delivering Parliament’s Finance Committee report after assessing a motion that sought to raise Government Bond program ceiling to P30 billion, a big jump from the initial P15 Billion.
Government Investment Account (GIA) which forms part of the Pula fund has been significantly drawn down to finance Botswana’s budget deficits since 2008/09 Global financial crises.
The 2009 global economic recession triggered the collapse of financial markets in the United States, sending waves of shock across world economies, eroding business sentiment, and causing financiers of trade to excise heightened caution and hold onto their cash.
The ripple effects of this economic catastrophe were mostly felt by low to middle income resource based economies, amplifying their vulnerability to external shocks. The diamond industry which forms the gist of Botswana’s economic make up collapsed to zero trade levels across the entire value chain.
The Upstream, where Botswana gathers much of its diamond revenue was adversely impacted by muted demand in the Midstream. The situation was exacerbated by zero appetite of polished goods by jewelry manufacturers and retail outlets due to lowered tail end consumer demand.
This resulted in sharp decline of Government revenue, ballooned budget deficits and suspension of some developmental projects. To finance the deficit and some prioritized national development projects, government had to dip into cash balances, foreign reserves and borrow both externally and locally.
Much of drawing was from Government Investment Account as opposed to drawing from foreign reserve component of the Pula Fund; the latter was spared as a fiscal buffer for the worst rainy days.
Consequently this resulted in significant decline in funds held in the Government Investment Account (GIA). The account serves as Government’s main savings depository and fund for national policy objectives.
However as the world emerged from the 2009 recession government revenue graph picked up to pre recession levels before going down again around 2016/17 owing to challenges in the diamond industry.
Due to a number of budget surpluses from 2012/13 financial year the Government Investment Account started expanding back to P30 billion levels before a series of budget deficits in the National Development Plan 11 pushed it back to decline a decline wave.
When the National Development Plan 11 commenced three (3) financial years ago, government announced that the first half of the NDP would run at budget deficits.
This as explained by Minister of Finance in 2017 would be occasioned by decline in diamond revenue mainly due to government forfeiting some of its dividend from Debswana to fund mine expansion projects.
Cumulatively since 2017/18 to 2019/20 financial year the budget deficit totaled to over P16 billion, of which was financed by both external and domestic borrowing and drawing down from government cash balances. Drawing down from government cash balances meant significant withdrawals from the Government Investment Account.
The Government Investment Account (GIA) was established in accordance with Section 35 of the Bank of Botswana Act Cap. 55:01. The Account represents Government’s share of the Botswana‘s foreign exchange reserves, its investment and management strategies are aligned to the Bank of Botswana’s foreign exchange reserves management and investment guidelines.
Government Investment Account, comprises of Pula denominated deposits at the Bank of Botswana and held in the Pula Fund, which is the long-term investment tranche of the foreign exchange reserves.
In June 2017 while answering a question from Bogolo Kenewendo, the then Minister of Finance & Economic Development Kenneth Mathambo told parliament that as of June 30, 2017, the total assets in the Pula Fund was P56.818 billion, of which the balance in the GIA was P30.832 billion.
Kenewendo was still a back bench specially elected Member of Parliament before ascending to cabinet post in 2018. Last week Minister of Finance & Economic Development, Dr Thapelo Matsheka, when presenting a motion to raise government local borrowing ceiling from P15 billion to P30 Billion told parliament that as of December 2019 Government Investment Account amounted to P18.3 billion.
Dr Matsheka further told parliament that prior to financial crisis of 2008/9 the account amounted to P30.5 billion (41 % of GDP) in December of 2008 while as at December 2019 it stood at P18.3 billion (only 9 % of GDP) mirroring a total decline by P11 billion in the entire 11 years.
Back in 2017 Parliament was also told that the Government Investment Account may be drawn-down or added to, in line with actuations in the Government’s expenditure and revenue outturns. “This is intended to provide the Government with appropriate funds to execute its functions and responsibilities effectively and efficiently” said Mathambo, then Minister of Finance.
Acknowledging the need to draw down from GIA no more, current Minister of Finance Dr Matsheka said “It is under this background that it would be advisable to avoid excessive draw down from this account to preserve it as a financial buffer”
He further cautioned “The danger with substantially reduced financial buffers is that when an economic shock occurs or a disaster descends upon us and adversely affects our economy it becomes very difficult for the country to manage such a shock”