Connect with us
Advertisement

Masisi’s jobs commitment questioned

Botswana Federation of Public Sector Unions (BOFEPUSU) Secretary General Tobokani Rari has expressed worry over President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s remaining mum on the issue of technology being a major threat to the future of jobs. This is despite the president being a huge advocate of job creation and being dubbed by the media as a “jobs president.”

Rari’s deliberation follows World Bank Group President, Jim Yong Kim’s persistent worry over the future of jobs that will be affected by automation of jobs or the revolution of technology that often replaces human jobs. BusinessPost had sought Rari’s comment on the matter.

Recently, Kim alarmed the world on the threat that will come with technology eating out jobs in the future. Kim made these utterances through his recent blog posted on the World Bank Group website titled ‘What will be the future of work?’ Since last year, Kim has been warning the world on the repercussions that will come with automation of jobs, especially in developing countries.

Kim said about two-thirds of jobs in the developing world may be lost to automation. The 12th President of the World Bank Group also advised policymakers to take action by investing in education and health to prepare for the future of work. Human capital should become an ever more valuable resource, said the World Bank chief.

“Do you wonder if the good fortune and opportunities that you’ve enjoyed in your professional life will be available to your children, and to their children? At a time of strong global economic growth, it may seem paradoxical that we face an existential crisis around the future of work. But the pace of innovation is accelerating, and the jobs of the future – in a few months or a few years – will require specific, complex skills,” read Kim’s article in part.

Kim’s words are part of a song repeated by analysts who have been giving predictions of the large impact that robot-assisted jobs automation will have on human labour around the world. Even though the discussion of the future of jobs did not make it to BOFEPUSU’s elective congress agenda held this month, Rari said the latest International Labour Organization (ILO) made a dialogue on the future of work. The labour activist said they are willing to take the debate and localize it, but Masisi should be at the helm of the dialogue already.

“The fact that the current administration has been silent on the issue of the future of jobs means it is going to be reactive on the issue,” said Rari. Rari said the advent of technology cannot be blocked. He said it is also undeniable that robots or technology will eventually replace jobs. Therefore training in education should change and there should be a move towards retooling and re-skilling, according to Rari who was advising Masisi’s fresh regime. He said Masisi should prepare for changes and protect the future of jobs. According to him, technology will come with more bad effects like retrenchment of people from jobs.

Rari is of the view that Botswana is not already a technology savvy country therefore the advent of robotics or automated jobs will come with the lack of skills to operate the machinery. He said Botswana is not yet advanced in technology and many are not well equipped in attending to defects that come with it. Rari lamented that technology has come with its downside as currently we have the “system down” disservice at our disposal.

Rari also made his take on Masisi’s utterances that civil service will be cut down, something which Rari opposes saying that the president should demonstrate first that the civil service is bloated. Like Rari said, Masisi is yet to talk about the future of jobs.

He has been an ardent believer in creation of jobs even three years before he became president he met with the private sector to discuss on how to solve the issue of unemployment which was 19.8 percent at that time for a population of 2 million. At that time when government was faced with a Botswana Aids Impact Survey of 2013 report that said most youth aged between 15 and 35 were without employment, Masisi appealed to the private sector to enroll a significant number of graduates so as to give them meaningful challenges and tasks.

Recently Masisi hosted a luncheon and invited public sector trade unions and opened up on his vision which is to build a Botswana that provides opportunity and dignity for all. He told trade unions that Botswana is confronted by numerous challenges such as high unemployment, low productivity and poverty among some sections of our population, particularly the youth.

He said, “as I stated in my maiden speech, unemployment, especially of young people, poses a threat to the future and security of this country.” The president did not mention the future of jobs or jobs automation, despite Botswana being among the developing countries said to be faced with the threat as suggested by the World Bank,

Botswana countenancing the advent of automation of jobs

Botswana’s diamond partner De Beers is venturing in production of synthetic diamonds, meaning manual jobs will be lost. Synthetic diamonds are produced in a lab using machinery unlike natural diamonds where manpower is needed to dig up the diamonds and then refine them. 

