The cost of using Selebi Phikwe Town Council (SPTC) services will go up by November this year as the Town Council last week adopted the proposed fee increases for various services that the Local Authority provides to the public.
Presented by the Chairperson of Finance and General Purposes Committee, Councillor Moses Serite, the Cost Reduction Strategy Review Report which outlined fee hikes for various services and introduced fees for services previously not charged, councillors adopted the report without a single dissenter.
The report records that the SPTC has proposed to review cost reduction strategies in place “due to the fact that it has been offering certain services and it has emerged that most of them were either undercharged for services charged or not charged at all.” It further notes that the review of the strategies is “so as to bridge the imbalance between running expenses and income generated.”
It further states that “some costs have been introduced due to the fact that too much effort and resources are used in order for the council to render services like site visits, inspections before and after developments, and this automatically includes maintenance and operational costs including sitting allowances that committees attract by sitting for decisions to be made.”
The council have adjusted upwards most of its fees and service charges at a times where businesses are struggling to stay afloat in a town still reeling from the economic shock that saw some businesses close shop following the closure of BCL mine in October 2016. The Town Clerk has been given the authority to make a waiver where necessary. All cost changes are effective on November 01, 2018.
Several services have been seen cost increases of over 100%. The stadium which has been charging P3, 500.00 for local festivals have been hiked to P10, 000.00, representing a 186% increase. International pastors and other international festivals who have been paying P7, 000.00 will from November have to fork out P15, 000.00, the reports reveals.
Fees have also been increased for Advertising and Hoarding Signs with perusal fee being increased from P12.00 to P200.00.The Advertisement Levy per year for Super Billboards and Custom Billboards have been increased from P1, 500.00 to P1, 800.00 while for Electronic Billboards, the levy has increased from P2, 000.00 to P2, 500.00. Advertising on Street Light poles, Refuse bins and Bus Shelter moves up from P300.00 to P700.00.
Fees for using Council facilities like Civic Centre, Community Hall, Show Ground and Recreation Centre have also been revised upwards. Several fees have been upped by 25% (P200 to P2500) except for hosting of festivals from P500.00 to P3, 000.00 at the Civic Centre. The highest charge for hosting an event at the Community Hall and Recreation Centre is P1, 000.00 per day for an all-night prayer and church conferences. The charge for hosting Church Conference has moved from P350.00 to P1, 000.00. According to the report, Charitable Organisations which have not been paying for utilising council halls will now have to pay a 50% subsidised fee for all their activities.
The report indicates that the charges “are influenced by the cost of managing the facilities like preparing for leases, legal costs for non-compliant lessees, security of facilities, insurance incurred by the Council among other reasons especially for activities of high income returns, high risk activities and fees required for maintenance, cleaning, power and water consumption.”
According to the report, recreation spaces like children play area moves up from P1, 500.00 per day to P2, 000.00 to cater for damages that might occur. It indicates that some of the damages has been exceeding the money generated. Grave excavation costs have also gone up. The reports records that grave excavation costs are “too high due to high fuel consumption during excavation.” Graves for children will now cost P75.00 from P30 for citizens while it will cost foreigners P100 from the previous charge of P30. The grave for an adult will cost P150.00 from P95.00 for citizens while for foreigners, the cost moves up from P95.00 to P200.00.
For the Show Ground, one will need to pay up to P5,000.00 per day to host a music festival which feature international artistes while other uses will be charged P250.00 hourly. Again, Charitable Organisations and Government Schools will be subsidised by 50% for all their activities. Under Environmental Health, charges have also been hiked. Abattoir charges have moved up from P50.00 to P100.00 plus P30.00 slaughter levy per head of cattle, making the total charge for slaughtering a cow P130.00 per beast.
For goats and sheep, it has moved up from P12.00 to P30.00 per goat or sheep while slaughtering a pig will attract a charge of P50.00 from the previous charge of P20.00. Cold Storage costs moves from P25.00 to P50.00 per animal day. The Report explains the charges are meant “to bridge the imbalance between abattoir running expenses and the income generated from providing the service.”
Hiring of classroom has seen a 100% increase from P300.00 per night to P600.00.Booking a classroom for a meeting will cost P100.00 per an hour. It was previously charged P25.00 hourly. Hiring of a pot also moves from P25.00 to P100.00. According to the report, the justification for an increment on these items is because “a lot of expenses are incurred in paying for utilities and maintenance of schools.” The report also says that Selebi Phikwe is a town with accommodation facilities in place for use.
