Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) has finally demutualised to become a company incorporated under and in terms of the Botswana companies act. This signals that BSE which now changed its name to Botswana Stock Exchange Limited (BSE Ltd) divorced the statutory entity tag to take in full swing the profit making company status generating return on investment for its shareholders.
Established in 1989 and started full operation in 1994 as Botswana share market, the BSE has been governed by the Botswana Stock Exchange Act as a statutory parastatal under the Ministry of Finance. As of 2nd August 2018, the stock market now operates in the ownership setup similar to that of major exchanges such as JSE & Nairobi Stock Exchange. Botswana Stock Exchange is now a registered company under the Companies & Intellectual Property Authority (CIPA) Botswana.
Demutualisation is a process of transforming from a member owned, not-for-profit, entity to a for-profit, investor-owned corporation which involves changing the legal status, structure and governance of an entity. In the case of a stock exchange, it is the separation of the ownership of the exchange from the right to trade on the exchange. In the case of the then BSE, the Proprietary Rights of the members of the then BSE, as well as the cash injection by Government of the Republic Botswana, have been converted to shares in BSE Limited.
The man at the helm of this historic conversion Chief Executive Officer of the now BSE Limited Thapelo Tsheole briefed members of the media on Tuesday, revealing that the demutualisation of the BSE began in December 2015, when the BSE Transition Act, No. 2 of 2015 came into operation. “The Main Committee comprising of broker representatives and Government representatives, as well as the Minister of Finance and Economic Development, played a strategic role in the entire end to end process of demutualisation, along with management,” he said.
Tsheole highlighted that the transformation will significantly energise the capital market in Botswana, and the continent at large. “Looking at stock exchanges across the world, the pace of stock exchanges’ demutualisation has been rapid in developed markets and slower in emerging markets. This demonstrates the difficulty with which this process is accomplished given the diverse interests of the parties involved,” he said.
Tsheole however observed that on the part of BSE, the pace of demutualisation was exceptional and without hurdles. Botswana Stock Exchange Limited now joins the elite league of stock exchanges as seventh among twenty-eight stock exchanges in Africa to have undergone demutualisation. Thapelo Tsheole explained that to arrive at the name Botswana Stock Exchange Limited, his organization engaged stakeholders to solicit suggestions on possible names the bourse could adopt, post demutualisation.
“Through an internal process we proposed names such as Botswana Stock Exchange Limited (BSE Ltd), Botswana Securities Exchange (BSX), Botswana Securities Exchange Group (BSE) and Botswana Securities Exchange Holdings (BSE) ,and after thorough engagement with our stakeholders and even the public through several public statements we arrived at BSE Limited,” he said. Stock exchanges all over the world initiate demutualisation hoping to empower the market and to increase revenues and trading volumes.
However, the trend of stock exchange demutualisation continues to generate debate amongst experts on the impact of such transformation from mutual statutory organization to a shareholder held company. Observers note that the change in governance structure of an exchange is not important as demutualized exchanges usually still provide the same services and accrue the same benefits as in mutual exchanges.
Experts favour demutualisation on the basis that it opens up various opportunities for exchanges which include merging and consolidation among stock exchanges not only within the area they operate in but also across the borders in order to become more competitive, for example, Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam, Lisbon and LIFFE stock exchanges have combined to form Euronext Group and Euronext merged with the New York Stock Exchange .
The consolidation of stock exchanges enables them to devise new ways and strategies to make them more competitive hence impacting positively on stock exchange performance. The newly transformed bourse now forecasts exciting moves going forward. BSE Limited Executives told members of the media that it is the company’s ambition to self list .
However with the new organization and shareholder structure and form, BSE Boss said consultation with the Shareholders being government & stockbrokers will determine the approach and time for the proposed self listing. “Self-listing is an accepted practice in a lot of markets and it is a practice that we would like to adopt at the BSE. An opportunity for private investors to own shares in the BSE will become available when the BSE eventually self-lists,” he said.
This would mean shares of the demutualised BSE Limited, would be available for trading on the same stock market. The Nairobi Securities Exchange sold 38% of its shares in a $7.1 million Initial Public Offer in August 2014, and it self-listed soon afterwards. South Africa’s JSE Ltd did the same in 2006. Tsheole underscored that the demutualisation will result in transformation of the structure of the exchange and leads to an improved corporate governance structure to boost investor confidence and maximizes value creation.
‘This demutualisation and immediate corporatization of the Exchange brings forth enormous efficiencies that will enable the bourse to discharge its mandate and drive value for shareholders and stakeholders as we strive to become a world class securities exchange,” he said.
