The Botswana Unified Revenue Service (BURS) is likely to lose P2.7 billion of tax arrears as individuals and companies have defaulted to pay since 2004.
Appearing before the Parliamentary Committee of Statutory Bodies and Public Enterprises this week, BURS Commissioner General, Keneilwe Morris explained that the debts owed by tax payers have accumulated over time hence the huge lump sum. “Tax arrears continue to be a major challenge for the revenue service. As at the end of financial year 2016/17, BURS had accumulated debt in excess of 2.7 billion pula in unpaid tax, interest and penalties as well as refer to drawers cheques,” he said.
He continued; “The critical thing is we have a long list some of the people have passed on, some of the companies are not in the company register the directors have either passed on or something. We doing all the efforts and we are in a process to enlist them at ITC.” As part of the concerted efforts to recover the monies, the revenue service has already instituted a debt management strategy to recover the debts which among other things include garnishee of taxpayer accounts, non-acceptance of cheques, ITC reporting, instalment plans and debit orders for owed tax.
Morris however indicated that the ministry agreed on an arrangement where BURS will forward on weekly basis requests for debt write-offs in accordance with the provisions of the tax statutes. The revenue collecting body has revealed that it is costly to collect arrears. “For the financial year 2016/17 BURS spent P614, 288 million to collect P35, 808 billion which translates into a costs collection ratio of P1.00/P58, 29.”
The organisation currently has 29 on-going cases in the courts. 20 of the cases are tax-related disputes routinely involving appeals by taxpayers against the tax assessments made by the commissioner General under the domestic-appeals processes enacted under the income tax act. The amount of tax in dispute on these cases approximates to P178 million.
GUMA TAKES SWIPE AT KHULACO
Guma has also blamed BURS for aiding and abetting possible crime by letting Khulaco PTY LTD to make suspicious transactions. “If an entity receive P230 million and it does not have trading license, do not pay tax and you are fully aware of what should be done then you are aiding crime,” Guma told Morris. Morris said it is a chance on his organisation to carry thorough investigation on the company. “We will do so sir and if we get officers who acted corruptly then action will be taken.”
Members of Parliament however stated that BURS needs to finally review their tax laws. “I want to believe that we are losing a lot of money, there is need to review to review your tax laws,” Moyo said. With this he was referring to entities like Botswana Tourism Organisation (BTO) who on annual basis make around P100 billion.
Further, companies that set up in Botswana and list somewhere is a cause of concern as the country is losing a huge some through this dealings. “We are still adding figures, I can’t really say how much we’ve lost by far but it is quite substantive,” responded Morris. He responded when asked how much the government has lost through this. He emphasised that they are currently reviewing their income tax law.
Government is currently sitting on 4 400 vacant posts that remain unfilled in the civil service. This is notwithstanding the high unemployment rate in Botswana which has been exacerbated by the recent outbreak of the deadly COVID-19 pandemic.
Just before the burst of COVID-19, official data released by Statistics Botswana in January 2020, indicate that unemployment in Botswana has increased from 17.6 percent three years ago to 20.7 percent. “Unemployment rate went up by 3.1 percentage between the two periods, from 17.6 to 20.7 percent,” statistics point out.
Leading commercial bank, First National Bank Botswana (FNBB), expects the central bank to sharpen its monetary policy knife and cut the Bank Rate twice in the last quarter of 2020.
The bank expects a 25 basis point (bps) in the beginning of the last quarter, which is next month, and another shed by the same bps in December, making a total of 50 bps cut in the last quarter. According to the bank’s researchers, the central bank is now holding on to 4.25 percent for the time being pending for more informed data on the economic climate.
An audit of the accounts and records for the supply of food rations to the institutions in the Northern Region for the financial year-ended 31 March 2019 was carried out. According to Auditor General’s report and observations, there are weaknesses and shortcomings that were somehow addressed to the Accounting Officer for comments.
Auditor General, Pulane Letebele indicated on the report that, across all depots in the region that there had been instances where food items were short for periods ranging from 1 to 7 months in the institutions for a variety of reasons, including absence of regular contracts and supplier failures. The success of this programme is dependent on regular and reliable availability of the supplies to achieve its objective, the report said.
There would be instances where food items were returned from the feeding centers to the depots for reasons of spoilage or any other cause. In these cases, instances had been noted where these returns were not supported by any documentation, which could lead to these items being lost without trace.
The report further stressed that large quantities of various food items valued at over P772 thousand from different depots were damaged by rodents, and written off.Included in the write off were 13 538 (340ml) cartons of milk valued at P75 745. In this connection, the Auditor General says it is important that the warehouses be maintained to a standard where they would not be infested by rodents and other pests.
Still in the Northern region, the report noted that there is an outstanding matter relating to the supply of stewed steak (283×3.1kg cans) to the Maun depot which was allegedly defective. The steak had been supplied by Botswana Meat Commission to the depot in November 2016.
In March 2017 part of the consignment was reported to the supplier as defective, and was to be replaced. Even as there was no agreement reached between the parties regarding replacement, in 51 October 2018 the items in question were disposed of by destruction. This disposal represented a loss as the whole consignment had been paid for, according to the report.
“In my view, the loss resulted directly from failure by the depot managers to deal with the matter immediately upon receipt of the consignment and detection of the defects. Audit inspections during visits to Selibe Phikwe, Maun, Shakawe, Ghanzi and Francistown depots had raised a number of observations on points of detail related to the maintenance of records, reconciliations of stocks and related matters, which I drew to the attention of the Accounting Officer for comments,” Letebele said in her report.
In the Southern region, a scrutiny of the records for the control of stocks of food items in the Southern Region had indicated intermittent shortages of the various items, principally Tsabana, Malutu, Sunflower Oil and Milk which was mainly due to absence of subsisting contracts for the supply of these items.
“The contract for the supply of Tsabana to all depots expired in September 2018 and was not replaced by a substantive contract. The supplier contracts for these stocks should be so managed that the expiry of one contract is immediately followed by the commencement of the next.”
Suppliers who had been contracted to supply foodstuffs had failed to do so and no timely action had been taken to redress the situation to ensure continuity of supply of the food items, the report noted.
In one case, the report highlighted that the supplier was to manufacture and supply 1 136 metric tonnes of Malutu for a 4-months period from March 2019 to June 2019, but had been unable to honour the obligation. The situation was relieved by inter-depot transfers, at additional cost in transportation and subsistence expenses.
In another case, the contract was for the supply of Sunflower Oil to Mabutsane, where the supplier had also failed to deliver. Examination of the Molepolole depot Food Issues Register had indicated a number of instances where food items consigned to the various feeding centres had been returned for a variety of reasons, including food item available; no storage space; and in other cases the whole consignments were returned, and reasons not stated.
This is an indication of lack of proper management and monitoring of the affairs of the depot, which could result in losses from frequent movements of the food items concerned.The maintenance of accounting records in the region, typically in Letlhakeng, Tsabong, and Mabutsane was less than satisfactory, according to Auditor General’s report.
In these depots a number of instances had been noted where receipts and issues had not been recorded over long periods, resulting in incorrect balances reflected in the accounting records. This is a serious weakness which could lead to or result in losses without trace or detection, and is a contravention of Supplies Regulations and Procedures, Letebele said.
Similarly, consignments of a total of 892 bags of Malutu and 3 bags of beans from Tsabong depot to different feeding centres had not been received in those centres, and are considered lost. These are also not reflected in the Statement of Losses in the Annual Statements of Accounts for the same periods.