Under Civil and Mechanical, reinstatement of roads moves form P775.00 per an hour to P900.00. The report says this is due to an increase in maintenance costs and payment of employees. Equipment hire has also increased by 22% for both Front End Loader and small TLB (Backhoe Loader). The bigger TLB, Grader and Roller has seen an increase of 20%, 15% and 33% respectively. The hikes according to the report are meant to “augment for the repair costs and payment of officers which increase overtime.”
New fees Introduced
Tables, chairs, plants and florist services which were previously not charged for will now carry a charge. Table and chair hire will cost P10.00 and P2.00 respectively while hire for plants and florist services will cost P20.00 and P800.00 respectively. Other new fees include among others charging P1, 000.00 per day for use of open space by industrial or commercial entities while Non-Governmental Organisations will pay P370.00 for the same. Driving Schools will have to pay P250.00 monthly while celebrations and churches will pay P300.00.
The Council will now sell some documents which it has been previously issuing out for free. A 1.5, 2.5 and three roomed house plan will cost P100.00, P150.00, and P200.00 respectively. Maps in various sizes will also be on sale at P20.00 (A4), P30.00 (A3), P40.00 (A2), and P50.00 (A1).
Under Physical Planning, Housing and Estate Management, perusal fees for planning permission and application fees have been introduced. Low Income Residential (SHAA) will cost P500.00 while other non SHAA residential will be charged P750.00. A P1, 000.00 will be charged for non-residential plans like commercial industrial, civic and others. However, there has been no increase for domestic waste collection for both industrial and residential, Skip Hire, incineration and clinical waste collection and disposal.
In June 2019, a case involving the Attorney General was brought before the High Court, in which the applicant Letsweletse Motshidiemang challenged Sections 164 (a) and 167 of the Penal Code. The applicant contended that these sections are unconstitutional because they violate the fundamental rights of liberty and privacy.
The applicant argued that these sections violated his right and freedom to liberty as he was subject to abject ignominy. These laws subjected the LGBTIQ community to brutal and debasing treatment through social control and public morality. On the 1st of November 2017, the Botswana High Court further allowed Lesbians, Gays and Bisexuals of Botswana (LEGABIBO) to join the case as amicus curiae.
However, in July 2019, the respondents, in this case, i.e. the Government, filed an appeal against this iconic High Court ruling seeking re-criminalization of homosexuality. Human Rights Group has criticized this move of the Government all over the world. The appeal was heard before five judges at the Court of Appeal on Tuesday. The State was represented by Advocate Sidney Pilane, while LEGABIBO and Letsweletse Motshidiemang were represented by Tshiamo Rantao and Gosego Rockfall Lekgowe, respectively.
Non-Governmental Organizations advocating for the LGBTIQ+ community joined the two parties at the Court of Appeal during this case. They argue that the minority group should enjoy their rights, especially the right to privacy and health. Botswana Network on Ethics, Law and HIV/AIDS (BONELA) Chief Executive Officer, Cindy Kelemi says the issues being raised by LEGABIBO are that as individuals belonging to the LGBTIQ community, they have and must share equal rights, including the right to privacy, which also speaks to being able to involve in sexual activities, including anal sex.
“Those rights are framed within the constitution, and therefore a violation of any of those rights allow them to approach the courts and seek for redress. We do not need the law to be regulating what we do in the privacy of our homes. The law cannot determine how and when we can have sex and with who, so the law does not have any business in that context. What we are saying is that the law is violating the right to privacy,” she said on the sidelines of the decriminalization case in Gaborone on Tuesday.
The first case involving the homosexual act was the Utjiwa Kanane vs the State in 2003. Contrary to section 164(c) of the Penal Code, Kanane was charged with committing an unnatural offence and engaging in indecent practices between males, contrary to section 167. The conduct at issue involved Graham Norrie, a British tourist, and occurred in December 1994. (Norrie pleaded guilty, paid a fine, and left the country.)
Kanane pleaded not guilty, alleging that sections 164(c) and 167 both violated the constitution. The High Court ruled that these sections of the Penal Code did not violate the constitution. Kanane then appealed to the Court of Appeal. BONELA CEO recalls that in its judgment then, the High Court indicated, Batswana were not ready for homosexual acts. Twenty years later, the same courts are saying that Batswana are ready, she says.
“They gave the explicit example that shows that indeed Batswana are ready. There are policies and documents in place that accommodate people from marginalized communities and minority populations. The question now is that why is it hard now to recognize the full rights of an individual who is of the LGBTI community?” She further says intimacy is only an expression. The law that restricts homosexuality makes it hard for LGBTIQ members to express themselves in a way that affirms who they are.