Recently the media has reported that the Directorate of Intelligence Services has purchased Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) which can fly autonomously based on pre-programmed flight plans or more complex dynamic automation system. Minister of Transport, Kitso Mokaila also revealed this year that government will be using automated testing cars to replace driving schools.

Further, there is the controversial electronic voting machines which will also shed a few jobs. Banks have also introduced ATMs deposits where people can just deposit money without stepping up to a teller inside the bank. Ironically the ministry that is tasked with driving creation and protection of jobs, the Ministry of Employment, Labour Productivity and Skills Development, is currently using Point Of Sale(POS) machines which are used to enhance the HR and accounting departments of the ministry. It can monitor employees and has accounting softwares.

Masisi embraces technology as heard in his inauguration speech. “In line with Vision 2036, investment in research, science, technology and innovation will be prioritised to enable our transformation into a knowledge based economy. To this end, I will ensure that the transformation of education and training, through the Human Resource Development Strategy of 2009, receives all the necessary support that is required in order to ensure that education meets the needs of industry,” said Masisi.

Private sector not worried

However Business Botswana President Gobusamang Keebine says Botswana is still far when it comes to the revolution of technology taking away jobs. Unlike Rari, the Business Botswana president is not worried that robots will replace people in their jobs. He said Botswana is not like economies like South Africa who are more advanced in manufacturing and technology. “It is still early to worry about robotics taking away jobs. We should rather worry about creating more jobs as the private sector and government…meaningful jobs for that matter,” said Keebine.

Continue Reading

Business

The  Bulb World CEO selected for Africa’s prestigious award

22nd July 2021

The Bulb World Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and entrepreneur, Ketshephaone Jacob has been selected as a 2021 Top 50 Africa’s Business Hero.

Jacob was chosen from a pool of 12,000 applicants – many of whom are highly-skilled and accomplished entrepreneurs.

Africa’s Business Hero, sponsored by technology entrepreneur, Jack Ma, aims to identify, support and inspire the next generation of African entrepreneurs who are making a difference in their local communities, working to solve the most pressing problems, and building a more sustainable and inclusive economy for the future.

The initiative is as inclusive as possible and applications were open in English and French to entrepreneurs from all African countries, all sectors, and all ages who operate businesses formally registered and headquartered in an African country, and that have a 3 year-track record.

Every year, finalists are selected to compete in the ABH finale pitch competition and participate in a TV Show that will be broadcast online and across the continent.

The finalists will compete for a share of US $1.5 million in grant money.

The Bulb World, is home grown LED light manufacturing company, which was partly funded by Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency (CEDA) at the tune of P4 million, to manufacture LED lighting bulbs for both commercial and residential use in 2017.

The Bulb World operate from the Special Economic Zone of Selibe Phikwe. Early this year, The BulB World announced its expansion to South Africa, setting in motion its ambitious Africa expansion plan.

Continue Reading

Business

Mining production down 12 % IN Q1 2021

14th July 2021

During the first quarter of 2021, production in Botswana’s economic nucleus- the mining sector contracted by 12 percent. This is according to Mining Production Index released by Statistics Botswana this week.

The country’s central data body revealed that Index of Mining production stood at 74.4 during the first quarter of 2021, showing a negative year on-year growth of 12.0 percent, from 84.6 registered during the first quarter of 2020.

The main contributor to the decline in mining production came from the Diamonds sector, which contributed negative 11.7 percentage points. Soda Ash was the only positive contributor in the mining production, contributing 0.1 of a percentage point. However Soda Ash’s contribution was insignificant to offset the negative contribution made by Diamonds.

The quarter-on-quarter analysis by Statistics Botswana experts shows an increase of 16.3 percent from the index of 64.0 during the fourth quarter of 2020 to 74.4 observed during the period under review.

Diamond production decreased by 12.1 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. The decrease was as a result of planned strategy to align production with weaker trading conditions mostly linked to Covid-19 protocols restrictions.

