Bakgatla Ba Kgafela paramount chief, Kgafela Kgafela II has told the commission of inquiry, which is investigating the succession of chieftainship Bakgatla in Moruleng that his jurisdiction over the tribe has been confirmed by the Constitutional Court.
When explaining his relationship with senior tribal leader in Moruleng, Kgafela indicated his powers in appointing a leader in Moruleng who ruled on behalf of the paramount chief of the entire tribe. “The correct relationship is that I am his senior, he is my junior as the Constitutional court and custom law says. It is a relationship of a master and a steward in the Bible. If you read the parable of the steward in the Bible, it provides the two answers.”
In the Mmusi Pilane vs Nyalala and others constitutional court judgment in 2012 said, although the villages that make up the traditional community are situated in South Africa, the traditional community recognises as their Kgosikgolo a traditional leader who lives in Mochudi Botswana. His deputy Pilane, administers the affairs of the community in South Africa, and is based in Moruleng.
“The point I am making is that where we sit here, we can go to great lengths trying to understand what the statutes say, but we have advantage of the fact that courts in South Africa have done the work for us, they have explained these things. I can only refer you to these judgments,” said Kgafela. Kgafela submitted before the commission that in the past when there were problems in South Africa, Kgosi Linchwe was called upon to come and deal with problems concerning the former chief, the late Tidimane.
And that likewise, in 2008 to 2016, the tribe in South Africa called upon the paramount chief in Botswana, being him, to exercise his powers to depose the regent, Kgosi Pilane of his duties as kgosi, as the latter violates the tribes’ human rights and refuses to account. “Members of the tribe, comprising Mr Thari Segale, Thari Pilane, Segale Pilane who demanded that should attend to South African issues and depose Kgosi Pilane because the latter violated the tribe’s human rights. So, members of the tribe here had asked me to do exactly as Kgosi Linchwe did in the performance of his role.
Baloyi then told Kgafela that there was evidence brought before them which suggested that Kgafela’s father, the late Paramount Chief Linchwe did not involve himself in Moruleng issues like he wants to, and that he only played a more ceremonial roleâ€• He was invited and consulted if there were major issues. However, Kgafela dismissed the issues that Linchwe did it ceremonially. “Look at the role he played around the Tidimane [Pilane] issue. It was not ceremonial but legal; he even interacted with all former leaders here which even led to appointment of Pilane. Pilane’s appointment is not ceremonial but a matter of law.”
He said while to some certain degree it could be true that his father may not have involved himself as he has in the affairs of Moruleng, “I can tell you why, even myself as I sit here, I would rather not be here. If I had somebody running the affairs of the tribe legally without a headache, I would rather be at the cattle post. We intervene only when things are not run properly; otherwise I would not be responsible. Once things are sorted out, we have proper administration and everything is in order, I will be free to attend other issues in life.”
Kgafela further told the commission that the BBK bogosi was clear in the court judgments and in history of South Africa. “My father played a key role in the independence of this country, him being in Botswana… if he wasn’t in Botswana at the time things would not be as they are today. So authorities in this country have known bogosi jwa Bakgatla such that it should not be an issue as to who Kgosi is and who can appoint who. His role in the struggle of the independence of SA is well known.”
‘My relationship with my uncle, Nyalala Pilane’
When asked to comment on his relationship with the senior chief in Moruleng, Pilane who according to the tribe custom is there in Kgafela’s place, Kgafela said, “Re na le bothata gone fa.”(We have a problem here). He decried that the problem they were having amongst Bakgatla was that Pilane was not performing the role of law amongst the tribe, but doing the opposite.
“If you ask what his role is, I will say, the role of the senior leader, that he has played in the tribe up to today is the very problems that you are seeing today. That is his role. We are here in this commission struggling about many things because of his role. The tribe is in disarray because of the events that have taken place. He is not fit and proper to hold public office, that is why I have accepted his resignation in 2012, and it stands,” he submitted.
