As part of revamping the notorious Directorate of Intelligence Security Services (DISS), the spy agency’s Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi says they will assess the status of some Prohibited Immigrants (PI’s) who were banned, banished from the country under the presidency of Lt. Gen. Seretse Khama Ian Khama.
â€¨Ex Minister of Labour and Home Affairs Edwin Batshu told parliament in 2014 that Botswana under Khama, since taking office in 2008, had declared a staggering 870 nationals from other countries – prohibited immigrants. Batshu was then answering a question from Selibe Phikwe West legislator, Dithapelo Keorapetse who had wanted to know the number of foreign nationals declared prohibited immigrants since president Khama took office in April 2008.
In terms of the Botswana law, a prohibited immigrant is an undesirable inhabitant or visitor in the country and is declared by the sitting president, using any information deemed to be reliable to warrant the effecting of PI status. In light of the alarming number of PI’s, Magosi told Weekend Post this week that they will consider all the PI’s, review them and dully advise the current President Mokgweetsi Masisi to lift or reverse where necessary.
He asserted: “we will consider their status and advise the president accordingly” adding that “they will be all assessed on case by case scenario.” However, when asked which ones are already on the table for review, Magosi was cagey with the details least for stating that “I can’t confirm nor deny which ones we are currently reviewing but we are looking at the cases.”
According to Magosi, as the DISS he said it is in their responsibility to ensure that the country keeps good relations and cordial neighborliness with other countries and avoid unnecessary fall out with such counterparts. The DISS Chief emphasised: “so we will look at such PI cases in an endevour to improve relations with other countries going forward. We really need to try and build relations with other countries.”
Meanwhile President Masisi has, during his first months in office, also in his own word promised to review the cases of every individual classified as a Prohibited Immigrant by the (previous) government. He was speaking at his first Press Conference as President at Mass Media complex where he acknowledged that there were a number of people who have been blacklisted but promised to review such and each case separately.
He stressed at the briefing that a prominent lawyer Joao Carlos Salbany, who was effectively PI’d and his name published on government gazette – was now a free man. “There was an error when a review of his status was being done, he is no longer a PI,” revealed Masisi at the said press briefing, also which was first of its kind after the dictatorial Khama.
Some of the notable names of those who were also banned by the former President Khama’s government include: South African President of Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) Julius Malema; United States of America (USA) Actor Ricky Yune; Zambian national Jerry Chitube; Malawian Prophet based in South Africa Shepherd Bushiri and Basarwa lawyer Gordon Bennet.
Part of their crime is that they are banned because of their suspected association and sympathy with the opposition parties and their gesture of advocating for the rights of the minorities. Meanwhile on her part, Minister of Nationality, Immigration & Gender Affairs Dorcus Makgato has distanced herself from the PI issue referring this publication to the Office of the President which she said only has such powers.
She separately told this publication that: “PI is an issue of the Office of the President (OP), it lies with OP. I cannot do that as a Minister of Immigration and I don’t know if it is something to consider in future.” It is however understood that the Immigration minister also has the power to declare someone a prohibited immigrant before having it approved by the president.
Makgato said at the moment she doesn’t have a petition at her desk and list of people that want their PI status reviewed while stressing that OP is better placed as it deals with those kinds of people who are considered to have done grave transgressions that threatens the security and well being of the country. When this publication further reached out to OP on the issue, government spokesperson John Thomas Dipowe would not confirm nor deny the PI’s whom are said to be in the pipeline to be revoked.
“I am not conversant with information that the government is currently planning to lift the status of some on the PI list. But I believe it was given on security reasons and therefore they firstly have to see if there are changes, for security clearance and if any, that’s when they can be lifted,” he highlighted.
He also confirmed that there are three key ministries involved in the immigration issue including Office of the President; Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation as well as Ministry of Nationality, Immigration and Gender Affairs. On a separate matter Dipowe told this publication recently that they are also currently working collaboratively to fast track process of acquiring Visa and reducing fees of residence and work permits.
According to Dipowe, there have been complaints by the Private Sector especially Business Botswana that residents and work permits under Khama administration had stringent laws making it difficult for potential investment to come invest in the country and or undertake tourism.
Former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Member of Parliament for Gaborone North, Haskins Nkaigwa has confirmed his departure from opposition fold to re-join the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Nkaigwa said opposition is extremely divided and the leadership not in talking terms. “They are planning evil against each other. Nothing much will be achieved,” Nkaigwa told WeekendPost.
“I believe my time in the opposition has come to an end. It’s time to be of value to rebuilding our nation and economy of the country. Remember the BDP is where I started my political journey. It is home,” he said.
“Despite all challenges currently facing the world, President Masisi will be far with his promises to Batswana. A leader always have the interest of the people at heart despite how some decisions may look to be unpopular with the people.
“I have faith and full confidence in President Dr Masisi leadership. We shall overcome as party and nation the current challenges bedevilling nations. BDP will emerge stronger. President Masisi will always have my backing.”
Nkaigwa served as opposition legislator between 2014-2019 representing Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) under UDC banner. He joined BMD in 2011 at the height public servant strike whilst Gaborone City Deputy Mayor. He eventually rose to become the mayor same year, after BDP lost majority in the GCC.