“We want a situation where the law facilitates for the LGBTIQ community to be free and express themselves. The stigma that they face in communities is way too punitive. They are called names; some have been physically violated and raped at times. It shows that the law doesn’t not only prevent them from expressing themselves, it also exposes them to violence.” The law on its own, Kelemi submits, cannot change the status quo, adding that there is a need for more awareness and education on human rights and what it means for an individual to have rights.
“As it is now, it is very tough for some to do that because of a legal environment that is not enabling. We also want to see a situation where LGBTIQ+ people can access services and be confident that they are provided with non-discriminatory services. It is challenging now because health care providers, social workers and law enforcement officers believe that it is illegal to be homosexual. What we are saying is that if you have an enabling law, then that will facilitate for people to be able to express themselves, including accessing health services,” Kelemi said.
“As we are doing this advocacy work, one of the issues that we picked up is that there is lack of capacity, especially on the part of healthcare workers. We noted that when we provide services or mobilize Men who have sex with other men (MSM) to access health facilities, health care workers are not welcoming, forcing them to hideaway. We must put an end to this to allow these people the freedom that they equally deserve.”
The President, Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi, has declared as an act of corruption the attitude and practice by government officials and contractors to deliver projects outside time and budget, adding that such a practice should end as it eats away from the public coffers.
For a very long time, management problems and vast cost overruns have been the order of the day in Botswana, resulting in public frustrations. Speaking at the commissioning of the Masama/Mmamashia 100 Kilometres project this week, Masisi said: “There is a tendency in government to leave projects to drag outside their allocated completion time and budget. I want to stress that this will not be tolerated. It is an act of corruption, and I will be engaging offices on this issue,” Masisi said.
In an interview with this publication over the issue, the Director-General of the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC), Tymon Katholo, says, “any project that goes beyond its scope and budget raises red flags.” He continued that: “Corruption on these issues can be administrative and criminal. It may be because government officials have been negligent or been paid to be negligent by ignoring certain obligations or procedures. “This, as you may be aware has serious implications on not only of the economy but even the citizens who use these facilities or projects,” Katlholo said, adding that his agency is equally concerned.
According to the DCEC director, the selection, planning and delivery of infrastructure or projects is critical. In most cases, this is where the corruption would have occurred, leading to a troubled project. A public finance expert at the University of Botswana (UB), Emmanuel Botlhale, attributes poor project implementation to declining public accountability, lack of commitment to reforming the public sector, a decline in the commitment by state authorities and lack of a culture of professional project management.
In his research paper titled, ‘Enhancing public project implementation in Botswana during the NDP 11 period,’ Botlhale stated that successful implementation is critical in development planning. If there is poor project implementation, economic development will be stalled. Corruption is particularly relevant for large and uncommon projects where the public sector acts as a client, and experts say Megaprojects are very likely to be affected by corruption. Corruption worsens both cost and time performance and the benefits expected from such projects.
Speaking during this week’s Masama/Mmamashia pipeline commissioning, Khato Civils chairman said Africans deserve a chance because they are capable, further adding that the Africans do not have to think that only Whites and Chinese people can do mega projects. During his rule, former president Ian Khama went public to attack Chinese contractors for costing the government a move that ended up fuelling tensions between China and Botswana after Khama dispatched the then Minister of Foreign Affairs, Pelonomi Venson Moitoi, to China to register Botswana’s complaints with Chinese government-owned construction companies. Botswana had approached the Chinese government for help in its marathon battle with Chinese companies contracted to build, among others, the failed controversial Morupule B power plant and refurbishment of Sir Seretse Khama International Airport (SSIK).
A legal battle between former Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) legislator Samson Moyo Guma and First National Bank (FNB) over a multimillion oil refinery project intensified this week with Justice Zein Kebonang referring the matter to Court of Appeal for determination. The project belongs to Moyo Guma’s company called United Refineries which he has since placed under judicial management.
The war of words between Moyo Guma and FNB escalated after the company’s property worth millions of Pula were put up for sale in execution by the bank and scheduled to take place on 8th October. It emerges from Court papers that the bank had secured an order from the High Court to place the company’s property under the hammer.
Moyo Guma then also approached the High Court seeking among others that the public auction scheduled for 8th October 2021 be stayed. He contended that the assets that were to be sold belonged in reality to United Refineries and that as the company had been under judicial management at the time of the attachment, the intended sale in execution was unlawful.
