The Chairperson of the Public Accounts Committee, Dithapelo Keorapetse has strongly rejected the observation that he is somehow delaying the release of a report on the probe of alleged embezzlement at the National Petroleum Fund (NPF).
Instead he posits that the narrative is sold by those who want to divert attention from the scandal, “all they are trying is to soil my name for political expediency.” Giving an update of the PAC examination of the books of accounts of the National Petroleum Fund, Keorapetse said the primary elections, shortage of staff, committee disagreements, incomplete information are among some of the factors that contributed to the delay in releasing the PAC’s report on the NPF. But he stated that there is light at the end of the tunnel as the report is currently being compiled after receipt of crucial information.
When quizzed on latest PAC business on the NPF probe, Keorapetse stated, “When the PAC adjourned, we subpoenaed information from Bank Gaborone and Stanbic Bank. PAC needed to know how the authorization of opening of bank accounts and disbursements and or transfer of funds happened; Who authorized and under what authority.” According to Keorapetse, information which was requested by the PAC has been submitted and copies have been given to MPs at their meeting of Tuesday the 28th.
“We’ve agreed to subpoena persons in respect of the information we received because we have to ascertain that there was compliance with Banking Act, Banking Regulations, Financial Intelligence Act and other important laws and regulations. We’ve to check if some banks or individuals employed by some banks colluded with those who plundered the NPF or not. So on Wednesday the 5th of September we intend to call witnesses from commercial banks to ask them a few questions,” said the PAC chairman.
Pressed further Keorapetse pointed to more challenges besieging his committee, he indicated that the PAC has One Secretary who is seconded from the Auditor General and the whole Parliament has two legal officers being the Parliamentary Counsel and her Assistant; “they service the whole parliament including all committees. These people are the ones who draft our reports not of only PAC but other committees and we depend on them. They’re not even directly employed by Parliament.”
Keorapetse said their role as MPs of the Committee is to discuss these draft reports and add or subtract. “People should understand the delay from the backdrop of our rubber stamp parliament which lacks experts such as lawyers, economists, forensic accountants etc, it also has no complex internal structures. I can confirm that the few bureaucrats we have at our disposal are seized with the matter and are drafting the NPF report.”
The Selibe Phikwe West Member of Parliament told this publication that most MPs in the PAC have been campaigning for both primary elections and general elections (registration). He acknowledged that it hasn’t been easy to meet. “It’s also easy for MPs to opt to be in their constituencies or attend to their personal businesses than to sit in a PAC meeting and be paid P350, it doesn’t make sense to many to give Committees their whole attention, that is why we struggle with quorum all the time. That’s the sad reality.”
Meanwhile Keorapetse said as a committee they have also had their own points of disagreement. “My view as chair of the NPF inquiry was that the examination is incomplete and we’ve many unanswered questions. Fundamental was for the Speaker to invoke her powers in the National Assembly Powers and Privileges Act to compel former DG of DIS to answer questions. Most committee members didn’t agree with this. Their view is that we’ve adequate information of what really happened, that we can infer from the refusal to answer questions and make conclusions,” he shared.
The DIS Act Section 29 establishes the Intelligence and Security Council which consists of the Permanent Secretary to the President, the Attorney General, The DG, and Deputy DG. It’s function according to Section 30 is to review intelligence policies and activities and examine the expenditure, administration, complaints by and oversee the legal framework of the Directorate.
Keorapetse pointed out that as Chair was that the decision on anti-poaching security issues and other related matters which resulted in the procurement of security equipment with NPF money by the DIS ought to have been discussed and authorized by Council as this clearly falls within their mandate. “I wanted to put all the members of the council on stand to clarify these matters. Majority of committee members disagreed with this opinion. “
Keorapetse said the PAC had to establish the extent of the President’s (Commander in Chief) knowledge and involvement in the NPF issues especially as it relates to the DIS. “Was he aware of security concerns the DG spoke about when he appeared before the PAC? Did he know that money was sourced from NPF for the purpose of security equipment procurement and did he authorize it? If he didn’t know how did he not know when High policy intelligence matters are reported to him?