The commission heard that the department of mining in South Africa comes to Pilane and makes arrangements to mine in the tribe’s farms without a consultation and he pockets the money. “This is a very painful injustice. A group of people supported by government come and mine our farms without consulting us, and no one listens to them when they complain. We are always litigating against mining companies and Pilane over what is rightfully the people.”
The commission heard that the role of a paramount chief ordinarily based in Botswana, is appointed and enthroned in accordance with the fixed procedure of tradition. He hunts a leopard and provides the pelt for the regiment of his father to prepare for the draping. On the appointed day the tribe converges at a kgotla to witness him being draped with the leopard to formalize his assent to the throne as the epic leader of the whole tribe wherever based, whether Botswana or South Africa or new territories that may be acquired under his leadership.
Once these traditional procedures have taken place, the throne becomes fixed upon who wears the leopard skin in terms of the customary law of Bakgatla in ancient traditions. He rules over the tribe in both Botswana and South Africa. This law is set out in judgments of South African courts including the Constitutional Court. It is settled law, according to Kgafela’s version.
“Presently the royal leopard of BBK is roped upon Kgafela II, and the roping took place in September 20, 2008. Now, the point that is important is that once enthroned, the paramount chief of BBK in Botswana assumes certain royal duties and obligations towards the tribe at large,” he submitted. The core duties, he said include to protect the human rights of the tribe, protect the tribe’s land and property, protect the tribe’s history, its heritage and destiny and unite the tribe and ensure peace and harmony amongst them.
He stated, the paramount chief is obligated to do the right thing in every situation aiming at all times in producing the best results for the tribe: Accordingly whenever issues arise from the tribe, either in Botswana or South Africa touching on any of the duties highlighted, the tribe may call upon the paramount chief in Botswana to exercise his traditional powers in their favour by performing his duties aforesaid, the commission heard.
“The paramount chief has been performing this role since he was enthroned in 2008 and we would submit that the developments of this commission and events on the ground vindicate the answers to this point. What has been happening in the past six years since I came here is exactly the role which the premier asks about.”
“We have been all over South Africa with this role, we have reported crimes which are taking place to police, courts and everywhere you can think of. The soles of our shoes are worn out and we are even limping, because of this journey that we’ve been taking to all over performing this role,” he submitted.
My powers and procedures to appoint a leader in South Africa
The commission heard that the paramount chief in Botswana appoints a person of his choice to rule over the tribe on his behalf. These are prerogative powers bestowed upon the paramount chief by tradition and law, he noted. “And I have exercised those powers in favour of the tribe; I have exercised those powers to dethrone Kgosi Pilane from his seat as a Kgosi in 2012, and evidence for that is Pilane’s retirement letter and my acceptance of that letter, and the history of events leading to those correspondences.”
The tribe is free to decide whether they want me or not
According to Kgafela, if the people in Moruleng do not want to be ruled by the paramount chief in Botswana anymore, they have that right. “My father told them in 1994 that you have the right to go your own way. But you must go to the kgotla, decide on that right and let us know. But, they said, NO…we remain one! And it is stated in the resolution that they remained one,” he said.
Professor Moleleki asked Kgafela why the paramount chieftainship was hereditary while senior traditional leadership was not, among BBK tradition. And Kgafela’s response was that, “The constitution of South Africa recognises traditional communities and their customs, and when you go to the Act, there is a common theme that one thing must be done according to customs and traditions of that community. The customs and tradition of BBK community may be different from other customs, but it is recognized. And the way it is with us may be unique, it’s such that BBK tribe live in two countries.”
He stressed that borders came only yesterday and that they were not their doing. “The point I am making is that where we seat here, we can go to great lengths trying to understand what the statute say, but we have advantage of the fact that courts in SA have done the work for us, they have explained these things. I can only refer you to those judgments. This arrangement of BBK is unique, it’s not our doing, but it is what we are settled with. ,” said Kgafela
President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi has been touring the entire world since occupying Presidential office in 2018. Few months down the line, he flew to Florida in the United States of America where he landed at the Disney World.
This is the world’s largest entertainment complex opened in 1971, with four theme parks (consisting of Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Disney’s Hollywood Studios, and Disney’s Animal Kingdom).