The BSE is currently in the second year of its five year strategy in which it, amongst others, aims to grow the ratio of the BSE’s market capitalization to gross domestic product from 34 percent to 40 percent by 2021 as well as increase the number of domestic companies listed from 24 to 30 by 2021. In the 2016 financial year, the BSE realized revenues of P31.7 million and posted a profit of P8.4 million
In today’s digital age, banking is no longer just about visiting a branch during business hours. It’s about putting you, the customer, in the driver’s seat of your financial journey. But what exactly is self-service banking, and how do you stand to benefit from it as a customer?
Self-service banking is all about giving you the power to manage your finances on your terms. Whether you want to check your account balance at midnight, transfer money while on vacation, or deposit cash without waiting in line, self-service banking makes it possible. It’s like having a virtual branch at your fingertips, ready to assist you 24/7.
This shift towards self-service banking was catalyzed by various factors but it became easily accessible and accepted during the COVID-19 pandemic. People of all ages found themselves turning to digital channels out of necessity, and they discovered the freedom and flexibility it offers.
Anyone with a bank account and access to the internet or a smartphone can now bank anywhere and anytime. Whether you’re a tech-savvy millennial or someone who’s less comfortable with technology, you as the customer have the opportunity to manage your finances independently through online banking portal or downloading your bank’s mobile app. These platforms are designed to be user-friendly, with features like biometric authentication to ensure your transactions are secure.
Speaking of security, you might wonder how safe self-service banking really is. Banks invest heavily in encryption and other security measures to protect your information. In addition to that, features like real-time fraud detection and AI-powered risk management add an extra layer of protection.
Now, you might be thinking, “What’s the catch? Does self-service banking come with a cost?” The good news is that for the most part, it’s free. Banks offer these digital services as part of their commitment to customer satisfaction. However, some transactions, like wire transfers or expedited bill payments, may incur a small service fee.
At Bank Gaborone, our electronic channels offer a plethora of services around the clock to cater to your banking requirements. This includes our Mobile App, which doesn’t require data access for Orange and Mascom users. We also have e-Pula Internet Banking portal, available at https://www.bankgaborone.co.bw as well as Tobetsa Mobile Banking which is accessible via *187*247#. Our ATMs also offer the flexibility of allowing you to deposit, withdraw cash, and more.
With self-service banking, you have the reins of your financial affairs, accessible from the comfort of your home, workplace, or while you’re on the move. So why wait? Take control of your finances today with self-service banking.
Duduetsang Chappelle-Molloy is Head: Marketing and Corporate Communication Services
Botswana has recently recorded a significant trade deficit of over P6 billion. This trade deficit, which occurred in November 2023, follows another deficit of P4.7 billion recorded in October of the same year. These figures, released by Statistics Botswana, highlight a decline in export revenues as the main cause of the trade deficit.
In November 2023, Botswana’s total export revenues amounted to P2.9 billion, a decrease of 24.3 percent from the previous month. Diamonds, a major contributor to Botswana’s exports, experienced a significant decline of 44.1 percent during this period. This decline in diamond exports played a significant role in the overall decrease in export revenues. However, diamonds still remained the leading export commodity group, contributing 44.2 percent to export revenues. Copper and Machinery & Electrical Equipment followed, contributing 25.8 percent and 10.1 percent, respectively.
Asia emerged as the leading export market for Botswana, receiving exports worth P1.18 billion in November 2023. The United Arab Emirates, China, and Hong Kong were the top destinations within Asia, receiving 18.6 percent, 14.2 percent, and 3.8 percent of total exports, respectively. Diamonds and Copper were the major commodity groups exported to Asia.
The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) received Botswana’s exports worth P685.7 million, with South Africa being the main recipient within SACU. The European Union (EU) received exports worth P463.2 million, primarily through Belgium. Australia received exports worth P290 million, while the United States received exports valued at P69.6 million, mostly composed of diamonds.
On the import side, Botswana imported goods worth P9.5 billion in November 2023, representing an increase of 11.2 percent from the previous month. The increase in imports was mainly driven by a rise in Diamonds and Chemicals & Rubber Products imports. Diamonds contributed 23.3 percent to total imports, followed by Fuel and Food, Beverages & Tobacco at 19.4 percent and 15.0 percent, respectively.