I wanted to put former President Ian Khama on the stand regarding the matter but majority didn’t think it’s necessary. I think the VP and minister in the Presidency would be privy to high policy intelligence matters and may have been briefed about the security concerns and the need to procure some equipment from Israel with NPF or other money. I was of the view that these people should be called to answer questions the same way former Ministers Sadique Kebonang and Kitso Mokaila were called.”
Keorapetse said they also noted that the role of PPADB is also in question because it is not clear of the SPADC which Manages Procurement of Highly Sensitive Items for Disciplined Services was involved or not. He noted that the PPADCB rejected the single sourcing for storage facilities “but what has been its role subsequently?”
“I was personally frustrated by all these and thought if we write a report without answers to these questions then our job isn’t over. But the attitude in our parliament has always been that “let’s get it over with”, even Bills pass through Parliament most of the time rather than being passed by Parliament. You should also note that most PAC MPs are ruling party MPs uneager to provide oversight of the executive for obvious reasons.”
According to Keorapetse Botswana parliament is extremely weak, “we don’t have the necessary capacity, human resource and other resources to effectively scrutinize some of these matters. People should understand that we are doing our best under the circumstances.”
Asked if he has any personal reasons to delay the NPF report, Keorapetse said, “My conscience is clear, I’ve been a consistent corruption fighter as DCEC Officer in 2007-2008, as an academic and columnist and as a trade unionists and politician. I don’t care about some brief-case political parties’ agents and their media plants who go around trying to damage me.
There are issues which I’ve explained which have delayed the report. PAC is a committee which does its work in public and that’s why I’m sharing this information with you and agree to answer your questions. Our secretariat will advise us when they’re ready.” The PAC is tasked with examining government books, and in this matter it is interrogating the Directorate on Intelligence Security Services’ (DISS) involvement in the P250 million National Petroleum Fund (NPF) scandal.
Former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Member of Parliament for Gaborone North, Haskins Nkaigwa has confirmed his departure from opposition fold to re-join the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Nkaigwa said opposition is extremely divided and the leadership not in talking terms. “They are planning evil against each other. Nothing much will be achieved,” Nkaigwa told WeekendPost.
“I believe my time in the opposition has come to an end. It’s time to be of value to rebuilding our nation and economy of the country. Remember the BDP is where I started my political journey. It is home,” he said.
“Despite all challenges currently facing the world, President Masisi will be far with his promises to Batswana. A leader always have the interest of the people at heart despite how some decisions may look to be unpopular with the people.
“I have faith and full confidence in President Dr Masisi leadership. We shall overcome as party and nation the current challenges bedevilling nations. BDP will emerge stronger. President Masisi will always have my backing.”
Nkaigwa served as opposition legislator between 2014-2019 representing Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) under UDC banner. He joined BMD in 2011 at the height public servant strike whilst Gaborone City Deputy Mayor. He eventually rose to become the mayor same year, after BDP lost majority in the GCC.
Nkaigwa had been a member of Botswana National Front (BNF), having joined from Alliance for Progressives (AP) in 2019.
Botswana has received assistance worth over P100 million from Japanese government since 2019, making the latter of the largest donors to Botswana in recent years.
The assistance include relatively large-scale grant aid programmes such as the COVID-19 programme (to provide medical equipment; P34 million), the digital terrestrial television programme (to distribute receivers to the underprivileged, P17 million), the agriculture promotion programme (to provide agricultural machinery and equipment, P53million).
“As 2020 was a particularly difficult year, where COVID-19 hit Botswana’s economy and society hard, Japan felt the need to assist Botswana as our friend,” said Japan’s new Ambassador to Botswana, Hoshiyama Takashi.
“It is for this reason that grants of over P100 million were awarded to Botswana for the above mentioned projects.”
Japan is now the world’s fourth highest ranking donor country in terms of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
From 1991 to 2000, Japan continued as the top donor country in the world and contributed to Asia’s miracle economic development.