He also sought the Court to declare that the writs of execution against the properties of guarantors and sureties of United Refineries Botswana Holdings Propriety Limited (the company) are unlawful. Moyo Guma also sought a stay of the execution against the property known as Plot 43556 in Francistown, that is, the land buildings, plant and machinery which make up the property and any all immovable or movable property belonging to the guarantors and sureties of the company pending finalization of the winding up of United Refineries.
But FNB disputed Moyo Guma’s assertions and submitted that the properties in question belonged to TEC (Pty) Ltd and not United Refiners. TEC Pty Ltd which is one of the shareholders in United Refineries is one of the sureties and co-principal debtors of a debt amounting to P24 million owed by United Refineries to FNB. FNB argued in papers that the properties belonged to TEC because it was TEC which had passed a covering mortgage bond in its favour over the property it now sought to execute.
Moyo Guma submitted that the covering mortgage bond passed in favour of FNB did not tell the full story as the property in question was in truth and fact owned by United Refineries and not TEC Pty Ltd. He maintained that the shares had been had been passed by the company in exchange for the properties in question and that the parties had always been guided by the spirt of the share agreement in dealing with each other despite delays in the change or transfer of ownership of plots 43556 and plot 43557 in Francistown.
Kebonang said it was clear to him that the two plots (43556 and 435570 belonged to United Refineries notwithstanding that TEC (Pty) Ltd had passed a mortgage bond over them in favour of FNB. “For this reason the properties were immune from attachment or sale in execution so long as the judicial management order was in place,” he said.
The background of the case is that Moyo Guma together with five other investors, namely Elffel Flats (Pty) Ltd; Mmoloki Tibe; TEC (Pty) Ltd; Profidensico (Pty) Ltd and Tiedze Bob Chapi, each bound themselves as sureties and co-principal debtors in respect of a debt owed by a company called United Refineries Botswana Holdings (Proprietary) Limited (the Company), to First National Bank Botswana (FNBB) (1st Respondent).
FNB had extended banking facilities to the company in the amount of P24 million which was then secured through the suretyship of Moyo Guma and other shareholders. Court records show that Moyo had on the 11th February obtained a temporary order for the appointment of a provisional judicial manager in respect of United Refineries and it was confirmed by the High Court on 24th September 2019.
In terms of the final court order by the High Court issued by Justice Tshepho Motswagole all judicial proceedings against the company, execution of all writs, summons and process were stayed and could only proceed with leave of Court. Court documents also show that First National Bank had sued the company and the sureties for the recovery of the debt owed to it and through a consent order, the bank withdrew its lawsuit against the company.
But FNB later instituted fresh proceedings against Moyo Guma and did not cite the company in its proceedings. “There is no explanation in the record as to why the Applicant was now reflected as the 1st Defendant and why the company had suddenly been removed as the 1st Defendant. There was no application either for amendment or substitution by the bank,” said Justice Kebonang.
FNB had also argued that it sought to proceed to execute against Moyo Guma and other sureties on the basis of the suretyship they signed and that by signing the suretyship agreement, Moyo and other sureties had renounced all defence available to them and could therefore be sued without first proceedings against the principal debtor (United Refineries). The question, Kebonang said, was that can FNB proceed to execute against Moyo Guma and other sureties on the basis of the suretyship contracts they signed?
“The starting point is that the Applicant (Moyo Guma) and others by binding themselves as sureties became liable for debts of the principal debtor and such liability is joint and several. He said the consequences of placing the company under judicial management means that every benefit extended to it should also extend to sureties.
“If the company is afforded more time to pay or its debt is discharged, reduced or compromised or suspended the obligation of sureties is to be likewise treated. It follows in my view that where judicial proceedings are suspended or stayed against the company, then any recourse against the sureties is similarly stayed or suspended,’ said Kebonang.
He added that “In the circumstances of this case, it seems to me that so long as the company is under judicial management, the moratorium that applies to it must also apply to its sureties/guarantors and no execution of the writs should be permitted against them. Any execution would be invalid.”
“Mindful that there is judicial precedent on this point in Botswana, at least none that I am aware of, and given its significance, I consider it prudent that the Court of Appeal must provide a determinative answer to the question whether a creditor can proceed against sureties where a company is under judicial management,” said Kebonang.
Pending the determination of the Court of Appeal, he issued the following order; the execution of writs issued in favour of FNB against Moyo and other sureties/guarantors of United Refinery are hereby stayed pending the determination of the legal question referred to the Court of Appeal.