President Mokgweetsi Masisi has been asked to take action against Minister of Environment, Natural Resources Conservation and Tourism Tshekedi Khama owing to his actions that threw Botswana Tourism (BTO) into controversy.
The Parliamentary Committee on Statutory Bodies and Public Enterprises, chaired by Tati East legislator and former Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) chairman Moyo Guma was tabled before parliament this week following a period anticipation. The report, which was presented by committee acting chairperson Ndaba Gaolathe was not kind to Khama over his actions in the running of BTO affairs.
The report points out that Khama breached BTO Act in several ways, including among others; failure to appoint a board within a reasonable time-frame to run the affairs of the BTO; intentional and unlawful supervision of the BTO as if it is a department of the Ministry; going against procedural advice of the Permanent Secretary, Chief Executive Officer of the BTO and Non-Bank Institutions Regulatory Authority; and unlawful procurement appointments during the absence of the Board.
Blame is also apportioned to Khama for the BTO satellite office which was to be established in Dubai, at the minister’s instruction. According to the report, the Board had indicated that due diligence was not conducted to determine the viability of the office since it was Khama’s instruction. “The result was that a market analysis was not done to determine whether the market was relevant and worth the investment for the Botswana products. In spite of such procedural deficiencies the BTO was to spend P17 million on the establishment of Dubai office over a period of three years,” reads the report.
“It became apparent during the interrogation of the CEO that the BTO Board was no-existent for nine months hence the Ministry usurping the functions of the Board. The Committee was of the view that procedurally and in accordance with statutory requirements the CEO should take instructions from the Board not the Ministry.” The report implicates Khama in making direct procurement of services of one Mike Brook for the production of 10 copies worth P1,347,500 in the absence of the board.
Khama is found to have been directly involved in the restructuring of the BTO, a decision which would have required an additional P23 million which was not budgeted for, subsequently necessitating the Ministry of Tourism to approach parliament through supplementary appropriation. “It came to light that the Minister was directly running the BTO. The decision to restructure should have emanated from the Board and not the Minister,” the report reads.
The committee also found Khama to have acted wrongly when he instructed BTO to appoint a medical insurance company to provide an insurance cover for BTO. A direct appointment of ASUIA as a service provider for inbound insurance was to be made at the request of Khama. A contract was to be signed with the company at the direction of the Minister. “The NBFIRA had advised that BTO should engage a local insurer before opening the tender to international bidders. This advice was ignored by the Ministry,” indicates the report.
The committee further found that the decision made by Khama should have actually been made by the Board. In another wrong doing, Khama instructed then BTO CEO Brian Dithebe to appoint Changu Newman to be the BTO attaché in Washington DC against the advice from the Human Resources Unit.
“Mrs Newman’s overall performance in the assessment indicated marginally below average competency potential compared to other professionals in management. This also had a bearing on the issues of governance where the Minister interfered with the running of the BTO,” says the report.
The firing of BTO CEO was not procedural according to the report. The Acting Chairman of the Board acting together with Ministry agreed and terminated the contract without following proper procedures since the Acting Chairman of the Board cannot legally act on his own without other members of the Board, stated the report. “The Committee was of the view that the action of the Acting Chairman and the Ministry was procedurally flowed.”
The Committee recommends that the BTO be instructed to to conduct a forensic audit for a three year period ending December 2017, under the direction of the Auditor General and report findings to Parliament) the Tourism Bill, 2017, seeks to validate a process which was done improperly, and therefore the Committee recommends that the bill be deferred pending the outcome of the detailed forensic audit, Khama has also been warned to refrain from acting in such a manner that violates the BTO Act, with further recommendation that President takes appropriate action in relation to the Minister’s meddling with the affairs of the BTO.
In November 2017, Masisi, then Vice President coaxed Khama to withdraw the Tourism Development Levy Bill, after it emerged from the committee that Khama tried to validate his actions at BTO through the bill. The committee also comprise of Major Gen Pius Mokgware, Gilbert Mangole, Sethom Lelatisitswe, Dr Phenyo Butale, Kosta Markus and Mephato Reatile.
Former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Member of Parliament for Gaborone North, Haskins Nkaigwa has confirmed his departure from opposition fold to re-join the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Nkaigwa said opposition is extremely divided and the leadership not in talking terms. “They are planning evil against each other. Nothing much will be achieved,” Nkaigwa told WeekendPost.
“I believe my time in the opposition has come to an end. It’s time to be of value to rebuilding our nation and economy of the country. Remember the BDP is where I started my political journey. It is home,” he said.
“Despite all challenges currently facing the world, President Masisi will be far with his promises to Batswana. A leader always have the interest of the people at heart despite how some decisions may look to be unpopular with the people.
“I have faith and full confidence in President Dr Masisi leadership. We shall overcome as party and nation the current challenges bedevilling nations. BDP will emerge stronger. President Masisi will always have my backing.”
Nkaigwa served as opposition legislator between 2014-2019 representing Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) under UDC banner. He joined BMD in 2011 at the height public servant strike whilst Gaborone City Deputy Mayor. He eventually rose to become the mayor same year, after BDP lost majority in the GCC.