From 1993 onwards, the TICAD process commenced through Japan’s initiative as stated earlier. Japan’s main contribution has been in the form of Yen Loans, which are at a concessional rate, to suit large scale infrastructure construction.
“In Botswana, only a few projects have been implemented using the Yen Loan such as the Morupule “A” Power Station Rehabilitation and Pollution Abatement in 1986, the Railway Rolling Stock Increase Project in 1987, the Trans-Kalahari Road Construction Project in 1991, the North-South Carrier Water Project in 1995 and the Kazungula Bridge Construction Project in 2012,” said Ambassador Hoshiyama.
“In terms of grant aid and technical assistance, Japan has various aid schemes including development survey and master planning, expert dispatch to recipient countries, expert training in Japan, scholarships, small scale grass-roots program, culture-related assistance, aid through international organizations and so on.”
In 1993, Japan launched Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) to promote Africa’s development, peace and security, through the strengthening of relations in multilateral cooperation and partnership.
TICAD discuss development issues across Africa and, at the same time, present “aid menus” to African countries provided by Japan and the main aid-related international organizations, United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank.
“As TICAD provides vision and guidance, it is up to each African country to take ownership and to implement her own development following TICAD polices and make use of the programmes shown in the aid menus,” Ambassordor Hoshiyama noted.
“This would include using ODA loans for quality infrastructure, suited to the country’s own nation-building needs. It is my fervent hope that Botswana will take full advantage of the TICAD process.”
Since then, seven conferences where held, the latest, TICAD 7 being in 2019 at Yokohama. TICAD 7’s agenda on African development focused on three pillars, among them the first pillar being “Accelerating economic transformation and improving business environment through innovation and private sector engagement”.
“Yes, private investment is very important, while public investment through ODA (Official Development Assistance) still plays an indispensable role in development,” the Japanese Ambassador said.
“For further economic development in Africa, Japan recognizes that strengthening regional connectivity and integration through investment in quality infrastructure is key.”
Japan has emphasized the following; effective implementation of economic corridors such as the East Africa Northern Corridor, Nacala Corridor and West Africa Growth Ring; Quality infrastructure investment in line with the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment should be promoted by co-financing or cooperation through the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Japan.
Japan also emphasized the establishment of mechanisms to encourage private investment and to improve the business environment.
According to the statistics issued by Japan’s Finance Ministry, Japan invested approximately 10 billion US dollars in Africa after TICAD 7 (2019) to year end 2020, but Japanese investment through third countries are not included in this figure.
“With the other points factored in, the figure isn’t established yet,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
The next conference, TICAD 8 will be held in Tunisia in 2022. This will be the second TICAD summit to be held on the African continent after TICAD 6 which was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2016.
According to Ambassador Hoshiyama, in preparation for TICAD 8, the TICAD ministerial meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. The agenda to be discussed during TICAD 8 has not yet been fully deliberated on amongst TICAD Co-organizers (Japan, UN, UNDP, the World Bank and AU).
“Though not officially concluded, given the world situation caused by COVID-19, I believe that TICAD 8 will highlight health and medical issues including the promotion of a Universal Health Coverage (UHC),” said Hoshiyama.
“As the African economy has seriously taken a knock by COVID-19, economic issues, including debt, could be an item for serious discussion.”
The promotion of business is expected to be one of the most important topics. Japan and its partners, together with the business sector, will work closely to help revitalize private investment in Africa.
“All in all, the follow-up of the various programs that were committed by the Co-Organizers during the Yokohama Plan of Actions 2019 will also be reviewed as an important item of the agenda,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
“I believe that this TICAD follow-up mechanism has secured transparency and accountability as well as effective implementation of agreed actions by all parties. The guiding principle of TICAD is African ownership and international partnership.”
Directorate on Intelligence Services (DIS) Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi is said to be hell-bent and pushing President Mokgweetsi Masisi to reshuffle his cabinet as a matter of urgency since a number of his ministers are conflicted.
The request by Magosi comes at a time when time is ticking on his contract which is awaiting renewal from Masisi.
This publication learns that Magosi is unshaken by the development and continues to wield power despite uncertainty hovering around his contractual renewal.