Bank of Botswana (BoB) admitted in its latest Banking Supervision Report that it is failing to crack down illicit cyber-based banking business operations in the form of pyramid schemes and illegal deposit-takings because “the Bank is constrained in taking any action against operations based outside its jurisdiction.”
According to the Banking Supervision Report 2017, “the current challenge relates to cyber-based operations, with no local or cross-border physical location, as the Bank is constrained in taking any action against operations based outside its jurisdiction.” The Central Bank says during 2017, BoB investigated two illegal banking business operations and one originated from Botswana while the other was web-based and originated from South Africa. According to the Report, the schemes were Botswana Index Rating (Pty) Limited and Pipcoin owned by Refiloe Nkele who is popularly known as Ref Wayne.
Information gathered by this publication is that Nkele and other web-based illegal operators have proved to be handful to the central bank and continue to operate illegally. According to the Banking Supervision Report 2017 these operators make sure they amass enough capital through cyber transactions and collapse the scheme along the way leaving their clientele in limbo without any trace.
“…The unsustainability of such ventures is revealed when the schemes collapse and investors lose their money and seek the intervention of the Bank,” says the BoB report. Last year Nkele came to Botswana and was thronged by multitudes at the Gaborone International Convention Centre who wanted to “learn about forex trade.” This event raised public debate emanating from mixed reactions about the self-proclaimed millionaire’s credentials and claim to fame and fortune.
However Nkele’s reputation took a knock in Botswana borders just after the Gaborone event following the self-proclaimed billionaire’s post of Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) logo on social media without consent. The BSE complained and stated that “we did not consent to the use of the BSE logo.” The BSE embarrassing statement against Nkele was followed by BoB exposing Nkele as an agent of illegal online pyramid scheme.
While the Bank shut down Banking Index Rating, ordering it to “cease and desist” from all activities involving the acceptance of money from the public, Nkele or Pipcoin was referred by BoB to the South African central bank. “In relation to Pipcoin, the Bank consulted the South African Reserve Bank (SARB), which confirmed that the company had contravened the South African Banks Act 94 of 1990 by taking deposits illegally from members of the public.
The SARB indicated that the matter had been referred to the National Prosecuting Authority of South Africa for appropriate action. This notwithstanding, the Bank also concluded that Pipcoin’s activities constituted illegal deposit-taking and contravened Section 3(1) of the Banking Act, which restricts transacting banking business and/or soliciting deposits of money to licensed banks. The Bank issued a press release warning the public about illegal deposit-taking activities and advised them to desist from participating in such unlicensed schemes,” said the Banking Supervision Report 2017.
Parliament of Botswana has promulgated the Consumer Protection Act which prescribes the multiplication, pyramid, chain letter schemes and other related activities as illegal ventures. The Bank of Botswana Act stipulates that the business of taking deposits of money from members of the public is the preserve of licensed banks since this part constitutes banking business.
When launching the BoB’s Monetary Policy Report at the just ended National Business Conference, Governor Moses Pelaelo emphasized the Bank’s role in protecting the country’s financial system and the consumers. He said this will help Botswana move well-oiled economically in the journey towards high income status. The theme of the conference was “Breaking through to a High-Income Botswana – The Role of the Private Sector in Charting the Path” and Pelaelo said its intent is “to project the relevance and role of the Bank of Botswana in contributing to the journey towards high income status for Botswana.”
When explaining the supervisory, regulatory or overview role of the Bank Pelaelo, “to give perspective, you will be aware, Distinguished Ladies and Gentlemen, that the Bank exists to protect the value of the local currency, the Pula and thebe, through currency management operations, monetary policy, exchange rate management, regulation and supervision of relevant financial institutions and facilitating sound payments and settlement frameworks.
Essentially, the Bank promotes the desire and willingness to hold the local currency, as well as to transact and save locally in Pula premised on the quality and durability of the banknotes and coin; stable, predictable domestic price changes; safety and soundness of the financial system and reliable payment infrastructure. Inevitably, where central banks fail to achieve these outcomes, or are constrained by political interference, economic performance and development suffer 4 considerably; recent examples include Venezuela and Zimbabwe.”
By fostering appropriate conditions, Pelaelo said, the central bank has throughout its 43 years of existence contributed to stability of the macroeconomic environment and financial system, as well as integrity and reliability of payments and settlement platforms. He said this enables economic activity, as manifested in the ability to transact and access financial service.
BoB launches Monetary Policy Report
Last week during the National Business Conference the central bank kicked off its first ever Monetary Policy Report. BoB also explained its relevance in influencing expectations and economic activity. The Bank will publish four Monetary Policy Reports each calendar year in April, August and October will be preceded by the Monetary Policy Statement in February each year.
“The Monetary Policy Report will be the main medium through which the Bank will inform the public about the formulation and implementation of monetary policy. It serves to meet the public’s expectation of a transparent and accountable central bank in fulfilling the monetary policy mandate,” said Governor Pelaelo.