Nkaigwa had been a member of Botswana National Front (BNF), having joined from Alliance for Progressives (AP) in 2019.
Botswana has received assistance worth over P100 million from Japanese government since 2019, making the latter of the largest donors to Botswana in recent years.
The assistance include relatively large-scale grant aid programmes such as the COVID-19 programme (to provide medical equipment; P34 million), the digital terrestrial television programme (to distribute receivers to the underprivileged, P17 million), the agriculture promotion programme (to provide agricultural machinery and equipment, P53million).
“As 2020 was a particularly difficult year, where COVID-19 hit Botswana’s economy and society hard, Japan felt the need to assist Botswana as our friend,” said Japan’s new Ambassador to Botswana, Hoshiyama Takashi.
“It is for this reason that grants of over P100 million were awarded to Botswana for the above mentioned projects.”
Japan is now the world’s fourth highest ranking donor country in terms of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
From 1991 to 2000, Japan continued as the top donor country in the world and contributed to Asia’s miracle economic development.
From 1993 onwards, the TICAD process commenced through Japan’s initiative as stated earlier. Japan’s main contribution has been in the form of Yen Loans, which are at a concessional rate, to suit large scale infrastructure construction.
“In Botswana, only a few projects have been implemented using the Yen Loan such as the Morupule “A” Power Station Rehabilitation and Pollution Abatement in 1986, the Railway Rolling Stock Increase Project in 1987, the Trans-Kalahari Road Construction Project in 1991, the North-South Carrier Water Project in 1995 and the Kazungula Bridge Construction Project in 2012,” said Ambassador Hoshiyama.
“In terms of grant aid and technical assistance, Japan has various aid schemes including development survey and master planning, expert dispatch to recipient countries, expert training in Japan, scholarships, small scale grass-roots program, culture-related assistance, aid through international organizations and so on.”
In 1993, Japan launched Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) to promote Africa’s development, peace and security, through the strengthening of relations in multilateral cooperation and partnership.
TICAD discuss development issues across Africa and, at the same time, present “aid menus” to African countries provided by Japan and the main aid-related international organizations, United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank.
“As TICAD provides vision and guidance, it is up to each African country to take ownership and to implement her own development following TICAD polices and make use of the programmes shown in the aid menus,” Ambassordor Hoshiyama noted.
“This would include using ODA loans for quality infrastructure, suited to the country’s own nation-building needs. It is my fervent hope that Botswana will take full advantage of the TICAD process.”
Since then, seven conferences where held, the latest, TICAD 7 being in 2019 at Yokohama. TICAD 7’s agenda on African development focused on three pillars, among them the first pillar being “Accelerating economic transformation and improving business environment through innovation and private sector engagement”.
“Yes, private investment is very important, while public investment through ODA (Official Development Assistance) still plays an indispensable role in development,” the Japanese Ambassador said.
“For further economic development in Africa, Japan recognizes that strengthening regional connectivity and integration through investment in quality infrastructure is key.”
Japan has emphasized the following; effective implementation of economic corridors such as the East Africa Northern Corridor, Nacala Corridor and West Africa Growth Ring; Quality infrastructure investment in line with the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment should be promoted by co-financing or cooperation through the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Japan.
Japan also emphasized the establishment of mechanisms to encourage private investment and to improve the business environment.
According to the statistics issued by Japan’s Finance Ministry, Japan invested approximately 10 billion US dollars in Africa after TICAD 7 (2019) to year end 2020, but Japanese investment through third countries are not included in this figure.
“With the other points factored in, the figure isn’t established yet,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
The next conference, TICAD 8 will be held in Tunisia in 2022. This will be the second TICAD summit to be held on the African continent after TICAD 6 which was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2016.
According to Ambassador Hoshiyama, in preparation for TICAD 8, the TICAD ministerial meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. The agenda to be discussed during TICAD 8 has not yet been fully deliberated on amongst TICAD Co-organizers (Japan, UN, UNDP, the World Bank and AU).
“Though not officially concluded, given the world situation caused by COVID-19, I believe that TICAD 8 will highlight health and medical issues including the promotion of a Universal Health Coverage (UHC),” said Hoshiyama.
“As the African economy has seriously taken a knock by COVID-19, economic issues, including debt, could be an item for serious discussion.”
The promotion of business is expected to be one of the most important topics. Japan and its partners, together with the business sector, will work closely to help revitalize private investment in Africa.
“All in all, the follow-up of the various programs that were committed by the Co-Organizers during the Yokohama Plan of Actions 2019 will also be reviewed as an important item of the agenda,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
“I believe that this TICAD follow-up mechanism has secured transparency and accountability as well as effective implementation of agreed actions by all parties. The guiding principle of TICAD is African ownership and international partnership.”
Directorate on Intelligence Services (DIS) Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi is said to be hell-bent and pushing President Mokgweetsi Masisi to reshuffle his cabinet as a matter of urgency since a number of his ministers are conflicted.
The request by Magosi comes at a time when time is ticking on his contract which is awaiting renewal from Masisi.
This publication learns that Magosi is unshaken by the development and continues to wield power despite uncertainty hovering around his contractual renewal.