Botswana’s diamond sector is underpinned by Debswana, the country’s flagship rough producer- a 50-50 joint venture between government and global mining giant De Beers Group. The other producer is Canadian based Lucara Diamond Corp through its wholly owned Karowe Mine which is a relatively small but significant production that has made a name for itself worldwide with rare diamond recoveries of unprecedented carat size.

On the other hand, quarter-on quarter analysis shows that production has improved, registering a positive growth of 17.5 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the preceding quarter – 2020 Q4.

Though production was significantly lower in the first quarter, the two producers ended Q2 with rare diamond recoveries. Debswana early last month found the world’s third largest gem diamond – weighing 1098 carat at Jwaneng Mine, its flagship gem quality diamonds producer, also regarded the world’s richest diamond mine.

A week later Lucara  announced its second biggest recovery, the 1174 carat clivage near-gem dug from its Karowe Mine. The diamond is the world third in carat size after the plus-3000 carat Cullinan found in South Africa back in 1905 and the 1758 carat Sewelo unearthed at its Karowe mine in 2019. Debswana and Lucara are investing billions of pulas in underground mining projects to extend the life of its mines, Jwaneng & Karowe respectively.

In terms of Gold which is produced at Mupani mine near Botswana’s second city of Francistown output decreased by 17.9 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year.

Similarly, quarter-on-quarter analysis reflects that production decreased by 21.4 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the preceding quarter. The decrease was as a result of the deteriorating lifespan of the mine as well as the impact of COVID-19 which slowed down the mining activities.

Soda Ash production increased by 11.1 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. In terms of quarter-on-quarter Soda Ash production also showed an increase, picking up by 2.1 percent during the period under review. The increase in production is attributable to the effectiveness of the plant following refurbishment which occurred in the third quarter of 2020.

Salt production decreased by 34.0 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the same quarter of the previous year. Similarly, the quarter-on-quarter analysis shows that salt production registered a decrease of 32.9 percent during the period under review. Both salt and Sodash are produced by partly government owned Botswana Ash (BotsAsh) operating from Sowa town near Makgadikgadi pans.

Coal production decreased by 11.2 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the corresponding quarter of the previous year. The decrease was attributed to the reduced demand from Morupule B Power Station following the remedial works being undertaken, as one boiler was in operation during the period under review.

Although production fell, Statistics Botswana says there was no shortfall in supply of coal due to stockpiling. On the other hand, the quarter-on-quarter comparison shows that coal production increased by 20.4 percent compared to the preceding quarter.

Botswana’s flagship coal producer is Morupule Coal Mine; a wholly state owned mining company located in Palapye producing primarily for Botswana Power Corporation (BPC)’s power generation plants Morupule A & B.

The other coal producer is Botswana Stock Exchange listed Minergy which operates a 390 MT Coal Resource mine in Masama near Media in the southwestern edge of the Mmamabula Coalfields.

Continue Reading

Business

Gov’t awards mining licence for Gantsi Copper Mine

14th July 2021
Moagi

Department of Mines in the Ministry of Mineral Resources, Green Technology & Energy Security has awarded mining licence to Tshukudu Metals-a subsidiary of Aussie firm Sandfire Resources ,giving the company a green light to start piecing the ground at its Motheo Copper Project near Gantsi.

Lefoko Moagi, minister in charge of mineral resources in Botswana confirmed to weekendpost on Tuesday. Minister Moagi revealed that “the licence has been approved , but Sandfire Resources as a listed company will report to its shareholders and investors then make an official public statement” he said.

Based on a forecast copper price of US$3.16/lb (reflecting current long-term consensus pricing) the Base Case 3.2Mtpa – Ghantsi copper project is forecast to generate US$664 million (over P7 billion) in pre-tax free cash-flow and US$987 million (over P10 billion) in EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortisation), at a forecast all-in sustaining cost of US$1.76/lb over its first 10 years of operations.

In December 2020, the Board of Sandfire Resources approved the commercial development of the Motheo Copper Mine located in the Kalahari Copper Belt in Botswana, marking a key step in its transformation into a global, diversified, and sustainable mining company.