Upon his return in the country from the fairytale land, Masisi said Botswana struck a partnership with Disney World. The partnership primarily focused on turning the country’s capital, Gaborone, into an international tourism and leisure destination.
“We have struck a partnership with Disney World as a company. They focus on making people happy and bringing tourists. I want tourists in this country. Visa restrictions are out. They will be issued on arrival. I have tasked Minister Makgato’s Ministry to categorize taxis so that there can be value in the taxi industry.
I am very committed to making Gaborone an international venue center and this will bring revenue to our country,” Masisi said at the time. Masisi, has now appointed Makgato as Botswana’s High Commissioner – designate to the Commonwealth of Australia.
However, two years later, there is no sign of Gaborone being turned into a tourism hub. In fact, the partnership Masisi struck with Disney World never emerged. It is now becoming more of a pipeline dream, and politicians are keen to know what really transpired.
In a dramatic turn of events, Masisi’s flanking Minister, Minister for Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration, Kabo Morwaeng, slammed Vice President Slumber Tsogwane with questions on this said ghost partnership, demanding answers on Masisi’s long dead promise.
Vice President Tsogwane told Parliament on Thursday that Masisi was looking for investors to come and do business in Botswana, either in partnership with government or the private sector.
“The President and his delegation engaged in meetings with the management of Disney World to identify opportunities for the company to collaborate with in Botswana. There were a number of opportunities Mr. Speaker for collaboration that were identified to be followed up with by bilateral negotiations with various institutions.
The key area that was identified for collaboration was the implementation of an enhanced customer care training and development akin to that of Disney World.
The Botswana Public Service College was assigned to collaborate with Disney World, to roll out a training programme which will achieve excellent customer service for the public sector in Botswana, Tsogwane said via virtual Parliament.
He further said representatives of Disney World visited Botswana on a fact finding mission in May 2019.
“While in Botswana, the team toured selected sites such as Gaborone bus rank, Tlokweng Boarder post, and Department of Roads, Training and Safety offices amongst others. Following this, Disney World produced a scoping report which detailed training and engagement timelines for consideration by government,” said Tsogwane.
In fulfilment of their procurement requirement, Tsogwane said Disney Institute was requested to submit a proposal based on their scoping report indicating associated cost implications. He said, Disney declined to submit citing that it does not deal directly with government.
“After being advised by their Disney World Board, they therefore advised Botswana government to deal with another company in the United States of America, which according to them does the Disney World way. This never proceeded because our interest was on Disney World and not any other company that point in time.”
As a result, Tsogwane told Parliament that no deal or contract was signed with Disney World. “The issue of easing of restrictions which is part of the question, between any two countries is a matter that is negotiated through diplomatic channels and whenever agreements are reached, proper communication is made. With regard to Visa restrictions between Botswana and the US, Tsogwane says they will continue discussions on how to ease restrictions,” he said on Thursday.
Morwaeng wanted Tsogwane to update Parliament on: Government’s deal with Disney World, the terms of the deal propounded by the President in March 2019; Whether the deal was signed, when it was signed and clear specifics of the deal and its benefits to Botswana tourism; when visa restrictions between the two countries (Botswana and the United States of America) will be eased and visas issued on arrival as per the Disney World deal pronouncement; and If the deal struck with Disney World was not just mere electioneering talk that will never see the light of the day.
Despite the government of Botswana’s ambition to have one of its own to lead Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) since its establishment in 1980, the Presidency says there is no budget specifically dedicated to the campaign.
The Government has released the name of Permanent Secretary to the President, Elias Mpedi Magosi, as the candidate for the SADC Executive Secretary position. Magosi is expected to face off with Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) candidate, Faustin Mukela. The position will become vacant in August this year.
However, despite the optimism the Botswana Government has not yet set aside a budget to assist Magosi to win against the seemingly DRC giant. “We all know that the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected the country’s ability to effectively fund any new project. This campaign is not an exception. As such, we do not have any budget for the campaign. However, we have so far managed to take advantage of His Excellency the President’s working visits to the neighbouring countries to also carry out the campaigns,” Press Secretary to the President, Batlhalefi Leagajang, explained.