Pelaelo also said the Monetory Policy Report was made in an effort to further improve on communication and transparency on economic and policy analysis and implementation. The Monetary Policy Report also provides a comprehensive, forward-looking framework for policy formulation by the MPC and serves as a basis for policy decisions.
Following a devastating first half of the year 2020 due to COVID-19, the global diamond industry started gaining positive momentum towards the end of the year as key markets entered into thanks giving and holiday season.
However Bruce Cleaver, Chief Executive Officer of De Beers Group cautioned that the industry is not out of the woods yet, citing prevailing challenges ahead into 2021.
The first half of 2020 was characterized by some of the worst challenges in history of global diamond trade.
The midstream, where rough diamonds are traded in wholesale and bulk to cutters and polishers, was for the most part of second quarter 2020, suffocated by international travel restrictions as countries responded to the contagious Corona Virus.
This halted movement of buyers and shipment of the rough goods , resulting in unprecedented decline of sales, in turn ballooning stockpiles as the upstream operations produced with little uptake by the midstream.
The situation was exacerbated by muted demand in the downstream where jewelry industries and tail end retailers closed to further curb the spread of COVID-19.
However towards the end of third quarter getting into the last quarter of the year, demand in both midstream and downstream started to steadily pick up as countries relaxed COVID-19 restrictions.
De Beers, the world’s largest diamond producer by value started reporting significant recovery in sales in the sixth and seventh cycle, figures began to reflect an upswing in sentiment as well as increase in uptake of rough goods by midstream.
Sales for the sixth cycle amounted to $116 Million, following a sharp downturn in the previous cycles, significant jump was realized during the seventh cycle, registering $320 million, an over 175 % upswing when gauged against the proceeding cycle.
De Beers noted that diamond markets showed some continued improvement throughout August and into September as Covid-19 restrictions continued to ease in various locations.
“Manufacturers focused on meeting retail demand for polished diamonds, particularly in certain product areas, accordingly, we saw a recovery in rough diamond demand in the seventh sales cycle of the year, reflecting these retail trends, following several months of minimal manufacturing activity and disrupted demand patterns in all major markets,” said De Beers Chief Executive, Bruce Cleaver in September last year.
The diamond mining behemoth continued to register impressive sales in the eighth and ninth cycle signaling the industry could end the year on a positive note.
The momentum was indeed carried into the last cycle of the year. The value of rough diamond sales (Global Sightholder Sales and Auctions) for De Beers’ tenth sales cycle of 2020 amounted to $440 million, a significant increase from the 2019 tenth sales cycle value.
Against what seemed like a positive year end that would split into the New Year Bruce Cleaver, CEO, De Beers Group, however warned the industry not to count eggs before they hatch.
“Positive consumer demand for diamond jewellery resulting from the holiday season is supporting the continuation of retail orders for polished diamonds from the diamond industry’s midstream sector. This in turn supported steady demand for De Beers’s rough diamonds at our final sales cycle of 2020,” Cleaver had said in December.
In caution the De Beers Chief noted that “While the diamond industry ends the year on a positive note, we must recognise the risks that the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic presents to sector recovery both for the rest of this year and as we head into 2021.”
All segments of the supply chain were severely impacted by the global lockdown measures introduced in response to the Covid-19 pandemic in the first half of 2020.
After a strong US holiday season at the end of 2019, the rough diamond industry started 2020 positively as the midstream restocked and sentiment improved.
However, from February 2020, the Covid-19 outbreak began to have a significant impact on diamond jewellery retail sales and supply chain, with many jewelers suspending all polished purchases and/or delaying payments to their suppliers.
Rough diamond sales were materially affected by lockdowns and travel restrictions, delaying the shipping of rough diamonds into cutting and trading centers and preventing buyers from attending sales events.
These resulted in significant decline in total revenue for the business in the first six months of 2020. Total revenue decreased by 54% to $1.2 billion from $2.6 billion registered in the prior half year period ended 30 June 2019.
For the entire first six (6) months of the year 2020 De Beers Rough diamonds sales fell drastically to $1.0 billion from $2.3 billion in the prior H1 period ended 30 June 2019. Sales volumes decreased by 45% to 8.5 million carats compared to 15.5 million carats registered in the prior period.
Next month Minister of Finance & Economic Development, Dr Thapelo Matsheka will face the nation to deliver Botswana‘s first budget speech since COVID-19 pandemic put the world on devastating economic trajectory.
The pandemic that broke out in late 2019 in China has put the entire world on unprecedented chaos ,killing over P1 million people across the globe , shattering economies and almost rendering the year 2020 – a 12 months stretch of complete setback.
The 2021/22 budget speech will come at time when Botswana’s economy is still trying to emerge out of this.
National lockdowns and local travel restrictions have hit small medium enterprises hard, while international travel restrictions halted movement of both good and people, delivering by far some of the heaviest and worst catastrophic blows on the diamond industry and tourism sector, the likes of which this country has never seen before on its largest economic sectors.
As Minister Matsheka faces parliament next month, the reality on the ground is that Botswana’s national current cash resource, the Government Investment Account (GIA) is depleting at lightning speed.