Tshukudu Metals Botswana (Pty) Limited (Tshukudu) a 100% owned subsidiary will be the owner and operator of the Motheo Copper Mine which is scheduled to produce up to 30,000 tonnes per annum of copper in concentrate over a 12 year mine life.TMB is targeting development of its Motheo Copper Mine in 2021 and 2022, with its first production in 2023.

GOVERNMENT NOT TAKING UP 15 % STAKE ON OFFER

Beginning of this year presentations were made to the Department of Mines as part of the Mining Licence approval process and to the Ghanzi Regional Council, additional information was requested by Department of Mines in April and was duly supplied by the company.

As part of the Mining Licence approval process, the Government of Botswana has a right to acquire up to a 15% fully contributing interest in all mining projects locally. Quizzed on whether government through Mineral Development Corporation Botswana (MDCB) would be taking up stake in the project Minister Moagi said, “No consideration is being made on that regard”.

“Government is not considering taking up a stake in the Ghantsi Copper Mine project, every opportunity is assessed on all risks, but Government makes money all the while from leases, taxes and royalties, remember if you take stake you are liable for liabilities of the project as well,” Moagi said.

MINING CONTRACT

Last month Sandfire announced that it has awarded over P5 billion worth mining contract to African Mining Services (AMS), a subsidiary of Perenti, to deliver the open cast operation.

The contract, which has an estimated value of US$496 million (over 5 billion), is the largest single operational contract for the new Motheo Project covering a period of 7 years and 3 months, with provision for a one-year extension.

The contract according to Sandfire Resources was awarded following a competitive 3-stage tender process which saw a number of key factors taken into consideration when selecting the preferred contractor.

These included Citizen Economic Empowerment, safety culture, equipment suitability and availability, commercial terms and identified improvement opportunities. Under the terms of the contract, AMS has agreed to form a 70:30 Joint Venture with a suitable local Botswana partner or partners.

The JV is expected to be finalized ahead of commencement of mining in early 2022. African Mining Services has been operating in Africa for over 30 years. AMS’ parent company, ASX listed diversified mining services group Perenti, already has a presence in Botswana through Barminco, their underground mining division, at the large-scale Khoemacau Copper Mine located 200km north-east of Motheo.

Last month Sandfire executives said the award of the open pit mining contract represents another key milestone in advancing the Motheo Project towards production, with all components of the contract in line with the key parameters outlined in the December 2020 Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS).

The company said full-scale construction of the US$279 million (over P 3 billion ) mine development is expected to commence immediately upon receipt of the Mining Licence, with mining scheduled to commence in early 2022 ahead of first production in early 2023. This week Sandfire Resources advertised over 10 positions in calling on applications from geologists, mining engineers and geotechnical engineers.

The Motheo mine has an initial mine life of 12.5 years based on production from the T3 pit. The initial development is expected to generate approximately 1,000 jobs during the construction phase and 600 direct full-time jobs during operations, with at least 95% of the total mine workforce expected to be made of up of Botswana citizens.

Later in the week Sandfire Resources announced in the company website that it has received the licence. Sandfire’s Managing Director and CEO, Mr Karl Simich, said the award of the Mining Licence represented a major milestone that would see a significant increase in construction and development activities on site.

“We are absolutely delighted to now be in a position to move to full-scale construction at Motheo, with our construction crews expected to mobilise to site over the next few days. I would like to thank the Government of Botswana for their support throughout the approvals process, which will see Motheo come on-stream in 2023 as one of very few new copper mines commencing production globally.”

Simich said the project is expected to generate approximately 1,000 jobs during construction and 600 full-time jobs during operations, and represents the foundation for Sandfire’s long-term growth plans in Botswana.

“Our vision is that Motheo will form the centre of a new, long-life copper production hub in in the central portion of the world-class Kalahari Copper Belt, where we hold an extensive ground-holding spanning Botswana and Namibia,” he said.

Continue Reading
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!