Botswana has housed SADC since the establishment of the then SADCC in 1980, but has never occupied top most leadership positions at the SADC Secretariat. “We therefore, strongly believe that we should also have an opportunity to contribute to the management of our regional body as it continues to drive the important issues of regional integration industrialization and socio-economic development.
This will also profile Botswana as a strong advocate of regional integration,” he responded to this publication’s questionnaire as to why the Government wants to occupy the plum post. SADC is a Member State driven organization. As such, Leagajang said, needs a well-grounded Executive Secretary with a blend of management and leadership acumen; a transformational leader with political awareness and integrity; private and public sector experience; a deep culture of corporate governance; as well as strategic agility and result-oriented consummate diplomat.
“These are the unique attributes of our candidate,” he said. So far President Mokgweetsi Masisi has visited nine out of 16 SADC member states on a working visit and also taking an opportunity to present to them his candidate.
“The countries have appreciated this effort and we remain hopeful. However, it is important to note that this is a democratic and competitive process which must be respected,” he responded when asked about the reception and assurances from various countries to cast a vote for Magosi.
In 2018, when Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi challenged for the Africa Union (AU) Chairperson, the government appointed former President Festus Mogae to be the campaign leader. Does the Government have anyone apart from Masisi to help with the campaign?
“The campaigns for the candidate are strictly led by the Government of Botswana. Since this is a candidate for Botswana, not just the Government, it will be appreciated if all Batswana, including the media, could also shoulder the responsibility to campaign for the candidate in their own spheres of influence,” Leagajang responded.
While there are sceptics on Magosi winning against the DRC man, the Government is confident and believes that with the unique traits that he possess, Magosi stands a chance. He is said to be a strong advocate of justice and fairness as he has played this role in his current role as PSP and in his previous roles as PS and in the private sector. He has helped individuals and companies to find justice and fairness in most of their dealings with Government.
Magosi is also said to be a proponent of corporate governance and which he has relentlessly pursued in most of his career including in Government and other sectors. A strong believer in following laid down procedures and laws. “He carries a variety of skills as an HR expert with experience in different sectors, a strategist and an Organization development specialist.
His experience and exposure spans government, parastatal, private sector and at regional level as well, thus making him a suitable candidate for the regional role. He has worked with governments, businesses, development partners and politicians and is comfortable navigating through all of them,” Leagajang concluded.
The Minister of Land Management, Water and Sanitation Services, Kefentse Mzwinila looked a politician set to shoot the moon as he laid bare his billions of pula development agenda recently in Parliament.
His Ministry’s combined Recurrent and Development Budget Proposals for the 2021/ 2022 Financial Year is pegged at Four Billion, Three Hundred and Sixty – Five Million, two Hundred and Nineteen Thousand, Five Hundred and Sixty Pula (P4, 365, 219, 560). This is a budget 38.3% more than the allocation for the 2020/2021 Financial Year.
Mzwinila preluded his request to parliament with a demonstration that his Ministry has no champagne taste on a beer budget – indicating that his ministry’s expenditure at the end of February 2021P2.111 Billion or 96% of development budget; and P910 million or 90% of the recurrent budget.
Notwithstanding the budget dust, the Minister justified this year’s increase in the Ministry’s total budget. He attributed the escalation to the commencement of major projects under the water sector. These include the implementation of the North South Carrier (NSC) 22.2 covering various sub projects. Mzwinila noted that these are all public value projects which are aimed at improving the lives of Batswana.
Mzwinila’s Ministry has projected that the sum of Nine Hundred and Sixty –Three Million, Nine Hundred and Forty – Seven Thousand, Five Hundred and Sixty Pula (P963, 947, 560) be permitted for the Recurrent Budget and stand part of the 2021 / 2022 Appropriation Bill ( No. 1 of 2021).