Nkaigwa had been a member of Botswana National Front (BNF), having joined from Alliance for Progressives (AP) in 2019.
Botswana has received assistance worth over P100 million from Japanese government since 2019, making the latter of the largest donors to Botswana in recent years.
The assistance include relatively large-scale grant aid programmes such as the COVID-19 programme (to provide medical equipment; P34 million), the digital terrestrial television programme (to distribute receivers to the underprivileged, P17 million), the agriculture promotion programme (to provide agricultural machinery and equipment, P53million).
“As 2020 was a particularly difficult year, where COVID-19 hit Botswana’s economy and society hard, Japan felt the need to assist Botswana as our friend,” said Japan’s new Ambassador to Botswana, Hoshiyama Takashi.
“It is for this reason that grants of over P100 million were awarded to Botswana for the above mentioned projects.”
Japan is now the world’s fourth highest ranking donor country in terms of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
From 1991 to 2000, Japan continued as the top donor country in the world and contributed to Asia’s miracle economic development.
From 1993 onwards, the TICAD process commenced through Japan’s initiative as stated earlier. Japan’s main contribution has been in the form of Yen Loans, which are at a concessional rate, to suit large scale infrastructure construction.
“In Botswana, only a few projects have been implemented using the Yen Loan such as the Morupule “A” Power Station Rehabilitation and Pollution Abatement in 1986, the Railway Rolling Stock Increase Project in 1987, the Trans-Kalahari Road Construction Project in 1991, the North-South Carrier Water Project in 1995 and the Kazungula Bridge Construction Project in 2012,” said Ambassador Hoshiyama.
“In terms of grant aid and technical assistance, Japan has various aid schemes including development survey and master planning, expert dispatch to recipient countries, expert training in Japan, scholarships, small scale grass-roots program, culture-related assistance, aid through international organizations and so on.”
In 1993, Japan launched Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) to promote Africa’s development, peace and security, through the strengthening of relations in multilateral cooperation and partnership.
TICAD discuss development issues across Africa and, at the same time, present “aid menus” to African countries provided by Japan and the main aid-related international organizations, United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank.
“As TICAD provides vision and guidance, it is up to each African country to take ownership and to implement her own development following TICAD polices and make use of the programmes shown in the aid menus,” Ambassordor Hoshiyama noted.
“This would include using ODA loans for quality infrastructure, suited to the country’s own nation-building needs. It is my fervent hope that Botswana will take full advantage of the TICAD process.”
Since then, seven conferences where held, the latest, TICAD 7 being in 2019 at Yokohama. TICAD 7’s agenda on African development focused on three pillars, among them the first pillar being “Accelerating economic transformation and improving business environment through innovation and private sector engagement”.
“Yes, private investment is very important, while public investment through ODA (Official Development Assistance) still plays an indispensable role in development,” the Japanese Ambassador said.
“For further economic development in Africa, Japan recognizes that strengthening regional connectivity and integration through investment in quality infrastructure is key.”
Japan has emphasized the following; effective implementation of economic corridors such as the East Africa Northern Corridor, Nacala Corridor and West Africa Growth Ring; Quality infrastructure investment in line with the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment should be promoted by co-financing or cooperation through the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Japan.
Japan also emphasized the establishment of mechanisms to encourage private investment and to improve the business environment.
According to the statistics issued by Japan’s Finance Ministry, Japan invested approximately 10 billion US dollars in Africa after TICAD 7 (2019) to year end 2020, but Japanese investment through third countries are not included in this figure.
“With the other points factored in, the figure isn’t established yet,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
The next conference, TICAD 8 will be held in Tunisia in 2022. This will be the second TICAD summit to be held on the African continent after TICAD 6 which was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2016.
According to Ambassador Hoshiyama, in preparation for TICAD 8, the TICAD ministerial meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. The agenda to be discussed during TICAD 8 has not yet been fully deliberated on amongst TICAD Co-organizers (Japan, UN, UNDP, the World Bank and AU).
“Though not officially concluded, given the world situation caused by COVID-19, I believe that TICAD 8 will highlight health and medical issues including the promotion of a Universal Health Coverage (UHC),” said Hoshiyama.
“As the African economy has seriously taken a knock by COVID-19, economic issues, including debt, could be an item for serious discussion.”
The promotion of business is expected to be one of the most important topics. Japan and its partners, together with the business sector, will work closely to help revitalize private investment in Africa.
“All in all, the follow-up of the various programs that were committed by the Co-Organizers during the Yokohama Plan of Actions 2019 will also be reviewed as an important item of the agenda,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
“I believe that this TICAD follow-up mechanism has secured transparency and accountability as well as effective implementation of agreed actions by all parties. The guiding principle of TICAD is African ownership and international partnership.”
Directorate on Intelligence Services (DIS) Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi is said to be hell-bent and pushing President Mokgweetsi Masisi to reshuffle his cabinet as a matter of urgency since a number of his ministers are conflicted.
The request by Magosi comes at a time when time is ticking on his contract which is awaiting renewal from Masisi.
This publication learns that Magosi is unshaken by the development and continues to wield power despite uncertainty hovering around his contractual renewal.