On the other hand the COVID-19 economic mess is prevailing, the virus is reported to have taken a new dangerous shape of a deadly variant, spreading like fueled veld fire and causing some of the world’s super powers back to tough restrictions of lockdown.
According official figures released by Bank of Botswana, in October 2020 the GIA was running at P6 billion compared to the P18.3 billion held in the account in October 2019.
However reports indicate that the account could be currently holding just about P3 billion. The draw down from the GIA has been by exacerbated by declining diamond revenue, the country‘s largest cash cow. The sector was experiencing significant revenue decline even before COVID-19 struck.
When the National Development Plan (NDP) 11 commenced three (3) financial years ago, government announced that the first half of the NDP would run at a budget deficits.
This as explained by Minister of Finance in 2017 would be occasioned by decline in diamond revenue mainly due to government forfeiting some of its dividend from Debswana to fund mine expansion projects.
Cumulatively, since 2017/18 to 2019/20 financial year the budget deficit totaled to over P16 billion, of which was financed by both external and domestic borrowing and drawing down from government cash balances.
Taking into account the COVID-19 economic mess in 2020/21 financial year, the budget deficit could add up to P20 billion after revised figures.
Drawing down from government cash balances to finance these budget deficits meant significant withdrawals from the Government Investment Account, hence the near depletion of this buffer.
Meanwhile should Botswana’s revenue streams completely dry up to zero levels; the country would only have 11 months, before calling out for humanitarian aids and international donors, because foreign reserves are also on slow down.
During 2019, the foreign exchange reserves declined by 8.7 percent, from Seventy One Billion, Four Hundred Million Pula (P71.4 billion) in December 2018 to Sixty Five Billion, Three Hundred Million Pula (P65.3 billion) in December 2019.
The reserves declined further in 2020, falling by 2.3 percent to Sixty Three Billion, Seven Hundred Million Pula (P63.7 billion) in July 2020. This was revealed by President Masisi during State of the Nation Address in November last year.
The decrease was mainly due to foreign exchange outflows associated with Government obligations and economy-wide import requirements.
However latest statistics(October 2020) from Bank of Botswana reveal that Botswana’s foreign reserves are estimated at P58.4 billion, with government’s share of these funds significantly low.
Government has since introduced several measures to contain costs and control expenditure with the most recent intervention being the halting of recruitment in government departments and parastatals.
Furthermore, Value Added Tax has been signaled to go up from 12% to 14% in April this year with more hikes and service fees anticipated as government embarks on unprecedented domestic revenue mobilization.
Botswana Stock Exchange listed hotel group Cresta Marakanelo Limited (“CML” or “the Company”) announced the signing of a lease agreement for Phakalane Golf Estate Hotel & Convention Centre, which will see CML extend its footprint by adding the 4 star Gaborone property to its already impressive portfolio. The agreement is subject to regulatory approvals therefore the effective date of the transaction is expected to be 1 February 2021.
CML brings a wealth of expertise to the lease and despite the difficult year for the tourism and hospitality industry, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, CML remains confident in the recovery of the sector and the need to invest in expanding the Company’s footprint.
CML Managing Director, Mr Mokwena Morulane commented: “Our continued efforts to improve our offerings, understand the market dynamics and modern day trends in the face of global challenges, means we are ready for the changing face of tourism and international travel, and this addition to the Cresta portfolio signals our confidence in the future.
“Despite the headwinds faced in 2020, Management has continued to focus on projects that enhance CML’s product offering such as the refurbishments at Cresta Mowana Safari Resort & Spa in the tourism capital Kasane and the ongoing refurbishment of Cresta Marang Residency in Francistown. The signing of the lease for the 4 star Phakalane Golf Estate Hotel & Conference Centre is a great addition to the Cresta portfolio and will unlock shareholder value in the future.
“We remain vigilant to value-enhancing opportunities including acquisitions or leases, after having reconsidered our pipeline against current and expected market conditions.”
Commenting on the lease agreement, the Chief Executive Officer, Mr S Parthiban, speaking on behalf of Phakalane noted; “No hotel chain holds as much expertise in the region, understands our local culture and tastes and what hospitality is about better than Cresta Marakanelo Limited. We believe that the renovations done to the property has made Phakalane Hotel and Convention Centre a unique product in Botswana and at par with international facilities. We believe that this lease will benefit not only us as Phakalane , but the market in general as Cresta has run hotels successfully in Botswana for over 30 years and is therefore expected to bring new offerings that appeal to the local and international markets as well as the residents and visitors to the Golf Estate. We look forward to a long mutually beneficial relationship with Cresta.”
CML like the rest of the tourism and hospitality industry and the entire value chain was hard hit by lockdowns with the surge of COVID-19. By investing during the low period, the company hopes to realise the future value of spending time in preparing for the new consumer dynamics and behaviour. Despite business interruptions as a result of a six-month long state of emergency and several lock-down periods declared by the Government of Botswana to limit the spread of COVID-19, the Company is starting to record an increase in occupancies, which bodes well for the recovery of the industry and the Company’s future prospects.