“55% of the Recurrent Budget is geared towards the Revenue Support Grant for 12 Land Boards and their subordinate authorities while the sum of P5 Million is allocated to the Real Estate Advisory Council (REAC). The remaining 44% is proposed for the Ministry Departments.”
The sum of Three Billion, Four Hundred and One Million, Two hundred and Seventy –Two Thousand Pula (P3, 401, 272, 000), for the Development Budget was approved and stand part of the same schedule of the appropriation (2021/2022).
When breaking down the Development Budget, Minister Mzwinila noted that Water Supply and Sanitation projects will account for P1.098 Billion to finance the Maun Water and Sanitation project, Molepolole Sanitation projects and the Shakawe Water Treatment Plant Rehabilitation.
With all the implementation bottlenecks troubling several projects in the country, Mzwinila had to satisfy the question of whether his Ministry demonstrated a dire need for the budget with reference to its execution of the budget for the financial year 2020/2021 and its delivery of strategic initiatives and projects?
Mzwinila’s pitch found favour with parliament and his ministry will get an aggregate budget of P3.198 Billion for the 2020/ 2021 Financial Year. Within this allocation, P2.188 Billion is for the Development Budget and P1.010 Billion will cover the Recurrent Budget.
The Minister revealed his strategic interventions for land management, water and sanitation services. Highlighting that efforts by Government to provide serviced residential land to citizens on the waiting list are being hampered by limited resources. He shared that his ministry needs P94 Billion to cover such costs which will directly link to water, sewage, roads, electricity, telecommunications and storm water drainage leading to the allocation of 4 587 plots on un-serviced land.
The minister projected that 22 952 un-serviced residential plots are planned to be allocated in the next financial year. However, there is a trend where allocated land remains fallow and undeveloped which raises misgivings that the requests could have been made on speculative plans.
Mzwinila noted that in the spirit of forging stronger International connections, the Ministry will in June 2021 sign a Memorandum of Understanding on Land matters between Namibia and Botswana with the aim of opening doors to the creation of Dry Ports in the country, facilitate international trade through Walvis Bay Sea Port.
Botswana is already challenged by scarcity of naturally occurring water resources due to the aridity of the country creating persistent water shortages. The type of infrastructure required to improve national water security is a true reflection of intensive investment needed in the water sector The Minister stressed.
“An emerging issue such as the COVID -19 pandemic poses serious challenges as the control of the virus requires reliable water supply. In an effort to mitigate the challenge, the Ministry has undertaken extensive bowsing throughout the country which included the provision of additional capacity for supplementary bowsing to areas with pervasive water shortages, plus an additional forty one (41) un-gazetted settlements.
Operational costs due to bowsing were at an average of P6 Million per month before the COVID-19 pandemic and increased to an unsustainable amount of the order of P13 Million per month, since the beginning of the State of Emergency in April 2020,” the minister shared.
Through the support of a World Bank Loan, the Ministry is implementing several initiatives under the Botswana Emergency Water Security and Efficiency (BEWSE) project. Through BEWSE the Raw Water Pricing and Abstraction Strategy will assess the pricing of water in a manner that enables the provision of water to support new economic development, the strategy is planned to be completed in June 2021.
The Ministry has commenced the development of a long term National Water Security Strategy to improve resilience to climate change impacts. The strategy development entails prioritization of the proposed future mega water transfers such as the Chobe – Zambezi water transfer, the Atlantic Ocean water transfer to Botswana through Namibia and Lesotho – Botswana water transfer.
Following the signing of the tripartite Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) between Botswana, Lesotho and South Africa in November 2017 for the Lesotho –Botswana Water Transfer project, a 24 months contract for a combined prefeasibility and feasibility study for the development of a bankable Lesotho – Botswana Water Transfer project feasibility study was signed and is to be completed in 2022.
One of the Ministry’s famous major water supply projects such as the North South Carrier (NSC) 2.2 has experienced hiccups; having tenders for contract 1 (Masama to Mmamashia Pipeline) and Contract 2 (Mahalapye to Masama Pipeline) cancelled due to budgetary constraints.