The SACU region was the top supplier of imports to Botswana, accounting for 77.7 percent of total imports. South Africa contributed the largest share at 57.2 percent, followed by Namibia at 20.0 percent. Imports from Asia accounted for 9.8 percent of total imports, with Diamonds, Machinery & Electrical Equipment, and Chemicals & Rubber Products being the major commodity groups imported. The EU supplied Botswana with imports worth 3.2 percent of total imports, primarily in the form of Machinery & Electrical Equipment, Diamonds, and Chemicals & Rubber Products.
Botswana’s recent trade deficit of over P6 billion highlights a decline in export revenues, particularly in the diamond sector. While Asia remains the leading export market for Botswana, the country heavily relies on imports from the SACU region, particularly South Africa. Addressing the trade deficit will require diversification of export markets and sectors, as well as efforts to promote domestic industries and reduce reliance on imports.
The business sector in Botswana is optimistic about the year 2024, according to a recent survey conducted by the Bank of Botswana (BoB). The survey collected information from businesses in various sectors, including agriculture, mining, manufacturing, construction, and finance, among others. The results of the survey indicate that businesses expect trading conditions to improve in the first quarter of 2024 and remain favorable throughout the year.
The researchers found that firms anticipate improvements in investment, profitability, and goods and services exported in the fourth quarter of 2023 compared to the previous quarter. These expectations, combined with anticipated growth in all sectors except construction and real estate, contribute to the overall confidence in business conditions. Furthermore, businesses expect further improvements in the first quarter of 2024 and throughout the entire year.
Confidence among domestic market-oriented firms may decline slightly in the first quarter of 2024, but overall optimism is expected to improve throughout the year, consistent with the anticipated domestic economic recovery. Firms in sectors such as mining, retail, accommodation, transport, manufacturing, agriculture, and finance are driving this confidence. Export-oriented firms also show increased optimism in the first quarter of 2024 and for the entire year.
All sectors, except agriculture, which remains neutral, are optimistic about the first quarter of 2024 and the year ending in December 2024. This optimism is likely supported by government interventions to support economic activity, including the two-year Transitional National Development Plan (TNDP) and reforms aimed at improving the business environment. The anticipated improvement in profitability, goods and services exported, and business investment further contributes to the positive outlook.
Firms expect lending rates and borrowing volumes to increase in the 12-month period ending in December 2024. This increase in borrowing is consistent with the expected rise in investment, inventories, and goods and services exported. Firms anticipate that domestic economic performance will improve during this period. Domestic-oriented firms perceive access to credit from commercial banks in Botswana to be relaxed, while export-oriented firms prefer to borrow from South Africa.
During the fourth quarter of 2023, firms faced high cost pressures due to increased input costs, such as materials, utilities, and transport, resulting from supply constraints related to conflicts in Ukraine-Russia and Israel-Hamas. According to the survey report, the firms noted that cost pressures during the fourth quarter of 2023 were high, mainly attributable to increase in some input costs, such as materials, utilities, and transport arising from supply constraints related to the Ukraine-Russia and Israel-Hamas wars. βHowever, firmsβ expectations about domestic inflation decreased, compared to the previous survey, and have remained within the Bankβs 3 β 6 percent objective range, averaging 5.4 percent for 2023 and 5.4 percent for 2024. This suggests that inflation expectations are well anchored, which is good for maintenance of price stability,β reads the survey report in part.
However, firms’ expectations about domestic inflation decreased compared to the previous survey, and inflation expectations remained within the Bank’s objective range of 3-6 percent. This suggests that inflation expectations are well anchored, which is beneficial for maintaining price stability.
In terms of challenges, most firms in the retail, accommodation, transport, manufacturing, construction, and finance sectors considered the exchange rate of the Pula to be unfavorable to their business operations. This is mainly because these firms import raw materials from South Africa and would prefer a stronger Pula against the South African rand. Additionally, firms in the retail, accommodation, transport, and mining sectors cited other challenges, including supply constraints from conflicts in Russia-Ukraine and Israel-Hamas, as well as new citizen economic empowerment policies that some firms considered unfavorable to foreign direct investment.
On the positive side, firms highlighted factors such as adequate water and electricity supply, a favorable political climate, an effective regulatory framework, the availability of skilled labor, and domestic and international demand as supportive to doing business in Botswana during the fourth quarter of 2023.
Overall, the business sector in Botswana is optimistic about the year 2024. The anticipated improvements in trading conditions, supported by government interventions and reforms, are expected to drive growth and profitability in various sectors. While challenges exist, businesses remain confident in the potential for economic recovery and expansion.